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Wednesday, 12 November 2014

Potted Genealogy of the Grattan Family

This post follows on from earlier posts I've done on the Grattan family of Kildare and Offaly, and their links to Hon. Henry Grattan.  I've taken  genealogical notes taken from, amongst others, The Peerage online website, and also from family notices posted in newspapers over the centuries, which help to clarify the various families and relationships. This is, however, an ongoing work in progress so I'm constantly updating the information according to newly-discovered sources.

I personally link vaguely to the family of Richard Grattan JP of Drummin, Kildare/Offaly, who was married to Elizabeth Biddulph, and whose daughter, Frances Grattan, married Rev. William Willis.  I descend directly from William Willis's sister, Eliza Willis.

According to 'University Magazine: A Literary and Philosophic Review, Vol. 42', in the reign of Queen Anne, six Grattan brothers settled in Dublin and neighbouring counties;  these were friends with of Jonathan Swift, the Dean of St. Patricks.  From these six men, the Irish Grattans descend.   And there are a lot of them.....

The Grattans of Clonmeen, Carbery, Kildare:
A  Symon/Simon Grattan of Rinaghan, Carbery, Kildare, died there in 1697.  He also owned or leased property in James St, Dublin, but I can find no further reference to Simon Grattan.
A John Grattan of Clonmeen died in 1741;  a second John Grattan of Clonmeen died there in 1754.

These Clonmeen Grattans were buried in Carbery.  An early headstone there reads: 'Here lieth the body of Mary daughter of Richard and Elizabeth Grattan who departed this life the 26th (?) 1721 aged 17yrs. Also Robert Grattan who departed this life December 7th 1748 aged 77. And Elizabeth Grattan who departed this life December 6th 1758 aged 73.'

John E.Grattan (1696 - 1740) of Clonmeen:
'This stone was placed by Martha Grattan in memory of her husband John E. Grattan who departed this life June 1740 in ye 44th year of his age...'
Also:  'On April 17th 1756 Olivia Grattan daughter of John E. and Martha Grattan of Clonmeen appoints this stone to be erected in memory of her said parents whose remains lye in the body of this church but their descendants have chosen this place on the northerly side for their internment. Here lye Ann and Elizabeth Whitterig, granddaughters to John E. and Martha Grattan. Here lyes the body of Miss Martha Whitterig who died October 1763 in the 16th year of her age. Here also lyeth the body of the mentioned Olivia Grattan who departed this life ye 15th October 1786 in the 66th year of her age.'
A John Grattan was married to a Martha Mason, but it's unclear if this John Grattan and Martha were the same as the preceding family. One of the daughters of John Grattan and Martha Mason, Anne Grattan, who died on August 6th 1748, married the wealthy merchant, William Lunell of Dublin, while a second daughter, Mary Grattan, married William Whitmore and had a daughter, Olivia Whitmore, who married Arthur Guinness of Beaumont.
John Grattan and Martha Mason also had a son, Rev. William Grattan, who might be the Rev. William Grattan (1715 - 1761) of Carbery who married Catherine, the daughter of  Counsellor Sherlock, and who was recorded as dying at Sherlockstown, Kildare, in July 1761, although I'm not sure about his parentage. The deed which follows clearly states that the son and heir of John Grattan of Clonmeen was Rev. William Grattan.  His headstone in Carbery reads: 'Here lyeth the body of Rev. William Grattan of Drummin who departed this life July 1st 1761 in the 46th year of his age. This is the appointed burial place of his widow and children.'

Deed 132-331-89496, dated  February 1745, details an arrangement between John Grattan of Clonmeen, Kildare, and his son and heir, Rev. William Grattan, whereby it was agreed that, during his life, John Grattan should hold land known as Demesne - still called that today - and that he would pay £6 8s. 6d. per annum to the heirs and assigns of Robert Grattan.  His son and heir, Rev. William Grattan was to get half of Clonmeen, somewhere indecipherable such as Derenany as well as a windmill in the same townland, Ballyshannon, Knockballyboy, Phillipstown and Killaderry.  Most of these places are close to Carbery, Drummin/Drummond and Edenderry.   Clonmeen was two miles north of Edenderry.

Historian Turtle Bunbury confirms that John Grattan, who married Martha Mason, and who lived at Clonmeen, Edenderry, Kildare,  was indeed a cousin of Hon. Henry Grattan, although the term 'cousin' can refer simply to a family link and should not be taken literally.

Hon. Henry  Grattan was the son of James Grattan, Recorder of Dublin, who was the son of Henry Grattan and Bridget Flemyng of Garrycross, Co. Cavan;   the great-grandparents of Hon. Henry Grattan were Rev. Patrick Grattan and Grisel Brereton, who follow....

The descendants of Rev. Patrick Grattan and Grisel Brereton:
The Rev. Patrick Grattan was appointed to Cappagh Rectory, Co. Derry, on 27th November 1671. He died in 1703 having married Grisel Brereton in 1669, the daughter of his predecessor.  His estate was in Belcamp, Santry, Co. Dublin.  His family were on close personal terms with  Jonathan Swift, Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin.

A son of Rev. Patrick Grattan of Belcamp, Santry, and of Grisel Brereton was Rev. William Grattan of Fermanagh (1672 - 1719), who married Sophia Gore, daughter of Sir William Gore, baronet.   A daughter of Rev. William Grattan was Elizabeth Gore Grattan, born circa 1716 at Cappagh, Tipperary, who married Skeffington Bristow, and who died in 1792 in Antrim.   Rev. William Grattan succeeded his father at Cappagh Parish, Co. Derry, on 24th August 1703.  

Another son of Rev. Patrick Grattan was Henry Grattan of Garrycross, Co. Cavan, who married Bridget Flemyng.  He was noted as High Sheriff of Cavan in 1710.
Henry Grattan and Bridget Flemyng's son was James Grattan, Recorder of Dublin who married Mary Marlay, daughter of Thomas Marlay, chief justice of Ireland.   The Marlay estates were situated at Celbridge Abbey, Kildare;  Celbridge Abbey passed therefore into the Grattan family.
James Grattan and Mary Marlay were the parents of the Hon. Henry Grattan of Grattan's Parliament.   As well as Rt. Hon. Henry Grattan, James Grattan and Mary Marlay had a daughter, Catherine Grattan.

Another son of Rev. Patrick Grattan was Rev. Robert/Robin Grattan of St. Audeon's Church, Dublin (1678 - 1741), executor of Jonathan Swift's will, as was his brother, Rev. John/Jack Grattan of St. Audeon's, Clonmenthan, and St. Nicholas Within (1680 -1754).

Another son of Rev. Patrick Grattan was Charles/Charlie Grattan, (1688 - 1747), master of Portora School, Enniskillen.  He married Mary Copeland.  Their son was Rev. William Grattan of Sylvan Park, , and of Swanlinbar, Cavan, who was married to Elizabeth Foster.  The son of Rev. William Grattan  of Sylvan Park was Rev. William Copeland Grattan (1784 - 1844) who married Anna Selina Nixon and had two sons, Copeland Grattan of Lower Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin, who died there in 1850, and also Humphrey Grattan who emigrated to Australia and married Sophia Beggs of Dublin.  
A daughter of Rev. William Grattan and Elizabeth Foster of Sylvan Park, Meath, was Emily Eleanor Grattan, who married in Crossakiel Church, Co. Meath, on 12th July 1853, Edward Hudson of Loughbrickland, Co. Down, and of Gardiner's Place, Dublin. In 1853, the estate of Edward Hudson was being sold in Cavan - he was named as trustee of the estate of the late Rev. William Grattan.

Rev. Patrick Grattan and Grisel Brereton also had Sir Richard Grattan, alderman and Sheriff of Dublin, who died in 1736.  (Alternatively, Betham's Extracts records the will, dated 19th June 1713, of a Dublin merchant, Richard Grattan, who named his mother as Grizel.  A sister was Mary Grattan and a brother was Henry Grattan. Henry Grattan's daughter, the niece of Richard, was Catherine Grattan. Other brothers were William, Dr. James Grattan, Rev. Robert and Rev. John Grattan, and Charles Grattan.  His aunt was named as Catherine Langham.)

But to return to James Grattan MD, son of Rev. Patrick Grattan and Grisel Brereton....

1) James Grattan, MD (1673 - 1747), son of Rev. Patrick Grattan: he trained in medicine in Holland and was three times the President of the Royal College of Physicians.  James Grattan MD married Elizabeth Tyrrell, most likely a member of the Tyrrell family of Castle Grange, Kildare, whose family intermarried with the Grattans of Edenderry

A son of Dr. James Grattan and Elizabeth Tyrell was Rev. William Grattan of Edenderry.  The Hibernian Journal of 3rd October 1781, notes that the widow of Rev. William Grattan of Drummin, Kildare, died at this time.
 Rev. William Grattan married Catherine, daughter of Counsellor Sherlock of Sherlockstown, and Rev. William Grattan of Drummin is noted as having died at Sherlockstown in 1761;   later, Richard Sherlock of Dublin made his will in the 1790s in which he left his property to his wife, Ann, and also to his two nephews, Richard Grattan and Rev. William Grattan.

Given that Rev. William Grattan was linked to Drummin, I would hasard a guess that Richard Grattan JP who married Elizabeth Biddulph in 1788, and who lived at Drummin, descends from this man.  Rev. William Grattan, the father of  Richard Grattan JP, took out a lease on approximately 580 acres of land at Drummond, Kildare, in 1746. This lease was renewed by his grandson, Richard Grattan MD, in 1840 for the lives of himself and his two sons, Richard and William Grattan.  Also mentioned in the lease was the name Nicholas Biddulph.

A son of Dr. James Grattan and Elizabeth Tyrrell was Thomas Grattan of Rathvilla.  The Hibernian Journal of 22nd March 1776 noted that Thomas Grattan of Rathvilla, King's County, married Miss Field of Rathangan, Co. Kildare. A Thomas Grattan was paying tithes on a property in Rathvilla in the 1830s, although given the date, this must have been a grandson of the original Thomas Grattan.  Thomas Grattan of Rathvilla married Isabella Field, who, following his death in 1854, emigrated to Australia with her children.   A notice in 'The Argus' of Melbourne noted on 16th February 1881, that Isabella, widow of Thomas Grattan, late of Rathvilla, King's County, died aged 63 at Glasgow cottage,Chapel-street, South Yarra.

A son of Dr. James Grattan and Elizabeth Tyrrell was Francis Grattan (1759-1801) who married  Rosanna Odlum, the daughter of Henry Odlum and Elizabeth Paine in 1791.

A son of Dr. James Grattan and Elizabeth Tyrell was  Joseph Grattan who died young, and Richard Grattan, who was born and died in 1754.

John Grattan MD of Edenderry (1713 - 1787) and Hannah Colley:
This brings us to the son of James Grattan and Elizabeth Tyrell who was John Grattan MD (1713 - 1787) of Edenderry, Offaly/Kildare.
Dr. John Grattan of Edenderry was married to Hannah Colley whose family estate was at Castle Carbery, Kildare.
The son of Dr. John Grattan and Hannah Colley of Edenderry was  Captain William Grattan (1744 -18th September 1798) of Rathangan, Co. Kildare, who had studied medicine in Dublin inder Mr. Cleghorn before being appointed to the post of assistant surgeon with the 64th Regiment in the US and in the Napoleonic wars.  Following 18 years of military service, he returned home to Edenderry, to his elderly parents, 3 brothers and 2 sisters,  and married, in 1792, Jane Gifford, the daughter of Sir Duke Gifford of Meath.  He subsequently settled in Rathangan, Co. Kildare, and died suddenly in Wexford at the height of the 1798 rebellion, having joined up again with the military, this time with the 44th Regiment of Foot. He helpfully made his will on 15th September 1798, and died three days later.  He named his 'natural' son' as William John Grattan who would attain the age of 21 on 9th November 1804, having, therefore, been born in 1783.  A second son was John George Grattan, but no age was given.  His wife was Jane Grattan.  His two sisters were Elizabeth and Sarah Grattan.  A nephew was John, son of his brother Colley Grattan, and a second nephew was Thomas, son of his brother Arthur Grattan.

A daughter of John Grattan MD and Hannah Colley was Elizabeth Grattan (1746 - 1808).

A daughter of John Grattan MD and Hannah Colley was Sarah Grattan, as named in her brother, William's will of 1798.

A son of John Grattan MD and Hannah Colley was Thomas Grattan MD of Edenderry (1769 - 11th November 1801) who had two wives - Ann Sullivan and then Frances Muloch or Mulock. (A Robert Mulock of Banagher made a will on 5th February 1781, in which he named his wife as Katherine, his daughters as Elizabeth and Frances, and a son as John Mulock. His son-in-law was named as Thomas Grattan, the husband of Frances Mulock.)
A son of Thomas Grattan and Ann Sullivan was John Grattan MD of Edenderry (1788 - 15th January 1836) who married Margaret Alicia Shawe, the daughter of Edmund Shawe of Coolair, Kildare, and these were the parents of Thomas Grattan, apothecary of Belfast (1810 - 1879).  The Carbery church register noted the marriage of John Grattan of Monasteroris, Edenderry, with Margaret Alicia Shawe/Shaw of Carbery as taking place on 19th November 1808.
Another son of John Grattan MD of Edenderry and Margaret Alicia Shawe was the dentist William Grattan who died in December 1847.  On 12th February 1850 in Belfast, Richard Evans son of William Evans, married Eliza Shawe Grattan, second daughter of the late Dr Grattan, ie, the daughter of John Grattan of Edenderry and of Margaret Alicia Shawe.
Another son of Thomas Grattan MD and either Ann Sullivan or Frances Muloch of Edenderry was Surgeon Colley Grattan of Edenderry (6th June 1816 - 9th May 1847), as clarified by the family's Carbery headstone: 'Sacred to the memory of Surgeon Colley Grattan of Edenderry, King's County. Born 6th June 1816, departed this life May 9th 1847 aged 31 years. Also of his father Thomas Grattan MD., Edenderry, King's County, who departed this life November 11th 1801 aged 32 years. Also his widow Frances who departed this life January 5th 1840 aged 90 years.'
The burial register of Carbery Church has the following entry: 'Colley Grattan of Edenderry 6th May 1847 aged 30.'
(The Public Record Office in Belfast holds the surgeons' and apothecaries' certificates of members of the Grattan family of Edenderry, King's County, 1799-1840, along with rent receipts for Thomas Grattan's premises as a surgeon dentist in College Square, Belfast, 1869-1877, and an emigrant letter from A. Tyrell in Weston, Ontario, 1850, who was related to the Tyrrell family of Elizabeth Tyrrell of Kildare, wife of Dr. James Grattan MD of Edenderry.  William Tyrrell emigrated to Weston, Ontario, and was the father of engineers, Henry Grattan Tyrrell and James Williams Tyrrell.)

A son of Dr. John Grattan and Hannah Colley was the attorney and solicitor Colley Grattan (1754 - 1815) of Clayton Lodge, Castle Carbery, (which was burned out in 1798) married to Elizabeth Warren,  and these two were the parents of the writer, Thomas Colley Grattan (1791 - 1864) , the cousin of Dr. Richard Grattan of Drummin, Co. Kildare.  Thomas Colley Grattan had a daughter who was married to the Belgian Secretary of Legation in Turin, and two sons, Edmund Arnout Grattan, H.M. Consul in Anterp, and Colonel Grattan of the Royal Corps of Engineers.  A son of Thomas Colley Grattan was Henry Colley Grattan, late consul of Tenerife who died aged 62 at Westfield House in 1881. Henry Colley Grattan had married Lucy, second surviving daughter of Christopher R. Nugent, on 9th September 1850 at the Consulate in Ostend.
Another son of the solicitor Colley Grattan and Elizabeth Warren of Carbery was William Grattan of the Connaught Rangers who married Jane Menzies and who died in 1858. The daughter of William Grattan and Janes Menzies was Harriet Grattan who married Neptune Blood Gallwey, the son of Major Gallwey of the 16th regiment, on 10th November 1857 in St. Peter's.  You just know Neptune Blood Gallwey had a walrus moustache.  A son of William Grattan and Jane Menzies was William Grattan JP of Farmhill, Kildare, who married Louisa Martan Patterson, and whose only son was William Henry Colley Grattan.
As named in his uncle William's will of 1798, a son of Colley Grattan was John Grattan.

A son of John Grattan MD and Hannah Colley was Arthur Grattan as named in his brother William's 1798 will. Arthur Grattan had a son named Thomas Grattan.

Note - The following Carbery headstone shows up another Colley Grattan, this one married to a Mary, and who was living in Athy at the time of his death in 1816.  'This stone was erected by Mary Grattan in memory of her husband Colley Grattan of Athy in this County Esq., who departed this life on Sunday 9th June 1816, Also in memory of her son John Edward Grattan who departed the 13th of January 186?'

William Grattan (1789 - 1863) of Edenderry:
Another strain of this 'Colley' branch of the family would be William Grattan  (1789 - 1863), farmer of Edenderry, who married Anne Cathcart in 1818. and whose son was Robert Grattan, hosier of 14 Nassau Street - this Robert Grattan named his son in 1864 as Robert Colley Grattan, which would suggest a family link to the descendants of Dr. John Grattan and Hannah Colley of Edenderry.
It's as yet unclear where William Grattan of Edenderry enters this 'Colley' branch of the Grattan line. Who were his parents? He cannot be a son of John Grattan and Hannah Colley of Edederry, since William was born in 1789, and John Grattan died two years before this in 1787; also, John Grattan and Hannah Colley already had a surviving son named William.

