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Friday, 19 October 2012

The Moore Family of Rosscarbery

The maternal side of our family, the Courtenay and Pennefather families, intermarried in Dublin with the Moore family of Rosscarbery, Cork and, latterly, Dublin.

Mary Courtenay,  was the sister of our maternal great-great-great grandmother, Emily Courtenay, both being the daughters of Frederick Courtenay and Mary Tuty.  In 1851, Mary Courtenay married Herbert Gilman Moore (1818 - 1872) in St.Mary’s Church, Dublin.

 In 1880, Anna Maria Pennefather, the daughter of John Pennefather and Emily Pennefather (who were our 3 x great-grandparents), married Emanuel Walter Moore who was the son of the prison officer, Herbert Gilman Moore.

The Moore Family of Rosscarbery:

Sir Emanuel Moore, 1st Baronet (d. c. 1692)
Sir William Moore, 2nd Baronet (1663-1693)
Sir Emanuel Moore, 3rd Baronet (1685-c. 1733)
Sir Charles Moore, 4th Baronet (d. 1754)
Sir Robert Moore, 5th Baronet (d. c. 1758)
Sir William Moore, 6th Baronet (d. c. 1783)
Sir Emanuel Moore, 7th Baronet (1722-1793)
Sir Richard Moore, 8th Baronet (1744-c. 1815)
Sir Emanuel Moore, 9th Baronet (1786-1849)
Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet (1810-1882)
Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet (1845-1926)

The Moore family had been associated with Rosscarbery near Bandon, Co. Cork. The baronetcy was created for Emanuel Moore, 1st Baronet, in 1681.  This Emanuel Moore was a supporter of the Monmouth rebellion which was directed against the English Catholic king, James II, but, following Monmouth’s defeat, Sir Emanuel seems to have survived any backlash.

The Moore family of Rosscarbery make fleeting appearances in the history books from time to time -
From ‘Brief Sketches of the Parishes of Booterstown and Donnybrook.’:
‘1754. In an unpublished letter from John Hayman, Esq., of Clonmcl, to Thomas Lindsay, Esq., " at Bath," dated 2nd November, 1754, there is this paragraph :—.' I am greatly concern'd to give an account that Sir Charles Moore is now no more. It's now upwards of a month, and that of a Saturday night, he sat up all night writing, went to bed about five in the morn, but cou'd get no rest; upon which he soon got up, and order'd his man to get his horse ready, ride out towards the Black Rock, near Dublin, gave his horse to the man, bid him walk about, and would be back soon. The servant thought he was going to dip as usual in the salt water; but not returning in some hours, or hearing of him, went to see for him, but cou'd get no account of him; upon which he went back to town, and told his sister that lived with him; upon which she call'd all his servants, and sent them to see for him; and in the latter end of the day they happened to see him lying on his face between two rocks; they turn'd him on his back, and fonnd his mouth all dirty and bloody, occasion'd by a shot of a pocket-pistol, which was loaded with shot, that he had discharged in his mouth. He had another in his pocket loaded with ball. There was a jury from town sat on his body, and was two days before they agreed to bring in their verdict, that he was lunatick. As yet I don't hear what reason he had for this rash and terrible action. He was look'd upon to be a man of good reason, a man of honour, and lived on the earth like a little god, not in debt, but full of cash, He made a will, and left all to his two sisters. His the power of the Government was since given to one Mr. Maxwell." Sir Charles Moore, Bart, (only son of Sir Emanuel Moore, Bart., M.P. for Downpatrick), held the office of Keeper of the Records in Birmingham Tower, with Mr. John Lodge as his Deputy; and was succeeded by Robert Maxwell, Esq., Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant. The title and estates reverted to his uncle, Colonel Robert Moore.’

During the agrarian disturbances of the late eighteenth century, the family was under siege in west Cork from the Whiteboys:
   ‘Ireland, Cork, April 21st. We hear from Timoleague that the Honorable and Rev. Robert Bligh and Emanuel Moore, Esq., two of His Majesty’s Justices of the Peace, together with the Protestant inhabitants of that and the adjacent parishes, to the number of sixty, assembled on Easter Sunday last at Timoleague (where a proper person is to attend to exercise them) in order to prevent any riotous and unlawful assemblies in that quarter, and, as the meetings at mass are very numerous there, they have forbid such assemblies for the future.’
        The London Chronicle, Vol.11. 1762.

