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Sunday, 28 October 2012

Thomas Courtenay and Mary Brown, Royal Hospital, Kilmainham

Thomas Courtenay was the son of Frederick Courtenay and Mary Tuty of Dublin;  Frederick and Mary Courtenay were our great-great-great-great grandparents on our mother's side.

Sergeant Thomas Courtenay, was born in St. Andrews, Dublin, on 26th March 1824 (the date comes from the LDS website) - he married Mary Browne on 5th June 1859 in St. James' Catholic Church, Dublin.
The St. James' registers are currently free to view on the National Library of Ireland website, and I came across the marriage there.   Thomas Courtney was living at 7 Irwin Street, which is close to the military Royal Hospital, at the time of the marriage in 1859.  The register notes him as the son of Frederick Courtney and Mary Tuty (this could be Tute or Tutty).  Mary Brown gave the same address as the groom.  She was the daughter of Benjamin and Mary Browne.   The witnesses were both living at 13 Irwin Street - George Allen and Delia, whose family name was illegible to me.

Mary Browne had been born to Benjamin Browne and Mary Farrell and was baptised in St. James' on 22nd April 1841.   Her brother, Benjamin Browne, was baptised there on 6th March 1843.

Thomas Courtenay died at Royal Hospital, Kilmainham on March 20th 1895.

Thomas Courtenay, a labourer aged 18, joined the 8th Regiment of Foot in Dublin in 1842, and transferred to the 1st Battalion of the 60th Rifles on 2nd September 1844.  This regiment sailed for India in 1845 under the command of Lt.Col. Henry Dundas.  Thomas served during the Sikh War of 1848 - 9, and was severely wounded in action in Delhi on 18th July 1857 during the Siege of Delhi, losing his right arm close to the shoulder;  the wound was 'not aggravated by vice or intemperance.' In 1856 he had been promoted to Corporal and was finally discharged from duty, due to his injuries, in Chatham on 18th August 1858, having spent 15 years in the army, 12 of them in India where he served in the East Indies Lower and Upper Scinde, and in the Punjab from 15th October 1845 till 31sts December 1857.
At the time of his discharge he was wearing two good conduct rings, but had once been charged in a regimental court with drunkenness.  He had been present at the Siege and capture of Kooltan from 27th December 1848 till 22nd January 1849. at the Battle of Goojerat, and during the occupation of Attoch and Peshawar.
Following his discharge, he returned home to Dublin where he took up residence in The Royal Hospital, Kilmainham.

He married Mary Browne on 5th June 1859 in St. James' Catholic Church following his return to Dublin.

Thomas Courtenay was the same man who was admitted to the Freemen of Dublin on 16th July 1863, being the grandson of Thomas Courtenay, Shearmen, who had been admitted in 1789, although in the archives of the Dublin Freemen he was named as Thomas Frederick Courtenay.  Thomas (Frederick) Courtenay was a yeoman of the Royal Hospital in Kilmainham in 1863, and was named there on the Dublin Electoral Lists of 1865.  Thomas was the son of our direct ancestors, Frederick Courtenay and Mary Tuty of 27 Wellington Street.  We descend, therefore, directly from his sister, Emily Courtenay, who would marry John Lysaght Pennefather.

The Royal Hospital in Kilmainham had been founded as a home for retired military men,  and military members of the Hospital staff were provided with apartments for themselves and their families. Thomas's father, Frederick Courtenay, worked in the library of the Royal Hospital, before retiring circa 1851 as a pensioner to the Chelsea Hospital in London.

Thomas Courtenay and Mary Browne had at least 11 children together at the Royal Hospital, before they separated in about 1880.  Following the separation, Mary became ill with phthisis/tuberculosis, and died in her mid-forties in 1885.
The three youngest daughters - Adelaide, Sarah and Sabina Courtenay were sent off to school, the boys joined the army, a Courtenay family tradition, and the older daughters stayed home to care for their father, who died on 20th March 1895, and whose funeral was attended by Field-Marshall Lord Roberts who was Master of the Royal Hospital.  The informant for Thomas Courtenay,s death was his daughter, A. Courtenay, ie. Adelaide.

The children of Thomas Courtenay and Mary Browne:

1)  William Courtenay was baptised on 15th April 1860 at St.Mary's, Haddington Road. The sponsor at the baptism was a member of the Dwyer family, first name illegible to me.

On 19th March 1887 in the Dublin Registrar's office, William Courtenay, who was Protestant later, married  Emily Yorke.  In 1887 William was living at home in the Royal Hospital in Kilmainham and was working as a goods clerk in a private company.   The wedding witnesses were Thomas Courtenay and Elizabeth Sarah Yorke.
Emily Yorke had been born on 3rd January 1856 to a policeman, William Yorke, and to Eliza Courtney - her address at the time of her birth in 1856 was 27 Wellington St, the home of the Courtenay family; by 1887, the year of her marriage, she was living at 3 Avondale Road.  Eliza Courtney/Courtenay was a daughter of Frederick and Mary Courtenay of 27 Wellington Street, therefore William Courtenay and his wife, Emily Yorke, were first cousins.

William Courtenay and Emily Yorke had four children in Dublin -

On 25th June 1891, twin sons, John and Victor Courtenay, were born at 2 Avondale Road, John at 12.10am and Victor at 12.50am.  Neither survived - John died after three minutes, and his brother, Victor, died five hours later.

Robert William Henry Courtenay was born on 27th May 1892 at 2 Avondale Road.  (William's sister, Adelaide, was living at 3 Avondale Road in 1900.)   On 26th May 1918 in Donnybrook Catholic Church, boilermaker Robert Courtenay of 3 Avondale Road, North Circular Road, Dublin, married Margaret Erving of 5 Warwick Terrace, Appian Way, Ranelagh, the daughter of a farmer John Erving. Robert's father, William Courtenay, was noted as a timekeeper.   The witnesses were George Yorke and Annie Agatha Gerity.  Robert Courtenay of 3 Avondale Road died of an ulcer in Drumcondra Hospital on 28th January 1931.

On 23rd April 1894, at 45 Avondale Road, William Courtenay and Eliza Yorke had Dorothy Mary Elizabeth Courtenay, who would later marry an antiques dealer, Erwin Arthur Stassen, a widower of 296b North Circular Road, the son of the late Philip Stassen, a maths professor.  Erwin Arthur Stassen (1883 - 1954) had earlier married Florence Emily Alexandra O'Farrell Doran in Dover in 1908, but she had died of cancer aged 62 on 7th June 1937 in St. Michael's, Drumcondra.  They had had a son, Bodo Phillip Stassen, in 1908 in Hampshire - he was boarding, aged only 3 years, in 1911 with the family of William and Fanny Windsor in Bournemouth, and was noted on the census return as being German.
Erwin Arthur Stassen had arrived in Ireland on 17th April 1929 and had been naturalised in the 1940s.
married in All Saints Church on 16th September 1938, and this was witnessed by Nora Elizabeth Bell and John Bell.  John Bell was the bride's uncle, having married William Courtenay's sister, Sarah, while Nora was the adopted daughter of John Bell and Sarah Courtenay.  Dorothy Stassen, aged 55, died at 2 Avondale Road on 16th August 1949, while her husband Erwin died aged 71 at 2 Avondale Road on 1st July 1954. His son, Bodo, was there.

On 24th November 1897,  at 24 Hardwicke Street, William Courtenay and Emily York had Sylvia Eugenie Adelaide Courtenay.

William Courtenay and his family fell on hard times at the turn of the century, and the Dublin Workhouse Admission registers show the Courtenays spending time in the institution. The family was resident in the workhouse on and off throughout 1901, having previously lived in a variety of Dublin addresses, 21 Meath Street, 4 Maunsell Place, 25 Mountjoy Street and 24 Hardwicke Street. Emily's brother, George Yorke, a married house painter, also entered the workhouse in this era, having also lived at Mountjoy Street and 4 Maunsell Road, but he left on 21st March 1903.

Earlier, on 17th March 1900, William Courtenay joined the Royal Reserve Regiment for one year.  A married clerk, his address at the time was Beggar's Bush, and he was aged 40 years and 7 months. His records state that he had previously served with the 1st East Lancashire Regiment but no date was given for this. When his year's service was complete, on 16th March 1901, he stated that his wife, Emily, was living at 25 Hardwicke Street.
William and his wife, Emily, were living at 12 Broadstone Avenue, Dublin, in 1911;  William was an asylum attendant.  Also in the house was his younger brother, the widowed Thomas Courtenay, a musician. Thomas was present with his 18 year old son, Thomas, who had been born in India.  See below....

Emily Courtenay, née Yorke, died at 2 Avondale Road, North Circular Rd., Dublin, on 10th November 1933.  The death registration names her as the wife of a soldier.   William Courtenay, a widowed clerk of 2 Avondale Road, died aged 76 on 26th March 1936;  his son-in-law, Arthur Stassen, was the informant when he died.

2)  Mary Ellen Courtney of the Royal Hospital, was on 11th November 1861, and was baptised in St. James's on 21st November 1861 -  the sponsors were Patrick and Mary Ellen Dwyer.

3) Mary Eliza Courtenay was born on 26th May 1863 at the Royal Hospital and was baptised in St. James' on 2nd June 1863.  I presume her older sister, Mary Ellen, had died in infancy, since two sisters named 'Mary' would be unusual.  The sponsors at the baptism were Edward and Eliza Browne, possible relations of the baby's mother.

4) Thomas Courtenay was born 12th May 1865, and was baptised in St. James' on 22nd May 1865. The sponsors were Michael McQuaid and Esther Gilmore. Thomas was a musician with the military and was posted to Lucknow, Bengal, where he married in Chunar, on 4th November 1891,  Ann McDonald, the daughter of Henry McDonald.   The marriage record records that Thomas was the son of Thomas Courtenay, and that he had been born in  1865.   Ann had been born in 1872.   Thomas Courtenay was noted as a sergeant with the East Lancashire Regiment.
Their eldest son, Cyrill Courtenay, was born on 14th November 1892 in Lucknow, baptised on 16th November, died on 17th November, and finally was buried in Lucknow on 18th November 1892.
Their second and only son, Thomas Courtenay, was born in Lucknow, Bengal, on 25th January 1894.

Following Ann's death,  Thomas and his son, Thomas Junior, returned to Dublin, where they were recorded living (or visiting) with Thomas' brother, William, in 1911.   The younger Thomas Courtenay (1894 - 1946) married Rose Ellen Moss, the daughter of William Moss and Mary Ann Murphy, in Preston, Lancashire, UK, in 1919.