William Grattan (1789 - 1863)of Edenderry died on 21st July 1863, aged 74. According to his gravestone in Carbery Hill, his wife was Anne Grattan: 'Sacred to the memory of William Grattan who died at Edenderry July 21st 1863 and his wife Anne Grattan who died May 24th 1882. Also their children Charlotte Eliza died 1841. Nassan Cathcart 1842. Eliza 1852. Richard 1863. Frances 1870, George 1892. Anne Jane 1898. Emily 1909.'
In November 1841 at Edenderry, Joseph Russell married Eliza, the daughter of William Grattan.  She would die there on 17th January 1852.
On 16th February 1848 in Edenderry, William Watson of Ballinrath, King's County, married Marianne Grattan, second daughter of William Grattan Esq. of Edenderry.
Daughter Emily, as named on her family headstone, died in Edenderry in 1909; the census captures her living on Main Street, Edenderry, in 1901, and therefore we know she had been born in 1836.

In April 1841, the death occurred of Charlotte Elisa, eldest daughter of William Grattan of Edenderry, although an entry in the Carbery burial register says 'Miss Charlotte Grattan of Edenderry buried 28th March 1841 aged 21.'
Another entry in the same parish register notes that '? William Grattan aged 2 of Edenderry buried 17th May 1840.'
In April 1858 in the parish church of Rosenalllis, Queen's County, Richard, second son of William Grattan of Edenderry, married Ann, the eldest daughter of the late Richard Goodbody of Mountmellick.   In January 1869, William Romans, Esq., C.E., Northumberland-road, married Anna, the widow of Richard Grattan of Edenderry, King's County.   On November 21, 1865 at 76, Haddington Road, Dublin, Richard, the last surviving child of the late Mr. R. Grattan, of Lunville Lodge, Edenderry, King's County, died of scarlatina, aged 5 years and 7 months.

The 4th son of William Grattan of Edenderry, hosier Robert Grattan of 14 Nassau St., married in St. Anne's, Dublin, on 31st December 1850, Matilda Bolton, the youngest daughter of hosier John Bolton of Grafton Street.  The witnesses were William Grattan and William Bolton.
A son was born at 14 Nassau St on 6th August 1853.
In November 1856, Matilda, the infant daughter of Robert Grattan, died at 14 Nassau St.
Matilda Grattan was born 31st March 1858 at 14 Nassau St, and died in Philadelphia on 29th November 1845.
A later address for Robert Grattan and Matilda Bolton was Bellevue, Merrion, Donnybrook, where a son was born  on 14th May 1862.
Robert Colley Grattan was born 24th August 1864 in Bellevue, Donnybrook, Co. Dublin.

The fifth daughter of Robert Grattan of 14 Nassau Street, Frances Victoria Grattan, married on 3rd March 1881 in St. Annes, Joseph Dobbs, hoisier, son of James Dobbs of Abbeyleix. The witnesses were the possible siblings of the bride, William Robert Grattan and Charlotte Grattan.
On 25th September 1866, at Bellevue, Merrion, Matilda Grattan, wife of Robert Grattan, died, and he died at 14 Nassau Street on 13th July 1879 with probate granted to a Richard Robinson, optician of 63 Grafton Street.

Other Grattans of Edenderry:
The descendants of James Grattan MD and Elizabeth Tyrrell settled at Edenderry which straddles the border of Kildare and King's County/Offaly.    The following Grattans were associated with Edenderry, but I can't decipher which strain of Grattan they link correctly to.

The widow of a Rev. William Grattan of Edenderry, Elizabeth Grattan (1765-1837), died aged 72 in Dublin in 1837.   It's as yet unclear which Rev. William Grattan this was.  There are a lot of them.

On 3rd February 1864 in Edenderry, Dr. Mathew Henry Grattan of Chipping Ongar, Essex, son of the late Dr. William Grattan of Edenderry, married Lizzie, daughter of John J. Hipwell of Edenderry.   Dr. Mathew Henry Grattan of Edenderry graduated from the College of Physicians in Ireland in 1863.

Monday, 22 September 2014

Amelia Allen of Galbally and John Chamberlain of Garryheakin, Limerick

Our paternal great-great grandparents were Henry Thomas Culbert (1848 - 1903) and Anne Allen (1848 - 1911) of Galbally, who married in Galbally, Limerick on 3rd October 1869. Anne Allen was the daughter of Robert Allen and Sarah Airey of Park, Galbally, Limerick.

Anne Allen's sister was Amelia/Amy Allen, born in Galbally, Limerick, circa 1844, to Robert Allen and Sarah Airey, and who married John Chamberlain in Galbally in 1872.

John Chamberlain was the son of John Chamberlain Senior and of Margaret Drew who were recorded as marrying in St. John's Parish, Limerick City on 5th February 1812, and who lived at Caherconlish, Co. Limerick.
The Chamberlain family had been resident in Croom, Co. Limerick for generations, the first of the family, John Chamberlain, being noted there as early as 1702.  His son was John Chamberlain, who had a son, Richard Chamberlain (1739 - 1811) who married Catherine Mason, the daughter of Richard and Catherine Mason of Croom House.
Richard Chamberlain farmed at Drumbeg, Athlacca, ten miles or so south of Croom, and, upon his death in 1811, he divided his property between his two sons, George Mason Chamberlain, aka Mason Chamberlain, and John Chamberlain. The older brother, Mason Chamberlain, married Mary Heaton in 1809 in Adare, Co. Limerick, the daughter of George Heaton of Adare and his wife, a member of the Cantillon family of Castle Roberts.  Mason Chamberlain's brother, John Chamberlain, the father of the John Chamberlain discussed in this post, sold up his share of the Drumbeg farm, and settled a few miles north in Caherconlish.

Son John Chamberlain, a farmer who settled in Rahard and Garryheakin on the Limerick/Tipperary border, married, firstly, Mary Keaty (1833 - 1870), the daughter of a neighbour, Michael Keaty, in Cullen Parish, Co. Tipperary, on 10th June 1856.  The witnesses were Michael Keaty and Joseph Reynolds.
Mary's father, Michael Keaty, was farming at Dromlara, Pallas Grean, Limerick, 6 kms north of Rahard, in 1851.  Estate sales files for 1868 show John Chamberlain and Michael Keaty both holding 30 acres on lease at Rahard and Garryheakin, which would have been alongside each other.

John Chamberlain Junior and Mary Keaty had, amongst other undiscovered children:

1) Richard Chamberlain, who was mentioned in the landed estates records for his father's lease of 1868 in Rahard, and who was named as the eldest son. There are no further known records of this individual.
Also named in this lease was a Henry Wheeler, son of Robert Wheeler of Pallasbeg - this Henry Wheeler was almost certainly the land agent who was later fatally shot aged 24 in November 1880.   A Susannah Chamberlain had married Robert Wheeler in 1838 - Robert Wheeler of Pallasbeg died on 26th September 1890, leaving a widow Susannah.   The murder of Henry Wheeler in 1880, mirrors the murder of the victim's own grandfather, also named Henry Wheeler, who had been murdered in 1831 on his way to Nenagh fair. Both men had been murdered over land disputes, the earlier Henry having secured two untenanted farms for his adult sons, while the later victim had taken a rent collecting job in place of the murderer Moore.
The widowed Margaret Chamberlain, née Drew, the mother of John Chamberlain, died on 27th September 1871 at Killuragh, Murroe, East Limerick, aged 78 - Killuragh was the home of Anthony Wheeler.  He had married a Catherine Chamberlain in 1837 - the children of Catherine Chamberlain and Anthony Wheeler were Margaret, Henry and John Wheeler.

2) Michael Chamberlain, born 26th May 1865 at Rahard, Tipperary.  He was mentioned in the Rahard lease of 1868 as John Chamberlain's second son.  Michael went with his father and his second wife, Amelia Allen,  to Cairns, Queensland.

3) Catherine Chamberlain born 8th May 1870 at Garryheakin.  Known as Katie, she went with her father and his second wife, Amelia, to Cairns, Queensland.

4) Margaret Chamberlain born 26th May 1867 at Garryheakin. She accompanied her two sisters, Mary Ann and Susan, to Thomaston, Connecticut in the 1870s or 1880s where she married Patrick H. Houlihan (born 1861 in Laois);  when she died in 1945, her obituary of 11th September, confirmed her sister as Mrs. Mary Strahan of Thomaston, Connecticut.  Her death certificate, however, names her mother as a Mary Bourke and her father as Chamberlain.    Neither of the three sisters, Margaret, Mary Ann or Susan, were consistent with the details provided for the various US censuses, nor was the information provided at their deaths highly accurate.   Modern descendants of the three sisters have proved the close family relationship between them with DNA testing.

5) Mary Ann Chamberlain was born circa 1866 in Tipperary as confirmed by her death cert of 15th October 1947.  In 1947, her mother was incorrectly named as Mary Cody (ie: Mary Keaty?) while her father was erroneously named as Richard Chamberlain rather than John.   She married, on 13th May 1889 in Thomaston, Connecticut, John Strahan (1855 -1921) of Clondelara, King's County, Ireland.

6) John Chamberlain and Mary Keaty were most likely also the parents of Susan Chamberlain, born circa 1861, who emigrated to the US in 1881 and who married John Fitzgerald in Thomaston, Connecticut in 1883.

John Fitzgerald had been born in February 1860 in Kildromin, Kilteely, Limerick, to John Fitzgerald of Kilteely and Margaret McGrath of Ballynaclogh, Pallasgreen, Limerick.

The 1900 census highlights Susan Chamberlain and John Fitzgerald married and living in Thomaston, Connecticut - she gave her date of birth as May 1861.   Susan died in Thomaston on 24th September 1904, and her death cert listed her father as John Chamberlain but lists her mother erroneously as Catherine Keating, rather than Mary Keaty.

Amelia Allen, second wife of John Chamberlain of Rahard/Garryheakin, Limerick:

John's first wife, Mary Keaty, died aged 34 in 1870.

He married, secondly, Amelia Allen of Galbally in Galbally Church of Ireland church on 30th Jan 1872.  Amelia's father's name was given as Robert Allen, farmer of Galbally.  Born in 1844, Amelia Allen was the older sister of our great-great grandmother, Anne Allen, who had been born to Robert Allen and Sarah McClure in Limerick in 1848.  William Allen was recorded as a witness to Amelia's 1872 wedding - he may possibly have been the father of Edmund Allen and Alice Thompson of Park, Galbally, but I can find no further significant mention of William Allen.

The children of Amelia Allen and John Chamberlain were recorded as follows:

1) Sara/Sarah Chamberlain born 9th December 1872 in Garryheakin to John Chamberlain and Amy Allen.

2)Robert Chamberlain born 13th January 1875 to John Chamberlain and Emma Allen.

3)Henry Chamberlain born 16th April 1876 in Rahard to John Chamberlain and Ellen Allen.

4) Eliza Chamberlain born 1st April 1877 to John Chamberlain and EMMA Allen.

5)May/Mary Chamberlain born 1st April 1879 to John and MAY Allen.  She was registered as Amy Chamberlain.

6) Ann Chamberlain born 1st December 1880 at Rahard to John and Emma Allen. She was probably the Alice who follows.

7) Alice born 1880 in Ireland. Was this the child who had been baptised as Ann Chamberlain in 1880?

8) Annie born  26th October 1882 in Rahard, Ireland.

9) Anne Jane Chamberlain born in Queensland on 8th October 1886.

The Chamberlain family fell victim to the agrarian unrest which was rife in Ireland in the 1880s, as did Edmund Allen who was murdered over a land dispute in Shronell,Tipperary, in 1886, and a close friend or relative of the Chamberlain family, Henry Wheeler, a land agent who was also murdered in 1881.
'The Aberdeen Weekly Journal' of 10th December 1881 reported that a Chamberlain of Rahard was burnt out by a gang wielding lit rushes;  while attempting to rescue his family from the burning house, the hostile gang fired on him 100 times.   A number of arrests were subsequently made.

The Chamberlains and the Allens joined the mass exodus leaving Ireland at this time.  My own immediate ancestors, Anne Allen and Henry Culbert/Cuthbert, settled in Drumcondra, Dublin;  the witnesses to both Anne and Amelia Allen's weddings, Richard Allen and William Allen, simply disappear from the records and neither appear on the 1901 census.

 Robert Allen, the father of both Anne and Amelia Allen, died in Park, Galbally, Co. Limerick, on 28th December 1875;  his wife, Sarah Allen, née Airey,  died, aged about 73 on 13th January 1898 at 69 Seville Place, Dublin city, the home of her daughter and son-in-law, Anne and Henry Cuthbert.

Three of the daughters of John Chamberlain and first wife, Mary Keaty, chose to settle in Connecticut - Mary Chamberlain, Margaret and Susan.    Michael and Catherine/Katie accompanied their father and his second wife, Amelia/Amy Allen, to Queensland.

The Chamberlain family left London aboard the 'Indus' and arrived in Brisbane on 22nd August 1884. The passenger list for the 'Indis' records the family as follows:

  • John Chamberlain born circa 1834.
  • Amy Chamberlain born circa 1844.
  • Michael Chamberlain born 1865.
  • Catherine/Katie born 1870.
  • Sarah born 1872.
  • Robert born 1875.
  • Henry/Henry George born 1876.
  • Eliza born 1877.
  • Alice born 1880.
  • Annie born 1882. 

(On the same voyage was an Allen family - John born 1850, T. George Allen born 1857, Elizabeth Allen born 1859, and Alfred Allen born 1863, but these are possibly an unrelated English family.)

Four of the Chamberlain children died shortly after their arrival in Queensland:

1) Named after his maternal grandfather, Robert Allen Chamberlain died aged 9 on 15th September 1884 in Queensland, the son of John Chamberlain and Amelia Allen.

2) Anne Chamberlain died five days later, aged only 2, on 20th September 1884, the daughter of John Chamberlain and Amelia Atten. (This was transcribed wrong in the Australian Deaths Index.)

3) Eliza Chamberlain died aged 9 on 6th April 1887, the daughter of John Chamberlain and Amy Allen.

4) Catherine/Katie Chamberlain, the daughter of John Chamberlain and Mary Keaty (wrongly transcribed as Kerty), died on 22nd March 1889 aged 19.

John and Amelia Chamberlain had a final daughter on 8th October 1886 when Anne Jane Chamberlain was born in Queensland.

The children who survived in Queensland were Michael Chamberlain, the son of first wife Mary Keaty,  Sarah Chamberlain, Henry George Chamberlain, Alice Chamberlain, and Australian-born Anne Jane Chamberlain.

The electoral rolls showed up John Chamberlain, farmer, at Nelson, Herbert, Cairns, Queenland, in both 1903 and 1905.  Also in the household were wife Amy and daughter Sarah Chamberlain.
However, the above roll must have been published months after the info was collected, since John Chamberlain died in Queensland on 8th October 1904;  his parents were noted as John Chamberlain and Margaret DREW.

In 1908,  the widowed Amy Chamberlain was in Nelson, with three of the children - Alice who was working in a railway hotel in Cairns, labourer Henry George Chamberlain, and Sarah Chamberlain who did 'home duties'.
In 1913 in Nelson,  Amy Chamberlain, née Allen,  was living with Henry George Chamberlain, her son.    In 1919,  the widowed Amelia/Amy Chamberlain was living in Sheridan Street, Herbert, Cairns.
Amelia Chamberlain died in Queensland on 1st August 1922.  Her parents were named on the death registration as Robert Allen and Sarah McClure.  This was incorrect - Amelia's mother was actually a member of the Airey family of Ballingarry, Co. Limerick, who are documented further in my other Allen post.

Buried next to Amelia Chamberlain in Gordonvale, Cairns, was John Allen, named as the son of Robert Allen and Sarah Airey.  He was, therefore, Amelia Chamberlain's and Anne Cuthbert's brother
Photo courtesy of Bosco Ryan.

Son of John Chamberlain and Amy Allen, Henry George Chamberlain,  was noted from 1908 till 1949 in Cairns;  in 1925 he was in Gordonvale, Herbert, Cairns, and in Douglas, Herbert, Cairns, in 1930.   By 1949, he was married to an Eva Chamberlain and they were living in Leichhardt, Cairns.
Henry George Chamberlain died on 10th January 1953 in Queensland, the son of John Chamberlain and Amelia Allen.

I can find no further info on Michael Chamberlain, son of John Chamberlain and Mary Keaty, although the electoral rolls show up a labourer by this name in Cairns.  This may well be the correct individual, but there isn't enough evidence to prove this conclusively.  It might be relevant, however, that sister, Annie Jane Sommerville, was buried in Martyn Street Cemetery, Cairns, in 1940, and that a Michael Chamberlain, aged 75, was also buried there on 27th May 1950.

Daughter, Alice Chamberlain, married Horace Oliver Alfred Bickmore, in Queensland, on 5th September 1908, and settled in Herbert, Cairns. He was a clerk, working later in insurance. They had a son, Oliver James Bickmore, on 30th May 1909, and the electoral rolls show up a possible daughter, Eliza Maybell Bickmore.  Later, the electoral rolls show up another daughter, Alice Amelia Bickmore.  In 1958, the electoral rolls show the two girls living with their mother at 161 Mitchell Street, Townsville;  the two daughters were still living here in 1980.
Oliver James Bickmore died in Queensland 10 Jun 1955.

The youngest daughter of John Chamberlain and Amelia/Amy Allen, Annie Jane Chamberlain, who had been born to John and Amy  in 1886 in Queensland, married on 20th August 1910, George Alexander Cartwright Sommerville, an engine driver.  He had been born 2nd June 1879 in Queensland to John Sommerville and Margaret Weir, and would later die on 25th September 1959.
 In 1919 the Sommervilles were living in Sheridan Street, Herbert, Cairns, where Annie Jane's widowed mother, Amelia Chamberlain, was also living, possibly in the same house although the electoral roll doesn't give the house numbers in 1919.
Annie Jane Sommerville, née Chamberlain, died 21st March 1940 and is buried in Martyn Street Cemetery in Cairns.
In 1954,  George Alexander Cartwright Sommerville was still at Sheridan Street, (Number 223), and was still an engine driver.   Annie Jane is no longer present - but there are two other members of the family were there,  Edna May Sommerville and George Thomas Sommerville, a clerk.
In 1977, George Thomas Sommerville and Edna May Sommerville were living at 24 Mona St., Cairns.

