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Saturday, 16 July 2011

The Culbert/Cuthbert Family of Monegall

Robert Stewart and Rebecca Cuthbert were our paternal great-grandparents.

Robert Stewart, the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Stewart, married Rebecca Cuthbert in Dublin on 18th August 1898.
Rebecca was the daughter of Henry Thomas Cuthbert of Barna, Corraclevin, Offaly/King's County, and of Anne Allen of Galbally, Co. Limerick.

Henry Cuthbert, sometimes referred to as Henry THOMAS Culbert, was born on October 5th 1848 in Corraclevin, a townland just north of Monegall town in Co. Offaly/Kings County to Henry Culbert Senior, who had been born circa 1816, and to his wife, Rebecca.  Both father and son were carpenters - there seems to be a cluster of carpenters named Henry Culbert in the immediate area and all of them seem to be somehow related.  Although our Henry had been baptised 'Culbert' (or sometimes 'Colbert'), he later oddly changed the family name to 'Cuthbert', possibly to make himself sound more Protestant - the ruling classes of the time were predominantly Church of Ireland and Henry may have considered the change to be somehow advantageous. He may also  have changed the family name in an attempt to avoid creditors but I'm really only guessing.

I accessed the parish registers for Dunkerrin parish in the National Archives in Bishop Street, Dublin, and there were several entries for this Culbert family of Corraclevin, all beside each other.  Henry Thomas Culbert's birth was registered first and in this entry his mother's name is Rebecca.  Henry's sister, Maria Culbert, was born to Henry, a carpenter, and to a barely-legible Rebecca.  Maria was born in Corraclevin in 1840, but the baptism seems to have been entered into the register at a later date, possibly 1848.    On December 2nd 1842, Elizabeth was born to Henry, carpenter of Corraclevin, and his wife Rebecca.

The Culbert family were associated with a triangle of territory which straddles the Offaly/Tipperary border and which comprises the townlands of Rockfort (or Aughnagross), Cappakilleen, Bohernagh, Corraclevin, Barna, Templeharry, Modreeny, Stoney Acre, Burntwood Big, Burntwood Little and Cloughjordan.  (The same area now associated with the ancestors of Barack Obama.)

In the early 1800s, Richard Talbot, a minor member of the Talbot family of Malahide, Co. Dublin, organised the emigration of many of the area's poor farming residents, most of them Protestant;  they subsequently settled in the London area of Ontario where they prospered. The original emigrants were rapidly joined in their new settlement by friends and relations from Ireland. A close-knit community, the families intermarried - according to a recent Ancestry DNA test, I'm related to about fifteen different descendants of many of these original emigrants.

James and Mary Culbert of Corraclevin:
The father of Henry Culbert Senior was a farmer, James Culbert of Corraclevin, my immediate ancestor. The Dunkerrin parish register records the burial of a James Culbert of Corraclevin - he had been born in 1782, and died in Corraclevin, aged 70, on 4th June 1852.   His wife was possibly the Mary Culbert who was buried there, aged 82, on 24th July 1869;  she had been born in 1787,  and had been living in the Bohernagh townland at the time of her death in 1869.

In 1838 in Corraclevin,  James Culbert was leasing 2 acres of land and was noted in the Tithe Applotment Books.  Also noted as farming there in the 1830s were families who seem to have intermarried with the Culbert family, and who shall recur later in this post - Luke or Lake Healy was a farmer of Couracleevan as was a John Harland.

William Colbert was born to James Colbert in Rockfort, Aghnagross, Dunkerrin parish, on November 18th 1827 - the parish records state that James Colbert was a farmer.  There was no record of Henry Culbert Senior's birth in about 1816, nor of the birth of any more children to James Culbert.  Both of the known sons of James Culbert of Corraclevin, William and Henry Culbert Sr., were carpenters.

(Also noted in the Dunkerrin Parish Register was the 44-yr-old Anne Colbert of Dunkerrin who was buried there on 7th July 1870.
A Robert Colbert of Corraclevin died aged 29 and was buried on 6th August 1848.)

The Culbert Emigration:

A recent DNA test with Ancestry has revealed me to be related to many of the descendants of the Canadian emigration of the 1800s. I also uploaded both my father's and my own raw DNA to both FTDNA and to Gedmatch, which has proved invaluable in linking all of us Culbert descendants together.
I have focused in particular on the ancestors of two fellow researchers, both of whom descend from a Richard Culbert and Ann Jane Harlton, an Irish-born Methodist couple, who settled in Ontario and on who I believe to be Richard's brother, John A. Culbert and his wife, Mary Ward, who were living next to Richard Culbert and Ann Jane Harlton in Huron, Ontario, in 1851.
Both Richard and John Culbert originated in Barna, King's County, and, given the DNA link to myself and to my father, were closely related to my own Culbert family, and were possibly also the sons of James and Mary Culbert, and brothers of William Culbert and Henry Culbert Sr, from whom I directly descend.

Both my father and I, who descend directly from James Culbert (1782 - 4th June 1852) of Corraclevin, share a healthy dash of DNA with two members of the current Morden family and with Alexander McLeod who all descended from Richard Culbert of Huron;   we also share DNA with Alan Clarke who is a direct descendant of the neighbouring John Culbert of Huron.   Both Alan Clarke and the two Morden matches also share DNA with each other, which confirms that Richard and John Culbert were indeed somehow related. 
Both Alan Clark and Alexander McLeod also link to Debbie Barbier, a direct descendant of yet another member of the Culbert family.  Debbie descends from a James Culbert who married a Rebecca Porteus. James Culbert also originated in Tipperary and emigrated to Ontario.  In 1871, the family of James Culbert and Rebecca Porteus were living in North Middlesex, Ontario, with their son, James Culbert, who had been born in Ireland in about 1859. Other children born to the couple were Thomas Culbert, Rebecca Atkinson, Henry Culbert and Margaret Culbert. These names mirror
the names favoured by my own Irish Culbert family, and, given the strong DNA links, makes me wonder if the James Culbert who married Rebecca Porteus, might be another son of James Culbert from whom I descend.