5)  Robert Benjamin Courtenay was born in the Royal Hospital on 27th October 1866, and was baptised in St. James' on 5th November 1866.  The sponsors at his baptism were James and Ann Tighe.  (Bina E. Martin wrongly gave a date of birth of 1862 for him, but the St. James' register is available online to view by way of confirmation of the correct date.)
As a child he spent time in the Royal Hibernian Military School. His records state he had been born on 27th October 1866, and entered the school on 15th January 1878. By trade he was a tailor (aged 12).  His father was a member of the county regiment called the Royal American Regiment, also known as the 60th Regiment of Foot 1st.
Robert was a military man, and was posted to  Fyzabad, Bengal, India where, on 21st November 1891, he married Edith Grant, the daughter of a John Grant.
    The Indian Army Quarterly List of 1st January 1912, recorded Robert Benjamin Courtenay as a warrant officer in the barrack department in Allahabad, Bengal.
        'The London Gazette' of 19th May 1916, recorded Robert Benjamin Courtenay under its heading for the Indian Army Departments as - "To be Assistant Commissary, with the honorary rank of Lieutenant. Conductor Robert Benjamin Courtenay. Dated 8th February 1916."

On 15th September 1921, the passenger list for the 'Castalia', sailing from Liverpool to Bombay, noted Major R.B. Courtenay, aged 54, and his wife, Mrs. Edith Courtenay, on board;  their English address was given as 'Green View', Heatherside Road, Surrey, and this was confirmed by the Surrey Electoral Register of 1921 which named Robert Benjamin Courtenay at the same address.
        The widowed Edith Courtenay, who had been born circa 1878,  died on 10th September 1936 in Lucknow, Bengal.

6)  Emilia/Emily Courtney was born 10th December 1868, at Royal Hospital and baptised on 17th December in St. James. The sponsors were Robert Courtney and Julia Doyle.   The sponsor, Robert Courtney, may well have been the Robert Courtenay Junior who was also admitted to the Freemen of Dublin in 1857 by virtue of being the grandson of the original Thomas Courtenay, Shearman, although this Robert Courtney would have had to be Catholic, since only Catholics were permitted to be sponsors in Catholic christenings.
Emilia Courtney, daughter of Thomas Courtenay, married Thomas Gallagher, son of Terence, in 1889.  The marriage registration certificate shows up better detail - the couple married on 29th December 1889 in Dublin's St. James' Catholic Church.  Emily Courtenay was 21, a servant who lived at 23 Echlin Street adjacent to St. James,  and whose father was Thomas Courtenay who worked at what seems to be something along the lines of 'messenger' although I could have this wrong. Thomas Gallagher was a 21-year-old brass finisher of 30 James Street, the son of a currier Terence Gallagher, a currier being a leather-finisher.The two witnesses were Thomas Murray and Ellen O'Leary.

Emily Courtenay and Thomas Gallagher had four children together, although only the eldest child survived childhood. This was Joseph Gallagher who was born on 19th March 1890 to Thomas Gallagher and Emily Courtney of School Street in the Liberties area of Dublin.  Present at Joseph's birth in 1890 was M. Gallagher of 9 School Street.
Daughter Mary Gallagher was born at 147 Thomas Street on 5th November 1891 to Thomas Gallagher, a brass finisher, but this infant only survived 30 minutes before dying.
Thomas Gallagher was born on 3rd December 1892 at 17 Bow Bridge, Kilmainham; his father, Thomas Gallagher was working as a plumber, and a member of the Courtenay family was present for the birth. This child, Thomas, died on 20th February 1894 aged only 14 months.
Daughter Catherine Gallagher was born on 12th November 1894 at 2 Bow Bridge, but she died on 18th December 1896 at 78 Francis Street.

Emily Gallagher, née Courtenay, was widowed young - her husband, Thomas Gallagher of Francis Street, died of pnemonia on 31st December 1896 aged only 27.  His widow and surviving son subsequently fell on hard times. Joseph Gallagher was arrested aged 17 in 1907 in Kilmainham for stealing a gold watch,  and subsequently served 1 month in jail.  His widowed mother, Emily, was named in the prison records as living at 18 Hardwicke Street.  Shortly afterwards she entered the Dublin workhouse, and was released on 12th September 1908.   She must have been readmitted almost immediately, since she died in the workhouse of lung disease on 9th October 1908 aged only 38.
Her son, Joseph Gallagher, married in St. Victor's Church on 25th March or May 1917.  His bride was named as Lilian Kate Hayes, the daughter of clerk James Hayes. Both bride and groom were living in Distillery House, Marrowbone Lane, in 1917, and Joseph was working for what seems to be 'C.R.M.S. and R.I. Rig' (?).  His father, Thomas Gallagher, was deceased.  The wedding was witnessed by W. Duelle and C. Hayes.

7)  Bina E. Martin identified a Catherine Courtenay born in 1871, and the civil registrations of births confirm her birth at the Royal Hospital on 20th January 1871.

8)  Edward Courtenay of Royal Hospital, was born on 16th September 1872 and baptised in St. James Church on 18th September 1872 and was sponsored by Elizabeth McCabe.

9)  Adelaide Courtenay was born on 26th December 1874 in the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, and was baptised in St. James on 5th January 1875; she was sponsored by Patrick and Maria McCabe.
     On 19th September 1901,  Adelaide Courtenay married the Co. Down widower, James Clifford, in Grangegorman Church of Ireland church.   This was James' second marriage - the first had been to Charlotte Matilda Wright, the daughter of Frederick Wright, a caretaker who lived at 71 Rathmines Road.  James Clifford, a policeman, was stationed at the time in Dundrum.
James Clifford's first wife, Charlotte, died on 31st August 1898 - her husband, Constable James Clifford, was stationed in Bray, Wicklow, at the time of her death.
It seems that the Courtenay children, although baptised Catholic, were reared Protestant, since yet another of Thomas and Mary Courtenay's children had reverted to the Church of Ireland by adulthood.
James was a sergeant with the Royal Irish Constabulary, and was living in Bray, Co. Wicklow at the time of his Church of Ireland marriage to Adelaide.  His father was a farmer, William John Clifford.  Adelaide's address was given as 3 Avondale Road, Phibsboro.  Her father was a clerk, Thomas Courtenay, and the witnesses were a Meta Stringer and what seems to be James Smyth Mac Sighe.  A few months later, the 1901 census picks the newly-weds up at Fairview Terrace in Bray, Co. Wicklow, where Adelaide was living with her husband and his five children.
     A lady's maid named Sarah Courtenay, aged 22 (the age is wildly inaccurate however) and unmarried, was also in the household, and was stated to be a cousin of the head of the household, James Clifford.   This must surely be Adelaide's younger sister, Sarah, would later marry a John Bell. Adelaide Courtenay and James Clifford moved to England at the time of the Irish Civil War.
    The children of Adelaide Courtenay and James Clifford were:
     a) Ernest Clifford born 1901.
     b) Percival Clifford born 1902.
     c) Walter Clifford, born 1904, and who had Patricia in 1932, who had Lewis in 1958. Went to Australia.
     d) Albert Clifford, born 1908, who had John in 1931 and Terence in 1939.
     e) Adelaide Clifford, (1914 - 1990) who married Edward Dewey of Woodmancote, Gloucestershire, and who had Michael Dewey in 1946 and Robert Dewey in 1950.  Adelaide Dewey helped Bina E. Martin with her family tree.
      f) Ethel Clifford, born 1916, who married John Copley of Santa Barbara, California, and who had Paul Copley in 1944, and Judith Copley in 1940 who had Lynda in 1967 and James Patrick in 1970.

10)  Sarah Courtenay of Royal Hospital was born on 27th November 1876 and baptised in St. James on 5th December 1876; she was sponsored by Sarah Fulds.
On 3rd September 1901, she married a cattle-dealer, John Bell, the son of a farmer Thomas Bell. The wedding took place in Donaghmoine, Co. Monaghan, (Church of Ireland), and was witnessed by Richard and Eliza Bell. Sarah was noted as the daughter of a soldier, Thomas Courtenay, and was living in Monaghan at the time of the marriage.

John Bell had been born to caretaker Thomas Bell and to Martha O'Hagan on 18th August 1872 (Thomas Bell, son of Thomas Bell Sr., married Martha O'Hagan, daughter of James O'Hagan, on 1st April 1863 in Donaghmoyne); John Bell would die, a 93-year-old widower, at 25 Main Street, Carrickmacross, on 9th April 1966, with B.Howell present at his death.   Sarah Bell, née Courtenay, had died earlier on 29th October 1948 aged 70.

John Bell and Sarah Courtenay had earlier adopted a daughter, Nora Elizabeth, who married Benjamin Howell in Castleblayney in 1944, and who had two sons, John and Ralph Howell.  This from Bina Courtenay's research.

Nora Elizabeth Bell, the adopted daughter of Sarah Courtenay and John Bell, acted as the witness in 1938 when Sarah Courtenay's sister, Dorothy Courtenay, married the widowed Erwin Arthur Stassen. So who was this adopted Nora Elizabeth Bell? 

When Nora Elizabeth Bell married Benjamin Howell in 1944,  she gave her birth name - she had been born on 27th August 1916 in Tullynacross, Monaghan, to the coachman Cecil William Heron and to Margaret Bell. She was therefore a relation of her adoptive father John Bell.  Margaret Bell, Nora's mother, was the daughter of John Bell of Cordrummon,while Cecil was the son of the late railway inspector William Heron.  Nora's mother, Margaret, died of asthma, on 10th September 1917 when Nora was only a year old, and her father, Cecil Heron, moved to Dublin and remarried on 8th June 1920;  his second wife was Bridget Howlin, daughter of the late Philip Howlin of the Inland Revenue.  It must have been at this point that Nora was taken in by John Bell and Sarah Courtenay. Nora Elizabeth Heron's grandfather was John Bell of Cordrummon who had married her grandmother, Mary Anne White, on 17th December 1873.   This John Bell was the son of an earlier Thomas Bell.    Thomas Bell was also the father of Thomas Bell who had married Martha O'Hagan in 1872, and whose son was John Bell, husband of Sarah Courtenay.

11)  Sabina Courtenay was born in the Royal Hospital on May 23rd 1879 and was baptised in St. James on 3rd June 1879;  she was sponsored by Michael and Maria Baxter. Following her father's death in 1895, Sabina Courtenay was taken to England by friends of the family, where she wished to train as a ballet dancer.
 On 26th July 1900 in Lambeth Registry Office, she married a civil servant, Frederick Temple Martin, who had been born in 1868 in Lambeth, London, to Temple Chevallier Martin and Elizabeth Mary Parkyn, but the couple separated and divorced 11 years later.

The UK Civil Divorce Records (care of give the details. On 8th May 1911, Frederick Temple Martin of 'Lexden', King's Avenue, Clapham Park, petitioned for divorce, and the final decree was granted on 29th July 1912.
Following their 1900 marriage, he and Sabina had lived together at 13 Prospect Place, Surbiton;  there were three children born.  Elizabeth Sabina Martin was born on 7th November 1900 and was baptised in Lambeth All Saints Church on November 16th 1900,  Alice Courtenay Martin on 4th September 1906, and Temple Chevalier Martin on 1st May 1909. A fourth child, who didn't survive infancy, was Irene Clara Martin, who had been born in London in 1903, and who had died the following year.
Frederick Temple Martin cited his wife's adultery as the ground for divorce, and the court granted him custody of their three children.

