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Thursday, 13 September 2012

The Family of John Thomas Gale of Laois, Carlow and Limerick

The father of the teacher, John Thomas Gale (1839 - 1913), who married, on 21st May 1861, Maria Culbert (1840 -1911), was William H. Gale (1806 - 14th January 1870) of the neighbouring counties of Laois and Carlow.
(Maria Culbert was the sister of our paternal great-great grandfather, Henry Culbert/Cuthbert.)

John Thomas Gale's father, William H. Gale, married Eliza Baldwin in 1832.  Eliza Gale, the widow of William Gale of Valleyfield House, Ballyroan, Laois, died, aged 68, at Westland Street, Limerick on 25th September 1875.  The Irish Dog Licence Registers notes a William Gale of Westland Street buying a licence for a white fox terrier in 1870, 1871, 1872 and 1874 - this was the son of William H. Gale and Eliza Baldwin.  When Alice Baldwin Gale, daughter of William H. Gale and Eliza Baldwin, married Thomas Hassett on 17th October 1871, she too was living at Westland Street.

William H. Gale, husband of Eliza Baldwin, was the son of the blind Captain William Gale of Valleyfield, son of Thomas Gale and Anne Delany of neighbouring Ashfield Hall.

William H. Gale settled in the Laois/Carlow area, most likely in Borris, Co. Carlow, where he worked as a farmer, a schoolteacher, a scripture reader/preacher and an agent - this according to the various marriage certificates of his children. He makes little impression on the surviving records of the day.
The 'Banner of Ulster' of 8th December 1853 noted that two scripture readers of Borris - unnamed - were pelted with mud by a large crowd of furious Catholic women and children in Graiguenamanna. This might be William H. Gale, and also his future son-in-law, William Winton, also a scritpure reader, some of whose children had been born in Borris.

William H. Gale was staying in New Ross, Co. Wexford - just across the border from Co. Carlow, when he contracted fever on 2nd January 1870;  he died at Barrack Place, New Ross, on 14th January 1870.  The death certificate confirms that he was a married scripture reader.  Following his death, his widow, Eliza Gale, née Baldwin, moved to Limerick where several of their children had settled, and she would die at Westland Street on 25th September 1875.

Along with John Thomas Gale, who had been born to William Gale and Eliza Baldwin in Laois/Queen's County in 1839, there were the following children:

1) On 30th May 1854, Annabella Gale (1835 - 1868) the daughter of William Gale, a farmer of Carlow, married the scripture reader, William Winton of St.Mary's, Kilkenny.  William's father was John Winton, a shoemaker at the time of his son's marriage to Annabella; the witnesses were Ulysses Thorpe, a carpenter, and William Gale.

At the time of this marriage in 1854, Annabella's father, William Gale, was noted as a farmer;  by 1859 when his daughter, Harriet Baldwin Gale, married John Benjamin Warren, he was working as a scripture reader, and I wonder did his son-in-law, William Winton, introduce him to the profession? William Winton was employed by the Irish Church Missionary Society as a preacher/missionary. In September 1855 in Kilkenny, a Patrick Bergen was convicted of assaulting William Winton and James Warren, both of them scripture readers. Intent on converting the local Catholic population to Protestantism, their modus operandi involved public speaking in the predominantly Catholic areas of the city, and the distribution of evangelical tracts, which served only to inflame the locals.

John Winton, William's father, had been born in Rathfriland, Co. Down, in 1806, and had joined the army, serving with the 5th Foot for 19 years until his discharge for health reason on 21st October 1843.   (The only Winton family in the Rathfriland area that I can uncover would be the family of the Robert Winton of Balleny, Dromore, who died there in 1783.)
William Winton had been born in Malta in 1831;  his father had taken his family with him during his military service in Malta,  Gibraltar, and the Ionian Islands, before returning to Ireland in 1843. William Winton was a shoemaker like his father before him, and an evangelical preacher/scripture reader. By 1852, two years before his marriage to Annabella Gale, William was working in the Irish Church Mission in Knocktopher, Kilkenny.  By 1861, the family had moved to London.
Annabella Winton, née Gale, died in 1868 in Kensington, London, and William Winton married again.

William Winton died on 21st October 1889. His obituary in the 'Western Daily Press' of 21st October 1889, noted him as a well-known missionary who was employed by the London City Mission, and confirmed that he had been born in 1831 in Malta.  He had become teetotal as a boy and had made his first temperance speech in Belfast at the age of 18. For 10 years he worked with the Irish Church Missions Society, and in 1861 joined the London City Missions.  He preached in theatres, music halls, and public houses.  A member of the Templars, he was the District Chief Templar of Middlesex. His funeral was held in Kensal Green Cemetery.