But to return to Richard Culbert and Ann Jane Harlton - in 1851, according to the Canadian census, Richard and Ann Jane Culbert were farming in Huron, Ontario, just north of London. Richard had been born in Ireland in about 1813.  Also present were their children.  John Culbert had been born in Ireland in about 1840 immediately prior to emigration. The rest of their children were Canadian-born - Elizabeth in about 1841, Helen in about 1843, Sally Ann in 1845 and Catherine in 1850.
Immediately next door was the Offaly-born John Culbert who had been born in about 1802, and his wife Mary Ward.   Their children were Henry, who had been born in Ireland in about 1836, William born in Canada in 1841, Rebecca in 1843, Thomas in 1845 and Joseph in about 1848.    John Culbert died on 15th October 1887 in Biddulph, Ontario, and his death certificate confirmed his Offaly birth.

Richard Culbert and Ann Jane Harlton:
I came across the marriage of Richard Culbert and Ann Jane Harlton in the Dunkerrin parish register in the National Archives in Dublin.  The wedding took place on 3rd May 1836 and was witnessed by a George Hodgins who, along with Daniel Hodgins, acted as witnesses to many other Dunkerrin parish marriages at this time.
Richard Culbert's address was illegible - ('M.....ty'), and Anne Harlton was of Dunkerrin.  Anne's family name was likewise difficult to read, but it seems that the name 'Harlton' was often spelled as 'Hartland', or 'Harton'.   According to, Anne Harlton was the daughter of John Harlton.

George and Daniel Hodgins also witnessed the marriage on 7th February 1836 or 1837 (again the register was faded) of another member of the Harlton family - possibly Maria - when she married William Reed, both bride and groom being from Dunkerrin.
Daniel Hodgins would marry Ellen Harlin or Harlton on 8th February 1842;  this was witnessed by William Harland.  This couple also joined the mass emigration to Ontario where they had Mary Ann Hodgins on 10th January 1836 and Robert Hodgins in 1849.

A Harland family lived at Rockford, Aughnagross, and must have been neighbours of our own immediate Culbert ancestors.  The Dunkerrin register records the burial of William Harland of Rockford on 2nd September 1827.

But to return to Richard Culbert...he had been born in Ireland in about 1812 and died on 20th March 1894 in Wyoming, Lambton, Ontario.  His wife, Anne Jane Harlton, had been born in Ireland in about 1816 and likewise died in Lambton on 18th February 1888.

The children of Richard Culbert and Anne Jane Harlton were:

a)  John Culbert who had been baptised by his parents, Richard and Anne Culbert of Corraclevin, in Dunkerrin parish on 30th June 1839.   He died in Lambton, Ontario, aged only 34, on 28th February 1874.

b)  Elizabeth Culbert, born 12th January 1842 in Ontario;  she died in Detroit on 26th July 1914.

c) Helen Culbert, born Ontario 1844.

d) Sarah Culbert, born 1845 in Ontario.  She married Luther Martin Haughn in 1865 and had Ulysses Haughn on 28th August 1873 in Wyoming, Lambton, Ontario.  The birth was registered by the carpenter Alexander Morden.

e)  Sally Ann Culbert, born Ontario 1849.

f) Catherine Culbert, born Ontario 20th February 1850, who married Alexander Laverne Morden, the son of John and Jane Morden of Oxford, Ontario, in Lambton, Ontario, on 2nd March 1873.  This was witnessed by the bride's sister, Rebecca Culbert, and by another relation, the elderly William Rawlins, who I shall discuss later.

g)  Rebecca Culbert who married David Manser.

h) William H. Culbert, born 6th May 1862, who married Jane Thomas, the daughter of Benjamin and Jane Thomas on 16th March 1885.

Richard Culbert and Anne Jane Harlton were living immediately next door to John A.Culbert and his wife Mary Ward in Huron in 1851.  I'm guessing, given the DNA evidence which links their various descendants, that the two were brothers (possibly the sons of James Culbert of Corraclevin); if not, then they were very closely related.

John A. Culbert had been born in about 1805 in Offaly, Ireland;  this was according to his registration of death.  He died in Biddulph, Ontario, on 15th October 1887;  his son, Richard Culbert, was present when he died.
The genealogy of John A. Culbert is problematical, and there is some evidence that he might have married twice, first to Mary McArdall, then to Mary Ward.   Other Ancestry researchers have named an Elizabeth Culbert as a daughter of John A. Culbert - she had been baptised in Modreeny, Tipperary, in 1823 and married Richard Dagg in Clandeboye, Ontario, on 21st March 1848.  These were the ancestors of Alan Clark, one of my DNA matches. When Elizabeth Dagg died in Ontario on 12th May 1914, the registration of death named her parents as John Culbert and Mary McArdall rather than Mary Ward.
The same researchers identify William Culbert as another son of John A. Culbert, born in 1825 in Ireland, and Robert Culbert baptised in Modreeny, Tipperary, in December 1828.   Another daughter of John A. Culbert is supposedly Mary Jane Culbert who was baptised in Tipperary in 1832 and who married a William Hodgins in Ontario in 1855.   I have found no corroborating evidence to support these four children as the children of John A. Culbert (1805 - 1887), so will put them to one side for now and will focus on the children living with him on the various Canadian censuses.

John A. Culbert married Mary Ward, the daughter of Susanna Ward, who emigrated with the couple and was living with them in Huron in 1861 aged 80.  When Susanna Ward died on 23rd December 1863, her daughter erected a headstone to her memory in St. James Church in Clandeboye.  This also named her late brother, William Ward, who died aged 22 on 12th January 1841.  Also named was a young child, Rebecca Culbert, the daughter of John and Mary Culbert, who died on 18th July 1841,  aged 6.

The great-great granddaughter of John A. Culbert and Mary Ward is Mary Jane Culbert who has recently begun her own excellent blog which gives a more personal look at her family and which I'm delighted to share here:

The children of John A. Culbert and Mary Ward:

a) Susan Culbert, who had been born circa 1832, who married Philip Crawley, and who died in Ontario in 1907.

b) Rebecca Culbert born circa 1835, who died in Ontario on 18th July 1841.

c) Henry Culbert who had been born on 17th March 1837 in Ireland. He married Margaret Wall, the daughter of Moses Wall and Ellen Green, on 23rd January 1862.    Henry Culbert died in Huron on
21st June 1920.  His son, Joseph H. Culbert of Ripley, was present.  Confusingly, his death registration gives odd information - Henry's father was named as Canadian-born Henry Culbert, while his mother was named as Irish-born Mary Dobbs.   Son Joseph Henry Culbert of Ripley was also the informant of death when his mother, Margaret Culbert, died on 16th June 1917, and correctly named her as the daughter of Ellen Green and Moses Wall.