In 1901, Sabina Martin, née Courtenay, was living with her 5-month old daughter, Bina E. Martin, in a flat at Herne Hill, Lambeth, while Frederick was at home with his father and brothers. He stated on the census return that he was single, not married.
The 1911 census showed Frederick living with the three children at 183 King's Avenue, Clapham, while Sabina was living at 164 Barcombe Avenue, Wandsworth, Streathem.  She had filled the return out twice.  The first entry was scribbled out, and read 'Subina Elizabeth Martin, aged 30, married 11 years, 4 children born alive, 3 surviving.'   She filled out the second line as 'Subina Courtenay, single, dressmaking.'

Sabina Courtenay was listed on the electoral registers at this same address for the next few years.  She died in Streathem in 1933 and was buried in the cemetery there.

"I was always fond of my father and like to remember him  best in the very early days when we lived at Surbiton-on-Thames.  He had a punt at Thames Ditton and loved to picnic on the river at week-ends.  The uncles often came down from London and joined in the fun, particularly in the cherry season, for we had a huge white-heart cherry tree in the garden of our little home and they used to climb the tree and pick quantities of these luscious fruits.  We lived here for almost the first eight years of my life until shortly before my grandmother died when we moved up to London to share my grandfather's new home in Clapham Park."   (Bina Elizabeth Martin on her father, Frederick Temple Martin.)

Frederick Temple Martin married a second time in 1918.  Wife Number Two was Minnie Sarah Boyd who had been born in 1891 in Lambeth. They had a son, Richard Temple Martin (1921 - 1979).  Frederick Temple Martin died at 23 Cowdrag House, Dog Kennell Hill, East Dulwich, on 21st December 1933, and his widow, Minnie Sarah Martin, administered his estate.

The three children of Frederick Temple Martin and Sabina Courtenay emigrated to New Zealand;  the oldest, Sabina Elizabeth Martin (7th November 1900 - 19th May 1985), later settled in South Africa. Her obituary was published in 'Veld & Flora' in September 1985:

'Bina Elizabeth Martin was born on 7 November 1900 at Surbiton-on-Thames as the eldest of three children.  Later the family lived in with her grandparents in "Lexden", their home in Clapham Park, S.W. London.  When it was sold Bina was sent to boarding school at Margate in Kent.
Having joined the Civil Service at the age of 16 during World War 1 she became financially independent when it was over and accompanied her grandfather and uncle to the Channel Islands and Europe....
...She was always an enthusiast and did everything with verve...she was particularly keen on the outdoors and loved nature and animals, especially dogs.  Strangely she did not like music, but said the sounds of nature were music to her.
In 1926 Bina, her younger sister and young brother decided it would be a great adventure to see the other side of the world, and on November 7 they set sail for New Zealand, while their 84-year-old grandfather waved goodbye from the quayside at Southampton.
In New Zealand they surmounted the difficulties caused by the economic depression. Her brother became a pilot and her sister was married. Meantime Bina, having always been fond of outdoor life, became apprenticed in 1928 as a gardener at Dunedin Botanic Gardens, with the idea of obtaining the N.D.H. (N.Z.) - a six year course.  Meantime she continued her adventurous life climbing the hiking trails in the New Zealand Alps and studying the flora. However, after five years, she decided to emigrate to South Africa in 1932....
....Bina started her career in South Africa in Ban Hoek, where she assisted Miss K. Stanford in her Wild Flower Nursery.
In 1936 Bina obtained a post at the National Botanic Gardens (in) Kirstenbosch under the Director, Professor Compton, and later was put in charge of the bulb section in the nursery....
...In 1940 Bina volunteered to join the W.A.A.S. as a driver, and after a year in Cape Town she volunteered to serve in the Middle East, and was mentioned in dispatches for distinguished service in 1943...
....After the war ended Bina was discharged in England, and went to Bedford College, London University, where she gained a diploma in Social Services. "
Bina returned to South Africa in 1947 and took up her old post in charge of the bulb garden in the Botanic Gardens in Kirstenbosch where she worked under Professor Compton for many years - a bulb was named after her, the Lachenalia Martinae, which she had collected in 1937.  Bina retired in 1965, and was made an Honorary Life Member of the Botanical Society of South Africa.

In 1930, Bina Martin's sister, Alice Courtenay Martin (1906 - 1989), married Burton Murrell of Lake Manapouri, New Zealand, whose family was a well-known pioneering family from the region.  They later ran a guesthouse there. Their children were Jack Murrell, Burton Murrell, Margaret Murrell and Bina Murrell.

The youngest child of Frederick Temple Martin and Sabina Courtenay, Temple Martin, became a pilot, serving with the Royal New Zealand Air Force as a ground engineer during the 2nd World War, and worked later as an aeronautical engineer in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand.

Bina Elizabeth Martin, the daughter of Frederick Temple Martin and Sabina Courtenay, published two genealogical books, detailing her excellent research into the Martin and Edgecumbe families - 'Parsons and Prisons' and 'Edgecumbes of Edgecumbe'.

Martin Family Genealogy:
The motto of the Martin family of Killaloe, Co. Clare was 'Sic Itur ad Astra' (ie: this is the way to the stars)  is the same as the motto used by the Martins of Ross, Co.Galway, and by the Martins of Ballynahinch, Co. Galway, although an early genalogical link between the Galway and Clare families has not yet been uncovered.
The earliest known member of the Martins of Killaloe was Rev. James Martin (1744 - 1824), magistrate and curate of Killaloe Cathedral, who married, in about 1777, Frances Janns.  Rev. James Martin's obituary appeared in the Freeman's Journal of 28th September 1824:
   'On Saturday at Killaloe, at the advances age of 80 years, the Rev. James Martin, who for upwards of 50 years officiated as Reader in the Cathedral of that Diocese.  He was a most active Magistrate for many years, an office of which he discharged the arduous and important duties in a period of much peril.  He was a kind neighbour and a great benefactor to the poor.'

The four sons of Rev. James Martin and Frances Janns were:
Captain Nicholas Martin 1779 - 1830
Rev. Richard Martin 1780 - 1858
Rev. James Martin 1782 - 1847
Michael Martin Esq. 1784 - 1860. (J.P. , Co. Clare.) The youngest son, Michael Martin J.P., was born on 29th May 1784, and married, on 18th May 1803, Margaret Kingsley.  Their son was Rev. Richard Martin (1805 - 1852) who emigrated from Clare to England.

This son, Rev. Richard Martin (1805 - 1852), entered Trinity, Dublin, aged 18, on 18th October 1824, and graduated in 1829.  In 1833 he was recorded as the Incumbent of St. John's, Greenock, Scotland.  In 1834 he married Emma Mary Pilcher, née Edgcumbe (1807 - 1871), the daughter of Pierce Edgcumbe of Kent, the Edgcumbes of Kent being a branch of the Lords Mount Edgcumbe of Devonshire.    Rev. Richard Martin did a stint as the vicar of Dore, Derby, before taking up a post as chaplain aboard a convict ship, first in Gosport, then in Woolwich.   Rev. Richard Martin died of bronchitis in 1852, and his widow, Emma Mary Martin, became Governor of the Female Convict Prison at Brixton, a post she she held for 17 years before being pensioned off in 1870.  She died at 53 Clapham Park Road on 5th October 1871.

Rev. Richard Martin and Emma Mary Edgcumbe had twelve children in total, one of whom was Temple Chevallier Martin (1842 - 1933), the grandfather of Sabina Elizabeth Martin of South Africa. He was born at Dore Parsonage on 22nd November 1842, and was named after his mother's first cousin, the Rev. Temple Chevallier (1794 - 1873), the first professor of astronomy and mathematics at Durham University who recreated Foucault's pendulum in Durham Castle to demonstrate the rotation of the earth.
Temple Chevallier Martin spent thirty years as Chief Clerk at the Lambeth Police Court, and married Elizabeth Mary Parkyn (1845 - 1909), the daughter of Frederick Silly Parkyn and Anne Everest of St. Pancras, London.   The Parkyn family originated in Bodmin, Cornwall, where, apparently, the family name of 'Silly' translates as 'blessed', 'innocent' or 'holy'.  Frederick Silly Parkyn was the Steward of the Female Prison in Brixton, where Temple Chevallier Martin's mother also worked.

Sabina Elizabeth Martin's father, Frederick Temple Martin (1868 - 1933), born 31st January 1868, was the eldest of six sons born to Temple Chevallier Martin and Elizabeth Mary Parkyn.   He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School, and entered the civil service like his father, rising to the position of Magistrate at the South Western Police Court, a post he held until his retirement in 1929.

The Children of Frederick Courtenay and Mary Tuty of 27 Wellington Street, Dublin

This post is to help clarify and decipher the Courtenay family.  Frederick and Mary Courtenay were our maternal great-great-great-great grandparents.  Frederick was the son of the Shearman, Thomas Courtenay, who had been admitted to the Freedom of Dublin in 1789.

The Children of Frederick Courtenay and Mary Tuty:  

1)    Eliza Courtenay/Courtney born 4th January 1822, died 24th August 1888. She married a policeman, William Yorke, and had children in Dublin, most of them born at 27 Wellington St. .  He, according to the Courtenay family tree, which had been commissioned in 1917, was the son of Roland (or Rowland) Yorke and Matilda Laughlin and descended from a common ancestor with the Earl of Hardwicke.

27 Wellington Street was the home of William Yorke, and many of  the Courtenay/Pennefather family gave this as their address;   Francis Courtenay, brother of Frederick Courtenay, and uncle of Eliza Courtenay, was living here from 1843.  In 1864, Mary Courtenay, née Tuty, the wife of Frederick Courtenay, was living here with her daughter Eliza Yorke, and assisted at the birth of her granddaughter Jane Yorke.

William Yorke, the husband of Eliza Courtenay, was a painter of 27 Wellington Street and had been admitted to the Freemen of Dublin on 8th March 1861 by virtue of his marriage to the daughter of Frederick Courtenay who had himself been admitted by birth in Midsummer 1839.

Both Eliza Courtenay and her husband, William Yorke, gave evidence to the 1869 Commission of Inquiry into electoral malpractice in the 1868 Dublin elections;  they both gave plenty of personal information about their lives:

Mount Jerome Cemetery: 'In Loving Memory of Elizabeth Yorke, née Courtenay, wife of the late William Yorke, Born 4th January 1822, died 24th August 1888, Elizabeth Sarah Yorke, born April 17th 1853, died April 16th 1929...Also Elizabeth E. H. Warren, daughter of above, born September 8th 1879, died May 19th 1948...'