Annabella Gale and William Winton had children -  Eliza Fannie Winton (1858 - 1927), born in Borris, Co, Carlow in 1858 who married Charles James Proud (1856 - 1943), the son of a cabinetmaker James Proud, on 10th February 1880 in St.Mark's, Middlesex.  In 1881 this couple were living at 105, Portland Road, Kensington;  Charles J. Proud was a bankers clerk.  By 1911 he had been promoted to bank manager, and the couple had children - Charles H, Proud born 1882, Alec H, Proud born 1884, Percy J. Proud born 1885, and Marjorie E. Proud born 1893.
Reubina Evelyn Winton, daughter of Annabella Gale and William Winton, who had been born in London in about 1866 and who trained as a teacher, married Edward James Roberts, the son of gentleman Edward Roberts, on 3rd November 1894 in Fulham, London.
Harriet Kate Winton, daughter of Annabella Gale and William Winton who would work as a teacher, had been born in 1860 in Borris, Co.Carlow, her sister, Alice Winton, had been born in London in 1873, while Charlotte Winton had been born in 1864.  (A Charlotte Winton married Henry Newmarsh in St. Thomas's, Hammersmith, on 7th September 1885.)
Following the death of Annabella Gale Winton in 1868, William Winton remarried and had two further daughters - Flora and Minnie Winton.

2) John Thomas Gale (1839 - 1913). A schoolmaster, John Thomas Gale worked, as did his sister, Alice, at the Ragged School, also known as Havergal Hall, in Limerick, and might have been the first of the siblings to settle in Limerick, being noted here from 1864.

3) On 23rd August 1859,  Harriet Baldwin Gale, (1839 - December 1884), the daughter of William Gale, a scripture reader of Carlow, married John Benjamin Warren (1838 - 1899) of Bagenalstown, Carlow.  John Benjamin Warren was a clerk of the petty sessions, as was his father, Edward Warren of Bagenalstown.  Harriet Gale was a schoolteacher (like her brother, John Thomas Gale) at the time of her marriage, and was living in Borris, Co. Carlow.
The witnesses were William Aylward and William Gale.  The wedding took place in the private chapel of Borris House, which was generally reserved for people working on the estate.

(Edward Warren of Bagenalstown, the father of John Benjamin Warren, was married to Rebecca Murphy. Along with John Benjamin Warren, the couple had Rebecca Jane Warren who married Benjamin Aylward in 1860,  Margaret Eliza who was born 8th June 1843, Deborah Dinah Warren born 1st December 1845, Edward Warren Junior born 24th August 1847 but died in February 1849, and a second Margaret Warren born 7th December 1849. I wonder was this Warren family related in some way to the James Warren who worked as a scripture reader with William Winton in Kilkenny in the 1850s?  Deborah Dinah Warren, daughter of Edward Warren of Bagenalstown, married Sheddon McCormick - they settled in Pittsburgh where Deborah Dinah died of consumption, aged 24, in July 1870. This from the 'Cork Examiner' of 12th July 1870.)

Harriet Gale and John Benjamin Warren had plentiful children in Bagenalstown:
Eva Elizabeth Warren, born 27th May 1860.
Selina Alicia Warren, born 27th February 1862, died in Palmerstown, Co. Dublin, in April 1879, and was buried in Dunleckney, Co. Carlow.
Edward Kossuth Warren, born 9th November 1863, died December 1873.
Amy Harriett Warren, born 30th October 1863, died November 1873.
Rebecca Annabella, born 4th October 1869.
John William Warren, born 27th April 1871, died November 1873.
Josiah William Warren, born 13th June 1873.
John Edward Warrren, born 24th April 1876.
Amy Marianne Warren, born 10th August 1878.
Samuel Baldwin Warren, born 24th February 1880, named for his maternal uncle, Samuel Baldwin Gale.
Edward Warren, born 19th July 1881, died December 1883.
Frederick George Warren, born 1st August 1882.
Henry William Warren, born 18th November 1884 - his mother, Harriet Warren, née Gale, died a few weeks later, aged 45, in December 1884.