Many thanks to Bosco Ryan, Sheila Sullivan and Lisa Curtin for their invaluable help in unravelling another layer of the elusive Allen line.

Monday, 25 August 2014

George and Ann White, parents of Eliza White who married Edward Pennefather

I'm indebted to Lee-Anne Taylor of Queensland who shared her incredible research into our common ancestry with me - without her invaluable and detailed input, I would never have found out anything about the following White family of Dublin.

My 4 x great-grandparents on the maternal side were Edward Pennefather and Eliza White, daughter of George and Ann White of Dublin.

George White had been born in King's County/Offaly in about 1745 to William and Ann White.  (William and Ann White also had at least two other chldren - two daughters, who were still alive in 1817.)

(Of interest is the will, dated 2nd October 1769 of a George Atkinson of Marymount, King's County, who named a nephew as Japhet White.  George White would later name a son as Japhet White, and I wonder was there a family relationship between the Atkinsons and the family of George White?  George Atkinson named his cousin and executor as Jonathan Darby of Leap who was the eldest son of Jonathan Darby Snr.  His cousin was Sarah Darby.  The sister of George Atkinson was Mary White,  née Atkinson, and nephews and nieces were named as Japhet White, Joseph White, Anne White, Sarah White, Mary White and George White.   Other nephews and nieces were Thomas Atkinson, Mary Armstrong and Elizabeth Laban. This from Crossle's Abstracts, courtesy of Find My Past.)

George White married Ann White (circa 1755 - before April 1824), the daughter of Edward and Anne White in St. Andrew's, Dublin on 8th March 1778.  At the time of the marriage, George White was living at College Green, Dublin, while Anne lived at the family home of 3 Fownes St, Dublin.

'The Hibernian Journal', 16th March 1778:  'A few days ago, Mr. George White of College Green, to Ann White, Fownes Street.'

Ann's father, Edward White, operated at 3 Fownes Street as an upholder, an early word for an upholsterer, as a tentmaker, and selling eiderdown bedding.  The newspapers carried advertising for him at this address from 1763 until 1784 when he retired from business and put up his premises of 3 Fownes Street for rent, the premises being ' for immediate Reception of Family....'

'Saunders Newsletter' of 9th November 1774 noted that Edward White, upholder, was selling a house in Marrowbone Lane along with a brewhouse, cellar, stables and hayloft which would suit someone in the linen or woollen business, He was also selling the interest in a field in Robert and Ransford Street,  the furniture of the late Mrs. Elizabeth Gamble, a house in Tenter Lane and a house in an illegible street which was also known as the Rope Walk.

'Saunders Newletter' of 10th April 1775 noted that the upholder Edward White was selling the interest in the lease of a house in Finglas lived in by the late Thomas Tydd.

In 1780, shortly after his marriage to Edward's daughter, son-in-law George White was also noted at 3 Fowne's Street.  By 1787, however, George White had moved out to Hen and Chicken Lane in Harold's Cross where he operated a manufactury for ladies' fancy hats.

Deed 543-334-359741, dated 1st May 1802, was a deed of lease involving haberdasher George White of Cork Hill, and formerly of Fownes Street, whereby George White (and also Samuel Laban of Harolds Cross) had leased the lands of Cullen, Sleighower in Harold's Cross, Rathmines, from Robert Keeling, silk manufacturer on 7th March 1783, for the lives of Curtiss Brett Junior of Chester, Anthony Keeling, son of Robert Keeling, and Robert Chandler, son of John Chandler, paper seller of Cooke Street.   Also named was apothecary of Francis Street, Edward Connell, from whom George White had borrowed £300.

George was noted at Woodbine Cottage in Harold's Cross, Co. Dublin, from 1807 till 1817.
Between 1780 and 1794 eight known children were born to George and Ann White, but only five were known to have survived:

  • Japhet White, born 1780 - an attorney, Japhet White lived at 80 Camden Street.
  • Mary Ann, born 1783; in 1800 she married John Burnell.
  • Elinor, born 1785.
  • Anna Maria/Maria, born 1789, who married Anthony O'Reilly.
  • Elizabeth White, born 1794.  Elizabeth/Eliza White would marry, in 1821,  Edward Pennefather, the son of Rev. John Pennefather of Newport, Tipperary.
(A George White of Harold's Cross, who may or may not be a member of this White family, married a Miss McKenzie of St.Kevin's Parish on 28th March 1811.)

Arrest and Transportation:
George White was arrested in Dublin on 16th September 1816, charged with having in his possession, feloniously and with intent to defraud the King,  a forged government die of the type used in the Stamp Office in Dublin.   He was not authorized to use such a document.
The forged die, worth 4 shillings, was discovered hidden in his hat when he was arrested between Essex Bridge and Parliament Street.    Following his arrest, the police went to his house at the end of Hen and Chicken Lane behind the Horse Barrack at Portobello where they discovered further forged stamps in the cupboard,   HIs wife was in the parlour, along with two young women, one of them his daughter.

George was imprisoned in Dublin's Newgate Prison for 10 months before the case went to trial on 28th June 1817 in Green Street, Dublin.    Earlier, 'Saunders Newsletter' of 18th February 1817 reported that George White had been suffering 4 or 5 days with inflammation of the chest, stomach and bowels in jail, and his solicitor was therefore requesting a postponement of the trial.

From 'Saunders Newsletter', 30th June 1817:  '...George White - you stand indicted that you, being an evil disposed person and not having the fear of God before your eyes, on the 16th day of September last, in the 57th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the King, had in your possession a forged die for the sum of four shillings, purporting to be a die of the Stamp Office, in the City of Dublin, against the statute...'

There were three petitions for leniency on his behalf - from the jurors, dated 1st July 1817;  a second, on 31st July 1817, from Aldermen, Sheriffs and Citizens of Dublin;  and a third, on 18th August 1817, from George's wife, Anna White, asking for her husband's sentence to be mitigated 'so that her husband in the decline of years and their old age may be restored to Petitioner and their afflicted and suffering family...we the undersigned children, grandchildren and relatives of George White...Mary Anne White, Eleanor White, Anna Maria White, Eliza White, Eleven grandchildren and two aged helpless sisters.'  (Ref: PPC 4097, National Archives of Dublin).
On 23rd August 1817, the petitions were refused, the judge feeling that George White was not deserving of mercy.
In 1817 there was also a petition by the creditors of George White:   'That said George White was before and after his committal to prison seized and possessed as well in his own right as in that of his wife of a considerable Estate and property consisting of Freehold and Chattel Interests in Lands and Houses situate in the City and Country of Dublin and elsewhere.
When George was committed to Newgate Gaol on the 16 th September 1816 and did after wards in contemplation of his approaching trial, convey the whole of such estate and property to Thomas Adams of the City of Dublin, a Pawn Broker.
Deed was purely voluntary, without valuable consideration for the purpose of making transaction colorable; ante dated to 2nd July previous to such committal, but registered 25th October following............... His Estate and property have been taken out of usual administration of the Law, so far as respects his creditors. 
Thomas Adam's is the acting partner of George White in the business of Pawn Broking. George White put Two thousand pounds and upwards into the business and the conveyance of George White's property was made to Thomas Adams in Trust for George White, and calculated to defraud his creditors and the Crown of his Estate in case it should insist upon forfeiture. ' (source OP/417/17 National Archives Ireland)
After George White's arrest he was granted land in Cullin, called Sleighower. Situated between Harold's Cross and Rathmines Road, containing 8a 29p and a field called Barbers Land at upper end of Hen & Chicken Lane to Thomas Adams on the 2nd July 1816 (pre dated before his arrest) Thomas Adams granted the land to son-in-law Anthony O'Reilly on 10th November 1817, after George was transported to New South Wales.

Following his transportation, his wife, Ann White, the daughter of William and Ann White, entered a Dublin convent, and died at some stage before 1824.

On 25 October 1817, 62-year-old George White left Dublin and was subsequently transported from Cork to Sydney aboard the Guildford, leaving Cork on the 14th November 1817.

From 'Saunders Newsletter' of 15th October 1817:  'About 9 o'clock on Monday morning, upward of thirty Jingles and Jaunting Cars, full of male convicts, were escorted by a strong military guard from Newgate to the Docks at Ringsend where they embarked on board a vessel bound to the Cove of Cork, there to be put on board the ship which is to convey them to their ultimate destination, Botany Bay.  The unfortunate Mr. White, convicted of having forged stamps and a die for striking off the impression, in his possession, was amongst the number, but was allowed to go down to the water-side in a carriage;  his son was some time back transported for a similar offence.'

The journey took 138 days, arriving in Australia on 1st April 1818.   The records describe him as having a ruddy complexion, silvery hair, hazel eyes.
Almost immediately, George White went into practice as a surgeon/dentist, first at Phillip Street, then at Castlereagh Street - in 1820 he was banned from practicing as a surgeon, not being qualified, but continued to practice as a dentist.
He also met and illegally 'married' , or perhaps co-habited with, a young Dublin convict, 24 -yr-old Judith Byrne (1795 - 1832) who had arrived aboard the 'Canada' on 5th August 1817.    Judith Burn/Byrne was the Dublin-born daughter of Laurence and Margaret Byrne.  In 1815 she was tried and convicted of forging notes.  Aged 20, she was given 14 years' transportation, leaving Cork on 21st Match 1817 aboard the 'Canada', and arriving in New South Wales on 5th August 1817.
Two sons were born to the dentist George White and Judith Bryne  - Joseph George White, born 4th June 1819, baptised 2nd August 1833, and George White, born 5 June 1821 and  baptised later on 9 may 1832.   Son Joseph George White died on 12th April 1902  in Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia, having married the Scottish-born Jean Jane Mather, daughter of John Mather and Dolina Dingwall on 1st Feb 1856.   His younger brother, George White,  died on 09 May 1832 of lockjaw.
By 1828, Judith Byrne had taken up with the Dublin-born apothecary George Murphy by whom she had two daughters, Margaret and Ellen.   George White was, in 1828, working for his son, Japhet White, in Bathurst, and had his two sons, Joseph and George, living with him.   George White, dentist, was noted at Princess Street, Sidney,  from 1832 till 1836.

The Children of George White and Ann White of Dublin:
1) George White's eldest son, Japhet White, was born in 1780 in Dublin, and died on 8th January 1866 in Carcoar, New South Wales. Japhet White had practiced as an attorney at 60 Camden Street, but, caught up in his father's forgery scam, was also transported, arriving in Australia in 1816.  Japhet White of Harold's Cross had married Mary Law of the Parish of St. Bridget's, Dublin, on
16th December 1805.

A deed (593-208-402479), dated 10th July 1807, was between Joseph White (ie: Japhet White??) of Harolds Cross, gentleman, who was a devisee under the will of Edward White, late of Mountpleasant, deceased (ie: his maternal grandfather) and Thomas Palmer of Peters Row, Dublin coachmaker, whereby Joseph White did make over to Thomas Palmer the house at Mountpleasant, Cullenswood, which had been leased to him by Ann White.  This was witnessed by William Ledwith and Michael Connor.
Later on 30th July 1810, deed 625-379-432171 made over a house on Camden Street from Joseph White of Camden Street to Benjamin Grant of Monkstown.

On 6th December 1815, deed 696-246-477764 detailed the transfer of a house on the west side of Camden Street from Japhet White to George White.

'An account of The Arrest of Japhet White in Ireland for Forged Stamps.
Mr. Burrowes, solicitor to the Stamp office, since his appointment to that situation, has been indefatigable in his endeavor's to procure such information as would lead to the detection and apprehension of the persons who have so long inundated this city, and indeed all Ireland, with forged stamps, robbing the revenue of upwards of one hundred thousand pounds annually, and thereby obliging the legislature to make up the deficiency in the revenue by taxing many necessary articles of life. Mr. Burrowes having obtained satisfactory information concerning this nefarious traffic, communicated with the magistrates of the head office on the best mode of apprehending all the parties at the same moment, so that the apprehension of one should not give warning to the rest. The whole of this very important business was entrusted to Mr. Farrell, chief constable of the police, and we shall now relate how effectually he executed it. On Friday morning, at the hour of eleven o'clock, seven parties of peace officers were assembled at the head office, where each received their route from Mr. Farrell, and which was so secretly managed, that no one man knew what was to be done by any of the other parties. Everything being thus arranged, each party went to their destined point. Mr. Farrell proceeded to Portobello with a party of nine men, who were posted in the neighborhood of Camden-street, Charlemont- street, and Portobello; it being known that the person they were looking after, against whom there were informations that he a few days since rescued himself from an arrest of a civil nature, did not reside at his house, they watched for some time. After a lapse of two hours and a half, he was perceived advancing in the direction of Old Portobello, and was instantly arrested by Mr Farrell himself, who asked him, was not his name Japhet White, and produced the warrant for his apprehension ; he then brought him into Mr. McGowan’s public house, and having got a private room, proceeded to search him, when, in. one of his boots, was found n forged die for a twenty pound stamp, and in the other, a similar one for fifty pounds. Mr. Farrell having further business in this neighborhood, dispatched hint with a party in a coach to the head office, and sent another party, headed by peace officer Riley, to search Mr. White's house, No. 60, Camden street; here were found some stamps, paper, and parchment, in preparation for stamping, also the blue and silver letters with the G. K. which are affixed to many descriptions of law stamps, with a frame and fly, for the purpose of striking the impression; they were all conveyed to the head office, and he was fully committed to Newgate to abide his trial.'

Japhet White, solicitor/attorney and eldest son of George and Ann White, was arrested on 17th November 1815 for processing 20 pound & 50 pound stamp die and forged stamps & paper. He was arrested by Chief Constable Farrell and taken to a room in the Camden Street pub, The Bleeding Horse, where they discovered the forged stamps hidden in his boot.

The police then searched his house at 60 Camden Street Dublin, where they discovered forgery equipment, and correspondence between Japhet White and another of the accused, John Fogarty.  At the later trial, a distant relation of Japhet White, who was named as another George White, stated that he had known the prisoner for 13 or 14 years, and that the prisoner lived in distressed circumstances, his wife and children sleeping on a borrowed bed.  Witness George White also stated that Japhet White was subletting a workroom to Mr. Nangle, who was also implicated in the affair, and that he had often witnessed Mr. Nangle cutting seals in Japhet White's house.

The 11 that were arrested that day were Japhet White, Solicitor John Fogarty Jnr, Attorney, John Fogarty Snr, Patrick Garrigan, a clerk for a Solicitor, John Reed, Charles Reed, Samuel Clayton an engraver, Edward Emerson a licensed distributor of stamps. Catherine Whelan, Patrick Ne--, and Her-- Clark who was a letter carrier to the General Post Office.

Following his arrest on 17th Novemeber 1815, Japhet White was committed immediately for trial to Newgate Dublin and was subsequently transported  for 7 years in December along with 27 others.  He departed from London aboard the "Surrey" on 14th July 1816 and arrived in Sydney on 20th December 1816.  Along with an assortment of passengers, the ship carried 150 male convicts;  Japhet's wife, Marie White, and their two children, accompanied him to Australia - this was permitted on condition that he tell nobody how they had forged the coin of the realm.
Japhet White and his family would eventually settle in Bathurst and become a repected member of the farming community, having been granted permission to purchase 100 acres of land there on 8th July 1825.  He died of old age in Bathurst in 1866.
Japhet and his wife, Mary Law, had four children together.   George Japhet White, born 1806 in Ireland, married Catherine Halloran in 1834 in Bathurst, NSW;  George Japhet White ran a lodging house in Castlereagh Street, Sydney.  He died of injuries following a horse kick in 1845 in Carcoar.

George White, son of Japhet White.

   Japhet and Mary's second son, Edward White, was born in Ireland in 1808.   Their daughter, Mary E. White, was born in 1816 in Australia and died in Kings Plains, NSW, in 1858.    Daughter, Elizabeth Jane White, was born in Sydney on 23rd January 1818 and died in Tambaroora, NSW, on 28th April 1869, having married James Gain of Portsea, England, on 22nd February 1842 in Sydney.

2)  Mary Ann Burnell had been born to George and Ann White in 1783 in Eustace Street, Dublin, Ireland, and died on 26th Mar 1835 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.  She married the linen draper John Burnell on 30th December 1800 in St. Brigid's, Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland. He was born in 1775 in Dublin, and died there in about 1823.

Mary Ann and her husband were implicated in the forgery.  In July 1814 she was put on trial by solicitor Robert Burrows for  'uttering' forges stamps of various denominations, having sold 30 pounds' worth of stamps to the prosecutor, but was acquitted on the grounds of having been coerced by her husband, John Burnell, a stamp retailer.

On 1st May 1826, George White put in a petition on behalf of his widowed daughter, Mary Ann Burnell, to be taken from Dublin to Sydney to join her father there, her mother Ann White having recently died in Ireland:  'The petition of George White most Humbly sheweth that your Excell's Petitioner arrived in the colony, by ship Guilford in 1818, a prisoner for Life. That your Excellency's petitioner's wife, the companion of a 40 years pure and uninterrupted felicity, had lately been consigned to the grave in the land of her nativity leaving unprovided for his daughter a widow with three grieving children whom your petitioner (being by the profits of his profession as a Dentist, enabled to support them without expence to Govenment) is most anxious should be permitted to join him here. May it therefore please your Excellency to give order whereby this most ardent, and he trusts he may add, praiseworthy wish of a fond parent in the evening of life may be gratified and he and they shall, as in duty bound, ever pray. George White Sydney Castlereagh Street.' (source 1824-1827 Petitions from Convicts AO 4/1112).