When Henry Culbert married Margaret Wall in 1862, his parents were named as John and Mary Ward;  similarly all the censuses give his place of birth as Ireland rather than Ontario.  Why was he therefore named as the son of a Henry Culbert and Mary Dobbs when he died in 1920?  Had he perhaps been taken in by John A. Culbert and Mary Ward following the early death of his parents, or had his son simply given the wrong information to the authorities when Henry died in 1920?

d) William Edward Culbert who had been born circa 1841 in Biddulph, Ontario.  He married, firstly, Ann Coursey, the widowed daughter of Dubliners John Pritchard and Eliza Macklin.  This first marriage occurred in Biddulph on 11th March 1868.  On 6th July 1887 he married Mary Hodgins, the widowed daughter of Thomas and Jane Coursey.  The witnesses to this second marriage were Robert Culbert of Biddulph and Rebecca Hodgins.   (The sister of William Edward Culbert's first wife was Fidelia Pritchard of Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland, who, on 8th January 1868 in Lucan, Ontario, married William Stanley, the son of James Stanley of Tipperary and of Margaret Ward of Kilkenny.)

e) Rebecca  Culbert born circa 1843.

f) Thomas Culbert, born circa 1845, who married Letitia Dempster on 6th December 1870.

g) Joseph Culbert, born 14th October 1848, died 4th January 1929 in Forest, Ontario.  He married Elizabeth Dempster in Adelaide, Ontario, on 26th December 1876.

h) Richard Culbert, born circa 1851, who married 16th December 1879, Jane or Jennie Fairhall, the daughter of Frederick Fairhall and Jane Woodman.   In 1881, the young couple were living with the groom's parents, John A. Culbert and Mary Ward,  in Biddulph.  Also present was the elderly William Dobbs.  His presence is of interest since Richard's older 'brother' Henry, was named as the son of Henry Culbert and Mary Dobbs when he died in 1920.   William Dobbs, a possible relation therefore of Mary Dobbs, had been born in 1810 to James Dobbs and Mary Hodgins of Tipperary and Ontario, as had Joseph Dobbs and Mary Dobbs who married Frank Alexander.  The William Dobbs who lived with the Culbert family in Ontario died there on 11th August 1899.

Other Connections via DNA Results:
According to my DNA results courtesy of I am also somehow related to a Sarah Culbert who married Henry Hodgins.  This Sarah Culbert was the daughter of John Culbert of Cloughjordan, Tipperary, who emigrated to Ontario in about 1830, along with his children. These people seem to be the cluster of people recorded in Burnwood, or Burntwood, Modreeny, Tipperary, by the Irish Tithe Applotments survey which must have been compiled immediately prior to the residents' mass emigration to Ontario in about 1830.  The Tithes Applotment name the Burntwood residents as Richard Hodgins, James Hodgins, John Shoebottom, Thomas Calbert (sic), Ellen Hodgins, William Calbert, John Calbert, James Coughlan, Thomas, John and Henry Hodgins.

The children of emigrant John Culbert were:

a) Thomas Culbert (1804 - 1861) who emigrated with his wife, Catherine or Kate Mooney of Cappakilleen.   They had Sarah Culbert on 6th January 1831 who was christened in St. Paul's, London, Ontario, on 1st November 1831.  John Colbert was born to the couple on 14th April 1839 and he died on 1st March 1911 in London, Ontario.  Henry Culbert was born in 1841 and died in London, Ontario, on 10th January 1918.   Thomas Culbert was born in 1843 and died unmarried on 16th March 1918.  Benjamin Culbert was born in 1844 and died on 1st October 1915.

b) Rebecca Culbert, born circa 1790, who married John Shoebottom, born circa 1785.  A son, Thomas Shoebottom, was christened in Modreeny parish, Tipperary, on 24th January 1830.  Emigration followed soon after, and a daughter, Mary Shoebottom, was baptised in St.Paul's, London, Ontario, on on 16th May 1832, having been born earlier in the year on 22nd March.    Mary Shoebottom died as Mary McGuffin on 5th May 1910;  she had married William McGuffin and had reared a large family in West Missouri, Middlesex, Ontario - James Westby McGuffin (1853 - 1925), Sarah E. McGuffin, born 1866 who married William J. Parkinson in 1899, William Culbert McGuffin born 1868 who married Margaret E. Judd in 1910, Thomas Isaac McGuffin (1872 - 1924),  George McGuffin (1872 - 1943), and Lilly McGuffin born 1874 who married Frank R. Box in 1898.

A daughter of William McGuffin and Mary Shoebottom (named on the marriage registration certificate as Margaret Shoebottom rather than Mary) seems to be Rebecca McGuffin of West Missouri, who married James Fitzgerald, son of William and Jane Fitzgerald of London on 24th November 1874;  witnesses were John Hodgins and James McGuffin.

James McGuffin, son of William McGuffin and Mary Shoebottom of West Missouri, Ontario, married Rebecca Shoebottom, the daughter of James and Margaret Shoebottom of London, Ontario, on 27th June 1877;  the witnesses were James C. Shoebottom and John M. Shoebottom.   Bride and groom were related....

John Shoebottom and Rebecca Culbert also had a daughter, Rebecca Shoebottom ( 1845 - 1871), and a daughter, Margaret Shoebottom (1825 - 1899).  Both sisters married the same man, first Rebecca who died young, and then Margaret - their husband was their cousin, James B. Shoebottom (1814 - 1888).    James B. Shoebottom and first wife, Rebecca Shoebottom, had a short-lived son, Thomas B. Shoebottom (1866 - 1868).