The daughter of Harriet Gale and John Benjamin Warren, Eva Elizabeth Warren, married Frederick W. Martin, an engineer of Bagenalstown, Carlow, on June 3rd 1899.  Frederick W. Martin had been born on the Island of Jersey to the mechanic, Olef Martin.
This couple moved to England shortly after their marriage - in 1901 they were living in Lower Bebington, Cheshire, where Frederick W. Martin was working as a broker and upholsterer. Eva's brother, Josiah William Warren was living with them with his Irish-born wife Bessie,  as was her other brother, William Henry Warren, who was only 16 at the time.  By 1911, Josiah William, a flour miller, and his wife, Bessie Warren, were at Ecclesall, Yorkshire, while the younger of the two brothers, William Henry Warren, had emigrated to  Mercier Maissonneve, Quebec, with his wife, Emma, and an 8-month-old son Arnold Warren.  William Henry Warren worked there in the shipping industry - by 1921, the couple had two more sons, Stuart Warren and Gordon Warren.

4) Samuel Baldwin Gale, son of the scripture reader, William Gale, married Mary Jane Smith  in Dunleckney, Carlow, on 19th September 1882.  Samuel Baldwin Gale was probably much older than his wife.
Mary Jane was the daughter of a gamekeeper, William Smith of Dunleckney.  Although Samuel Baldwin gave his address as Dunleckney, he was working as a tramway conductor in Dublin at the time of his marriage in 1882.
The witnesses were Edward Coburne and William Smith.

Samuel and Mary Jane had a daughter, Olivia Elizabeth Jane Gale, on 10th March 1884 in Kilcarrig, Dunleckney, Carlow.  At the time of the birth, Samuel was working as a writing clerk.  This daughter must have died in infancy since there seems to be no further trace of her anywhere.

Samuel Baldwin Gale and his wife, Mary Jane, emigrated to New York in 1884, where they had a son, Frederick William Gale (4th December 1889 - April 1976). Samuel died shortly after, and his widow married a second time to Prescott Burnham of Massachusetts.  In 1900, however, Frederick W. Gale, aged 10, was living in the Orphan Asylum Society in New York.
His mother, Mary Jane Gale, married Prescott Burnham on 8th October 1904 in Manhattan. The groom's parents were John Burnham and Patience W. Sampson;  Mary Jane's were noted as William Smith and Jane Louise Ussher.  They were living in Manhattan in 1920, along with Mary's son, Frederick William Gale, but by 1930, Prescott has died, and Mary Jane and Frederick were alone in the household.  In 1940, mother and son were living at 63 Fort Washington Avenue, Manhattan.

5) Alice Baldwin Gale (born Co. Laois 1845 - 1927) and Thomas Hassett married in St. Michael's, Limerick on 17th October 1871.  Both bride and groom gave their address as Westland Street, Limerick, where, four years later her mother, Eliza Gale, widow of William Gale of Valleyfield, died of typhoid on 25th September 1875.   Her brother, William Henry Gale, was also living here at Westland Street from about 1870 until at least 1875.
Alice Baldwin Gale's groom, Thomas Hassett, an ironmonger, had been born circa 1851 to a policeman, Henry Hassett;  the witnesses to the wedding were the bride's brother, John Thomas Gale, and a James Corneille.

Valerie, the great-granddaughter of Alice Baldwin Gale and of Thomas Hassett, contacted me recently.   Apparently Thomas Hassett had been a foundling, left at the Havergal Boys' Home in Limerick as a baby - the Ragged School where the Gale family worked, had, at some stage, been integrated into the Havergal Home.   Alice Baldwin Gale, 6 years younger than Thomas Hassett, was working at the home when she met Thomas.   Their wedding of 17th October 1871 was conducted by Rev. Gregg, the minister of the Havergal Boys' Home.

Old family lore has it that Thomas Hassett came into some sort of bequest, which enabled him to found Hassetts Ironmongers in 1890, and to buy the smallholding of Tempeville.  Thomas Hassett also invested in McKerns Printers, the business which had been bought in 1902 by his brother-in-law's brother Andrew James Eakins. The ironmongers business, known today as Hassett Nut and Bolt, and still owned by the Hassett family, was located in earlier years at 9 O'Connell Street, Limerick, and was run from the family home of Templeville in Ballinacurra.   By 1911, Alice's brother, John Thomas Gale, formerly a schoolmaster at the Ragged School/Havergals, was working for his brother-in-law at Hassett's Ironmongers.

The children of Thomas Hassett and Alice Baldwin Gale were:

a) Thomas William Hassett, who was born in Westland Street on 24th May 1872 - he was the grandfather of Valerie and her brother Alastair.  At the time of his birth in 1872, his father, Thomas Hassett, was working as a salesman in a hardware shop.  He married Dorothy Beatrice Draper of Chelsea, England in 1909 in Fulham, and had Desmond Charles Hassett at 5 Laurel Villas, Limerick,  on 19th June 1910 and Dorothy Leonora Hassett on 28th July 1913.

b) James Baldwin Hassett was born at 17 Westland Street in June 1874 to the accountant Thomas Hassett.  A company director, he died a widower aged 86, on 6th November 1960 at 'Carnlea', Limerick.  Present at his death was his niece, Annette Proud, of London.

c) Henry Frederick Hassett was born at 17 Westland Street on 17th June 1877. Henry Frederick Hassett of Pery Street, Limerick,  died a bachelor aged 80 in 'Bloomfield', Donnybrook, Co. Dublin, on 23rd November 1957.

d) Alice Gale Hasset was born at 17 Westland Street on 1st Ocotber 1879;  her father was working as an ironmonger at this time.

e) Annabella Katherine was born at 17 Westland Street on 12th December 1882.