 Letter from George White to his daughter Mary Ann Burnell in Dublin, Ireland 1824:
'Dear daughter Mary Anne, I was sad to here of the death of your husband John Burnell, coming so close on that of your Mother. It is a shame that you are left in such difficult circumstance, I wonder what your have done with your dowry. I would have thought that Mr. John Burnell would have provided for you and the children, or at least his family should, if not for your sake, for their grandchildren. I have many grandchildren, what with your brothers and sisters producing so many, I am at a loss to be able to provide any more substance for them or you.
As you know I was sent out to this penal colony for life, through no fault of my own doing. However, I am making the most of it, but in my enfeeble years I cannot afford to support you and your children as well as my new family here.
The only thing I can do for you is petition Governor Brisbane to endorse your entry into this Convict Country; it is lawless and too rough for your sensibilities. If endorsed the Government will pay for your passage. I have included a draft on the Bank of Ireland of 10 pounds to help you defray the cost of travelling. Use it wisely. When you get here marry off the girls as quickly as possible and put the boy into a trade. The best you can do for them here, although the society I now live in is not the most suitable for a sensitive female such as you.
You must be aware it is difficult for me to do any more for you than what I provided for in your marriage.
I will let you know if the Governor will agree to my request, he is not so kind a man as Macquarie.
It would be best if the girls marry and the boy has a trade.
As for yourself! Have you considered joining the convent as your Mother did?
Oh well if you must come then come.
Your ever loving father
George White
Sydney Town.'

Mary Ann Burnell subsequently arrived in Sydney in 1828 with her three children - the 1828 census showed them lodging in her father's house at Castlereagh Street.   Her three children were noted as Catherine Burnell aged 23, Ann Burnell aged 20, and George Burnell aged 7.    Daughter Catherine Burnell had been born at Eustace Street, Dublin, in 1803, and died a widow in Sydney on 11th November 1886.  Catherine Burnell had married Daniel Harmer (1796 - 18680 on 11th March 1833, the Norfolk-born son of John Harmer.

Both Mary Ann Burnell and her daughter,  Ann Daniels, would die within 6 years of their arrival in New South Wales.   Daughter Mary Ann had been born on 24th September 1810 in Dublin;  she married Charles Daniels, son of John Daniels and Isabella Parry, on 18th February 1829, in Sydney, but died of consumption in 1836.  Her husband, Charles Daniels had been born in Surrey, UK, on 18th May 1879, but also died young in New South Wales, in December 1834.     Mary Ann White and John Burnell also had George Burnell in 1821 in Dublin - he would die in 1858 in Sydney, having married Sarah Jane Addy, (born 1826 in New South Wales) the daughter of Luke Addy and Johanna Roach, on 12th December 1853 in Sydney.

Lee-Anne Taylor, who generously provided me with this genealogical goldmine, descends directly from Mary Ann Burnell.

3) Eleanor White was born to George and Ann White in 1785 in Dublin. On 24th November 1804, she married Henry Joseph Dawson of His Majesty's Navy. (Betham's Extracts.)  They were members of the congregation of Eustace Street Presbyterian Church where a daughter, Ann Dawson, was born on 27th December 1805. Other children were noted here as the children of Henry Dawson, who might be the same man as Henry Joseph Dawson - Henry Charles Dawson was born on 5th December 1811, Eleanor Matilda Dawson was born on 20th May 1814 and Eliza Dawson was born on 23rd January 1816.  All were baptised in Eustace Street Presbyterian Church.        
Deed of assignment 763-74-517810, dated 13th September 1819 named Henry Joseph Dawson of Coldblow Lane, county of city of Dublin, gentleman, and Elinor Dawson, otherwise White, wife, and George Ledwith attorney of Dublin.  Elinor of Mountpleasant and formerly of Fownes Street, by the will of Edward White (ie: her maternal grandfather) dated 11th October 1798, was entitled to rents and profits of Mountpleasant and also of Fownes Street and North Earl Street.  Following the death of Elinor's mother, Ann White who was the daughter of George White, the testator left Fownes Street and North Earl Street to his grandson Joseph White (this was Japhet White) and to granddaughter Mary Ann White, otherwise Burnell, to Elinor White, otherwise Dawson, to Maria White, otherwise O'Reilly and to Elizabeth White (who would marry John Pennefather in 1821) to be divided equally.  The deed goes on to document that Henry Joseph Dawson and his wife, Elinor, sold their part of 3 Fownes Street, 7 North Earl Street and 6 North Earl Street to George Ledwith.  This was witnessed by Richard and Edward Ledwith.

4) Emily White  was born to George and Ann White in 1786 in Ireland and died before 1798 in Dublin.

5) Joseph White was born to George and Ann White in 1788 in Dublin, Ireland and died before 1798 in Dublin.

6) Anna Maria/Maria White was born to George and Ann White in 1789 in Dublin, Ireland and died on 20th May 1880 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia after a short painful illness. She married Anthony O'Reilly on 24 Aug 1814 in Leixlip, Co. Kildare.  He was born in 1788 in Dublin, Ireland and died on 8th Jan 1840 at Bridge Street, Sydney, New South Wales.

'Saunders Newsletter', 31st August 1814:  'Married on the morning of the 24th inst. in Leixlip Church, Anthony O'Reilly of Moorfield, Co. Dublin, to the amiable Miss Anna Maria White, daughter of George White of Harold's Cross, County Dublin.'

Anna Maria White's husband, Anthony O'Reilly, was also involved in the forgery scam which lead to the transportation of her older brother and father, and was likewise deported for life because of his role in it. He, however, was given special treatment when he went to trial on 8th September 1824, having  turned Kings Evidence and pleading  guilty to forging dies, telling all he knew of the scam.

The Landed Estates Court Rentals 1850 - 1885 (Find My note a lease taken out between John Roberts and Anthony O'Reilly on 18th April 1820 for land at Cullen, also known as Sleighour, in Harold's Cross.

Before his transportation to Australia in 1825, on 7th April 1824, deed 790-399-534335 detailed the making over to Richard Ledwith of their portion of 3 Fownes Street by Anthony O'Reilly and his wife, Maria, of Tivoli, Co. Dublin.
A second deed, 795-292-537228 of 1st July 1824, Anthony O'Reilly assigned his property at Cullen, Sleighower,  to Christopher Reilly, a possible relation, and this transaction was witnessed by Richard Ledwith.

Anthony O'Reilly was transported to Australia, arriving in 1825 aboard the 'Mariner', accompanied by his wife, Maria, and two children.   Having turned King's Evidence, Anthony was settled with a sum of fifty pounds upon his arrival in NSW, on condition he never reveal how he made the dies to make the forgeries.  He later was paid a further 100 pounds by Gov. Darling and was never restricted by the laws governing a convict within Australia.   He operated as a merchant in Sydney.

Anthony O'Reilly, merchant, and Anna Maria White had a son, Richard Oswald O'Reilly, on 9th February 1816, in Dublin - he would marry, on 27th February 1840 in NSW, Amelia Cummins;  Richard Oswald O'Reilly died on 16th September 1895 in St. Peters, NSW.      Anthony and Anna Maria also had Elizabeth O'Reilly in 1817 in Dublin, who married Charles Edwards on 9th March 1837 in Sydney, and who died in Calcutta, India, on 18th January 1874.   (From "The Sydney Gazette" of 16th March 1837: 'On Thursday the 9th instant, at St. James' Church, by Special License, by the Rev. K. Cartwright, Captain Charles Edwards, of the Donna Carmilita. to Eliza, only daughter of Anthony O'Reilly, Esq.,of Bridge-street. Sydney.')

Both Anna Maria White and Anthony O'Reilly were  buried  at Sydney Burial Ground, but then moved to Botany Cemetery which was subsequently demolished in 1973. On 20th Nov. 1994, a new headstone was placed at the Pioneer Memorial Park in memory of Anthony and Anna Maria O'Reilly by their descendants. It reads the same as the original -  'Sacred to the memory of Anthony O'Reilly who departed this life on 8 January 1840. Aged 50 years. Also of Anna Maria O'Reilly relict of the above who died 20 May 1880. Aged 92 years.'

7)  George White was born to George and Ann White in 1790 in Dublin, and died there before 1798.

8) Elizabeth White was born to George and Ann White  in 1794 in Dublin, Ireland and  died on 1st January 1864 at 15 Fairview Avenue, Clontarf, Dublin. She married Edward Pennefather, son of Rev. John Pennefather of Newport, Tipperary,  on 5th June Jun 1821 in Dublin - we descend directly from Elizabeth White and Edward Pennefather.

George White of College Green married Ann White, the daughter of Edward and Ann White of Fownes Street, in St. Andrew's, Dublin on 8th March 1778.  

Prior to his transportation to New South Wales, George White lived at Woodbine Cottage, Harold's Cross, Co. Dublin.    After George White's arrest he was granted land in Cullin, (ie: Cullenswood, Rathmines?) called Sleighower. Situated between Harold's Cross and Rathmines Road, containing 8a 29p and a field called Barbers Land at upper end of Hen & Chicken Lane to Thomas Adams on the 2nd July 1816 (pre dated before his arrest) Thomas Adams granted the land to George's son-in-law Anthony O'Reilly on 10th November 1817, after George was transported to New South Wales.

The maternal grandfather of Eliza White who married Edward Pennefather in 1821, Edward White, had been born in about 1730 in Ireland and would die in about 1823 in Mount Pleasant, Co. Dublin.    Mount Pleasant is in Rathmines, which is about 2.5 kilometers from Harold's Cross where Edward White's daughter and son-in-law (George and Ann White) were living in the 1820s, as was Anthony O'Reilly, married to Edward White's granddaughter, Anna Maria White.
The Mount Pleasant area of Rathmines/Ranelagh, is also next to Cullenswood Avenue, off which is Wellington Park.   One of the children of Edward Pennefather and Eliza White (daughter of George White, dentist) was Joseph Lysaght Pennefather who was born in 1834 at Wellington, near Crumlin.

Before Edward White's death in about 1823 in Mount Pleasant, Cullenswood,  Rathmines, he made the following deed of agreement:
'A Memorial of an indented Deed of Agreement bearing date the Seventh day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty four made Between Anthony O 'Reilly of Tivoli in the County of Dublin Esquire and Maria O 'Reilly other wise White his wife of the one part and Richard Ledwith of the City of Dublin Gentleman of the other part After reciting that Edward White of Mount Pleasant in the County of Dublin but formerly of Townes's Street in the City of Dublin Up holder by his last Will and Testament in writing bearing date the Eleventh day of October one thousand seven hundred and ninety eight bequeathed unto certainTrustees here in and in the said Deed mentioned upon Trust to permit his Daughter Anne White to receive for her own benefit the whole of the rents and profits of his houses and premises in Townes's Street and North Earl Street in the City of Dublin for the term of her natural life and after the decease of the said Anne White the said Testator bequeathed all his Estate and interest in the said houses grounds and premises in Townes's Street and North Earl Street unto his grandson Japhet White and his granddaughter Mary Anne White (now Mary Anne Bumell) Elinor White (now Elinor Dawson) Maria White (wife of the said Anthony O 'Reilly and party to the said Deed of which this a Memorial) and Elizabeth White (now Elizabeth Pennefather) to be equally divided between them...
And reciting that the said Edward White died and that the said Anne White his daughter survived him but was dead at the time of the Execution of the said Deed Witnessed that the said grandchildren of the said Edward White mentioned in his Will were still living the said Deed Witnessed that the said Anthony O 'Reilly and Maria O 'Reilly for the consideration there in mentioned did grant bargain sell assign transfer and make over unto the said Richard Ledwith All that and those one undivided fifth part share or proportion of the dwelling house messuage or tenement with the appurtanancets here unto belonging situate on the west side of Townes's Street in the City of Dublin formerly in the possession of the said Edward White and now in the occupation of George Browne and known by number three in the said street and also one undivided fifth part of the dwelling house messuage or tenement With the appurtanenances here unto belonging situate on the south side of North Earl Street in the said City of Dublin now in the occupation of James Menzies Esquire and known as number seven in the said street and also one undivided fifth part of a lot of ground or premises next adjoining the said last mentioned dwelling house situate in North Earl Street afore said on which the house number six in the said street is erected and now in the occupation of John Yelverton To Hold the Deed thereby granted and assigned premises unto the said Richard Ledwith his Executors Administrator and Assigns and during the respective terms for years yet to come and unexpired for which the same are respective... subject to the payment of a proportion apart of the rents reserved by the original Leases of the said premises which said Deed and this Memorial are witnessed by William Armstrong of Upper Dominick Street in the City of Dublin Gentleman and Thomas P Morron of Talbot Street in the said City Esquire.
The above named Thomas P Morron Maketh Oath and saith that he saw the Deed of which the above writing is a Memorial duely excuted by the said Anthony O 'Reilly and Maria O 'Reilly and Richard Ledwith and this Deponent saw the said Memorial duly executed by the said Anthony O'Reilly and Maria O 'Reilly Saith that the name Thomas P. Morron subscribed as a witness to the said Deed and Memoriails this Deponents proper name and handwriting And Saith he delivered the said Deed and Memorial to Oliver Moore Esquire Registers Deputy in the Registers Office on the Inns Quay in the City of Dublin at or near half past the hour of three in the afternoon of the seventh day of April Instant. Sworn before me this Seventh day of April 1824.'

"Return of All Arrears due by late Deputy Postmasters in Ireland" show that, on 20th May 1820, an M. White, deputy of Tipperary, was in arrears of £199  - Anthony O'Reilly of Harold's Cross and Richard Ledwith of 22 Stafford St., Dublin, had stood as surety (or guarantor) on his behalf..'

'Saunders Newsletter', 14th June 1824:  'Sheriff's Sale...By virtue of His Majesty's Writ of Fieri Facias in this cause, Monday 20th June 1825....Clarke v. White - all interest in 3 Fownes Street and 6 and 7 North Earl Street'

Whites of King's County:
George White had been born circa 1745 to a William and Ann White in King's County.  Although I have not discovered any other relations,  I have trawled through the Irish newspapers, available to view on Find My Past or Genes Reunited, and have noted members of White families living in King's County and who I note here....

In Parsonstown, George White of Ballyclare, King's County, married Hannah, 2nd daughter of Arthur Molloy, on 15th November 1822.

On 28th January 1837, George White of Ballyclare, King's County, died of consumption.

In June 1833, in Dublin, Joshua Manley of the Hon. E.I.C. Medical Service, married Deborah, eldest daughter of John White of Edenderry, King's County.

In December 1840 Joseph White of Monasteroris, Edenderry, died of fever.  Another newspaper record noted that Joesph White of Monasteroris died unmarried, aged 54, on 9th November 1840.

In November 1838, Elizabeth, wife of John White of Monasteroris, died aged 70.

Monday, 21 April 2014

The Gale Family of Queen's County and Carlow

I've decided to do a post about the Gales of Ashfield/Valleyfield on the Carlow/Laois border, simply because of a suspected early family link to these people.  Our paternal great-grandmother was Rebecca Cuthbert, whose aunt, Maria Cuthbert/Culbert, married John Thomas Gale, the son of William H. Gale, both of these Gale family members being of Laois/Carlow.
John Thomas Gale and Maria Cuthbert/Culbert settled in Limerick city, and a current descendant of this line recently emailed me to let me know that they were told in the 1950s of a connection between their family and the Parnell family, although they are unclear about the exact link.  Since my own family in Dublin had also been told in the 1940s about this supposed link to the Parnell family, then taking a closer look at the Ashfield Gales might be interesting.
I've done, therefore, a potted history of the Gales, which follows, much of this research having been done by American descendants of the Gale/Kearney families.   I've been particularly interested in the children of Anthony Gale and Anne Delany of Ashfield, especially two of his sons, Captains Thomas and William Gale, who both settled at Valleyfield, the property immediately next to Ashfield Hall.

Having just spent a day in the Registry of Deeds in Dublin, it seems more and more likely that the scripture reader William Gale, father of John Thomas Gale, was indeed the son of the blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield, since Eliza Gale, the widow of the younger William Gale, was noted as the widow of William Gale of Valleyfield when she died in Westland St., Limerick, on 25th September 1875.
There is some connection between the Parnell family of Rathleague and the Delany/Gale family of Ashfield, Ballyroan, which accounts for the use of the Parnell name in later Gale generations. The abstract of a deed of 27th October 1784 states that the terms of the deed was for the three lives of Thomas Gale, Sir John Parnell (son of an older John Parnell) and Frances Delany, now Frances Moffitt.

The first of the English Gale family to settle in Queen's County/Carlow was Anthony Gale who was married to a Miss Wandesford.  Anthony Gale was a member of Oliver Cromwell's Roundheads during the Irish Rebellion in 1649 - 1652. Cromwell confiscated large tracts of land owned by Irish Catholics and awarded it to his supporters and soldiers, including Anthony Gale. The tracts were in Westmeath and Queen's Counties, the latter of which was the former Crotteneagle estate that later became known as Ashfield. Anthony first appeared in Ireland on the 1659 Census as a land holder in Crottentegle. He claimed his land "in right of an Adventurer as well as in right of a Soldier."

The son of Anthony Gale was Samuel Gale of Ashfield Hall, who married Alicia or Ellis Grace, the daughter of Oliver Grace of Shanganagh, later named Gracefield, an MP and Chief Remembrancer of the Exchequer of Ireland.    Samuel and Alicia Grace Gale resided at Ashfield Hall but almost lost the estate as a consequence of Samuel's support of Catholic James II against the Jacobites during the Williamite War in Ireland. However, the Jacobites were defeated in the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and Samuel retained the property, later inherited by his son Anthony.

Anthony Gale, the son of Samuel Gale and Alicia Grace, married Mary Vicars of Levally, daughter of William Vicars/Vigors, in 1732.
The second wife of this Anthony Gale was Margaret Tench Driscoll.   Peter Gale (1736 - 1799) was born to Anthony and Mary Vicars Gale of Ashfield Hall. He graduated from Trinity College and in 1758 married Catherine Browne, the daughter of William Browne and Elizabeth Clayton of Browne's Hill, Carlow.
Peter Gale inherited Ashfield Hall and was succeeded by his son Samuel Gale of Ashfield, Queen's County,  who married Susanna Brush, the second daughter of James Brush of St. Andrews Street, Dublin, in Dunleckney, Carlow, on 9th January 1803. ('Saunders Newsletter', 11th January 1803.)
James Brush, 1774-1812 , jeweller, watchmaker,  and Madeira wine merchant, of  7, St. Andrew St., Dublin, was noted as the Treasurer of the Masonic Female Orphan School in the 1790s - he was possibly the son of James Brush of Co. Down, with a brother, George Brush who served his apprenticeship with the Dublin Goldsmith Robert Calderwood.