I don't know where William Yorke died, but his widow, ElizabethYorke, née Courtenay, died at 3 Avondale Road of heart disease; her nephew, William Courtenay, son of her brother Thomas Courtenay, was present and registered the death.

The children of Eliza Courtenay and William Yorke were all born at 27 Wellington Street, and were baptised in St. Mary's Church:

a) Henry Francis Yorke, born 11th January 1846.
In 1893 coachpainter Henry Yorke converted to Catholicism the day before his marriage.  He was baptised in the Pro-Cathedral on 5th June 1893, and the following day he married Catherine Byrne, the daughter of John Byrne and Eliza Cochrane of Harolds Cross.  Both bride and groom gave their address as 26 Hill Street.  Henry's parents, Eliza Courtenay and William Yorke, were both dead by this time.  The witnesses to the wedding were Bernard Byrne of Pimlico and Bridget Murphy of 10 Gordon's Place.

Catherine had previously been married to Isaac Rothery (1854 - 1892), the son of Isaac Rothery and Sarah Doyle of Churchtown.  Catherine Byrne and Isaac Rothery had married in Rathmines Catholic Church on 4th June 1888.  The witnesses had been Joseph Rothery and Elizabeth Smith.  Isaac's parents were Isaac Rothery and Sarah Doyle.
On 12th February 1895,  Isaac Rothery (1815 - 1895), horse dealer of Churchtown and father of Isaac Rothery Junior,  died - this will was granted to Andrew Doyle of Churchtown, a pensioner of the Dublin Metropolitan Police.  Isaac Rothery's eldest son was William Rothery who died in Rochdale, England, in November 1890.   Margaret Rothery, daughter of Isaac Rothery and Sarah Doyle, married in Rathmines on 2nd november 1873, James Thomas O'Reilly, son of Laurence O'Reilly and Bridget Treston of Co. Mayo.   Sarah, wife of the older Isaac Rothery, died on 14th January 1884 and was buried in Glencullen Churchyard.
The younger Isaac Rothery who had married Catherine Byrne in 1888 was a dairyman of Churchtown, Dublin, and he died on 3rd May 1892;  his will was granted to Kate Yorke, named as the wife of Henry Yorke of 7 Hardwicke Place.  Earlier, on 28th August 1880, Isaac Rothery, dairyman of Churchtown, and John Byrne of Woodside were both fined for assaulting each other. Later in 1885, the dairy yard in possession of Isaac, Joseph and Sarah Rothery, was named as one of the many dairies in the area who were currently afflicted with Foot and Mouth disease.

Henry Yorke, who had been born in Wellington Street, was convicted of receiving two stolen cans of varnish in 1879.  He served 3 months.  The prison records state that he was a coach painter and that his most recent residence had been at 69 Amiens Street,

A son, Henry Edward William Francis Yorke, was born to Henry Yorke and Kate Byrne/Rothery of 20 Temple Street on 18th September 1894 and was baptised in the pro-Cathedral - the sponsors were Patrick Joseph Byrne and Catherine Brune.   This seems to be the Henry Yorke of 22 Kelly's Row, off Dorset Street, who joined the Royal Artillery Corps for the duration of the war on 25th October 1915 in Athlone.   A carman, aged 21, he named his next of kin as his sister Margaret (Yorke) McNamee of Upper Blessington Street. Margaret was actually his half-sister, being the daughter of Catherine Byrne and her first husband Isaac Rothery.  Henry Yorke survived the war and was awarded the Victory Medal in 1921 when his address was 1 Tivoli Avenue, Harold's Cross.  Henry Yorke died aged 65 on 20th March 1960 at 11 St Anthony's Place, which is where his father and step-sisters had been living in 1911.  He was a coachbuilder, and his widow, Annie, survived him.  She was Annie O'Brien, the daughter of Martin O'Brien of Harold's Cross, and she had married Henry Yorke, son of Henry Yorke and Catherine Byrne, in the Church of the Immaculate Lady of Refuge in Rathmines on 29th July 1925.

A second son, John Joseph Yorke was born to Henry Yorke and Catherine Byrne on 25th May 1897;  the sponsor was Hugh Byrne.  Their address at the time of the baptism in the Pro-Cathedral was Home Rule Cottage, Nerney's Court off Temple Street.   This child died of measles and bronchitis at 11 Nerney's Court on 31st October 1899.

A daughter -  Mary Eliza Yorke - was born to Henry Yorke and Kate Byrne of 11 Nerneys Street on 9th April 1899, but she died of bronchitis on 9th March 1900.
Another unnamed son was born in the Rotunda Hospital on 31st August 1895 to Henry and Kate Yorke of 20 Temple Court.

By 1901, Henry and Catherine Yorke were living at 11 Nierney's Court.

Catherine Yorke died on 6th October 1909 at Kearney's Court, off Temple Street;  the beneficiary of her will was her husband, cab-owner Henry Yorke.

By 1911, the widowed Henry - a horse dealer - was living at 11 St.Anthony's Place, Dublin, with a collection of children.  There was his son, Henry F. Yorke, born in 1894 to Henry and Catherine, and two step-daughters - Elizabeth Rothery, born 27th July 1887 in Churchtown, and Catherine Rothery, born 27th March 1890.  A younger girl, Margaret Rothery, who had been born to Isaac Rothery and Catherine Byrne in Churchtown on 4th November 1891, was named as a daughter, rather than a step-daughter.  Margaret Rothery, the daughter of Isaac Rothery and Catherine Byrne, married Thomas McNamee on Christmas Day, 1912, in the Pro-Cathedral on Marlborough Street.  He was the son of Edward McNamee, and gave his address as 9 Henshaws Cottages, while Margaret named her father as Henry Rothery, thus combining both of her fathers as one individual. The witnesses were Catherine Rothery and John McNamee.

The Courtenay family tree, which had been commissioned in 1917, named Henry Yorke, son of William Yorke and Eliza Courtenay,  as an artist working in Rome at the time of the commission in 1917.

b) Thomas Frederick Yorke, born 14th February 1848 to William Yorke and Eliza Courtenay.  Thomas York of 80 Lower Camden Street, son of William Yorke and Elizabeth Courtenay of 55 Dorset Street, married Alice Halpin, the daughter of Thomas Halpin and Alice Doran of 80 Lower Camden Street, on  20th August 1871 in Harrington Street Catholic church.  The witnesses were Catherine Halpin of 80 Clanbrassil Street and Joseph West of 64 Upper Clanbrassil Street.

Alice Halpin's parents, Thomas Halpin and Alice Doran had married in Rathmines Catholic Church on 13th May 1841 - this was witnessed by James Murphy and George Hawthorn.  There were two daughters listed on Irish Genealogy - Mary Alice Halpin, baptised in St. Nicholas on 20th August 1871, sponsored by John Farrell and Anne Halpin,  and Catherine Margaret Halpin, baptised in St. Nicholas in 1845 and sponsored by Joseph Halpin and Bridget Brien.

Catherine (Margaret) Halpin, daughter of Thomas Halpin and Alice Doran and sister of Alice Yorke, married John Francis Geraghty, son of Michael Geraghty and Mary Joyce, in Rathmines on 29th April 1878.  He was living at 47 Victoria Street, South Circular Road, at the time.  The witnesses were Joseph Halpin and Arabella Malone.
Catherine Halpin and John Francis Geraghty had a daughter, Mary Alicia Geraghty, at Victoria Street, on 10th May 1879.  The child was sponsored by Arabella Malone and Joanne Smyth.  John   F. Geraghty and his wife, Kate (Halpin) Geraghty, were living at 5.2 St. Ignatius Road in 1901 - he had been born in Tuam, Co. Galway, in about 1848, and worked as an architect/surveyor.  In January 1911 he was admitted to the Dublin workhouse, a married clerk of 20 Summerhill, and he died there on 1st March 1911.

The coachpainter Thomas Yorke, son of William Yorke and Eliza Courtenay, died aged 36 of TB on 13th December 1913 at 1 Murray's Cottages, Sarsfield Road, Kilmainham and was survived by his widow, Alice.
The widowed Alice Yorke, daughter of Thomas Halpin, married William McKeon, son of Charles McKeon and Mary McKeon of 34 Lower Kevin Street, on 20th September 1903 in the Pro-Cathedral.  The witnesses were Thomas Dunne and her cousin, Mary Garaghty.  A coachpainter, William McKeon died aged only 37 on 13th August 1911.  His widow, Alice McKeon, née Halpin, died on 20th April 1913, at 50 Watling Street.

c) William Rowland Yorke, born 17th June 1850 to William Yorke and Eliza Courtenay.   He had been named for his paternal grandfather, Rowland Yorke, but didn't survive, dying on 4th November 1850 according to the Courtenay commissioned family tree.

d) Adelaide Julia Yorke, born 16th August 1851 to William Yorke and Eliza Courtenay but she didn't survive.

e) Elizabeth Sarah was born 17th April 1853 and died 16th April 1926. She was working, aged 16,  in one of her father's small chandlers shops in 1869.   She married Robert Warren, and a daughter, Elizabeth Emily Warren, was born to the couple in Dublin on September 8th 1879 at 69 Amiens Street -  Elizabeth Yorke, the baby's maternal grandmother, was present at the birth.

Elizabeth Sarah Yorke (not now using the Warren name) died aged 76 of bronchitis on 6th April 1929 at 3 Avondale Avenue. Dorothy Courtenay was present.

Elizabeth Warren, daughter of Elizabeth Sarah Yorke and of Robert Warren, of 2 Avondale Road, North Circular Road, died aged 69 in James's Street Hospital on May 19th 1948.

f) Emily Yorke, born 3rd January 1856 to William Yorke and Eliza Courtenay.  In 1869 she was working, aged 14, in one of her father's shops.

She married twice, her first husband being Alexander O'Farrell Doran.  I've only sourced one O'Ferrell Doran family, and they lived at 16 Eccles Street;  the 1862 street directory records the Thomas O'Ferrell Doran here, but also gives an address of Ninch, Co. Meath, immediately north of Dublin. 
In 1832 Thomas O'Ferrell married Sarah Doran, and the two seem to have double-barrelled their family names following the marriage.  I'm presuming that Alexander was their son although I've found no corroborating evidence for this.  A daughter was Mary O'Ferrell Doran who married Jeremiah O'Brien on 8th December 1870. She was the executrix of her father's will when he died in 1886.

Alexander O'Ferrell Doran and Emily Courtenay of 37 Great Charles Street had a daughter, Florence Emily Alexandra Doran who was born on 16th March 1875, and who was baptised by her parents in St. George's on 12th May 1875.  The baby's father, Alexander O'Farrell Doran, according to the Courtenay 1917 family tree, died almost immediately after the birth of his daughter in 1875. 