John Shoebottom, who had married Rebecca Culbert, died in Ontario - his headstone in Arva records his death aged 80 on 18th January 1867, and confirms him to have been a native of Stoney Acre, (immediately next to Burntwood) in Tipperary.

c) Sarah Culbert who married Henry Hodgins and had Rebecca Hodgins who married James Culbert (see further on), and Richard Cameron Hodgins (1841 - 6th April 1915) who married Amy Armitage, the daughter of William Armitage and Ann Turner, in Biddulph on 18th February 1869.

d) Margaret Culbert who married Joseph Armitage.

e) Ann Culbert who married Frederick Fitzgerald.  A John Fitzgerald was christened by Frederick and Ann Fitzgerald in St. Paul's, London, Ontario, on 1st November 1831.

f) Elizabeth Culbert who married William Rawlins - William Rawlins, who had been born in Ireland circa 1794, was living in Biddulph, Ontario, in 1861 with his wife Elizabeth, and children, Edward, Rebecca, Henry, Elizabeth and William.  The Rawlins family in 1861 were immediately next door to the family of John A. Culbert and Mary Ward, and also next door to the family of Philip Crawley and Susan Culbert, Susan Culbert being the daughter of John A. Culbert and Susan Ward.  A William Rawlins acted as witness to the wedding in 1873 of Catherine Culbert and Alexander Morden, Catherine Culbert being the daughter of Richard Culbert and Ann Harlton.   The presence of the Rawlins family in the lives of both the families of John A. Culbert and Richard Culbert further supports the family links between all of these Culbert emigrants.

g)  Susan Culbert who married William Hodgins.

h) Mary Culbert who married a first cousin John Colbert.

Sarah Culbert, the daughter of emigrant John Culbert, married Henry Hodgins of Burntwood in Ireland prior to their emigration, since their daughter, Rebecca Hodgins, was born in Ireland on 23rd December 1827.  This information came from her death registration when she died in Usborne, Ontario, on 7th April 1912.

Rebecca Hodgins and James Culbert;

Rebecca Hodgins (1827 - 1912), the daughter of Henry Hodgins and Sarah Culbert of Burntwood, married yet another member of the Offaly/Tipperary Culberts, James Culbert.   This James Culbert had been born in about 1820 in Ireland, and died in Huron, Ontario, on 19th September 1898.  I have found no information to place him correctly in the Culbert genealogy, other than the fact that he originated in the same place as the rest of them, and at the same time.

The children of James Culbert and Rebecca Hodgins of Usborne, Huron, Ontario, were:

a) John Culbert, born Ontario on 29th October 1852, who died in Stephen, Huron, on 15th April 1926. He married Sarah Ann Ward, the daughter of Benjamin Ward and Elizabeth Lightfoot, in London, Ontario, on 16th November 1892.  Sarah Ann Ward was the granddaughter of Joseph Ward and Mary Meade.   Sarah Ann Culbert died a widow in Huron on 22nd January 1891 aged 63;  her parents were named as the Irishman Benjamin Ward and the English-born Elizabeth Lightfoot.   John Colbert and Sarah Ann Ward had a son, Gordon Colbert, who was present for his father's death in 1926.

b) Henry Culbert born Ontario in about 1856.

c) William Culbert, born in Usborne on 1st November 1857, died on 13th January 1933. William Culbert married Ellen Jane Walls or Waugh and had Annie Rebecca Culbert on 8th August 1897,  Edna Jane Culbert in McGillivray on 13th September 1901 and Melvin W. Culbert in Middlesex on 17th December 1906.  Daughter Edna Jane Culbert married Clarence Charles Rogers in Parkhill, Middlesex, Ontario, on 18th August 1920.

d) Robert Culbert born in Ontario in about 1860.

e) Margaret Culbert born circa 1862.

f) Mary Culbert born circa 1864.

g) Richard Culbert born circa 1865, who married Minnie Kenny, the daughter of John and Mary Kenny, in McGillivray on 16th April 1913.   This was Richard's second marriage.  An earlier marriage had taken place when he married Elizabeth Taylor, the daughter of William and Alice Taylor, on 19th December 1891.  This first marriage had produced two children - Rebecca Colbert on 6th February 1893 and Wesley Colbert on 15t:th April 1895.

Oliver Healy and Mary Culbert:

Yet another DNA connection has revealed my father and I to be linked genetically to Mary Culbert who married Oliver Healy.  We link via a collection of their descendants - Connie Shaw, Connie Kinch, Leslie Moritz and Lori Campbell Snider. 
Although my father and I link strongly to the descendants of Mary Culbert and Oliver Healy, these same DNA matches don't link in any way to the other DNA matches who link to the Offaly/Tipperary Culbert family discussed previously, which is odd.

Oliver Healy had been born on 29th April 1818 to Luke or Lake Healy and Phoebe Shannon who had married in 1807. Luke Healy farmed in Corraclevin alongside my own immediate ancestor James Culbert.
Oliver Healy married Mary Culbert in Dunkerrin in February 1839.  She had been born to a Henry Culbert on 10th October 1819, and died in Bad Axe, Michigan, on 12th March 1901. 
Children born to Oliver Healy and Mary Culbert were Oliver Healy (19th September 1841 - 1918) and George Healy (born Ontario March 1859 - 1911).

Henry Culbert, the father of Mary Healy, was contemporary with the James Culbert of Corraclevin from whom I descend, so I'm guessing the two might have been brothers. 

William Culbert, son of James and Mary Culbert of Corraclevin, and brother of Henry Culbert Senior:
Our ancestors, the family of the carpenter, Henry Culbert Senior and of Rebecca, lived at Corraclevin, Bohernagh, and Clyduff.  Henry's brother, the carpenter William Culbert, lived at both Clyduff and at Barna in Corraclevin.   William married Eliza Hodgins in Modreeny, Co. Tipperary, which is just north of Corraclevin, on February 9th 1858 - William's father was James, and possilby Mary, Culbert or Colbert and Eliza was the daughter of Richard and Margaret Hodgins. The Hodgins are plentiful in both this area and in London, Ontario, having joined the Talbot emigration in the early 1800s.

Richard and Margaret Hodgins, possibly of Burntwood, Tipperary, baptised their daughter, Eliza, in Modreeny, Tipperary, on 6th April 1834.  Daughter Margaret Hodgins was baptised there on 5th March 1837 and married Robert Clarke, son of George Clarke, in Cloughjordan on 14th August 1866.  Richard and Margaret Hodgins also baptised Sarah Hodgins on 13th January 1828 and John Hodgins on 28th November 1830.   An elderly farmer, John Hodgins, died in Burntwood onn 27th April 1909 and the informant of death was his neighbour - and possible relation - James Culbert of Burntwood.