Samuel Gale and Susanna Brush were the parents of Peter Gale (1803 - 1857) of Ashfield Hall, Laois.  Peter Gale had a daughter, Annette Gale, by his first marriage to a woman named Elizabeth. He married, secondly, Anna Maria Harriet Lynch, the daughter of Captain Fleeson of the 6th Dragoon Guards and widow of Patrick Lynch of Ballycurrin Castle, Rocklands, Mayo - the wedding took place in St. George's, Hanover Square, London,  on 20th June 1837.   The marriage settlement was marked with deed 1837-14-19 which named Anna Maria Harriett Lynch of Talbot Street, Dublin, William Raymond Fitzmaurice of Carlow, John Fleeson of Cork City and Samuel Ryan of Great Britain Street, Dublin.This Peter Gale was the last of the Gale family to live at Ashfield in Laois. He also owned property in Carlow, but was forced by debt, due to the Famine, to sell up in the 1850's - an article dated 11/13/1851 in The Morning Chronicle at Dublin noted that Ashfield Hall, the estate of Peter Gale, had been divided into 12 lots and sold. Peter Gale died 28th September 1857 at age 54 and was buried in Monkstown Parish,  Cork.

Another son of Samuel Gale and Alicia/Ellis Grace was Thomas Gale ( 1710-15 - 1780), whose wife was named Mabel and who lived at Sampson's Court, Queen's County, but who was also associated with the property named Bellbrook, which had previously been named Barnadunty.

The son of Thomas and Mabel Gale of Sampson's Court, was Thomas Gale of Sampson's Court/Barnadunty/Bellbrook who married Anne Sherridan in Dublin on 5th September 1763.
A daughter of Thomas Gale and Anne Sherridan was the Miss Anne Gale of Bell-brook who married, on 6th April 1795, Henry Ellis of Wildfield or Rockbrook, Kilkenny.  Ann Ellis died, aged 34, of consumption in Mallow on 18th April 1813.

A daughter of Thomas Gale and Anne Sherridan of Sampson's Court was Elenor Gale who married Robert Perry, founder of the brewery in Rathdowney, Queen's County.  The couple married in August 1826 in the Friends' Meeting House in Mountrath.  Elenor/Eleanor was named as the daughter of the late Thomas Gale of Sampson's Court. ('Dublin Morning Register', 25th August 1826.)
The couple's children were Ellen Perry of Belmont, Anne Gale Perry of Belmont, Mary Walpole Perry of Belmont, Arthur Perry of Burgh Quay, James Perry of Belmont, King's Co., John Miller Perry of Rathdowney, Thomas Perry of Belmont, Henry Robert Perry of Belmont, and Robinson Gale Perry of Belmont.
Robinson Gale Perry, son of Robert Perry and Eleanor Gale of Rathdowney, married Deborah, eldest daughter of Joseph Walpole of Ballyduff House, Queen's County, in the Friends' Meeting House, Knockballymaher, on 13th October 1858.

(The 'Freeman's Journal' of 12th May 1851 noted the death, on 3rd May 1851 at Gale's Hill, Queen's County, of an Eleanor Matilda Gale, ONLY daughter of Captain Anthony Gale of Belbrook.  Another 'stray' Gale of this era, was the Mrs. Eliza Gale, who died aged 72 at her lodgings in Ennis, Co. Clare, in March 1855 - this from the 'Limerick and Clare Examiner'' of 10th March 1855. )

Captain Anthony Gale of the 17th Regiment:
Captain Anthony Gale of the 17th Regiment, born circa 1775, was the son of Thomas Gale and Anne Sherridan of Bellbrook.  He married, in February 1808, Eleanor/Elinor Aldis.
Deed 605-751-413029, dated 27th February 1808, which detailed the marriage settlement made between the families of Anthony Gale and Eleanor Aldis or Oldis.  The parties to the deed were Thomas Gale of Bellbrook;  Francis Oldis of Mount Trafalgar, Kilkenny, who was the father of the bride;  Captain Anthony Gale's brother-in-law Henry Ellis of Rockbrook, Kilkenny;  Lieutenant Anthony Gale of the 17th Regiment, 2nd son of the said Thomas Gale of Bellbrook;  Elinor Aldis, 2nd daughter of Francis Aldis.

In October 1849, Charlotte Amelia, eldest surviving daughter of the late Captain Anthony Gale of 17th Regiment died in Carlow, of a rapid consumption.
The eldest son of Captain Anthony Gale of the 17th Regiment was Thomas Francis Gale (1810 - 1857) of Barrow View, Carlow, who married Emily/Amelia McKay/McKey, the daughter of the late Captain McKey of the 3rd Buffs,  on 21st May 1832.
In the 1850s, Thomas Francis Gale was leasing land (206 acres) in Moyadd, Queen's County, from Peter Gale of Ashfield Hall.
The daughter of Thomas Francis Gale, Emily Gale, was born 22nd June 1833 at 3 Warrington Place, Dublin.  A son, Robert Gale, was born at 7 Warrington Place on 28nd February 1836.
 In 1847, Thomas Francis Gale was noted at 8 Warrington Place, Dublin;  at 10 Warrington Place was Mrs. Captain Gale, presumably the widow of Captain Anthony Gale of the 17th, and mother of Thomas Francis Gale.
Thomas Francis Gale's second wife was Anna Fuller, only daughter of Adam Fuller, Esq. of Woodfield, Kings Co, on 8th June 1841 -  she died June 14th 1854  at Barrow View House.  The son of Thomas Francis Gale and Anna Fuller was Robert Peter Gale, born circa 1848 - on 20th June 1843,  Robert Peter Gale was presented with a mug by Peter Gale, Esq. of Ashfield Hall.

Deed 1857-27-245 names Robert Peter Gale of Barrow View House, Graigue, Queen's County, and Emily Harriet Gale, spinster of the same place, wrangling about money with James Palmer of the Carlow Bank.

Thomas Francis' daughter, Emily Gale, married George Perceval Wilson, hotelier, son of George Wilson, in Dublin on 19th Oct 1857.  George Perceval Wilson had been born to George and Margaret Wilson of Killeshin, Queen's County, on 11 December 1832.  The numerous children of George Perceval Wilson and Emily Gale were  Emily Frances Wilson, 22 July 1858, at Somerton House, Killeshin;Isabella Oliva Wilson, 11 March 1854, at at Somerton House, Killeshin; Alice Harriette Gale VICARS Wilson born 22 June 1861 at Barrow View, Carlow;  Georgiana Mary Wilson  at Barrow View, on 1 May 1863;  Sophia FLEESON Wilson at Barrow View on 10 December 1865 ;George Gale Wilson born Barrow View, Carlow, 29 Apr 1864; Anna Maria Wilson on 1 April 1867 at Greenhill, Killeshin;  Richard Francis Wilson at Greenhill Cottage, Killeshin, born 5th Jan 1870;   Josephine Charlotte Wilson at Greenhill Cottage on 3 August 1873.
Thomas Gale ( 1710-15 - 1780) of Sampson's Court, Queen's County, who married Mabel, had the Thomas Gale of Sampson's Court/Belbrook mentioned above.

Thomas and Mabel also had Anthony Gale who married Anne Delany, and whose American descendants have extensively published their research into this branch of the Gales online.

Anthony Gale and Anne Delany:
Anthony Gale , born circa 1761 although the exact date is unclear, the son of Thomas and Mabel Gale of Sampson's Court, Queen's County, married Anne Delany, the daughter of Malachi Delany.  (Malachy Delany of Ballinakill made a will on 6th November 1784, in which he named two of his granddaughters as Jane and Fanny Gale, the daughters of Anthony Gale. Grandsons were named as Parnell Gale, Mallachy Gale, William Gale, Anthony Gale and John Gale.  A daughter was Ann Ryan, while sons-in-law were John and James Moffit or Moffet.)

(A John Gale was named in Anthony's marriage settlement to Anne Delany.  This John Gale of Ashfield Hall was named in deed 271-281-179721, registered 19th February 1770, whereby John Gale of Ashfield demised a house on the west side of Merrion Square, Dublin, to Robert Fitzgerald of Dublin, the house being next door to another also owned by the same John Gale.
A later deed of 11th December 1787, (392-547-259935), seems to mention the same property on the west side of Merrion Square, this time being made over by a Grantham Gale, hosier of Dublin, and by Samuel Gale of Naas, Kildare, to Joseph Hone of Dublin.
Grantham Gale, hosier of Dublin, married Dorothea Lartigue in 1785, and was most likely the son of Samuel Gale and Catherine Grantham who had married in the 1750s. 'Pue's Occurrences' of 1st July 1749 noted that Mr. Samuel Gale, a very eminent weaver of the Coombe, Dublin, married Miss Grantham, a lady of fine accomplishments and a handsome fortune.   In the 1780's, both Samuel Gale and Grantham Gale were noted at 26 Grafton Street.  In May 1787,  the home of Peter Gale - 16 Great Longford Street - was put up for sale;  those interested could apply to either Peter Gale himself, or to Grantham Gale of 26 Grafton Street.  Grantham Gale, son of Samuel Gale and Catherine Grantham, had been in the hosier business with Mr. Stock of Essex Bridge until 1787 when he branched out on his own, setting up in business at 26 Grafton Street.  Later, on 16th June 1804, Grantham Gale's stocking factory at Manor Street near Prussia Street, was up for sale.  Grantham Geale (sic) was admitted to the Dublin Freemen as a weaver,  and by birth, as was Samuel Gale, at Easter 1790.

Anne Delany's uncle, Martin Delany, married Anna Dorothy Fitzgerald and had a Stephen Fitzgerald (Delany?) who lived at Ballydavis, Queen's County.  (In 1761, the death occurred of Dudley Fitzgerald of Ballydavis, near Maryborough, the treasurer of Queen's Co.; Dudley Fitzgerald was the guardian of a Pearse Hovenden - he married a Miss Delany  in Ballyfin, Queen's;   in 1794 a Mr. Fitzgerald was seated at Kilminchy, a mile from Maryborough, and next door was the Baldwin seat of Summerhill. A Robert Fitzgerald married Mrs. J. Baldwin, née Miss Roberts.)

The children of Anthony Gale and Anne Delany were:

1) Lt. Col./Commandant Anthony Gale of the US., 4th Commandant of the US Marine Corps. Born 17th September 1782, he emigrated to Philadelphia in 1793.  He joined the Marines and married, in 1801, Catherine Swope, daughter of Rev. Benedict Swope.   At the end of 21 years of service, Anthony Gale was promoted to Lieut. Col. Commandant on 3rd March 1819.  He was, however, given to heavy drinking and psychiatric instability, and was accordingly removed from office in 1820.  It is worth noting that his own father had died insane.  Anthony Gale was confined to the Pennsylavania Hospital following his discharge from the Navy. His wife petitioned the House of Representatives on 15th February 1821, asking to be allowed a pension for herself and her children.

A daughter of Anthony Gale and Catharine Swope was Emily Gale, who married, on 30th June 1830, William S. Campbell in Kentucky where the elderly Anthony Gale had settled.
A son of  Anthony Gale and Catharine Swope was named as Washington Gale; a second son was William A. Gale.
Commandant Anthony Gale died in Kentucky in 1843.

2) Parnell Gale, born 1772 to Anthony Gale and Anne Delany, who was the correct age to be the Parnell Gale who was the Mayor of Galway in 1817.  He died in Galway in 1818.
'Saunders Newsletter' of 1st October 1830 noted the death on 29th September 1830 in Gardiner Street, Dublin, of Eleanor Gale, widow of Parnell Gale and eldest daughter of the late Hyacinth Daly of Killimur/Killimor Castle, Co. Galway.   Hyacinth Daly was himself a Protestant mayor of Galway in the late 1790's and early 1800's, as were many other members of the prominent Daly family at this time.  Mayor Hyacinth Daly was married to Anne Daly, the heiress of Dermot Daly of Killimor Castle.  The name of Hyacinth Daly repeats endlessly through the generations of the Daly family.

3) Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield, born to Anthony Gale and Anne Delany.   Both Captain Thomas Gale and his younger brother, Captain William Gale, were both noted as being of Valleyfield, Ballyroan, Queen's County.

The military records for Captain Thomas Gale are available to download free of charge on the UK National Archives Discovery site.
Born circa 1777, he had joined the 87th Regiment as an ensign, aged 30, in November 1807. He also served in the 12th Foot, and went on half pay in 1817.  In 1818, it was noted that he had lived for the previous five years in France, and also occasionally in Ireland.

 Helpfully, the record lists some of his children, two of whom had been born to his first, unknown, wife - Frances Gale, born 2nd September 1800, and Margaret Gale, born 5th November 1802.

Daughter Frances Gale, born 1800, married William W. Fitzgerald of Ballyroan, Queen's County, on 30th October 1828, although the papers of November 1826 note the marriage which occurred in Ballinakill Church.  This same record states that Frances Gale was the oldest daughter of Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield and this was confirmed by the Dublin Evening Mail when Frances/Fanny Fitzgerald, née Gale, died about 1896.  Her husband, William W. Fitzgerald may be the barrister-at-law, William Fitzgerald, who died in Ballyroan in October 1833, he being the son of Charles Fitzgerald.

Margaret Gale, aka Gretta Gale, born 1802, emigrated to Canada where she married Robert McCormick/McCormack in Kingston, Upper Canada. ('Freeman's Journal', 5th April 1842.  The marriage ceremony was performed by the Presbyterian minister, Rev. J. Machar, who also officiated at the marriage of Gretta Gale's sister, Jane Ann Gale, to Andrew Drummond.   A notice in the Canadian paper, 'Chronicle and Gazette' of 25th June 1842, announced that Miss Gale had recently arrived from Europe to join her sister, Mrs. McCormack at her school.  
'The Armagh Guardian' of 12th October 1860 announced the death of Gretta, wife of the merchant, Robert McCormick, and daughter of the late Captain Gale of Queen's County, on 20th September 1860 in Kingstown, C.W.

Thomas Gale also had three children by his 2nd wife, Harriet Thomas, who he married in Dublin on 8th February 1808.   Jane Ann Gale was born on 5th November 1810,  Harriet Gale in 1817 (this was nigh-on illegible), and Eliza Gale on 19th January 1820.   Harriet Gale married David Armstrong in 1841;  Jane Ann Gale married Andrew Drummond in Toronto.

The daughter of Captain Gale of Valleyfield (ie: Captain Thomas Gale) was married in Kingston, Ontario, on Aug 15, 1843 by Rev. John Machar -  Jane Ann Gale, born 1810, named erroneously in the newspapers of the day as youngest daughter of the late Capt. Gale of Valleyfield, Queens County, (she was the third-born) married Andrew Drummond,  eldest son of the late merchant Robert Drummond.   Andrew Drummond worked for the Commercial Bank in Toronto.  Jane Ann Drummond died in Toronto in 1850.  ('Limerick Reporter', 18th June 1850.)

From The Freeman's Journal of 1841: 'In this city, David Armstrong Esq., of Baggot Street, to Harriet Maria, fourth daughter of the late Captain Gale of Valleyfield in the Queen's County.' 

On 15th July 1844, Harriet Gale, relict of Captain Gale of Valleyfield, died in Kingstown, Canada. ('Freeman's Journal', 15th August 1844.)

David Armstrong and Harriet Maria Gale, daughter of Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield,  had emigrated to Canada before living in Chelsea, Massachusetts, where their eldest son Robert Gale Armstrong, died 8th March 1863, aged 19.
They also had a son called Francis (named after his grandfather) -both were born in Canada. The 1850 USA census shows the family living in Ward 10 in Boston, in the county of Suffolk, State of Mass. with two sons - Robert and Francis; also present was a 14-yr-old member of the Armstrong family, Samuel Armstrong.  By 1855, they've moved to Dorchester, Norfolk, Massachusetts.
David Armstrong, who married Harriet Gale, born circa 1825, was the son of the Longford builder, Francis Armstrong of Baggot Street and of Catherine Williams.
David's father, Francis Armstrong, builder of 55 Lower Baggot St. married, as his second wife, in 1860, Julia Ann Hornidge, daughter of Peter Hornidge.  In the same year at 55 Baggot Street, Matilda Armstrong, daughter of Francis Armstrong, married John Croker Walsh of Waterford.  Another daughter of this builder, Francis Armstrong, was Frances Elizabeth Armstrong, who married in 1857 William Whitsitt - the witnesses were other Armstrongs, David W. Armstrong and Robert W. Armstrong.
The second witness was another son of the Dublin builder, Francis Armstrong - Robert Williams Armstrong, an architect, who married Anne Langley Nairn in 1848.   Robert Williams Armstrong was later a founding partner in the Belleek Pottery, Co. Fermanagh. Robert Williams Armstrong was born in 1824 to Francis Armstrong and Catherine Williams; his obituary in the Irish Times of 29th January 1884 is as follows:

Death of Mr R.W.Armstrong. Architect. We much regret to report the death of the above-named gentleman, at Belleek, on Sunday last. For the promoters of home industries it will be interesting to know that to Mr Armstrong was due the success of the Belleek pottery now in vogue for about a quarter of a century in Fermanagh. The deceased gentleman was of Irish birth but went to London to practise his profession as architect. From the midst of a most promising career, he was induced by Mr Bloomfield, the landlord of Belleek, to come to this country to construct the pottery, and to add his artistic talents to the factory. Up to almost his last days, he was still engaged in his scientific researches. Dying at the comparatively early age of 59, he is much regretted by the neighbourhood at large.” 