In 1788 Sir Emanuel Moore, baronet, was one of the trustees charged with purchasing ‘a convenient and proper piece of ground’ on which to build a new jail for County Cork.
In 1825 Sir Emanuel Moore leased one acre of his land to the Church of Ireland on which to construct an endowed school, Rathclaren School, at a rent of one penny per annum thereafter.   The plot of land adjoined the Moore demesne in the barony of East Carbery near Bandon.

Sir Emanuel Moore, the 9th Baronet, was born in 1786 in Cork and died in Cecilstown, Isle of Man, on 23rd May 1849.  He was the son of Sir Richard Moore and Jane Travers, both of Cork, and who had married on 6th July 1770.  Jane Travers was the daughter of Alderman Boyle Travers.

On 28th September 1809, Sir Emanuel Moore married Ellen Gillman (1790 - circa 1844).
Sir Emanuel Moore married, secondly, Eliza, the widow of the late Richard Davies Ashe of Ashegrove, Dublin, on 11th July 1844 at Upper Shandon Church, Cork - however, Lady Eliza Moore died, aged 58, on 10th September 1847, at College Green near Castletown, Isle of Wight.

Another close relation was a James Adolphus Moore (1790-1861), noted as the grandson of the earlier Sir Emanuel Moore, died at his residence, 2 Tenterden Street, Hanover Square, London, aged 71 in December 1861.  He had a daughter, Sarah Moore, who married Guiseppe Count Cavarra in St. Pancras.
A Hastings Moore of Maryborough, Cork, had a daughter, Ann Moore, who died on 17th April 1836, and another, Margaret Moore, who died in Brighton, on 8th February 1863.  There were two Hastings Moores in this Moore family, an older and a younger, the younger one being the son of Sir Emanuel Moore and Ellen Gillman who follow....

Sir Emanuel Moore and a Bandon brewer, John Hurley, were arrested for participating in anti-tithe meetings. ('London Evening Standard', 17th September 1832.)   Due to financial difficulties, Sir Emanuel Moore sold off the Moore lands in Rosscarbery in the 1840's - at this time he was noted as having addresses in South Mall, Cork, and in Lower Sackville Street, Dublin;

The children of Sir Emanuel Moore and Ellen Gillman were:

1)  Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet (18th August 1810, Maryborough, Cork - 23rd June 1882).  He married Mary Anne O'Connor, born to Arthur O'Conner in 1815, in Kilgobbin House, Cork.  Maryanne died of famine fever in Bandon on 30th April 1847.  Her 5-month -old son, O'Connor Moore, died of smallpox on the same day.  Sir Richard married secondly, Margaret Matilda O'Connor.

2)  Alleyne Moore, 1811 - 25th October 1842 in Clonmel, Tipperary.  The 1842 newspaper obituary noted that he was the second son of Sir Emanuel Moore of Travara House, Cork, and that he had served with the constabulary.  He died of consumption.

3) Charles Moore, born circa 1812 in Cork, emigrated to the USA at some stage. Charles Moore's son was named as the heir presumptive to his nephew, Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, the 11th Baronet, who was the son of the 10th Baronet.  'The Advocate' of 22nd July 1965 published a piece in which the editor of Debretts, Patrick W. Montague-Smith confirmed that Charles Moore, son of Sir Emanuel Moore, had emigrated to America between 1840 and 1850, that he had married there, and that a child of his would be the successor to the baronetcy, which had become extinct in 1926 upon the death of Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore.   Charles T. Moore, a carpenter, died in Manhattan on 6th June 1861, aged 45 - his death, as son of Sir Emenual (sic.) Moore was announced in The New York Herald of 8th June 1861.

4)  Jane Moore, born 1813.

5)  Maskylene Alcock Moore, born 1815. He made a will in Cork City in 1856.

6) Herbert Gillman Moore, born 1818 in Cork, died 20th August 1872 in Dublin.  He married, in Dublin in 1851, Mary Courtenay, the sister of our great-great-great grandmother, Emily Courtenay.  Herbert and Mary's son, Walter Emanuel Moore, married his first cousin, Anna-Maria Pennefather, who was the sister of our great-great grandmother, Isabella Anna Pennefather.