William Culbert, son of James Culbert, and Eliza Hodgins had numerous children whose births I sourced in the National Archives in Dublin.

1) Maria Culbert, born to William Culbert, a carpenter of Clyduff,  and Eliza Hodgins, on 10th December 1858.

2) James Culbert, baptised on February 24th 1859. A James Culbert, aged 3 from Corraclevin, was buried in Dunkerrin parish on November 7th 1863.

3) A second James Culbert was baptised on November 10th 1863: by now the couple have moved to Corraclevin, about ten kilometers away. This James was buried, aged 3 days, in Corraclevin on 11th November.

4) Sarah Culbert was born in Corraclevin on 8th November 1864 and baptised there on November 16th 1864.  When this daughter's birth was registered by her parents on 28th November 1864, her name was written as Eliza Culbert, but her father, William Culbert, petitioned  Shinrone Petty Sessions to have the baby's name changed to Sarah on 24th May 1867.  This information was written in the margin of her civil birth registration.

5) Elizabeth Culbert was baptised in Corraclevin on July 22nd 1865 - her civil birth registration has her date of birth as 20th August 1866, so perhaps the first Elizabeth died and was quickly followed by the second.

6) Martha Culbert born in Boherna, Corraclevin on October 22nd 1865.

7) Henry Culbert, cousin to our great-great grandfather Henry Culbert Junior, was born 22nd April 1872 and  baptised on May 28th 1872.  He later worked as a carpenter, then as a timber merchant in the area.  He was involved with an evangelical Protestant organisation in the area.  In 1893 he proved the will of his paternal uncle, Henry Culbert Senior.   Later he did the same for his own brother-in-law, the carpenter William Henry Bray who died on 29th December 1914 at Derrinvohill, Borrisokane, Co. Tipperary.
On 4th November 1912 in the Roscrea Registrar's office, Henry Culbert, coachbuilder of Boherna, Dunkerrin, son of joiner William Culbert, married Mary Kate Bray, shop assistant of Ballyspillane, Borrisokane, daughter of the farmer William Bray. The wtnesses were Rose Bray and John Pattison.

Henry and Mary Kate Culbert had a son, William Henry Culbert, at Abbey House, Nenagh, on 2nd september 1915.

Henry Culbert, aged 68, sawmill proprietor, died on 17th November 1941 at Abbey House, Nenagh; the informant was his daughter Lillie Culbert of Abbey House.

8) Ellen Theresa Culbert was born 3th May 1871, and died the same year.  The informant on her civil birth registration was named as Margaret Clarke of Stony Acre.  Her parents baptised her in Dunkerrin parish as Ellen Jessica Culbert on 10th May 1871; the civil registration gives the family's address as Bohernagh;  the parish register gives it as Barna, Corraclevin.   Margaret  Clarke, who registered the birth, was the baby's maternal aunt.

9) Hannah Culbert was born in Corraclevin on July 1st 1876; the informant was Margaret Hodgins, 'occupier', Corraclevin, who was most likely the baby's maternal grandmother.
 On 26th August 1901 in Dunkerrin Church, Hannah Culbert married the carpenter William Henry Bray, the son of William Bray and Jane Turner. The witnesses were William Long and Sarah Clarke.
 They settled at Derrinvohill, Borrisokane, Co. Tipperary.  The 1911 census showed three children - James Bray born 1902, Florence Bray born 1903, and Mary Jane Bray born 1906.

10) Richard William Culbert was born on 24th May 1878 in Corraclevin, but died the following day. Present at his death was a Sarah Culbert of Corraclevin.

11) Frances Jane Colbert was born on August 6th 1874 in Boherna; the informant was named on her civil birth certificate as Margaret Hodgins, 'occupier' of Boherna, who was her maternal grandmother. Frances Culbert, daughter of the late carpenter, William Culbert, married a Catholic neighbour, Patrick Keevey or Keavey, on 25th September 1901 in St. James' Catholic Church, Dublin.  At the time of the wedding, both bride and groom were living in Kilmainham.
    Patrick Keavey had been born to the farmer James Keavey and to his wife, Mary Ryan, on 19th April 1873 in Corraclevin;  a Catherine Ryan was present for the birth.  The widowed James Keavey would die aged 68 in Corraclevin on 8th December 1908.   Patrick Keavey's sister, Kate Keevey or Keavey married John McLoughlin of Barna, the son of the late John McLoughlin, in St. Joseph's, King's County, on 12th February 1908.
    Following their 1901 wedding, Patrick Keevey, railway porter, and Frances Culbert, settled in Ross Street off the North Circular Road, Dublin, where they had had four sons by 1911 - James, Patrick, Richard and John.

William Culbert, carpenter of Boherna, died on 10th July 1898.  His widow,  86 year old Eliza Culbert, née Hodgins, died at Abbey House, Nenagh, the home of her son, Henry Culbert.

William Culbert's brother, our immediate paternal ancestor the carpenter Henry Culbert Senior, was quite nomadic and travelled around Offaly and Tipperary, probably for work purposes.

Early Records:
I accessed the Tithe Applotment Books for this area in the National Library in Dublin - most of the Culberts in the 1830s were living across the Tipperary/Offaly border in the parish of Modreeny near Cloughjordan, which seems to suggest that they originated there, before spreading out.

In 1838 in Corraclevin, King's County, our James Culbert was leasing 2 acres of land.
Most of the Culberts show up in the Tithe Books in Modreeny parish, Tipperary, leasing land from Lord Dunalley.
In Burntwood, Modreeny, which only several kilometers away from Corraclevin,  Thomas Culbert was leasing 5 acres; William Culbert was leasing 10 acres; John Culbert was leasing one acre.  There was a cluster of Hodgins here too and, since our William Culbert married Eliza Hodgins in Modreeny, I noted the Hodgins clan as well - Richard Hodgins was leasing 17 acres; James Hodgins was leasing 11 acres; Ellen Hodgins was leasing 10 acres; Thomas Hodgins was leasing one acre; John Hodgins was leasing one acre and Henry Hodgins was leasing 2 acres.
In neeighbouring Stoney Acre, Modreeny, Richard Hodgins was leasing 10 acres; Henry Hodgins was leasing 10 acres; Thomas Colbert/Culbert was leasing 5 acres and W. and James Hodgins were leasing 51 acres in partnership.
The Culbert family of Burntwood, Tipperary, are almost certainly related to our neighbouring Culberts of Corraclevin, Offaly, both being Protestant, and both having intermarried with the Hodgins family.  Members of both families emigrated in the mid to late 19th century to London, Ontario.
In Loughane, Modreeny, William Colbert was leasing 13 acres.