Florence  would later marry Erwin Arthur Stassen (1883 - 1954) the son of a late German maths professor Philip Stassen - the wedding took place in Dover in 1908, but Florence would die of cancer aged 62 on 7th June 1937 in St. Michael's, Drumcondra.  They had had a son, Bodo Phillip Stassen, in 1908 in Hampshire - he was boarding, aged only 3 years, in 1911 with the family of William and Fanny Windsor in Bournemouth, and was noted on the census return as being German.

Erwin Arthur Stassen had arrived in Ireland on 17th April 1929 and had been naturalised in the 1940s.

Following the death of Alexander O'Ferrell Doran, Emily Yorke married her first cousin, William Courtney/Courtenay, son of Thomas Courtenay and Mary Browne of The Royal Hospital, Kilmainham.

William Courtenay and Emily Yorke had four children in Dublin -

On 25th June 1891, twin sons, John and Victor Courtenay, were born at 2 Avondale Road, John at 12.10am and Victor at 12.50am.  Neither survived - John died after three minutes, and his brother, Victor, died five hours later.

Robert William Henry Courtenay was born on 27th May 1892 at 2 Avondale Road.  (William's sister, Adelaide Courtenay, was living at 3 Avondale Road in 1900.)   On 26th May 1918 in Donnybrook Catholic Church, boilermaker Robert Courtenay of 3 Avondale Road, North Circular Road, Dublin, married Margaret Erving of 5 Warwick Terrace, Appian Way, Ranelagh, the daughter of a farmer John Erving. Robert's father, William Courtenay, was noted as a timekeeper.   The witnesses were George Yorke and Annie Agatha Gerity.  Robert Courtenay of 3 Avondale Road died of an ulcer in Drumcondra Hospital on 28th January 1931.

On 23rd April 1894, at 45 Avondale Road, William Courtenay and Emily Yorke had Dorothy Mary Elizabeth Courtenay - she later married her widowed brother-in-law, Erwin Arthur Stassen, who had previously been married to Dorothy's late half-sister, Florence O'Ferrell Doran. 
Dorothy Courtenay and the widowed Erwin Arthur Stassen married in All Saints Church on 16th September 1938, and this was witnessed by Nora Elizabeth Bell and John Bell.  John Bell was the bride's uncle, having married William Courtenay's sister, Sarah, while Nora was the adopted daughter of John Bell and Sarah Courtenay. 

Dorothy Stassen, aged 55, died at 2 Avondale Road on 16th August 1949, while her husband Erwin died aged 71 at 2 Avondale Road on 1st July 1954. His son, Bodo Stassen, was there.

On 24th November 1897,  at 24 Hardwicke Street, William Courtenay and Emily York had Sylvia Eugenie Adelaide Courtenay.

William Courtenay and Emily Yorke fell on hard times at the turn of the century, and the Dublin Workhouse Admission registers show the Courtenays sadly spending time in the institution. The family was resident in the workhouse on and off throughout 1901, having previously lived in a variety of Dublin addresses, 21 Meath Street, 4 Maunsell Place, 25 Mountjoy Street and 24 Hardwicke Street. Emily's brother, George Yorke, a married house painter, also entered the workhouse in this era, having also lived at Mountjoy Street and 4 Maunsell Road, but he left on 21st March 1903.

Earlier, on 17th March 1900, William Courtenay joined the Royal Reserve Regiment for one year.  A married clerk, his address at the time was Beggar's Bush, and he was aged 40 years and 7 months. His records state that he had previously served with the 1st East Lancashire Regiment but no date was given for this. When his year's service was complete, on 16th March 1901, he stated that his wife, Emily, was living at 25 Hardwicke Street.

William Courtenay and his wife, Emily Yorke, were living at 12 Broadstone Avenue, Dublin, in 1911;  William was an asylum attendant.  Also in the house was his younger brother, the widowed Thomas Courtenay, a musician. Thomas was present with his 18 year old son, Thomas, who had been born in India. 

Emily Courtenay, née Yorke, died at 2 Avondale Road, North Circular Rd., Dublin, on 10th November 1933.  The death registration names her as the wife of a soldier.   William Courtenay, a widowed clerk of 2 Avondale Road, died aged 76 on 26th March 1936;  his son-in-law, Arthur Stassen, was the informant when he died.

g) William Yorke was born to William Yorke and Emily Courtenay on 17th April 1858.

h) George Albert Charles Yorke, born 16th April 1861. His father, William Yorke was now noted as a carriage painter, rather than a policeman.
George Yorke, coachpainter of 3 Avondale Road, South Circular Road,  married Elizabeth Hoey of 44 James Street on 19th January 1891 in the Registry Office;  she was the daughter of the late Thomas Hoey, deceased.  George Yorke's father, William Yorke, had also died by the time of the wedding in 1891. The witnesses were William Courtenay and E. Courtenay.

A son, Henry Yorke, was born to George Yorke and Elizabeth Hoey of 22 Lower Dorset Street on 9th December 1891.  He only survived six hours.

George Yorke and Elizabeth Hoey had a son, Thomas Frederick Yorke, on 8th September 1896.  In 1901, Elizabeth and her 4-yr-old son, Thomas Frederick, were still living there, but George Yorke was absent. The Dublin Workhouse Admission Registers show George as a resident in the workhouse at this time - he was noted as a married house painter who had lived at  Mountjoy Street and 4 Maunsell Road. He left the workhouse on 21st March 1903.  His sister, Emily Courtenay, and her husband and family, also spent time in the workhouse, and their admission records showed that they had lived from time to time with George Yorke at 24 Hardwicke Street.

By 1911 George Yorke, an unemployed painter, had returned - he and Elizabeth were living at 25 Wellington Street, one or two doors down from the Yorke/Courtenay home at 27 Wellington Street.

Eliza Yorke of 25 Upper Wellington Street died of bronchitis on 25th November 1913 at 4 North Brunswick Street;  a Philip Driscoll, inmate of 4 North Brunswick Street, was present.  Eliza's husband, George Yorke, a widowed painter of 58 Wellington Street, died of endocarditis on 22nd November 1920.  His nephew, Robert Courtenay, the son of William Courtenay and Emily Yorke, of 18 Berkeley Place, was present when he died.

i) Jane Yorke, born at 27 Wellington Street on 17th October 1864 - her father, William, was working now as a house painter.  Jane's maternal grandmother, Mary Courtenay, was living with the Yorke family and assisted at her birth.   Jane Yorke only survived a year, and her death was registered in North Dublin in 1865.
Jane Yorke's birth was officially registered on the same day as her first cousin's - William Percival Moore was born at 53 Wellington Street on 26th September 1864 to carpenter Herbert Gilman Moore and Mary Courtenay.

2) Thomas Courtney who was born, according to the LDS site, on 26th March 1824.  This was most likely the man admitted to the Freemen of Dublin by birth, being the grandson of Thomas Courtney, shearman.  His full name was Thomas Frederick Courtney.

3) Emily Courtenay, who married John Pennefather, baptised 27th February 1828, 2at 45 Moore Street.   Emily Courtenay and John Pennefather were our maternal great-great-great-great grandparents. Phew.)

4) William Courtenay, baptised 20th March 1829, born at 157 Gt.Britain St.  I can find nothing about this son.

5)  Mary Courtenay, baptised 12th May 1830, lived at 47 Moore Street. She married Herbert Gilman Moore, son of Emanuel Moore of Rosscarbery, Cork, in St. Mary's Black Church, on 12th October 1851, the same day that her sister, Adelaide Anne, married George Hall.
 Mary also gave evidence to the 1869 Commission.

6) Adelaide Anne Courtenay, baptised 10th August 1831, born at 47 Moore Street.  Adelaide Anne Courtenay married a commercial clerk, George Hall the son of Andrew Hall on 12th October 1851. John Pennefather and Henry Reynolds witnessed the marriage in the Black Church.  Adelaide Anne's sister, Mary Courtenay, married Herbert Gilman Moore in the same church on the same day.

George Hall, a clerk of 6 Middle Mountjoy Street, was admitted to the Freemen of Dublin on 23rd December 1859 by virtue of his marriage to the daughter of Frederick Courtenay.

The Hall family:  George Hall had been born to Andrew Hall in Bray, Co.Wicklow.  The only record I can uncover for an Andrew Hall is the Wicklow-born Andrew Hall who enlisted in the Royal Irish Constabulary aged 19 in 1824.   Andrew Hall of the R.I.C. was later stationed in Moynalty, Co. Meath with his wife, Mary, living in Westland Cottage, where the couple had a son, Andrew Hall Jr., on 8th July 1842.  Mary, widow of the late Andrew Hall of Moynalty, Co. Meath, died aged 65 at 52 Bolton Street, Dublin, on 10th February 1870 - this from both the 'Freeman's Journal' and the 'Dundalk Democrat and People's Journal' of 12th February 1870.

Adelaide Anne Courtenay and George Hall, following their marriage in 1851, had children:

a)Emily Hall born 26th June 1852 at 31 Wellington Street.
b) Evelina Anne Hall (possibly known as Mary later) born 5th January 1857 at 6 Middle Mountjoy Street, the family's permanent address from this point.
c)Georgina Hall born 29th February1860. d)Adelaide Anne Hall, born 9th September 1862.
 Matilda Hall born 7th July 1865.
e)Frederick William Hall born 24th September 1867 - a coal merchant, he was living at 50 Mountjoy Street when he died on 18th January 1897.
f)Albert Andrew Hall born 11th January 1872.

By the time of Frederick William Hall's birth, his father, George Hall, who had earlier been a commercial clerk, was listed as a railway clerk.

In 1866, George Hall of 6 Middle Mountjoy Street, and also Hubert/Herbert Moore of 53 Wellington Street, George Hall's brother-in-law, were among the signatories of a petition which urged Valentine B. Dillon of Upper Ormond Quay to put himself forward as a town councillor.

The 1869 commission into electoral malpractice in the inner city of Dublin named George Hall as a senior clerk in the audit office of the Midland Railway.  He was a freeman of Dublin and a voluntary canvasser, a member of the Inns Quay Committee, a member of the Orange Society (Lodge 547), master of Lodge 547 in 1859, and a member of the Freemasons.
In March 1898, Mr. George Hall of 50 Mountjoy Street was nominated as a Loyalist candidate in the City Elections.  He stood for the Finglas Ward, having been nominated by John Byrne of 13 Conyngham Road, and in April 1898, both George Hall and Edward Carolan withdrew from the race.

By the time of the 1901 census, George Hall was a coal merchant. Daughter Matilda Hall, of 6 Middle Mountjoy St., married William Egan Ussher of 21 Glengarriffe Parade, South Circular Road (father: Joseph Ussher) on 9th April 1890.   The witnesses to the wedding were Emilie Lunny and Robert Mottershed - Robert Mottershed was married to Isabella Alexandra Jones, the daughter of  Isabella Anne (Pennefather) Jones, who was the niece of Adelaide Anne Courtney.