7) Hastings Percival Moore, born 1820.

8)  Catherine Moore, born 1822.  Catherine Moore married hardware merchant, John Hay of Prince's Street, Derry, son of the timber merchant, John Hay Senior, in the Congregational Church, Coleraine, (ie: Baptist) on 29th November 1866. John Hay was a widower, and the wedding was witnessed by a Frances Jane Barton or Barter, and by John Peterson Hay.
John Peterson Hay had been born in Cork in 1852 to John Hay and to his first wife, Mary Peterson, who had married in St. Anne's, Shandon, Cork City, on 20th August 1850. Mary's father was the late Captain Nicholas Peterson. The papers of the day note that John Hay, hardware merchant, was a native of Elgin, Moray, Scotland.
On 30th August 1834, also in St. Ann's, Mary Peterson's sister, Susanna, the 3rd daughter of the late Captain Nicholas Peterson of Cork, married the Quaker, John Sheppard Bateman of Youghal, son of Joseph Bateman - Susanna would die young and John Sheppard Bateman would marry again, this time to Eliza Pye.  John's sister, Jane, daughter of Joseph Bateman of Youghal, married in April 1841, William Shappard of Limerick.  In October 1858, at a meeting of the Society of Friends in Cork, Joseph Bateman, father of John Sheppard Bateman and of Jane Sheppard, became ill and died.
The sisters' father, the late Captain Nicholas Peterson, was one of several generations of the same family called by the same name. who operated in Cork as ships' captains.

Catherine Hay, widow of John Hay, died of bronchitis at Ballyhackamore, near Belfast, aged 56, in February 1879.   Her stepson, John Peterson Hay, worked as a railway clerk in Bangor, County Down, He married Bertha Ridal of Sheffield, Yorkshire, in 1902.  The daughter of Seth and Moriah Ridal of Ecclesall Brierlow, Yorkshire.
John Peterson Hay died in Belfast on 23rd April 1935.

9)  William Moore, born 1824.

The 10th baronet Sir Richard Emanuel Moore:
Richard Emanuel Moore married Mary Ann O'Connor in 1839, the daughter of Andrew Ryan O'Connor of Kilgobbin House, Rochfort or Rochford,  Cork, and sister of the Dublin-based barrister, Thomas Forrest O'Connor.  In 1841, Sir Emanuel Moore was noted as resident in Rochfort, Cork.   Mary Ann O'Connor's brother, Thomas Forrest O'Connor, was resident in 1847 at 2 Mt. Pleasant Square, Dublin.  In 1855, a Rev. William O'Connor of Courcies was living in Kilgobbin House, although it's unclear if this was a relation or not;   a Rev.William O'Connor officiated at the wedding of a member of the Forrest family on 4th February 1858, the bride's brother being Rev. Dr. Forrest of Kingstown, Co. Dublin.
The 'Dublin Evening Packet' of 24th June 1828 noted that Thomas Forrest O'Connor of Tralee had married Mary Anne Adelaide Thornton, second daughter of attorney Ralph D. Thornton of Williamstown.  She would die a widow on 5th April 1870.
Thomas Forrest O'Connor, eldest son of A. Ryan O'Connor of Rockfort, Co. Cork, was called to the bar in January 1838;  he was declared insolvent in June 1841.

The children of Sir Richard Emanuel Moore and Mary Ann O'Connor were:

 a) Richard Henry Percival O'Connor Moore (1839 - 1857).   A son and heir was born at 'Kilgobbinet House' to Richard Emanuel Moore and Mary Anne O'Connor in July 1839. ('The Pilot', 26th July 1839.)  His death on 6th May 1857, following a long and painful illness,  was noted in the 'Cork Examiner' of 11th May 1857.  However, an English descendant of Richard Henry Percival O'Connor Moore has recently contacted me with a different ending!  Apparently Richard Henry, upon attaining the age of 18, refused to enter the army as expected by his family, and was subsequently disinherited. He moved to London where he found work as a butler to a gentleman.  A son was Thomas Moore who had three daughters, one of whom was the grandmother of Peter Todd who recently wrote to me.
  b)  Margaret Helena Moore, 1844 -18th February 1846. Margaret Helena Moore died in Bandon, aged 18 months, of measles.
  c)  Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet (1845 - 1926)
  d)  Stephen O'Connor Moore, emigrated.  Stephen Moore was the heir apparent of his brother, Thomas, but the heir presumptive was named as the son of Charles Moore who was the son of the 9th Baronet, Emanuel Moore.  The heir presumptive was generally the next-in-line to the heir apparent and would take the title if the heir apparent died young.    Other sources have this son as the 5-month-old son who died of smallpox on the same day as his mother, Mary Anne O'Conner, on 30th April 1847.