Griffiths Valuation was carried out in Offaly  in 1851 and, the area having been stripped bare by mass emigration to Canada, only two Culbert entries are noted, both in the Cullenwaine area of Monegall - William Culbert was leasing a house and three acres; John Culbert was leasing a house and garden in Monegall town.  In 1851 there was no mention of Culberts living at Corraclevin or Clyduff.
Because the border with Co. Tipperary runs very close to Monegall,  I also checked the entries for Tipperary and this showed up another William Culbert who was leasing a house and yard in the nearby town of Cloughjordan.  There was also Thomas Culbert leasing a house and outbuildings just south of Ballingarry.

I came across another record of interest on the internet: the 26th Annual Report of the Co. Tipperary Protestant Orphan Society for 1861.  A Maria Culbert was admitted to the orphanage on June 9th 1852, taken from Ballingarry. The report states that her deceased father was a carpenter and that she was later taken by friends.
Also, a Sarah Culbert who was put into the Abbey Training School and whose date of birth was June 2nd 1846, was admitted on June 9th 1852.  Her deceased parent was also a carpenter and she had been taken from Clonmel.
Eliza Culbert, born June 18th 1849, was admitted on September 8th 1852,  and her late father had been a carpenter of Ballingarry.
Of course, given the paucity of surviving records, I'm really only clutching at straws here, so there may be no relationship between my own Culberts and the above family.

Henry Thomas Culbert and Anne Allen:
Our paternal great-great grandfather, Henry Thomas Culbert, married our great-great grandmother, Anne Allen, the daughter of Robert Allen and Sarah McClure,  in Galbally Church of Ireland Church in Co. Limerick on October 3rd 1869.
At this time the Culbert family had moved south from Offaly and were living close to the Limerick/Tipperary boarder in the townland of Kilshane, an area on the Tipperary/Limerick border which was associated with the Allen family. Henry's father was Henry Culbert Senior, carpenter, as mentioned above, and one of the witnesses to the marriage was a fellow carpenter, William Airey, who can be seen later on the 1901 Census still resident in Kilshane. The second witness was Richard Allen, possibly Anne's brother.

On May 21st 1861, eight years before Henry married Anne Allen in Galbally, his sister Maria Culbert, who had been born in 1840 in Corraclevin, married John Thomas Gale in Donohill, Tipperary, close to the town of Cashel. He was a schoolmaster, the son of William Gale, another teacher.  Present at the wedding were Henry Culbert and William Culbert as witnesses.

Two years later on Jan 19th 1871, Henry and Anne Culbert had their first son, Robert Gale Culbert, born to the couple in Milltown, Offaly, a country area just south of Shinrone and immediately next to the townland of Clyduff where Henry's brother, William, had earlier lived.

Henry Culbert's mother, Rebecca Culbert  (1809 - 1891), died aged 82, a carpenter's wife, at Clyduff on 2nd June 1891.  Her husband, who was illiterate, Henry Culbert Senior, was the informant and signed his mark on the civil death registration.

Henry's father, Henry Culbert Senior, later died, on 29th November 1893, in this same rural area, Clyduff next to Milltown - his death certificate lists him as a 77-yr-old carpenter, therefore his year of birth was 1816.  Present at his death was his nephew, Henry Culbert who lived at Bohernagh just outside Monegall nearby. This fellow was also a carpenter. This Henry Culbert was the cousin of our Henry Thomas Culbert who had moved to Dublin, their fathers being the brothers, William and Henry Culbert Senior.

The Children of our paternal great-great grandparents, Henry Thomas Culbert and Anne Allen:
1) Robert Gale Culbert was born in Milltown, Offaly, on Jan.19th 1871.

2) Henry and Anne Culbert moved back to Anne's hometown of Galbally for the birth on April 26th 1873 of their daughter Rebecca, our great-grandmother, who later married Robert Stewart in Dublin.
By 1873, as confirmed by Rebecca's birth cert., the Culbert family were now living at 4 St. Lawrence Road where the remainder of their children were born. Rebecca's maternal grandmother, Sarah Allen, née McClure, was present in Galbally, at her birth.

3) William Henry Culbert was born here on May 30th 1875.

4) Richard Culbert on May 20th 1877. Richard was a twin but, sadly, his sister Sarah Anne Culbert did not survive.

5) Henry Culbert was born on June 6th 1879 but this child died as well.

6) On 12th November 1881 at 4 St. Lawrence Road, Anne gave birth to Edward Thomas but this time, oddly, they baptised their son as Edward Thomas CUTHBERT instead of Culbert.

7) Finally Emily Amelia Cuthbert (later known as Amelia) - possibly named for one of Anne Cuthbert's close relations in Galbally - was born on the 18th March 1883 at 23 Lower Oriel Street close to Connolly Station in the city centre. She was baptised in St. Barnabas Church on May 25th, the same church in the North Strand area where all of her Dublin-born siblings had been christened earlier and where her father was one of the church wardens.

The family moved to 69 Seville Place at some stage, and, on 13th January 1898, this was where Anne Allen's mother, Sarah Allen, née McClure, widow of Robert Allen of Galbally, died of bronchitis.

Our great-grandmother, Rebecca Cuthbert, daughter of Henry Cuthbert and Anne Allen, married our great-grandfather, Robert Stewart,  in 1896.

There are further records for Henry and Anne's son, William Henry Cuthbert who was a carpenter like his father. He married Elizabeth McManus Grattan of 19 Parliament Street in St. Werberghs on 22nd February 1898. Elizabeth's father was a tailor named William Grattan.  Elizabeth McManus Grattan made costumes for the Abbey Theatre - years later their daughter, Doreen Cuthbert, was a dancer with the shortlived Abbey School of Ballet which had been founded by Ninette de Valois and W.B. Yeats in 1928.
This family later appeared on the 1939/1940 electoral lists for Dublin, living at 103 Howth Road.