In 1901, the widowed Matilda Hall Usher (spelt with either one 's' or two) was living at 50 Mountjoy St., with her widowed father, George Hall, coal merchant, and with two of her unmarried sisters, Georgina aged 38 and Emily aged 44.  An aunt, Anne J. Brown, aged 83, was visiting. (Born Anne J. Hall?).   Anne Jane Browne of 50 Mountjoy Street, widow, died on 3rd November 1904 with probate to Albert A. Hall, secretary of the Irish Times.  She had been born circa 1813 in Dublin.

George Hall's son,  Albert Andrew Hall, was living at 9 Sydney Avenue, Blackrock in 1901: he was an accountant, unmarried and living with two of his single sisters, the telegraphist, Adelaide, and Mary Hall.

Frederick William Hall, the coal merchant son of George and Adelaide Anne Hall, died at 50 Middle Mountjoy Street on 18th January 1897, and probate was granted to his father, George Hall of 50 Middle Mountjoy St.
By 1911, Matilda Usher was living at 16 Cabra Road, Glasnevin with Emily, Mary and Adelaide.

Her brother, Albert Andrew Hall, married Eveline Beatrice Forster in 1901, and had become the secretary of a limited company - the couple were living at 29 Corrig Avenue, Dunlaoghaire, then called Kingstown, in 1911.  Eveline Beatrice Forster had been born on 15th July 1871 in Donnybrook, Dublin, to Ralph Moore Forster (1817  - 12th April 1877)  and Emma Matilda Supple.  Eveline's parents had married in St. Mary's on 9th September 1861 - their fathers were Thomas Forster and Frederick Austin Supple.

Albert Andrew Hall was a member of Masonic Lodge 125, Fidelity Lodge, which he joined on 25th March 1898.

Albert Andrew Hall, the son of George Hall and Adelaide Anne Courtenay, died on 28th July 1935;  he had been living in Dunlaoghaire/Kingstown at 6 Clarinda Park East, but died in Hastings at the Alexandra Hotel.  Probate of his will was granted to James Gilbert Millard, stockbroker, and to Albert Erneset Prentice, solicitor.

7) The marriage of a Sabina Jane Courtney took place in St.Anne's Church, Belfast on 16th October 1866.  She had been born in about 1842 to Frederick Courtenay, veterinary surgeon.  Her groom was an oil manufacturer, Joseph Robinson, born circa 1845 to John Robinson, a hatter. Both bride and groom were resident in Belfast at the time of the wedding, and their witnesses were Henry and Sarah Elizabeth McWilliams.   Sabina Jane and Joseph Robinson moved later to Liverpool, where Joseph worked on the docks.
I found them on the 1881 census at 70 Bostock Street, Liverpool, where Joseph Robinson was working as a dock labourer.  He states he had been born circa 1841 in Carlow;  Sabina had been born circa 1844 in Dublin.  After 1881 they were hard to find - there was a similar couple living at 18 Potter Street in 1911, both old-age pensioners. The head of the household, Joe Robinson, states that he's been born in Carlisle, Cumberland (?) while his wife, B. Robinson, ie, Bina, had been born in Dublin. This may not be them, but they reappear on the 1901 census in Everton, Liverpool - Joseph Robinson confirms he had been born in Carlisle and Sabina had been born in Dublin.

Friday, 19 October 2012

The Moore Family of Rosscarbery

The maternal side of our family, the Courtenay and Pennefather families, intermarried in Dublin with the Moore family of Rosscarbery, Cork and, latterly, Dublin.

Mary Courtenay,  was the sister of our maternal great-great-great grandmother, Emily Courtenay, both being the daughters of Frederick Courtenay and Mary Tuty.  In 1851, Mary Courtenay married Herbert Gilman Moore (1818 - 1872) in St.Mary’s Church, Dublin.

 In 1880, Anna Maria Pennefather, the daughter of John Pennefather and Emily Pennefather (who were our 3 x great-grandparents), married Emanuel Walter Moore who was the son of the prison officer, Herbert Gilman Moore.

The Moore Family of Rosscarbery:

Sir Emanuel Moore, 1st Baronet (d. c. 1692)
Sir William Moore, 2nd Baronet (1663-1693)
Sir Emanuel Moore, 3rd Baronet (1685-c. 1733)
Sir Charles Moore, 4th Baronet (d. 1754)
Sir Robert Moore, 5th Baronet (d. c. 1758)
Sir William Moore, 6th Baronet (d. c. 1783)
Sir Emanuel Moore, 7th Baronet (1722-1793)
Sir Richard Moore, 8th Baronet (1744-c. 1815)
Sir Emanuel Moore, 9th Baronet (1786-1849)
Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet (1810-1882)
Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet (1845-1926)

The Moore family had been associated with Rosscarbery near Bandon, Co. Cork. The baronetcy was created for Emanuel Moore, 1st Baronet, in 1681.  This Emanuel Moore was a supporter of the Monmouth rebellion which was directed against the English Catholic king, James II, but, following Monmouth’s defeat, Sir Emanuel seems to have survived any backlash.

The Moore family of Rosscarbery make fleeting appearances in the history books from time to time -
From ‘Brief Sketches of the Parishes of Booterstown and Donnybrook.’:
‘1754. In an unpublished letter from John Hayman, Esq., of Clonmcl, to Thomas Lindsay, Esq., " at Bath," dated 2nd November, 1754, there is this paragraph :—.' I am greatly concern'd to give an account that Sir Charles Moore is now no more. It's now upwards of a month, and that of a Saturday night, he sat up all night writing, went to bed about five in the morn, but cou'd get no rest; upon which he soon got up, and order'd his man to get his horse ready, ride out towards the Black Rock, near Dublin, gave his horse to the man, bid him walk about, and would be back soon. The servant thought he was going to dip as usual in the salt water; but not returning in some hours, or hearing of him, went to see for him, but cou'd get no account of him; upon which he went back to town, and told his sister that lived with him; upon which she call'd all his servants, and sent them to see for him; and in the latter end of the day they happened to see him lying on his face between two rocks; they turn'd him on his back, and fonnd his mouth all dirty and bloody, occasion'd by a shot of a pocket-pistol, which was loaded with shot, that he had discharged in his mouth. He had another in his pocket loaded with ball. There was a jury from town sat on his body, and was two days before they agreed to bring in their verdict, that he was lunatick. As yet I don't hear what reason he had for this rash and terrible action. He was look'd upon to be a man of good reason, a man of honour, and lived on the earth like a little god, not in debt, but full of cash, He made a will, and left all to his two sisters. His the power of the Government was since given to one Mr. Maxwell." Sir Charles Moore, Bart, (only son of Sir Emanuel Moore, Bart., M.P. for Downpatrick), held the office of Keeper of the Records in Birmingham Tower, with Mr. John Lodge as his Deputy; and was succeeded by Robert Maxwell, Esq., Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. The title and estates reverted to his uncle, Colonel Robert Moore.’

During the agrarian disturbances of the late eighteenth century, the family was under siege in west Cork from the Whiteboys:
   ‘Ireland, Cork, April 21st. We hear from Timoleague that the Honorable and Rev. Robert Bligh and Emanuel Moore, Esq., two of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace, together with the Protestant inhabitants of that and the adjacent parishes, to the number of sixty, assembled on Easter Sunday last at Timoleague (where a proper person is to attend to exercise them) in order to prevent any riotous and unlawful assemblies in that quarter, and, as the meetings at mass are very numerous there, they have forbid such assemblies for the future.’
        The London Chronicle, Vol.11. 1762.

In 1788 Sir Emanuel Moore, baronet, was one of the trustees charged with purchasing ‘a convenient and proper piece of ground’ on which to build a new jail for County Cork.
In 1825 Sir Emanuel Moore leased one acre of his land to the Church of Ireland on which to construct an endowed school, Rathclaren School, at a rent of one penny per annum thereafter.   The plot of land adjoined the Moore demesne in the barony of East Carbery near Bandon.

Sir Emanuel Moore, the 9th Baronet, was born in 1786 in Cork and died in Cecilstown, Isle of Man, on 23rd May 1849.  He was the son of Sir Richard Moore and Jane Travers, both of Cork, and who had married on 6th July 1770.  Jane Travers was the daughter of Alderman Boyle Travers.

On 28th September 1809, Sir Emanuel Moore married Ellen Gillman (1790 - circa 1844).
Sir Emanuel Moore married, secondly, Eliza, the widow of the late Richard Davies Ashe of Ashegrove, Dublin, on 11th July 1844 at Upper Shandon Church, Cork - however, Lady Eliza Moore died, aged 58, on 10th September 1847, at College Green near Castletown, Isle of Wight.

Another close relation was a James Adolphus Moore (1790-1861), noted as the grandson of the earlier Sir Emanuel Moore, died at his residence, 2 Tenterden Street, Hanover Square, London, aged 71 in December 1861.  He had a daughter, Sarah Moore, who married Guiseppe Count Cavarra in St. Pancras.
A Hastings Moore of Maryborough, Cork, had a daughter, Ann Moore, who died on 17th April 1836, and another, Margaret Moore, who died in Brighton, on 8th February 1863.  There were two Hastings Moores in this Moore family, an older and a younger, the younger one being the son of Sir Emanuel Moore and Ellen Gillman who follow....

Sir Emanuel Moore and a Bandon brewer, John Hurley, were arrested for participating in anti-tithe meetings. ('London Evening Standard', 17th September 1832.)   Due to financial difficulties, Sir Emanuel Moore sold off the Moore lands in Rosscarbery in the 1840's - at this time he was noted as having addresses in South Mall, Cork, and in Lower Sackville Street, Dublin;

The children of Sir Emanuel Moore and Ellen Gillman were:

1)  Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet (18th August 1810, Maryborough, Cork - 23rd June 1882).  He married Mary Anne O'Connor, born to Arthur O'Conner in 1815, in Kilgobbin House, Cork.  Maryanne died of famine fever in Bandon on 30th April 1847.  Her 5-month -old son, O'Connor Moore, died of smallpox on the same day.  Sir Richard married secondly, Margaret Matilda O'Connor.

2)  Alleyne Moore, 1811 - 25th October 1842 in Clonmel, Tipperary.  The 1842 newspaper obituary noted that he was the second son of Sir Emanuel Moore of Travara House, Cork, and that he had served with the constabulary.  He died of consumption.

3) Charles Moore, born circa 1812 in Cork, emigrated to the USA at some stage. Charles Moore's son was named as the heir presumptive to his nephew, Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, the 11th Baronet, who was the son of the 10th Baronet.  'The Advocate' of 22nd July 1965 published a piece in which the editor of Debretts, Patrick W. Montague-Smith confirmed that Charles Moore, son of Sir Emanuel Moore, had emigrated to America between 1840 and 1850, that he had married there, and that a child of his would be the successor to the baronetcy, which had become extinct in 1926 upon the death of Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore.   Charles T. Moore, a carpenter, died in Manhattan on 6th June 1861, aged 45 - his death, as son of Sir Emenual (sic.) Moore was announced in The New York Herald of 8th June 1861.