Richard Emanuel Moore's first wife, Mary Ann O'Connor of Rockfort, died in May 1847 at Bandon - she died of fever at the height of the Great Famine, along with their infant son, O'Connor Moore, (or Stephen O'Conner Moore?) who died the same day of smallpox.

( Later, in August of the same year, Richard Emanuel's aunt, Anne Moore, daughter of Sir Richard Emanuel and Anne Travers, died at her residence in Glanmire Road, Cork.)

Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet, married a second time, to Margaret Matilda O'Connor (1815 - 1898), sister to the MP Feargus O'Connor. (O'Connor, Feargus 1794-1855, Chartist leader, son of Roger O'Connor of Connorville, co. Cork, and nephew of Arthur O'Connor, was born on 18 July 1794.)   Margaret Matilda and Feargus were the children of Roger O'Connor and Wilhelmina Bowen of  Dangan, Co. Cork.

Sir Emanuel Moore was known to have mortgaged his Cork family estates to such an extent that they had to be sold off in the Landed Estates Court of the late 1840s. The 10th Baronet, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, was known to have fallen on hard times, and worked as a prison officer, first at Spike Island, Cork, and then in Dublin.  At one stage the Baronet was noted in Dublin as a street beggar, such were the dire financial straits he found himself in.

The son of Margaret Matilda O'Connor and Richard Emanuel Moore was named Emanuel Adolphus Moore (1854 - 1874).        The Index to Registration records the death of an Emanuel O'Connor Moore - 1854 - 1874 - in Cork.  This could be the same man, and was probably the boy who appeared in the following report from  'The Illustrated Police News' of 2nd February 1867:

'The following romance of the aristocracy appears in one of the Dublin papers: - One of those cases which have afforded Sir Barnard [sic] Burke material for some of his deeply interesting works, in which the vicissitudes of noble houses are set forth, has recently been brought to light by certain proceedings in Capel-street Police-office. On the 19th of October [presumably 1866] a young lad, aged about 16, was brought up before Mr. J.C. O'Donel, charged with having stolen from Mr. Alfred Nelson, photographer, a mahogany glass-case containing a number of photographs. The prisoner, who gave his name as Emanuel Moore, had been employed by Mr. Nelson as a porter, and while in his employment had taken away the articles and sold them. So far there is nothing more in the case that what occurs in the daily record of crime in all our police-offices; but subsequent inquiries led to a revelation at once strange and painful, if young Moore's statements be true. As an explanation of his committing the offence he stated that his father, who is an Irish baronet of one of the oldest creations, had been reduced to a condition of such abject poverty as to be now under the necessity of selling matches in the streets of Dublin to obtain a wretched subsistence, and that he had sold the articles which he had stolen to furnish them with some of the ordinary necessities of life. The criminal - if such he can be called - was, in accordance with the law which he had violated, not the less that the doing so was an act of filial duty, sentenced to two months' imprisonment, which he is now undergoing. The mother of the unfortunate lad was sister to an Irishman who for many years sat in Parliament for an English seat, and who at one time was a great popular leader of the English working classes. We understand that an effort is being made to obtain a commutation of young Moore's sentence, and to provide for his father and himself some employment which will release them from actual pauperism.'

(I had originally wondered if another son of Sir Richard Emanuel Moore could possibly be the Fergus O'Connor Moore, an engine tenter, who, on 13th March 1882, married Miss Jane Oates, but further research reveals that he was the son of Derbyshire-born, George Moore, who was also Derbyshire-born, and was probably not related to this Cork family - perhaps Fergus had been named after the Chartist Fergus O'Connor?)