Two of Rebecca's brothers married in Dublin - Robert Gale Cuthbert, a commercial clerk, married Elizabeth Johnston of 26 Connaught Street on 25th July 1901;  they married in All Saints Church, Grangegorman and the witnesses were Elizabeth's brother, Alexander Parker Johnston and Robert Cuthbert's brother Richard.  Elizabeth's parents were the late James Johnston and the widowed Jane Johnston, née Parker.   The 1901 census showed the Johnston family at 26 Connaught Street in Cabra - Elizabeth's mother, who had been born in Co. Louth in about 1837, kept boarders there.  Elizabeth herself had been born in Ballybay, Co. Monaghan on 28th October 1865, whilst her brother, Alexander, had been born in the same place on 9th March 1864.  (A son, John James Johnston was born to a James Johnston and Ellen Parker in Belfast on 21st May 1870, and a daughter, Alice, had been born in Tipperary in about 1874.)
Elizabeth Cuthbert, née Johnston, died in North Dublin in 1906.  In 1911, the widowed Robert Cuthbert was living back home with his widowed mother, Anne Allen Cuthbert at 194 Rathgar Road, South Dublin.

He married again on 30th July 1912.  Wife Number Two was the shop assistant Mary Jane Spence, and the wedding took place in Waringstown, Donaghcloney, Co. Down, close to her family farm at Castledoe, Corcreany, Co. Down.   Mary Jane, born circa 1874, was the daughter of the farmer, George Spence, and of Ellen Watson.  Her brother, William James Spence, had been born on 1st May 1879, and was probably named after his grandfather, since Griffiths Valuation of 1864 shows up an earlier William John Spence farming 64 acres in the same townland of Corcreany.  Mary Jane Spence had other siblings - Alfred  born 1884, Josiah born 1889, Edith S. born 1891 and Susan born 1893.
Mary Jane Spence was absent from the family home in 1901, and may be the Mary Spence who was working, aged 15, as a drapers assistant in Wexford Street, Dublin.  This same Mary was still there in 1911 along with a possible relation, Rhoda Spence, who had likewise been born in Co. Down.

Robert Cuthbert moved north and was living in Castledoe, Corcreany, Waringstown, County Down in 1920, although when he died on 24th June 1932, he was living back in Dublin at 14 Garville Road, Rathgar, which is immediately around the corner from Rathgar Road where his family had been living in 1911. Robert's brother, Richard Cuthbert, was living at 14 Garville Road in 1912 when he married Ellen Frances Moore, so perhaps this was to become the family home.  When he died at 14 Garville Road in 1932, Robert Gale Cuthbert was noted as a clerk, and died of disseminated sclerosis at the Incurable Hospital in Donnybrook . According to the death cert., his wife was still alive at this point.

Richard Cuthbert married Ellen Frances Moore in The Church of the Holy Trinity, Rathmines on 27th June 1912.  Ellen Frances was named as the daughter of the Dublin carpenter/foreman, Henry Johnston Moore, who had been born in Dublin City in 1841 to William Moore, and who had married Sarah Hannah Bramhill, daughter of Robert Bramhill, in Doncaster, UK, on 8th March 1866. The couple had three children in England before moving back to Dublin where Ellen was born in 1880.  She was baptised as Helen Frances Moore in February 1880 or 1881 at 27 Holys Avenue, North Stand, Dublin, but was later known as Ellen Frances. Her brother underwent the same name change - he had been christened as Arthur Edward in 1879, but, by the time of his marriage to Caroline Nevin of Blackrock, Co. Dublin, in 1900, he was known as Albert Edward instead.
The children of the carpenter Henry Johnston Moore and of Sarah Hannah Bramhill were Henry Moore, Thomas, Albert Ernest, Ellen Frances, Joseph, Charles, and Sarah.
At the time of Ellen Frances Moore's wedding to Richard Cuthbert in 1912, the Moore family were living at 15 Richmond Hill, Dublin. They had earlier been resident at 10 Sackville Street. The witnesses were the bride's father, Henry J. Moore, and her sister Sarah Moore.  Richard named his father as Henry T. Cuthbert, and gave his father's profession as a foreman, this despite the fact that Henry had died in 1903.

A daughter, Muriel Cuthbert, was born at 6 Hollybank Road on 28th September 1914.

On the Electoral Lists of 1939/1940,  Richard Cuthbert, Ellen Frances Cuthbert and their daughter, Muriel,  show up at 6 Hollybank Rd, Drumcondra.

Richard Cuthbert died on March 8th 1947 at 6 Hollybank Road. A retired foreman carpenter, his son was present at his death - the certificate names the son as what seems to be B.M. Cuthbert of 35 West Side, Clapham Common, London.

Edward Cuthbert, the youngest of Rebecca's brothers, married a Belfast woman, Sarah Jane Hill, and commuted between Ireland and New Jersey, possibly for work purposes.  He arrived in New York on April 27th 1920 having sailed from Glasgow. The ship's manifest provides information: he was aged 37, a cabinet-maker, who was heading for Kearney, New Jersey. His last address in Ireland had been with his brother, Robert Cuthbert, at Castledoe, Waringstown, Down.
He was recorded as a passenger arriving once again at NYC on August 17th 1925, this time aboard the 'Cedric' which had sailed from Liverpool.  Once again his destination was Kearney, New Jersey, and he was still working as a carpenter.  The manifest confirms the fact that he had been born in Dublin.  His closest relative at home was given as his sister-in-law, Miss M. Hill, of 1 Woodvale Road, Shankill, Belfast.
This was Margaret Hill, the daughter of the widowed Ellen Hill whose husband had died some time before the 1901 census.  There were two other daughters recorded on the census -  Sarah Jane Hill, born Belfast circa 1877, and her sister, Anna Bella, born Armagh circa 1873.   Neither Anna Bella nor her sister, Margaret Hill, ever married;  Anna Bella died 6th March 1932, and administration of her will was granted to her sister Margaret; the calendar of wills states that both women were spinsters.

Sarah Jane was the wife of Edward Thomas Cuthbert, although I can find no reference anywhere to the marriage - perhaps they were living abroad when they married, possibly in the States. One of the passenger lists I consulted records that Edward had been naturalised in Hudson County, New Jersey, on January 12th 1927.
The street directories record him living in 1926 at 425 Kearny Avenue, New Jersey;  in 1927 and 1928, he was at 72, Forrest A., Harrison, New Jersey.