Alice Baldwin Hassett, née Gale, died at Templeville, Ballincurra, Limerick on 16th September 1927. Her husband, Thomas Hassett, died aged 91 at Templeville on 26th February 1942;  his son, James Baldwin Hassett, was the informant.

6) William Henry Gale, born March 1848.  It seems he had been named after his father who had been named as William H. Gale when he died in New Ross in 1870.   The younger William settled at 9 Westland Street, Limerick, and was recorded here as applying for a dog licence until 1874.   The Limerick City Trades Register also note William Gale, clockmaker, at 9 Westland Street in 1877, and William Gale, accountant, in Mulgrave Street in 1880.
His mother, Eliza Gale, the widow of William Gale of Valleyfield House, Ballyroan, Laois, died, aged 68, at Westland Street, Limerick on 25th September 1875.  When Alice Baldwin Gale, William H. Gale's sister, married Thomas Hassett on 17th October 1871, she too was living at Westland Street.

William Henry Gale married Anna Maria Armstrong, the daughter of gunsmith George Armstrong of Clonmel, St. Mary's, Clonmel, on 28th January 1873.  William named his (late) father as the agent, William Gale, and stated that he himself was working as a clerk in St. Michael's Parish, Limerick. The two witnesses were illegible.  There was a prominent Armstrong family of gunmakers operating in Clonmel at this time.  The 1900 US census tells us that Anna Maria Armstrong had been born in October 1853 in Ireland to English parents.

William Henry Gale and Anna Maria Armstrong had two daughters in Westland Street.  Anna Maria Gale was born on 20th March 1874 and the birth registration certificate named her father as an accountant.   The following year a daughter, Eliza Jane Gale, was born in Westland Street on 3rd August 1875.
In 1885, William Henry Gale emigrated to Manhattan, and was following four years later by his wife and two daughters, who crossed the Atlantic aboard the SS City of Berlin, their last residence having been Tramore, Co. Wexford.
The family show up in 1900 living at W. 99th Street, Manhattan. William Henry Gale was working as a clerk in the R.R. Office (railroad?).

William Henry Gale's wife, Anna Maria, died at some stage, as did their daughter Anna Maria Gale, On 29th September 1907 in Manhattan, their one surviving daughter, Elizabeth Jane Gale, married Harry Garner Culver, the son of Parker B. Baker and Ida W. Jolley of Spotswood, Middlesex, New Jersey.  Father and son were bakers.

In 1911,  William Henry Gale and his daughter and son-in-law travelled to England for a temporary visit. The UK census captured them staying at 154 Leathwaite Road, Battersea.   Harry and Elizabeth Jane Culver returned home to New Jersey;  the passenger lists record the childless couple coming and going from the USA to Europe a number of times.  In 1930, the US census recorded them as lodging together in Brooklyn - Harry Culver was a blind shipping clerk, while his wife, Elizabeth Jane, was working as a stenographer in the bank.

Following the return of the Culvers to the US, I wonder did William Henry Gale return home?  I see that an elderly, widowed pensioner, William Gale, died in the Limerick workhouse on 20th October 1920, but there are no clues on the death registration as to his family or origins.

7)  Kate Maude Gale , the daughter of scripture reader William Gale and of Eliza Baldwin, married William Foley in St. Michael's, Limerick, on 6th April 1875.   Both bride and groom gave their address as 17 Westland Street.  William Foley was an accountant and the son of a boilermaker, also William Foley.  The witnesses were Kate Maude's brother, William Gale, and a J. H. Wayland.

(A William Gale was buried in Killeshin Parish on the Laois/Carlow border on 16th May 1897;  his address at the time of his death was Dublin St., Carlow town, however, this was actually a different William Gale, a tailor who married Ellen Patterson in Carlow in 1850, and whose family was associated with both Dublin St and Burrin St.  His brother married an Elizabeth who died in Carlow town in 1886 - the tailor, William Gale, was present at her death.  I have no idea if this line of Carlow Gales is related to the family discussed in this post.)

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