This next 'daughter' is very mysterious and has me baffled....according to two Irish newspaper announcements, another daughter of Captain Gale of Valleyfield married Rev. Peter Ferguson in Hamilton, Upper Canada, in March 1840.  The 'Limerick Reporter' of 27th March 1840 noted her as Miss Gale, the daughter of the late Captain Gale of Valleyfield, Queen's County.   Further detail was given by the 'Freemans Journal' of 23rd March 1840, which noted that, on 21st January 1840 at Lagu, near Hamilton, Upper Canada, Rev. Peter Ferguson of Esquesing married Miss Gale, second daughter of the late Captain Gale of Valleyfield, Queen's County.  Canadian records name the wife of Rev. Peter Ferguson of Boston Church, Esquesing, as Isabella Gale. Both the Rev. John Machar, who married Jane Ann Gale to Andrew Drummond in Kingston in 1843, and Rev. Peter Ferguson who married Isabella Gale in 1840, were founding members of the Scots Church/ Presbyterian Church in the Lake Ontario area.
Rev. Peter Ferguson had been born in Scotland in about  1795, died in January 1863, and was buried in Boston Presbyterian Churchyard, Canada.  His wife, Isabella Gale Ferguson (1810 - March 1878) was buried alongside him.    Online records, including a history of Boston Church, Esquesing, name Isabella Gale, wife of Rev.Peter Ferguson, as the sister of the Rev. Alexander Gale, also a founding father of the Presbyterian Church in early Ontario.  What baffles me here is that, although the two Irish newspaper announcements of 1840 name the wife of Rev. Peter Ferguson as a daughter of the late Captain Gale of Valleyfield, the Canadian records name her a sister of Rev. Alexander Gale who was the son of John Gale and Jean Esson of Logie-Coldstone, Aberdeen , Scotland, who had married there in 1800.   The Rev. Peter Ferguson, his wife, Isabella, and their children ( John Ferguson, Peter Ferguson, Margaret J. Ferguson and Alexander Ferguson) all appear on the 1861 Canadian census in Esquesing, and this records Isabella, née Gale, as Scottish-born like her husband.  Could the two Irish newspapers, which announced the marriage of Isabella Gale and Rev. Peter Ferguson in 1840, have been incorrect, and, if so, how??

Although not mentioned in the miltary records of his father, possibly because he was no longer living at home when the record was compiled, the eldest son of Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield was Sharp Gale, later known as Thomas Sharp Gale, who was born in about 1796  and who emigrated to Philadelphia with other Gales. His obituary was published in the Philadelphia Inquirer on 21 February 1876:
 “On the 15th inst., at the advanced age of 80 years, Thomas Sharp Gale, eldest son of the late Thomas Gale, of Valleyfield, Queen’s County Ireland. He was a nephew of the late Colonel Gale, United States Marine Corps, and cousin of the late Sharp Delany, first collector of the Port of Philadelphia under George Washington.'
Sharp Delany, 1739-1799, after whom Thomas Sharp Gale was named, was the son of Daniel Delany of Ballyfin, Queen’s County, and of Rachel Sharp, granddaughter of noted Dublin Quaker Anthony Sharp who also owned land called Roundwood near Mountmellick, Queen's Country.  Anthony Sharp bought property in Philadelphia - Thomas Sharp Gale's cousin, Sharp Delany, was buried in St. Peter's, Philadelphia, when he died there, aged 60, on 13th May 1799.    Also in the St. Peter's records were recorded the following deaths who may, or may not, be related:
 Rachel, daughter of Sharp and Margaret Delany, who died 11th December 1767, also a second Rachel, daughter of Sharp Delany, who died 6th September, 1781.    Dorothy Delany, daughter of Sharp Delany, who died 15th october 1788.  Sharp, son of Sharp Delany, who died 31st July 1784.  Frances Baldwin, daughter of Sharp, who died 5th July 1800.  Thomas Delany who died 6th June 1806.   Margaret Delany who died 20th May 1813. Ann Delany who died 6th September 1832 aged 56.  Mary Delany who died 20th January 1846 aged 60.

Sharp Gale, the son of Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield, as noted in deed 1861-27-4, had power of attorney over an Anthony Gale.  The 1861 deed was a land deal involving the Perrys, namely William Perry of Ballinagore, Westmeath, and Henry Robert Perry of Clara, King's/Offaly, who were both the executors of the will of the late Robert Perry of Rathdowney.   The Perrys had been sold a share in property from Sharp Gale which had formerly been held by the late Anthony Gale of Sampson's Court, and which was afterwards held by Thomas Gale of Sampson's Court and by Thomas Gale of Barnadunty, later name Bellbrook.
Another deed, 1868-9-232, named land previously owned by an Eliza Gale - ie: Woodpark, Rathdowney - but which was now owned by Robert Perry.  The deed states that an Eleanor Gale married Robert Perry, and names the couple's children as Ellen Perry of Belmont, Anne Gale Perry of Belmont, Mary Walpole Perry of Belmont, Arthur Perry of Burgh Quay, James Perry of Belmont, King's Co., John Miller Perry of Rathdowney, Thomas Perry of Belmont, Henry Robert Perry of Belmont, and Robinson Gale Perry of Belmont.
Robinson Gale Perry, son of Robert Perry and Eleanor Gale of Rathdowney, married Deborah, eldest daughter of Joseph Walpole of Ballyduff House, Queen's County, in the Friends' Meeting House, Knockballymaher, on 13th October 1858.

A second son of Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield was Anthony Gale  - he was known to be the heir to Peter Gale.  At some stage this Anthony Gale, in common with all his siblings, left for America.  All settled there permanently, with the exception of Fanny Fitzgerald, wife of Walter W. Fitzgerald, who is believed to have returned home to Ireland.

To return to Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield- although his first wife is unknown,  his second is well documented - Harriet Thomas, who he married in Dublin on 8th February 1808.

From the Gentleman's Magazine of 1808:  'At Dublin, Thomas Gale. Esq., Captain of the 87th Regiment to Miss Thomas, daughter of the LATE Rev. Henry Thomas.'

I transcribed the following marriage settlement off the internet:
'Gale to Parnell and another.
 To the Registrar Appointed by Act of Parliament for registering Deeds, Wills, etc.  A Memorial of a Deed of Settlement dated the fifth day of February 1808 and made Between Thomas Gale, Esq., Ensign in his Majesty’s 87th Regiment of Foot of the first part, Harriot Thomas, Spinster daughter of the Reverend Henry Thomas,  deceased, a minor under the age of 21 years And Robert Cooke of Robamis(?) in the Queens County, Esq., Guardian of the said Harriot Thomas of the Second part, Mathew Dillon Thomas of the City of Dublin, Esq., the only son and heir at law of the said Henry Thomas, Brother to the said Harriot of the third part And the said Robert Cooke and Parnell Gale of Birr in the Kings County, Esq., of the fourth part. Whereby after reciting among other things that a marriage was their (sic) intended to be Shortly had & Solemnized between the said Thomas Gale and Harriot Thomas. He the said Thomas Gale for the consideration therein mentioned did give, grant, sell, assign, release and confirm unto the said Robert Cooke and Parnell Gale All that and those the undivided moiety of the Town and Lands of Sampsons Court and Knockardegier with their and Every of their rights, members and appurtenances situate in the Queens County in as full a manner as the said Thomas Gale was entitled to the same by virtue of the Settlement recited upon the intermarriage of his father Anthony Gale with Miss Anne Delany. Also all those several pieces or parcells  of Arable meadow & pasture Land with the Cabbins and Gardens thereon thereto belonging being part of the Lands Commonly Called and known by the name of Raggetstown as then called Valley Field situate near the town of Ballynakill and Containing of by Admeasurement (sic) 52 acres, 3 rods and 31 perches in as full a manner as the said Garden(?) & Meadow(?) Lands were demised by the Earl of Stanhope to the Said Thomas Gale. Also all that and those the several tracts of the Lands of Dearyfera(?) late in the possession of the Honorable Francis Hugh Massey both parts Containing 74 Acres or thereabouts in as full a manner as said Lands of Derryfery(?) has been demised or assigned by the said Thomas Hugh Massey to the said Thomas Gale also all that the lands of Clonohill now in the possession of Robert Stubber and Robert White, Esqs., in as full a manner as the said Thomas Gale is entitled to the same under the Right Honorable Lord Devesie(?) and situate in the Queens County aforesaid to Hold unto the said Robert Cooke and Parnell Gale or the survivor of these & the heirs, Executors, administrators & assigns of the survivors for and during the natural lives and life & other terms ? mentioned and contained in the ? ? or other Instruments under which the said Thomas Gale held the same And all such other life or lives or other terms as may thereafter be acquired therein Contained and the said deed of Settlement Contains other Clauses and Covenants. And the said Deed as ? Excon(?) thereof by the said Thomas Gale, Harriot Thomas and Mathew Dillon Thomas and this Memorial are (sic) witnessed by Thomas Shea of the City of Dublin, Gentleman & by James Whelan of said City ? ?. 
 Thomas Gale (seal)  - 12th day of February 1808. '

(The Family of Harriet Thomas, second wife of Capt. Thomas Gale:
Harriet Thomas's  grandfather was Mathew Dillon of Leighlin Bridge, Co. Carlow, who married in Feb. 1758, her grandmother,  Hellen Cook of Rossena, Queen's Co.  Mathew Dillon died in March 1784, having had one child Elizabeth Dillon of Kilkenny City who married, on 21 July 1784,  the Rev. Henry Thomas of Leighlin Bridge, Carlow.  Elizabeth Dillon Thomas made her will in Dec. 1798, and was buried with her husband in a vault in St. Thomas's Church, Dublin.

The Dillons had settled in Leighlin, Co. Carlow, where a relative was noted as Francis Dillon in the first hald of the 19th century - a Francis Dillon died in April 1863 at Garryhill, Carlow, aged 102.  He was the friend and relation of James Dillon, pawnbroker of Dublin, who died after making a will in 1819.  The will stipulated that his trustees invest his money, the proceeds of which was to be divided equally between his two sons, James Dillon Junior, who left for South America where he died, childless, and Thomas St. John Dillon, and to provide a yearly stipend for his widow, Catherine Dillon, who died shortly after her husband. The will stipulated that Thomas, the second son, would only benefit from his father's will if he broke off all contact with the woman he'd been living with, Anne Robinson, who his father highly disapproved of. This Thomas agreed to do in writing - '...from this moment to the end of my existence, I will have no kind of communication with her...'
The will of James Dillon also stipulated that, if his sons were to die without issue, then the proceeds of his invested money were to go to his friend and relation, Francis Dillon of Carlow, and, when Francis Dillon, died, to go to Matthew Dillon Thomas, the son of his relation Elizabeth Dillon, otherwise Thomas. (ie: the wife of Rev. Henry Thomas, and mother of Harriet Thomas.)  The trustees were also directed to divert some of the money to be donated to Carlow Infirmiary in order that a home be founded for infirm and reduced old men without regard to religious distinctions.
In 1821, Thomas St. John Dillon married Anne Robinson, who used an assumed name, claiming to be Mary Anne Madden, the only daughter of Andrew Madden of Dunleary.  The trustees paid up accordingly. Thomas died in 1823, leaving everything to his widow, A. H. Dillon, who was proved to be Anne Hemsworth Robinson.  She in her turn died in August 1825 and left all she had to John Robinson, a minor. The judge eventually found against John Robinson, agreeing with Francis Dillon and Matthew Dillon Thomas that Anne's husband, Thomas St. John Dillon, had indeed forfeited his claim to his father's money when he'd married Anne Robinson in 1821.

Harriet Thomas' grandmother, Hellen Cook of Rossena, Queen's Co., the wife of Matthew Dillon of Leighlin, was related to Robert Cooke, named as Harriet's guardian at the time of her marriage to Captain Thomas Gale in 1808.   Rossena, seat of the Cook/Cooke family, is only about three miles east of Ashfield, seat of the Ashfield Gales.

In 1700, Rossena was the estate of William Cooke of Painestown, Carlow, and had been owned by the Cooke family for five generations prior to 1700.  In 1710, George Cooke was leasing Rossena from William Cooke;  in 1747, George Cooke, son of George, was leasing it from William Cooke's son, Thomas Cooke;  in 1757, William Cooke, son of George, was leasing it from the same Thomas Cooke;  in 1791, Robert Cooke, guardian of Harriet Thomas in 1808, was leasing Rossena from Valentine Brown, 1st Earl of Kenmare, who was the grandson of Thomas Cooke - Thomas Cooke had died leaving one daughter, Anne Cooke, who had married Thomas Brown, the father of the 1st Earl of Kenmare, who thereby inherited Rossena.    Robert Cooke of Rossena died in 1818.
The daughter of William Cooke, tenant of Rossena in 1757, was Helen Cooke, who married John Bagot of Castle Bagot, Dublin - their daughter was Mrs. Sheffield Grace.  This was the same Grace family as the family of Alicia or Ellis Grace who had married Samuel Gale of Ashfield Hall.
A John Cooke of Rossena was a solicitor of Harcourt Street, Dublin in 1870.

Harriet Thomas' parents,  the Rev. Henry Thomas and Elizabeth Dillon had one son Mathew Dillon Thomas, and three daughters—Harriet, Hellen and Mary Dillon.

The son, Matthew D. Thomas, held land in Moone, Kildare, and also in Huntingtown, Kilkenny, and a corn store on Cornwall Quay, Carlow Town, as well as land in Killeen, Clonagh, and Coolanagh, Kilabban Parish, Queen's County.
In 1811, Matthew Dillon Thomas married, firstly, Miss Warren, the daughter of the late James Warren of Killeen, Queen's County.  He married secondly, on 12 June 1844, Mary Deering who died 12 April 1867. Her will was proved in 1867 by her son Henry Deering Thomas of Moone.  Matthew Dillon Thomas's will was dated 10 July 1851 and proved 25 Jan. 1856.  They had one son Henry Deering Thomas, and one daughter Emma Josephine Thomas. Henry Deering Thomas of  Moone, Kildare, retired major, died 1899, with probate to spinster, Emma Josephine Thomas of Kingstown who had been born in Queen's County in about 1855.
When Harriet Thomas' brother, Mathew Dillon Thomas of Killeshin, Carlow/Queens married Mary Deering of Mount Street, Dublin, in 1844, the witnesses were William Robert Rogers and Mary's brother, John Armstrong Deering.    Both Mary and John Armstrong Deering were the children of the barrister, John Deering of Monuntjoy Square and Harriot Armstrong who had married in Dublin in 1805.  Mary Deering was born to John and Harriot Deering in 1811. Lucius Henry Deering in 1818,  Emma in 1819.   Mary Thomas, née Deering, died on 12th April 1868 in Moone, Kildare.

Mary's father, John Deering, in the 1830s, had two addresses - 6 Mountjoy Square and also Derrybrusk, Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh.

In 1838, John Armstrong Deering was a witness, as was John Deering, as was Henry Ryan, at the wedding of Edward Ryan of 48 North Great Georges Street and of Margaret Deering.
Also in 1838, John Armstrong Deering was witness, with Henry Ryan, Thomas H. Porter and Richard Bourne,  at the wedding of Thomas Nolan, of Chester but now of 48 North Great Georges Street, and of Ann Ryan of same address.

John Armstrong Deering, eldest son of John Deering and Harriet Armstrong, entered TCD, July 3, 1826, aged 17;  he died in February 1850, aged 39, in Leeson Street, Dublin.

William Watkins Deering, also a son of John Deering, entered TCD  July 4, 1831, aged 17. A clergyman, in 1869 he sold the family property in Fermanagh in the landed estates court. Elizabeth Adams (c.1823-88), m. 1841 Rev. William Watkins Deering (d. 1870) and had issue 4 sons and 4 daughters;  one of the sons was Charles Lucius Henry Deering who married, in 1877 Anna Louisa Soden Cullen, the witnesses being Henry Augustus Dillon and Charles Henry Dillon.    (The witnesses are interesting, but I'm unsure about a family link or not - although 'Dillon' is a family name here, thanks to Matthew Dillon of Leighlin Bridge, Carlow;  the Henry Augustus Dillon, who acted as witnessin 1877 at the Deering/Cullen wedding, was the 13th Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen, Co. Sligo. )

'DEERING and CULLEN - Feb. 26th, at St. Mary's Church, Dublin, by the Rev. B. W. ADAMS, D.D., cousin to the bridegroom, assisted by the Rev. T. R. S. COLLINS, Charles L. H. Deering, Esq., Captain Royal Dublin Militia, and the late 28th Regiment, eldest son of the late Rev. W. W. Deering, M.A., and grandson of the late Charles S. Adams, J.P., of Shinan House, Shercock, to Anna Louise SODEN, youngest daughter of the late Francis Nesbitt Cullen, Esq., J.P., of Corry Lodge, co. Leitrim.'

Another son of John Deering and Harriet Armstrong was Colonel Rupert Barber Deering of the 99th Regiment;  there was also a William H. Deering in 1841 at Derrybrusk - he died on 30 November 1967, with probate to Herbert Deering, farmer.
Lucius Henry Deering, son of John Deering and Harriet Armstrong,  married Caroline Gildea, daughter of Anthony Gildea of Pembroke Place in 1845.  A son, John Deering, was born in 1845 at 19 Lower Pembroke Street.  A son, Lucius Henry Deering, was born at 48 Lower Leeson Street, in 1848.   A descendant was named William Watkins Deering....Lucius proved the will of a possible relation, the unmarried Bridget Amstrong who died in 1883 at Thomastown Glebe, Rathangan, Kildare, and who had lived at 4 Goldsmith Terrace, Bray.

Emma Deering, the daughter of John Deering and Harriet Armstrong, married Joseph North of York Street, son of Roger North, in 1845 - wits were Susan H. Deering and Roger North.)

To return to Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield:  Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield had died by 1834, as cited in deed 1834-8-216 which named Harriet Gale as the widow of Captain Thomas Gale of Valleyfield.
The children of Captain Thomas Gale and his second wife, Harriet Thomas, were named in deed 1838-23-217.   They were Jane Gale, Harriet Gale and Elizabeth Gale, all of Athy, Co. Kildare.