4)  Jane Moore, born 1813.

5)  Maskylene Alcock Moore, born 1815. He made a will in Cork City in 1856.

6) Herbert Gillman Moore, born 1818 in Cork, died 20th August 1872 in Dublin.  He married, in Dublin in 1851, Mary Courtenay, the sister of our great-great-great grandmother, Emily Courtenay.  Herbert and Mary's son, Walter Emanuel Moore, married his first cousin, Anna-Maria Pennefather, who was the sister of our great-great grandmother, Isabella Anna Pennefather.

7) Hastings Percival Moore, born 1820.

8)  Catherine Moore, born 1822.  Catherine Moore married hardware merchant, John Hay of Prince's Street, Derry, son of the timber merchant, John Hay Senior, in the Congregational Church, Coleraine, (ie: Baptist) on 29th November 1866. John Hay was a widower, and the wedding was witnessed by a Frances Jane Barton or Barter, and by John Peterson Hay.
John Peterson Hay had been born in Cork in 1852 to John Hay and to his first wife, Mary Peterson, who had married in St. Anne's, Shandon, Cork City, on 20th August 1850. Mary's father was the late Captain Nicholas Peterson. The papers of the day note that John Hay, hardware merchant, was a native of Elgin, Moray, Scotland.
On 30th August 1834, also in St. Ann's, Mary Peterson's sister, Susanna, the 3rd daughter of the late Captain Nicholas Peterson of Cork, married the Quaker, John Sheppard Bateman of Youghal, son of Joseph Bateman - Susanna would die young and John Sheppard Bateman would marry again, this time to Eliza Pye.  John's sister, Jane, daughter of Joseph Bateman of Youghal, married in April 1841, William Shappard of Limerick.  In October 1858, at a meeting of the Society of Friends in Cork, Joseph Bateman, father of John Sheppard Bateman and of Jane Sheppard, became ill and died.
The sisters' father, the late Captain Nicholas Peterson, was one of several generations of the same family called by the same name. who operated in Cork as ships' captains.

Catherine Hay, widow of John Hay, died of bronchitis at Ballyhackamore, near Belfast, aged 56, in February 1879.   Her stepson, John Peterson Hay, worked as a railway clerk in Bangor, County Down, He married Bertha Ridal of Sheffield, Yorkshire, in 1902.  The daughter of Seth and Moriah Ridal of Ecclesall Brierlow, Yorkshire.
John Peterson Hay died in Belfast on 23rd April 1935.

9)  William Moore, born 1824.

The 10th baronet Sir Richard Emanuel Moore:
Richard Emanuel Moore married Mary Ann O'Connor in 1839, the daughter of Andrew Ryan O'Connor of Kilgobbin House, Rochfort or Rochford,  Cork, and sister of the Dublin-based barrister, Thomas Forrest O'Connor.  In 1841, Sir Emanuel Moore was noted as resident in Rochfort, Cork.   Mary Ann O'Connor's brother, Thomas Forrest O'Connor, was resident in 1847 at 2 Mt. Pleasant Square, Dublin.  In 1855, a Rev. William O'Connor of Courcies was living in Kilgobbin House, although it's unclear if this was a relation or not;   a Rev.William O'Connor officiated at the wedding of a member of the Forrest family on 4th February 1858, the bride's brother being Rev. Dr. Forrest of Kingstown, Co. Dublin.
The 'Dublin Evening Packet' of 24th June 1828 noted that Thomas Forrest O'Connor of Tralee had married Mary Anne Adelaide Thornton, second daughter of attorney Ralph D. Thornton of Williamstown.  She would die a widow on 5th April 1870.
Thomas Forrest O'Connor, eldest son of A. Ryan O'Connor of Rockfort, Co. Cork, was called to the bar in January 1838;  he was declared insolvent in June 1841.

The children of Sir Richard Emanuel Moore and Mary Ann O'Connor were:

 a) Richard Henry Percival O'Connor Moore (1839 - 1857).   A son and heir was born at 'Kilgobbinet House' to Richard Emanuel Moore and Mary Anne O'Connor in July 1839. ('The Pilot', 26th July 1839.)  His death on 6th May 1857, following a long and painful illness,  was noted in the 'Cork Examiner' of 11th May 1857.  However, an English descendant of Richard Henry Percival O'Connor Moore has recently contacted me with a different ending!  Apparently Richard Henry, upon attaining the age of 18, refused to enter the army as expected by his family, and was subsequently disinherited. He moved to London where he found work as a butler to a gentleman.  A son was Thomas Moore who had three daughters, one of whom was the grandmother of Peter Todd who recently wrote to me.
  b)  Margaret Helena Moore, 1844 -18th February 1846. Margaret Helena Moore died in Bandon, aged 18 months, of measles.
  c)  Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet (1845 - 1926)
  d)  Stephen O'Connor Moore, emigrated.  Stephen Moore was the heir apparent of his brother, Thomas, but the heir presumptive was named as the son of Charles Moore who was the son of the 9th Baronet, Emanuel Moore.  The heir presumptive was generally the next-in-line to the heir apparent and would take the title if the heir apparent died young.    Other sources have this son as the 5-month-old son who died of smallpox on the same day as his mother, Mary Anne O'Conner, on 30th April 1847.

Richard Emanuel Moore's first wife, Mary Ann O'Connor of Rockfort, died in May 1847 at Bandon - she died of fever at the height of the Great Famine, along with their infant son, O'Connor Moore, (or Stephen O'Conner Moore?) who died the same day of smallpox.

( Later, in August of the same year, Richard Emanuel's aunt, Anne Moore, daughter of Sir Richard Emanuel and Anne Travers, died at her residence in Glanmire Road, Cork.)

Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet, married a second time, to Margaret Matilda O'Connor (1815 - 1898), sister to the MP Feargus O'Connor. (O'Connor, Feargus 1794-1855, Chartist leader, son of Roger O'Connor of Connorville, co. Cork, and nephew of Arthur O'Connor, was born on 18 July 1794.)   Margaret Matilda and Feargus were the children of Roger O'Connor and Wilhelmina Bowen of  Dangan, Co. Cork.

Sir Emanuel Moore was known to have mortgaged his Cork family estates to such an extent that they had to be sold off in the Landed Estates Court of the late 1840s. The 10th Baronet, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, was known to have fallen on hard times, and worked as a prison officer, first at Spike Island, Cork, and then in Dublin.  At one stage the Baronet was noted in Dublin as a street beggar, such were the dire financial straits he found himself in.

The son of Margaret Matilda O'Connor and Richard Emanuel Moore was named Emanuel Adolphus Moore (1854 - 1874).        The Index to Registration records the death of an Emanuel O'Connor Moore - 1854 - 1874 - in Cork.  This could be the same man, and was probably the boy who appeared in the following report from  'The Illustrated Police News' of 2nd February 1867:

'The following romance of the aristocracy appears in one of the Dublin papers: - One of those cases which have afforded Sir Barnard [sic] Burke material for some of his deeply interesting works, in which the vicissitudes of noble houses are set forth, has recently been brought to light by certain proceedings in Capel-street Police-office. On the 19th of October [presumably 1866] a young lad, aged about 16, was brought up before Mr. J.C. O'Donel, charged with having stolen from Mr. Alfred Nelson, photographer, a mahogany glass-case containing a number of photographs. The prisoner, who gave his name as Emanuel Moore, had been employed by Mr. Nelson as a porter, and while in his employment had taken away the articles and sold them. So far there is nothing more in the case that what occurs in the daily record of crime in all our police-offices; but subsequent inquiries led to a revelation at once strange and painful, if young Moore's statements be true. As an explanation of his committing the offence he stated that his father, who is an Irish baronet of one of the oldest creations, had been reduced to a condition of such abject poverty as to be now under the necessity of selling matches in the streets of Dublin to obtain a wretched subsistence, and that he had sold the articles which he had stolen to furnish them with some of the ordinary necessities of life. The criminal - if such he can be called - was, in accordance with the law which he had violated, not the less that the doing so was an act of filial duty, sentenced to two months' imprisonment, which he is now undergoing. The mother of the unfortunate lad was sister to an Irishman who for many years sat in Parliament for an English seat, and who at one time was a great popular leader of the English working classes. We understand that an effort is being made to obtain a commutation of young Moore's sentence, and to provide for his father and himself some employment which will release them from actual pauperism.'

(I had originally wondered if another son of Sir Richard Emanuel Moore could possibly be the Fergus O'Connor Moore, an engine tenter, who, on 13th March 1882, married Miss Jane Oates, but further research reveals that he was the son of Derbyshire-born, George Moore, who was also Derbyshire-born, and was probably not related to this Cork family - perhaps Fergus had been named after the Chartist Fergus O'Connor?)

In 1873, when he proved the will of William Barry of Cork, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, baronet, was living in Dean Street, Cork.
Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet, died aged 72 in June 1882, and was succeeded by his son Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore.

 His obituary, published in the ‘Illustrated London News’ on 8th July 1882, makes interesting reading:

      ‘Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet, of Rosscarbery, Co. Cork, whose death is just announced, was born in 1810, the eldest son of Sir Emanuel Moore, 9th Baronet, and succeeded his father in 1849.  He married, first in 1839, Mary Anne, daughter of Mr.Arthur O’Connor, and, secondly, in 1851, Margaret Matilda, daughter of Mr. Roger O’Connor, by the former of whom he leaves a son and successor, now Sir Thomas O’Connor Moore, 11th Baronet.
    Although the representative of a baronetcy conferred so far back as 1681, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore was a sad instance of the misery of a landless title. At one time he held the situation of a third-class turnkey at Spike Island, and subsequently was reduced to the direct need.  After vainly endeavouring to support himself by selling among the county families a book written by his wife, the poor Baronet opened a coal store in his son’s name, but his want of capital defeated this his last venture.’

‘ Sir Richard Moore's case is most lamentable:  The unfortunate Baronet lost the situation of turnkey and wandered from Spike Island to Dublin, where he raised a few pounds by the sale of a work written by Lady Moore, his wife. At last he became destitute, and a few years ago was to be seen, in abject want, in the streets of Dublin!’
 (Vicissitudes of Families’ by Bernard Burke.)

Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet:

His son, the 11th Baronet, Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, was likewise lacking in money.
From The New York Times of May 17th 1899:  'London, May 16 - Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet, who succeeded his father, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, in 1882, has been ejected from his lodgings owing to his inability to pay a shilling for a week's accommodation.  The heir to the title is his brother Stephen, now living abroad.  Although the heir apparent to the Baronetcy of Moore (creation 1681) of Ross Carbery, Cork, is Mr. Stephen Moore, brother of the present Baronet, the heir presumptive is the eldest son of the late Mr. Charles Moore of a collateral branch, who left Ireland for the United States some years ago.  Mr. Charles Moore was a son of the late Emanuel Moore, the 9th Baronet.'