Margaret Hill of 1 Woodvale Rd., died on 18th August 1943 at Central Avenue, Bangor (possibly a nursing home?), and the administration of her will was granted to her sister Sarah Jane Cuthbert.

 Edward was recorded as a returning passenger, both times travelling from New York to Liverpool aboard the 'Cedric', once in 1925, and again in 1929.  On both occasions he gave his permanent address as the Hill's home, 1 Woodvale Road, Belfast.   The Belfast phone book records him there as E.T.Cuthbert from 1971 till 1976, which suggests that he spent his entire married life at the same address.

His wife was the daughter of Ellen McComb and James Hill who had married in Shankill, Belfast, on 28th August 1868. Ellen's father was David McComb; James Hill's father was another James Hill. Their children were born as follows - Margaret Hill, born in Armagh on 12th August 1870;  Anna Bella Hill, born in Mullaglass, Armagh, on 12th April 1872; Sarah Jane Hill, born in Belfast on 21st February 1877;  George Hill, born in Belfast on 15th May 1879.

The passenger list for the 'Franconia' in 1930, once again records Edward Thomas Cuthbert heading across the Atlantic, and this time he gave a destination address, which was the home of a friend, Samuel E. Hume of 32 Dodd St, in Montclair, New Jersey.  Given that Samuel E. Hume, an electrical construction engineer, had earlier been living in Kearney, New Jersey, which Edward had previously given as his destination in the US, it's safe to assume that he had been heading to the home of Samuel Hume all along.
Samuel Elliott Hume had been born in Belfast in 1889 and had emigrated to the US aboard the doomed 'Lusitania' in 1907 - this was possibly the ship's maiden transatlantic voyage.  The passenger lists recorded his old address in Belfast as 8 Old Avenue, Sydenham, Belfast, and his contact there as 'M. Hume'.   In 1915, Samuel Elliott Hume applied for, and got, a US passport in order to return to England, Ireland and Scotland to try and recover the body of his wife, Mary Agnes Hume.  Samuel Elliott Hume had married Mary Agnes Elliott, who was Irish like himself, on December 23rd 1910.  Samuel was naturalized as an American citizen on April 23rd 1915.  Before the marriage, Mary Agnes had worked as a dressmaker. She died aboard the 'Lusitania' which left New York on 1st May 1915, heading for Cork;  on 7th May, as the liner was approaching Cork Harbour, she was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sank in 18 minutes.  Of the 1,959 passengers aboard, 1,198 died, and the atrocity helped to provoke the United States into the war two years later.
Under the Treaty of Berlin of August 25th 1921, the German government was obligated to pay to the government of the United States, on behalf of Samuel Elliott Hume, the sum of eight thousand dollars, including interest, and also to Samuel Elliott Hume, in his role as administrator of the will of the late Mary Agnes Hume, 1,341 dollars with interest, as compensation following the tragedy of the Lusitania.

The wife of Edward Thomas Cuthbert died aged 82 at 1 Woodvale Road on 17th February 1960, while Edward Thomas Cuthbert died at the same address, aged 84, on 29th September.  Both are buried in Belfast City Cemetery.

Edward's younger sister, Emily Amelia Cuthbert, known simply as Amelia, married Joseph Charles Erskine in St. Thomas's on 4th September 1912 in Dublin.  At the time of the weddings, Amelia was at 14 Garville Road, Rathgar, while Joseph, a law clerk, was living in Lower Gardiner Street.
He was the son of Ulster-born, John Erskine, who was buried in St. George's, Dublin, on 9th July 1898, and  of Cordelia Ann Aylward, who had been born on 30th November 1854 at 9 Upper Stephen Street, Dublin to the house painter John Aylward and his wife Eliza.
Joseph Charles Erskine had been born on 22nd October 1883 in Belfast.  In 1911, he was living at home with his widowed mother and his brothers and sisters at 68 Lower Gardiner Street, Dublin, and was working as a solicitor's clerk.  His siblings were:
Mary Elizabeth Erskine, born circa 1877 in Dublin.
Corelia Erskine, born circa 1879 in Dublin.
William John Erskine, born circa 1880 in Dublin.
Bertha Agnes Erskine, born circa 1889 in Belfast.
Florence Aylward Erskine, born circa 1892 in Belfast.

Following Joseph Charles Erskine's marriage to Amelia Cuthbert in 1912, the couple had two children, John Henry Erskine, who was born and died in 1914, and Eric Cuthbert Erskine (22nd June 1913 - 2003.)

From Mount Jerome Cemetery:   'In Affectionate Remembrance of Joseph Charles Erskine, dearly loved husband of Amelia Erskine, died 16 March 1941.  Also John Henry Erskine, younger son of the above, died 27th July 1914, interred elsewhere in this cemetery.  Also Carol St. Clair darling only child of Eric and Clair Erskine, died 21 July 1943 aged 10 months.'

From The Irish Times:  'Erskine - March 16th 1941 at Corduke House, solicitor of 2 St. Stephen's Green, husband of Amelia Erskine and second and only surviving son of the late John and Cordelia Erskine.'

Corduke House was at 47 Sandymount Road, Co. Dublin. The funeral took place at St. Matthew's, Irishtown; the burial at Mount Jerome Cemetery. Amongst the mourners were his son, Eric C. Erskine, sisters Mrs. G. Dukes and Mrs. J. Howrie, nieces Miss A. Dukes, Miss D. Howrie, Mrs. Beamish and Miss I. Keely,  and nephews William G. Dukes, F.E.Dukes, D. Howrie and Charles H. Reid.
Amelia Erkine, née Emily Amelia Cuthbert, died in Dublin on 9th October 1966.

The deaths of her parents, our paternal great-great grandparents, were registered as follows:
Henry Thomas Cuthbert, carpenter of 69 Seville Place, Dublin, died aged 54 of severe bronchitis and emphysema on 18th April 1903.  His son Richard Cuthbert was present at his death.
Henry's wife, Anne Allen Cuthbert, died at 194 Rathgar Road,  Dublin, on 5th June 1911, aged 63 years.  She had died of Bright's disease.  Son Robert Gale Cuthbert, also of 194 Rathgar Road, was the informant.

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