4) Captain William Gale of Valleyfield, Ballyroan, born circa 1778, the son of Anthony Gale and Anne Delany.   I accessed his military discharge papers on the Find My Past site.     Born circa 1778 in Ballinakill, Queen's County, he was discharged on 18th May 1802, aged 24:
   'His Majesty's 13th Regiment of Lt.Dragoons whereof General Fras. Craig is Colonel.   
      These are to certify that the bearer hereof, William Gale, Serjeant in Capt.Bennett's Troop of the aforesaid regiment, born in the Parish of Ballinakil (sic) in the County of the Queen - aged 24 years - and by Trade a farmer - hath served honestly and faithfully in the said Regiment two years and a half;  having borne a commission of Ensign one year and a half in the Wallace Fencible Infantry - but by reason of a violent inflammatory terminating nearly with a loss of vision, occurring during a march from Norwich to Colchester - is hereby discharged and humbly recommended as a proper object of His Majesty's Royal Bounty of CHELSEA HOSPITAL....'  (Ipswich Barracks, 18th May 1802.)

Blind Captain William Gale married twice, first to a Miss Mitchell, then to a second unknown wife.
The children of blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield, Ballinakill, were Thomas Gale who drowned in 1834,  William Gale who married Eliza Baldwin in 1832, Alicia Gale, Grace Gale, Parnell Gale and Samuel P. Gale.   When daughter Grace Thompson, née Gale, died in Derry in 1895, the papers named her as the fourth daughter of Lieutenant Gale of Ballyroan, so there are at least two other unidentified daughters hiding away in the archives.

The Mitchell Family:
Who was Miss Mitchell who had been married to blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield?  A clue might be the presence of two members of the same Mitchell family as witnesses to two of the daughters of Captain William Gale. 
In 1848, when Alicia Gale married William Burgess, Richard Mitchell was present, while William Mitchell acted as a witness the following year in 1849 when Grace Gale married William Thompson.

Both Richard Mitchell and William Mitchell were associated with Castlefleming, Errill, Ballybrophy, Queen's county.  An online researcher states that Richard Mitchell of Errill married Henrietta Fitzgerald - a granddaughter was later christened as Jane Fitzgerald Mitchell which seems to bear out the earlier marriage details.
On 13th February 1854 in Aghaboe, Queen's County, William Mitchell who was a land steward and son of Richard Mitchell, married Ellen Stanley of Aghaboe, the daughter of Robert Stanley. This family settled at Castlefleming and wer still there in 1901.
On 24th October 1870 in Co. Kilkenny,  Henry Mitchell who was also the son of Richard Mitchell, married Mary Anne Proctor of Fertagh, Kilkenny, the daughter of William Proctor.  These were the parents of Jane Fitzgerald Mitchell and also of William Berkeley Mitchell. 

The names 'Fitzgerald' and 'Berkeley' would be used later by the Gale family.  John Thomas Gale, the grandson of blind Captain William Gale, married our Maria Culbert and named a son as Henry Fitzgerald Gale, while Parnell Gale, also a  grandson of blind Captain William Gale named a son as Berkeley Gale.

The children of blind Captain/Lieutenant Gale of Ballyroan, Ballinakill:

A) Blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield married twice, his first wife being a Miss Mitchell, by whom he had Thomas Gale who drowned while swimming in the River Barrow in Athy, Co.Kildare in July 1834.

B) According to a family genealogy written in the 1950s, it seems that blind Captain William Gale's son was the Laois-born teacher and scripture reader, William H. Gale (1806 - 14th january 1870) of Laois/Carlow, who married Eliza Baldwin in 1832 - their son was the John Thomas Gale who married our ancestor Maria Culbert in 1861.
William H. Gale's wife, Eliza Gale, née Baldwin, when she died, aged 68, in Limerick on 25th September 1875, was noted as the widow of William Gale of Valleyfield House, Ballyroan, Laois.   She died at Westland Street, where her daughter, Alice Baldwin Gale, the daughter of William H. Gale and Eliza Baldwin, was living when she married Thomas Hasset in Limerick in 1871.   A son of William H. Gale and Eliza Baldwin was William Henry Gale, who was also living at Westland Street in the 1870's.

The two following links give details on the life of William H. Gale, scripture reader, son of blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield....

C)  A daughter of blind Captain William Gale, and of his first wife, Miss Mitchell, was Alicia Gale (1819 - 1875).  
Oddly, there are two records of Alicia Gale's marriage to William Burgess, the son of an older William Burgess.
The first registered marriage occurred in Aghavod, Ossory, Queen's County, on 26th April 1848. Both bride and groom were living in Errill, Queen's County, and this first marriage was witnessed by Harriett Healey or Foley and Richard Mitchell who was a farmer of Castlefleming, Errill, and a possible relative of the bride's unknown mother who was also a member of a Mitchell family.

Alicia Gale married the policeman, William Burgess for a second time in the Parish Church at Lea, Portarlington, Queen's County/Laois, on 30th December 1852.   The marriage registration certificate names her father as the gentleman, William Gale;  at the time of the wedding, Alicia was living in Portarlington.
Her groom, William Burgess, living in 1852 at Rathdowney, Queen's County, and was the son of a gentleman, the earlier William Burgess.  Sadly, both the witnesses' signatures are faded and illegible. Alicia Gale was illiterate and signed her name with a cross.  I have no idea why this couple married two times - it's quite peculiar.

The R..I.C. records are viewable in the National Archives in Dublin.  A native of Carlow, William Burgess joined the constabulary, aged 20, on 5th September 1834.  (A William Burgess was baptised in Carlow town on 23rd April 1813 by William and Elizabeth Burgess.)   William had been recommended by Col. Henry Bruen of Carlow.  He had married on 24th November 1853 (which isn't accurate) and his wife was from Queen's County.  He was posted to Queen's County, and. following 36 years' service, was pensioned off on 15th November 1870.

Constable William Burgess was noted in the Petty Court records throughout the 1860s in both Durrow, Carlow, and Portarlington, Queen's County.

On 15th June 1868, William Burgess, sub-constable of Portarlington brought his sick wife to court, where it was sadly decided '...that defendant (ie: Alicia Burgess) is of unsound mind and a dangerous lunatic...'     Information supporting this was provided by her husband, William Burgess, her son, John Burgess, and by Dr. A.E. Tabuteau, Dispensary Physician.  The court ordered that Alicia be committed to Maryborough District Lunatic Asylum.  The death of an Alicia Burgess was registered in Mountmellick in 1875.

The three known children of Alicia Gale and William Burgess were William Gale Burgess of Portarlington who would marry Anne Louisa Gatchell in 1874,  Harriette Mitchell Burgess who would marry her first cousin, Robert Thompson (the son of Grace Gale and William Thompson) and John Burgess who had given evidence against his sick mother in 1868.

William Gale Burgess, son of Alicia Gale and William Burgess, had been born in Laois in about 1849 and married, in 1874, Anne Louise Gatchell of Mountmellick, the daughter of Thomas Gatchell.  In 1901 this family was living at Dargle Road, Drumcondra, where William Gale Burgess was working as a clerk in a brewery.   Their children were:
William Burgess who had been born in Laois in 1875.
Catherine Morton Burgess who had been born in Laois in 1876.
Richard Mitchell Burgess, named for his grandmother's family, and who had been born in Scotland in 1878.
Mary Burgess who had been born in Scotland in 1881.

Anne Louise Gatchell, who had married William Gale Burgess in 1874, was the daughter of Thomas Gatchell and Jane Morton who had themselves married in 1843.  Thomas Gatchell was a clerk in the Clonmel Union, and was jailed for 12 months in 1854 for theft of union funds. A son was born in Clonmel in 1853.
A Charles Gatchell  and Frances M. Watson witnessed the wedding of Thomas's daughter, Anne Louise Gatchell and William Gale Burgess in 1874.  Later in 1874, this Charles Gatchell, a tea dealer in Dublin, married Frances Morton Watson, his fellow witness. Charles was the son of Samuel Gatchell, while Frances was the daughter of William Watson of Mountmellick. The Gatchells clustered in the Mountmellick/Rathangan area and appear to have been Quakers.

D) The fourth daughter of blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield was Grace Gale, (1824 - 1895), who married the widower William Palmer Thompson (1805 - 1891), son of Robert Thompson, in Durrow, Queen's County, on 12th September 1849.     The witnesses were a member of the Gale family (the initials are illegible to me) and William Mitchell who might be a relation, the bride's unknown mother having been a member of a Mitchell family. 

When theson of William Pamer Thompson and Grace Gale, Robert Thompson, married in Dublin in 1879, his father William Thompson was noted as working for the Royal Irish Constabulary.

Grace Thompson, née Gale, died on 30th May 1895 at Park View House, Gobnascale, Derry - the residence of her son George Richard Thompson - and she was noted as the widow of the late William Palmer Thompson and as the fourth daughter of the late Lieutenant Gale of Ballyroan. The American and Australian papers were to note her death - this signifies that the Gales or Thompsons had family living abroad.

The family of William Palmer Thompson and Grace Gale lived firstly in Durrow, Co. Carlow, then at 11 Burnett Place, Dublin.

Children of Grace Gale and William Palmer Thompson:

a) Robert Thompson, born circa 1849/1850 in Durrow, Laois, and married to his first cousin, Harriette Mitchell Burgess of Portarlington. They had married in St. George's, Dublin, on 22nd November 1879.  Both bride and groom were living at 11 Burnet Place, and the fathers of both were in the R.I.C. - William (Palmer) Thompson and William Burgess.   The witnesses were William Burgess and William Gale Thompson, presumably the groom's brother.   

Robert Thompson was a printer living in 1911 at 47 Fitzroy Avenue, Drumcondra, with their one surviving child of four, Grace Gale Thompson, who had been born on 27th April 1882.   
In 1901, they had been living at 4 Royse Road, Drumcondra, and there was a second daughter, Alice Elizabeth Thompson, who would die in 1907 aged 23. 

On 30th June 1880, 3-week-old Robert William Thompson  died at 11 Burnett Place.
The daughter of Robert Thompson and Harriette Mitchell Burgess, Grace (Gale) Thompson, was born at Burnett Place on 27th April 1882.

 On the night of the 1901 census, a daughter of Grace Gale and William Palmer Thompson was living or staying with Robert Thompson and Harriette Mitchell Burgess - this was Anna Grace Thompson, who had been born in Co. Laois/Queen's County, in 1871.

b) Laois-born George Richard Thompson (1851 - 24th December 1935), son of Grace Gale and William Thompson, married Derry-born Elizabeth/Lizzie Foster (who died 13th June 1917. )  They married in Derry on 18th June 1875.  George Richard Thompson was noted as the son of William Palmer Thompson of Upper Dorset Street, Dublin, while Lizzie was the 2nd daughter of Mr. George Foster of Creevagh, Derry. ('Derry Journal', 21st June 1875.)   
George Richard Thompson had joined the post office in 1872, and retired in 1917.  This couple had an astonishing amount of children.....

  • George Burnet Thompson born Derry on 23rd June 1876.  He worked in the Post Office. 1911 shows him married to Ellen Thompson, living in Argyle Street.
  •  William Gale Thompson born in Derry on 7th September 1877.
  •  Dealtry Palmer Thompson (2nd February 1879 -Jan. 5, 1955.) Newspaper Proprietor (Derry Standard), named after an earlier relation,  he married  Jean "Jeannie" GURNEY of County Donegal in 1901 - the family home was at 68, Duncreggan Road, Londonderry, Northern IrelandHe began at the Derry Standard Newspaper as an apprentice in 1893, aged just 13 years.  For over 30 years he was Branch Secretary of the Topographical Association (Londonderry branch) and a member of the Executive Council of the Association. He was a former chairman of Derry Trades Council and the Corporation Electricity Lighting Committee . He served 2 terms on Derry Corporation, first as a councillor and then as Alderman representing the Waterside ward. He was also a member of the Claremont Mission Church in the Christ Church parochial district. He was in the Orange Order, being the District Master of Number 1 District L.O.L. His son George Thompson was a teacher at Portadown Technical College, Portadown, Northern Ireland. His daughter Mrs. Alice Clews was married to Derek Clews, also a teacher at Drumahoe Primary School, County Londonderry. There was another daughter called Margaret.
  •  Thomas Burnett Thompson, born 19th November 1880 and who survived the War.
  • Sergeant Robert James Burgess Thompson, born 1881 - died in action in France, aged 35, on Ist July 1916.  He had married Sarah Ballantine Adair of Derry. 
  • Robert James Thompson born Derry 1882.  In 1911, he was working as a clerk in a distillery.
  • Possibly Elizabeth Maude Thompson, born Derry in 1885, who was a visitor in the house of George Burnett Thompson in 1911.
  • Alice Elizabeth Mitchell Thompson was born on 22nd April 1887 at 28 Desmond Terrace, Dublin.  (Although she was born in Derry and most likely baptised here in Dublin.)  She was named after her cousin, Alice, the daughter of  Robert Thompson and Harriette Mitchell Burgess.
  • Grace Gale Thompson, named for her paternal grandmother, was born to George Richard Thompson and Elizabeth Foster in 1890 in Derry.
  • Lancelot Fitzgerald Thompson, governor of Belfast Prison, who served during WWI.
  • Samuel Foster Thompson, born 25th August 1893, writing Clerk of Gobnascale, Waterside, son of George Richard Thompson married Jeannie Donaghy, 19 years, seamstress daughter of Robert Donaghy 26 April 1913. Witnesses John Arthur and Sadie Donaghy.   Moved to Canada and joined the army, surviving the War but with one leg amputated. In 1916, his wife, Jennie, was listed at 130 Oak St. Toronto.d
  •  Corporal Frederick William Palmer Thompson, who was killed in action on January 27, 1917 - however, a Frederick Thompson was named on the 1901 and 1911 census as a Dublin-born nephew and not a son.  This might be the same man.
  •  Lieutenant William John Thompson, who died in action on March 26, 1918. 
  • Richard Gale Thompson who survived the Great War. Born Derry 1895.
  • Matthew W. Thompson, survived the War.  Born Derry 1900.
  • Harriet Thompson, born Derry 1884.
  • Kathleen Thompson, born Derry 1886.
  • Jane Thompson, born Derry 1891.
  • John Thompson, born Derry 1893.
b) The son of William Thompson and Grace Gale was William Gale Thompson who was born in about 1850.    William Gale Thompson emigrated briefly to Boston where he married Delia Costello, the daughter of Martin and Mary Costello.   The marriage took place on 23rd October 1872.

 William Gale Thompson and his wife, Delia, lived briefly in Boston, Massachusetts, where Albert William Gale Thompson  was born on 22nd August 1874 or 1875 - Albert would marry Emily Jane Westcott, the daughter of John Westcott, in Bedminster, England, on 26th November 1901.    The second son of William Gale Thompson and Delia Costello was John Francis Thompson born on 11th June 1876. 
William Gale Thompson and his wife, Delia, returned to Dublin where son William Gale Thompson was born at the Thompson family home of 11 Burnett Place, Dublin,  on 15th April 1880.  A fourth son, George Richard Thompson was born on 15th April 1880.

William Gale Thompson and his wife, Delia, moved to Bedford, England. where Mabel Delia Alice Thompson was born on 29th November 1892.

The four sons, recorded above, attended St. Paul's National School in Bedford from December 1889 to 1892 and 1893 - the admissions record noted that they had previously lived at Marlborough St, Dublin, and they they were now living at Flitavon Villa, Foster Hill Road, Bedford.

Son William Gale Thompson married Edith Alive Howarth and were living with her widowed mother in Manchester where William worked as an optician's manager.  Their sons were Eric born 1905 and George Raymond Arthur born 1909.

c) The newspapers note the death, on 16th June 1886 at 23 or 28 Whitworth Road, Drumcondra, of Alice Eliza, eldest daughter of  William Palmer and Grace Thompson, and granddaughter of the late Lieutenant Gale of Ballyroan, Queen's County.  ('Freeman's Journal', 17th June 1886.)

d) Anna Grace Thompson, who had been born in Co. Laois/Queen's County, in 1871.

e) On 3rd February 1879,  a Dealtry Thompson, died, aged 21 at 11 Burnett Place;  the day before this Dealtry Thompson's burial, his brother, George Richard Thompson of Derry named his new-born son as Dealtry Thompson in honour of his brother.

f) Thomas Thompson, son of William Thompson and Grace Gale of Durrow, born 25th July 1864, was baptised as a Catholic in St. Agatha's, Dublin, on 25th February 1892, prior to marrying a Catholic woman, Maria Joanne Brophy, the daughter of Thomas Brophy.  The wedding took place in St. Agatha's the day after Thomas was baptised there.  He was living at Desmond Terrace, while Maria Joanne Brophy was living at Sackville Avenue. The witnesses were Holdon Sapharus (?) and Bridget Sullivan. 

g) A child was born to William Thompson and Grace Gale in Durrow, Co. Laois, on 24th November 1865. 

h)  On 9th October 1867, William James Thompson, son of William Thompson and Grace Gale of Durrow, was also baptised Catholic in the Pro-Cathedral, Dublin.  I've no idea why there was a change of religion here, or if there were possibly two Durrow couples by the name of William Thompson and Grace Gale.

E) Another son of blind Captain William Gale and Miss Mitchell of Valleyfield was Parnell Gale of Cork from whom the Cork Gales descend.   This Parnell Gale (1815 - 1893) joined the Royal Irish Constabulary in 1835, aged 20, and was stationed thereafter in Cork.
He married Margaret Penny or Penney in Cork, and was noted as the head-constable at the police barracks in 29 St. Patricks Hill, Cork, in 1871.  Parnell Gale's father, blind Captain William Gale, spent his later years living with Parnell Gale in Cork.

On 11th July 1868, Parnell Gale, Head Constable of the R.I.C., signed a legal document on behalf of his son, Parnell Gale Junior, to confirm that the younger man had been born at Peacock Lane, Cork City, on 1st June 1844, and that this birth was recorded in the parish register of St. Ann's, Shandon, Cork.  Parnell Gale Junior was, in 1868, joining the civil service which required proof of age.