The 'Washington Times' of 18th December 1903 noted that Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, disappointed in matrimony, had been arrested for pawning a friend's watch in order to buy a wedding suit.  He had met an elderly rich woman through a marriage agency.  The paper went on to note that, if Sir Thomas failed to produce an heir, then the title was to pass to Charles Moore who had emigrated to the US many years previously, and that this Charles had supposedly had a large family of children, although the paper had had no luck in tracing him.

The 'Aberdeen Journal' of 23rd November 1905 noted that Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore earned his living by selling coal to the working class population of York (sic) and that, during his father's time, the annual income of the family estate had been £226,000, but now the family was in a poor financial condition due to unsuccessful business and litigation.

Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore was noted on the 1911 Census at 36 Wellington Road, Cork, along with his wife, Katherine Matilda, who had been born Katherine Matilda Elphinstone.  They had been married three years but had no children.  Both had been born in Cork.  They were Catholic although Katherine had been born Protestant.
Katherine was the daughter of John George Elphinstone, a merchant with the East India Company, who lived at Aberdeen and Passage West, Cork.  In 1839 he married Catherine Vereker Pain, the daughter of the architect George Richard Pain who, along with his brother James Pain, was a pupil of the English architect John Nash.  George Richard Pain and his brother came to Ireland in the late eighteenth century, James settling in Limerick and George Richard in Cork.  George Richard Pain built St. Patricks Church on the Lower Glanmire Road amongst others.
John George Elphinstone, captain of the 'British Queen', died in Port Glasgow in 1838 and his widow gave birth to a daughter early the following year.  This must be Katherine Matilda Howard Elphinstone who married, in 1908, Thomas O'Connor Moore, although she lies outrageously about her age on both the censuses!
Katherine's widowed mother, Kate Elphinstone, married the curate of St.Anne's, Cork, the Rev. Richard Tottenham, and the 1851 census for Co. Antrim captured the family in Killead, Co. Antrim.  They had  a daughter born in Cork - Belinda aged 5 - and two young children born in Antrim - Edward aged 2 and Sarah aged 1.  13 year old Catherine Elphinstone was also present.
Kate Matilda Elphinstone, the daughter of the late Captain John George Elphinstone,  married John Monteeth Howard, the son of Richard Howard, in Limerick City on 22nd January 1859.   They appeared on the 1901 census - John Howard was a Limerick-born civil engineer, while Catherine called herself 'Catalina'.
John must have died sometime after, and the widowed Katherine Matilda Elphinstone Howard married Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore in Cork in 1908.  On the 1911 census, she stated her age to be 45, although in reality she was 73!  Her husband, Thomas O'Connor Moore, was 66.

The 'Yorkshire Evening Post' of 27th January 1926 noted the death of Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, aged 80, thus bringing an end to a title dating from 1681.   There is much confusion and speculation about the Moore descendants.  Online sources, unverified by me, state that Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore had a son,  John Moore, who was a soldier and who was killed in the Zulu wars in South Africa. This John Moore had been engaged to marry Eleanor Whelan when he was posted to South Africa. Eleanor was pregnant - following John’s death, she raised her son in Liverpool and then Manchester.

Friday, 5 October 2012

Edward Leviolette Wilson and Agnes Jane Anderson

Edward Leviolette Wilson was born on 19th August 1872 in Edenderry, Portadown, Co. Armagh, to the grocer, Edward Wilson and Elizabeth Hinds.  His father, Edward, may have been working as a spirit merchant in Edenderry at the time of his birth, since the street directories show up an Edward Wilson, spirit merchant, resident in the town at this time.

The Wilson family made the move to Belfast shortly after Edward Leviolette's birth, but his father, the older Edward Wilson, died there on 7th May 1878, aged only 32.  At the time of his death he was living at 121 Hilland Street (which was in central Belfast close to the Donegall Road) and was still working as a grocer - his brother Joseph Wilson was present at his death.  Joseph himself died not long after.

The family stayed in Belfast following Edward's death, and were living at 40 Eblana Street in the Cromac area of the city in 1901.   It is said that the widowed Elizabeth Wilson ran a poultry farm, and she was known to travel by horse and trap in later life to Drumaghadone townland near Dromore to collect chickens for the kitchen.  Her family, the Hynds, lived in Skillyscolbane, the townland next to Drumaghadone, and her brother and sister were still living there in later life.

The 1901 Census:
Elizabeth Wilson, aged 54, widow, born Dromore, Co. Down, keeping house.
Edward Wilson (ie: Edward Leviolett Wilson),son, aged 28, Methodist, Grocer, born Portadown.
Lillie Wilson, Daughter, aged 24, Draper, born Portadown, Co. Armagh.
Richard Wilson (also known as Richard William Wilson), son, aged 23, born Co. Armagh.
Florrie Curry (ie: Currie), granddaughter, aged 5, Church of Ireland, born Bangor. (This was the daughter of Annie Wilson who was married to John Currie.)

Edward Leviolette Wilson married Agnes Jane Anderson on 21st August 1901 in Westbourne Presbyterian Church, Knockbreda, Belfast.  Both were still at home with their parents, Edward at 40 Eblana Street, and Agnes Jane at 412 Woodstock Road, East Belfast.  Her parents were William John Anderson and Agnes Keating.
The witnesses to the wedding were Edward's widowed mother, Elizabeth Wilson (née Hynds) and Agnes Jane's brother, Samuel Anderson, who was a pawnbroker.

Agnes Jane Anderson had been born on 25th March 1881 in 56 Templemore Avenue. My father recalls that she had lost an eye in childhood during a snowball fight.  Her husband, Edward Leviolette Wilson, had a grocery shop at 110 Castlereagh Street and was well-known for giving credit - later, when the IRA tried to murder him, the local women rallied round and saved him from assassination, purely because of his generosity. He was unable to turn away a sick animal or someone in need, although my father remembers him as being remarkably tight-fisted at home.  He grew vegetables in the back garden of the family home, Croom, on the Ravenhill Road, and kept chickens there too.
I believe Edward retired from business when his grocery shop on Castlereagh St. was bombed during the Belfast Blitz in 1941.  My father, Paul, and his younger brother, Anthony, lived with Edward Leviolette and Agnes Jane, during the war while his father, Bertie Stewart, was stationed in England with the RAF.

Edward L. Wilson's grocery shop, 110 Castlereagh Street

Edward Leviolette Wilson died of a cerebral haemorrhage in the Claremont Hospital, Belfast, on 7th June 1953.  Following his death, his widow, Agnes Jane, moved out to Dundonald.
Agnes Jane, died of a traffic accident in Dundonald on 30th July 1961.

In 1911, Edward Leviolette Wilson and Agnes Jane were living at 357 Woodstock Road, three doors down from Agnes Jane's father, William John Anderson, who was living at No. 360.   (By 1911, the widowed William John Anderson, who had previously worked as a pawnbroker, had become a cycle agent.)

The Wilson Family 1924.  Left to right: Doreen, Vera, Ernest,  Edward Leviolett Wilson,  Edward, Edna, Agnes Jane Anderson, Ronald, Nessie and Kay.  The photo was kindly sent to me by Edward Junior's son, Stuart Wilson.
Their children of Edward and Agnes Jane were:

1) Elizabeth Catherine/Kathleen Wilson (born 6th May 1903 at 389 Woodstock Road - 15th February 1970.)  She was always known as Kay, and would later marry a policeman, Edward/Ted Watts.  At the time of her death in 1970, she was living at 11 Slievecorragh Avenue, Newcastle, Co. Down.

2)  Agnes Keating Wilson, our paternal grandmother, was born on 23rd November 1905 at 389 Woodstock Road.

Agnes Jane with her daughter, our grandmother Nessie Stewart.  Taken in the 1930s.

3)  Edward Leviolette Wilson (born 18th September 1908 at 412 Woodstock Road - 7th May 1984.)  Edward moved to Scotland where he married Mary Ann Lyall on 16th September 1944 in Dundee. Mary Ann was the daughter of James Lyall and Mary Cobb of 50 Ferry Grove, Dundee. She had been born in Dundee on 12th September 1909 and died there on 23rd June 1990.  
Edward worked, first, as a catering manager for Martin's Bakery, then as a travelling salesman for JW Greig & Co.
Edward and Mary Ann Wilson lived, from 1950 to 1970 at 81 Grove St., Edinburgh.  Their children were Edward Lyall Wilson, Stuart Aexander Wilson and Alison Jane Anderson Wilson.

4)  Mary Veronica Wilson (6th September 1910 - 9th September 2002.)   She was born at 412 Woodstock Road and married Jack Brooks, who worked in the bank, then as a fruit juice salesman.  Their children were Ingrid Brooks and Colin Brooks.

5)  Margaret Doreen Wilson, known as Doreen (born 7th January 1913 at 412 Woodstock Road - September 2005.) Doreen was married to the building contractor, Bob McNeill (Robert John Holmes McNeill);  they lived in Weybridge, Surrey, England.  They had Jennifer McNeill and Nicholas McNeill.

6)  Edna Isobel Wilson (born 15th July 1914 at 416 Woodstock Road - 24th April 1998.)  Edna never married.  Following her father's death in 1953, she and her widowed mother, Agnes Jane, moved south to Dundonald, where we visited her in about 1969. I remember chickens in the garden next door and a ceramic hot water bottle in the bed I shared with Auntie Edna. She remained in close contact with her sister, Nessie, (our grandmother) who died of aural encephalitis in Dublin in 1965.   In later life, Edna moved further south to Annalong on the Co. Down coast where her brother, Ernest, lived with his wife Essie, and daughter, Deborah.

Edna (to the right) visiting us at home in Dublin in the early 1960's.  With her is her friend, Betty Mackle, and our cousin, Janice Stewart.

7)  Ernest W. Wilson (1919 - 5th February 1996.)  Ernest married Nettie Beattie who emigrated to Canada along with their two daughters, Carol Wilson and Janice Wilson.  He married again - his second wife was Esther/Essie (1918 - 19th December 1994).  Ernest and Essie had one daughter, Deborah Wilson.  Both Ernest and Essie lived in Annalong, Co. Down.

Ernest Wilson with his sister, our grandmother Nessie Stewart,  and her springer spaniel,  Kerry.  The photo was taken  in the early 1960s in Claddaghduff, Connemara. 
Taken in Sweeney's pub, Claddaghduff:  left to right - Bertie Stewart,  our dad  Paul Stewart, Ernest Wilson and Nessie Stewart. 

8)  Richard Ronald K. Wilson (1921 - May 1971.) Ronald, who worked for the Firestone Tyre Company,  married Mary Robertson who had been born on 2nd May 1927 to Frank Robertson and Jean Lyall.  They had Richard Wilson and Katherine Wilson.