The younger Parnell Gale married Mary Wilhelmina Shine in 1878 in Bandon, Co. Cork.  Parnell Gale Junior worked for the Inland Revenue, and, widowed,  was living in 1901 at 18 Lansdowne Crescent, Glasgow, with his children - daughter Margaret Elizabeth Gale who had been born in Cork on 2nd September 1879, son Berkeley Gale born 1884, Robert Gale born 1887, and Arthur Mitchell Gale, who was born in Ireland in 1889 and who died in Australia in 1949 - his middle name, Mitchell, seems to be in honour of his great-grandmother, Miss Mitchell, the wife of Captain William Gale of Valleyfield.
(The 1901 census, transcribed on Find My Past has Parnell Gale Junior as having been born in 1865 which contradicts his father's statement confirming his son's birth as being 1st June 1844 - this is most likely an error of transcription on the part of Find My Past - the original Scottish census is not available to view online as microfilm so I can't check the original document. The daughter of Parnell Gale and Mary Wilhelmina Shine was born in Cork in 1879;  if her father had really been born in 1865, then he would have been 14 years old when his daughter was born.

The son of Parnell Gale Junior and Mary Wilhelmina Shine, Lt-Col. Robert G.Gale, was born in Cork on 16th September 1887, and died on 14th March 1937 at 25 Taswell Road, Southsea. His military funeral was reported by 'The Portsmouth Evening News' of 18th March 1937.  He was the son of Parnell Gale and had been educated in Glasgow High School before studying medicine in Glasgow University.  He joined the Royal Army Medical Corp and served in Egypt, in France during the Great War, and thereafter in India and Jamaica. He left a widow, a son in the merchant navy, and a daughter. The chief mourners were his sister Miss M. Gale, his sisters-in-law, Mrs. Berkeley Gale and Miss C.G.B. Alexander, his brother-in-law Mr. R. Glassford Alexander, his cousins Mr. and Mrs. Brown-Robinson, and a Miss Stewart, who I doubt is a relative of my own Stewart family.
Lt. Colonel Robert Gale had married Lora Duff Alexander (15th February 1892 - 15th June 1982) - they had Alan Parnell Gale (born Glasgow 20th February 1917, died 13th May 1976 in New Zealand) who married Elsie Peace Ball (born Karachi 1919, died 20th August 2009 in New Zealand).

The second son of Parnell Gale and Mary Wilhelmina Shine was Arthur Mitchell Gale (born December 1889 in Ireland, dued 1949 in Camberwell, Victoria, Australia) who married Mabel Mary (born 1896 and died in 1979 in Prahran, Victoria, Australia).

The third child of Parnell Gale Junior and Wilhelmina Shine was the Glasgow-educated surgeon Colonel Berkeley Gale (born 1884 in Ireland,  died 21st April 1953 in Chichester), who married Mabel Evelyn Wodehouse (born 21st August 1882 in Gotham,Nottinghamshire; died 11th February 1942 in Midhurst, Surrey) the daughter of Rev. Frederick Armine Wodehouse of Gotham, Northamptonshire, in Bengal, India, on 12th February 1913.  In 1923 a passenger list recorded Berkeley Gale as living at 27 Greycourt Gardens in Westminster.

The fourth child of Parnell Gale Junior and Wilhelmina Shine was Margaret Elizabeth Gale, who never married. She had been born in Cork on 2nd September 1879 and died on 1st November 1958 at Earnley Cottage, Earnley, Sussex.

To return to Head Constable Parnell Gale of Cork - another son was Berkeley Gale (born on 11th March 1851 in Cork; died in Wallasey, Cheshire in 1942) who married Emma Louise Adams in Cork in 1876 - Emma Louise Adams had been born in Swindon, England, in 1856.
In 1911, Berkeley Gale and his wife, Emma Louise, were living in Liverpool where Berkeley was working as a customs clerk.  Their children were  Margaret Gale born 1877, Anne Gale born 1879, Sarah Gale born in Cork in 1882, Emma Louise Gale born Cork 1884, and John Gale born Cork 1886.  Berkeley's son, Parnell Gale (1882 - 1963) married Clara Antrum, the daughter of a miller, Edward James Antrum, in St. Marks, Islington, London, on 17th June 1905.  The witnesses to the marriage were Edward Antrum and Kathleen Whitley,  In 1911, Parnell Gale (1882 - 1963), son of Berkeley and Emma Louise Gale, was working as a surveyor of taxes in Flitton, Northamptonshire, along with his wife, Clara, who had been born in about 1888 in Loose, Kent, and their children -  Muriel Gale who had been born in Middlesex in 1906, Berkeley Gale who had been born in Huntingdon in 1909, and Parnell Clarence Gale who had been born on 21st May 1901 and who died in 2001 in Bath.   Parnell Gale, son of Berkeley and Emma Louise Gale, died on 17th March 1963 in Longmeadow, Devon, and his will was administered by his daughter, Muriel Townsend.

Another son of Head Constable Parnell Gale and Margaret Penny of Cork was the Under Sheriff of Cork, John Gale of Hollymount, who had been born on July 5th, 1854.  John Gale married, on August 22nd, 1876, Mary Diana, daughter of the late Thomas Atkins, of Cork;  John died on 3nd October 1916 with probate of his will to his son, the solicitor,  Parnell Gale (1878 - 1948).  This Parnell Gale was buried in Deansgrange Cemetery: 'PARNELL GALE, died 19th May 1948 and his wife, EVELYN, died 26th March 1972.'    He had been living at 8 Castle Park Road, Dunlaoghaire, Co. Dublin, at the time of his death.

Blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield, following the death of his first wife, Miss Mitchell, moved to Cork to be close to his son, the policeman Head Constable Parnell Gale.

F) By blind Captain William Gale's second, unknown wife, he had Samuel P. Gale (1830 - 1902) of Cork, who emigrated to Philadelpia and who married his cousin, the Pennsylvania-born Mary Ann Burchell.

Mary Ann Burchell had been born in about 1843 in Philadelphia to the Irish-born Henry Burchell and to Philadelphia-born Mary Gale, the daughter of Malachi Gale and Catherine Holland, Malachy Gale being the son of Anthony Gale and Anne Delany, as was blind Captain William Gale.

Mary Burchell had been born to Malachy Gale and Catherine Holland in about 1827 - she died, aged 72, in Philadelphia on 8th April 1900, and was buried in the Old Cathedral Cemetery on 11th April in grave S-2-13, where, her husband, Henry Burchell had been buried in 1889, as was her son, Henry Pius Burchell in 1895, her brother, Malachiah Gale on 14th January 1890, and a John Joseph Burchill on 15th May 1906.
A son of Henry Burchell and Mary Gale was the dentist, John Burchell, who married twice, first to German-born Henrietta/Hetty Stern by whom be had six children, and secondly to Maggie by whom he had a daughter, Frances Burchell.

Alponsus Pius Burchell, the son of Henry Burchell and Mary Gale, married Lizzie Annie Holmes, the daughter of Robert and Elizabeth Holmes, in the Church of the Evangelist on 22nd July 1866.  A conveyancer, he would die aged 74 on 15th March 1926.    Alphonsus's wife, Elizabeth Burchell, gave birth to a son, Joseph Gale Burchell, in about 1867 - in 1870 mother and son were living in the home of the child's grandmother, Elizabeth Holmes.  Elizabeth Burchell's son, Joseph Gale Burchell, was baptised as a Protestant  in later life on 24th March 1883 in Trinity Episcopal Church, and was confirmed a few days later. He would die young, however, and was buried in Trinity Cemetery on 19th October 1887.
Henry Pius Burchell, the son of Henry Burchell and Mary Gale, married Catherine Flynn, the Irish-born daughter of John Flynn and Katherine Barry, who had emigrated to the States in 1860. Of the five children of Henry Burchell and Katherine Flynn, only one survived, possibly John Burchell, who was living with his grandparents and parents at 625 Sanson Street in 1870, and with his parents in 1880.  John Burchell, born 25th December 1861, was an upholsterer. His father, Henry Pius Burchell, died in April 1895 and was buried in the same plot in the Old Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, ie: plot S/2/13, as his father, Henry Burchell, who died later in March 1899.  Katherine, the widow of the younger Henry Burchell, was working as a laundress in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, in 1900, but she died there of gangrene on 6th April 1902.

(NB: There are a few inaccuracies in the records - the 1860 Philadelphia census states that Henry Burchell had been born in Connecticut;  however, in most of his childrens' later records, they state that he was Irish-born. Also, when his wife, Mary Ann Gale, née Burchell, died on 28th January 1920 at the W. Clementine Street home of their unmarried daughter, Frances Gale, the death certificate stated that she was the daughter of Samuel Burchell, rather than Henry Burchell- the informant was a Samuel Gale of W. Clementine Street, but I can find this individual nowhere on the various US censuses of the time, so, perhaps the certificate was carelessly filled out.)

In 1859, Samuel P. Gale and Mary Burchell  as first cousins, once removed, were given dispensation to marry by the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, and the wedding duly took place on 8th March 1859 in St. Philip Neri Catholic Church on Queen Street.

Henry Burchell (1809 - buried 21st March 1889) operated in central Philadelphia as a furniture dealer, and, for some time, was in partnership with his son-in-law Samuel P. Gale in the East Division, 3rd Ward, Philadelphia. In 1861, Henry Burchell and Samuel P. Gale were noted as stove-dealers, operating together in Philadelphia, but were later noted as furniture or retail dealers, as was Henry's son, Henry P. Burchell.
In 1860, both families were living together  - Henry and Mary Burchell (circa 1820 - 4th April 1900) had a daughter, Catherine Burchell, who was born in 1839 in Pennsylvania and who died on 18th October 1863.  Daughter Elizabeth Burchell was 15, Alphonus Burchell (1849 - 1926) was 11, Jerome/Girome Burchell (1850 - 1873) was 8, and son Francis Burchell was 6 and would die at 625 8th Street, Philadelphia on 18th June 1866.
Son-in-law Samuel P. Gale was aged 30, his wife, Mary A. Gale, was only 17, and the young couple had a new-born daughter Mary Gale.  There was also an 80-year-old Harriet Gale present in the Burchell household on the night of the 1860 census, who, apparently, had been born in Delaware, Pennsylvania, according to the return, but there are many inaccuracies in the census returns of this time, so it's more likely that she was one of Samuel's Irish-born relations, possibly even his widowed mother, ie, the second wife of Captain William Gale.  I can find no further information about her however.

On 30th September 1869, Samuel P. Gale, the son-in-law of Henry Burchell, was naturalised in Pennsylvania;  he stated on the application that he had arrived in the Port of New York in September 1848.

By 1870, Samuel P. Gale had moved to York, Pennsylvania where he continued to operate as a furniture dealer. Along with his eldest daughter, Mary A.Gale Junior, there was Agnes aged 7, Theresa aged 6, Celia/Cecilia aged 4, Augusta aged 2, and the infant son Frances, who had been born, along with a twin, Mary, on 27th December 1869. Neither Frances or Mary survived, and both were dead by 1880.
In 1875,  Samuel P. and Mary A. Gale had a daughter, Elizabeth Gale, who was born in 1875 and who died soon after on 9th April 1875.
By 1880, the family were living and farming in Douglass, Montgomery, Pennsylvania. There were two extra children - Joseph Ignatius Gale aged 9, and daughter Frances Mary Gale who had been born on 4th May 1873.

On 14th August 1891, in Bally, Berks., Pennsylvania, two of Samuel P. Gale's children married two members of the Reppert family.  Daughter Celia Gale married Raymond E. Reppert, the son of Daniel Reppert and Elizabeth Edlinger, while Augustine A. Gale married Raymond's sister, Senia Reppert.
Augustine Gale, born in January 1868, had moved to Chester, Delaware, Pennsylvania, to work as a labourer, but had returned to Philadelphia by 1910 where he worked as a fireman.  The children of Augustine and Senia Gale were Joseph S. Gale, born in March 1892,  Augustine Junior (April 1895 - 20th September 1915), Virginia Gale born August 1896 who married a member of the Senior family, Anthony Dewey Gale born June 1898, Florence Teresa Gale (20th May 1899 - 15th August 1929) who married Charles Senior and who died of pregnancy complication in 1929, Gertrude Gale born 1904, and Forrest Gale born circa 1905.  It seems that Augustine Gale, the childrens' father, was also known as Forrest Augustine Gale, since this was the name his death was registered under in 1929. His wife, Senia Gale, in 1930 was living with another son, Russell Gale, who had been born in 1907, and a married daughter, the widowed Virginia Senior, and a grandson, Francis Senior, born 1918. Senia Gale died on 14th August 1939.

IN 1914, Ignatius Joseph Gale, who had been born to Samuel P. Gale and Mary Ann Burchell in Montgomery on 5th May 1881, married Beatrice L. Sperry, the daughter of Dexter and Alice M. Sperry of Philadelphia.  In 1920, Ignatius was working as a book salesman in Philadelphia, and the couple had two young children, Eugene and Mary.  Following the death of his wife, Beatrice, Ignatius and his two children moved in with his sister, Frances Mary Gale, of W. Clementine Street.  Ignatius was drafted into the army  during the 2nd World War.  He was noted as a dealer with United Petroleum, and his next of kin was his son, Eugene Gale of Chelten Avenue.  When Ignatius died on 9th July 1947, Eugene, the informant, was living at 2841 W.Clementine Street.

Frances Mary Gale, the daughter of Samuel P. Gale and Mary Ann Burchell, lived at 2841 Clementine Street, and worked as a saleslady at Strawbridge & Clothiers' Department Store. She died on 28th September 1936, and was buried in the Old Cathedral Cemetery.  The informant was her brother, Ignatius Gale, who had lived with her in W. Clementine Street.

In 1900, Samuel P. Gale and wife Mary A. Gale, were back in Douglass, along with their youngest surviving son, Nathaniel Gale, who had been born in about 1881, and with son Joseph Ignatius Gale, who had married Catherine/Katie Mary Engel in 1898 - Joseph and Katie Gale had had a child, Lewis J. Gale shortly afterwards. They also had Regina Maria Gale in 1901, Mary Catherine Gale in 1904, and Catherine Maria Gale who died shortly after her birth in 1910. Katie Engel had  been born on 4th July 1875 to the German-born Louis Engel and Mary Metzinger, and would die at 5300 Chester Avenue on 13th August 1957.
Joseph I. Gale, elevator operator, who had been born on 10th March 1873 to Samuel P. Gale and Mary Ann Burchell, died in Philadelphia on 1st September 1922.  Earlier, he had buried an infant son, also Joseph I. Gale, who had been born on 3rd of June 1909, and who had died of convulsions on 12th December 1909.
Following Joseph Gale's death in 1922, his widow, Katie, moved in with her daughter, Regina, who had married George J. Crossman in Philadelphia in 1921. The family were living in Reno Street in 1930 - Regina and George Crossman had a daughter, Elizabeth Crossman, who had been born in 1925.

Samuel P. Gale died on 10th November 1902 in Bally, Pennsylvania, and was buried along with his daughter, Mary A. Gale, who died, aged 24, on 25th February 1884.   His widow, Mary Gale, née Burchell, went to live with her daughters - in 1910 she was with her widowed daughter, Cecilia Reppert at 1610 York Street, then, in 1920, with daughter Frances Gale at her residence on W. Clementine Street - Frances Gale would later confirm that her father, Samuel P. Gale, was the son of blind Captain William Gale.
Also present in the household of Cecilia Reppert in 1910 were Ignatius Gale, born 1886, Thomas Gale, born 1902, and Cecilia's young daughter, Philomena Reppert, born 1902.

5) John Gale, born to Anthony Gale and Anne Delany.

6) Jane Gale, born to Anthony Gale and Anne Delany  - She married Patrick Glascock and had two daughters, whose baptisms were noted in the Ballinakill Catholic parish register -  Mary Glascott was baptised in March 1796 by Patrick Glaves (sic) and Jane Gaile, and was sponsored by James and Anne Ryan in Ballyrone.  Frances Glascott was baptised on 29th October 1797 by Patt Glasco (sic) and Jane Gale, and was sponsored by Thomas Ryan and Mary Kennedy.  Jane Gale's widowed mother, Anne Delany, had married a man by the name of Ryan following the death of her first husband, Anthony Gale, and I wonder were the sponsors of Mary and Frances Glascock related to this unknown Ryan?  Other researchers have named Jane Gale's husband as 'Glascott', but the parish registers show up a cluster of Glascocks in the Ballinakill/Ballyroan area;  no Glascotts are noted.

7) Frances Gale, born to Anthony Gale and Anne Delany, who married John Kearney in 1800 - their children were  Frances Kearney, born 1809, John Kearney, born 1811,  Jane Kearney born 1813 and John Kearney, born 1822.  The Kearney's emigrated to the US.  One of the current American Gale researchers, Richard McCunney, descends from Frances Gale, daughter of Anthony Gale and Anne Delany.

8) Malachi Gale (1777 - 1861), son of Anthony Gale and Anne Delany.   Malachy Gale married Catherine Holland (1778 - 1845) and his children were baptised in the Catholic Ballinakill Church -

1st September 1801 Anthony Gale (sponsors: Thomas Ryan and Elizabeth McEvoy).
5th November 1802 Hellen Gale  (sponsors: Edward and Sarah McMahon).
26th February 1804 Margaret Gale (sponsors: Andrew Ryan and Elizabeth McMahon).
1806 Catherine Gale
24th June 1808 Parnell Gale
1811 Malachi Gale.

This family  also emigrated to USA - aboard the 'Catherine', leaving Dublin on 14 July 1817 and arriving in Philadelphia on 24 September 1817.
Malachi Gale died aged 94 in Philadelphia on 14th September 1861; his funeral left from his son, Malachi Gale Junior's residence, 1161 South 11th Street, to St. Paul's, then to St. Mary's Cemetery.

9)  Ryan, first name unknown,  - a half-brother born to the widowed Anne Delany and a 2nd husband following death of Anthony Gale.