In 1873, when he proved the will of William Barry of Cork, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, baronet, was living in Dean Street, Cork.
Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet, died aged 72 in June 1882, and was succeeded by his son Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore.

 His obituary, published in the ‘Illustrated London News’ on 8th July 1882, makes interesting reading:

      ‘Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, 10th Baronet, of Rosscarbery, Co. Cork, whose death is just announced, was born in 1810, the eldest son of Sir Emanuel Moore, 9th Baronet, and succeeded his father in 1849.  He married, first in 1839, Mary Anne, daughter of Mr.Arthur O’Connor, and, secondly, in 1851, Margaret Matilda, daughter of Mr. Roger O’Connor, by the former of whom he leaves a son and successor, now Sir Thomas O’Connor Moore, 11th Baronet.
    Although the representative of a baronetcy conferred so far back as 1681, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore was a sad instance of the misery of a landless title. At one time he held the situation of a third-class turnkey at Spike Island, and subsequently was reduced to the direct need.  After vainly endeavouring to support himself by selling among the county families a book written by his wife, the poor Baronet opened a coal store in his son’s name, but his want of capital defeated this his last venture.’

‘ Sir Richard Moore's case is most lamentable:  The unfortunate Baronet lost the situation of turnkey and wandered from Spike Island to Dublin, where he raised a few pounds by the sale of a work written by Lady Moore, his wife. At last he became destitute, and a few years ago was to be seen, in abject want, in the streets of Dublin!’
 (Vicissitudes of Families’ by Bernard Burke.)

Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet:

His son, the 11th Baronet, Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, was likewise lacking in money.
From The New York Times of May 17th 1899:  'London, May 16 - Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, 11th Baronet, who succeeded his father, Sir Richard Emanuel Moore, in 1882, has been ejected from his lodgings owing to his inability to pay a shilling for a week's accommodation.  The heir to the title is his brother Stephen, now living abroad.  Although the heir apparent to the Baronetcy of Moore (creation 1681) of Ross Carbery, Cork, is Mr. Stephen Moore, brother of the present Baronet, the heir presumptive is the eldest son of the late Mr. Charles Moore of a collateral branch, who left Ireland for the United States some years ago.  Mr. Charles Moore was a son of the late Emanuel Moore, the 9th Baronet.'

The 'Washington Times' of 18th December 1903 noted that Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, disappointed in matrimony, had been arrested for pawning a friend's watch in order to buy a wedding suit.  He had met an elderly rich woman through a marriage agency.  The paper went on to note that, if Sir Thomas failed to produce an heir, then the title was to pass to Charles Moore who had emigrated to the US many years previously, and that this Charles had supposedly had a large family of children, although the paper had had no luck in tracing him.

The 'Aberdeen Journal' of 23rd November 1905 noted that Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore earned his living by selling coal to the working class population of York (sic) and that, during his father's time, the annual income of the family estate had been £226,000, but now the family was in a poor financial condition due to unsuccessful business and litigation.

Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore was noted on the 1911 Census at 36 Wellington Road, Cork, along with his wife, Katherine Matilda, who had been born Katherine Matilda Elphinstone.  They had been married three years but had no children.  Both had been born in Cork.  They were Catholic although Katherine had been born Protestant.
Katherine was the daughter of John George Elphinstone, a merchant with the East India Company, who lived at Aberdeen and Passage West, Cork.  In 1839 he married Catherine Vereker Pain, the daughter of the architect George Richard Pain who, along with his brother James Pain, was a pupil of the English architect John Nash.  George Richard Pain and his brother came to Ireland in the late eighteenth century, James settling in Limerick and George Richard in Cork.  George Richard Pain built St. Patricks Church on the Lower Glanmire Road amongst others.
John George Elphinstone, captain of the 'British Queen', died in Port Glasgow in 1838 and his widow gave birth to a daughter early the following year.  This must be Katherine Matilda Howard Elphinstone who married, in 1908, Thomas O'Connor Moore, although she lies outrageously about her age on both the censuses!
Katherine's widowed mother, Kate Elphinstone, married the curate of St.Anne's, Cork, the Rev. Richard Tottenham, and the 1851 census for Co. Antrim captured the family in Killead, Co. Antrim.  They had  a daughter born in Cork - Belinda aged 5 - and two young children born in Antrim - Edward aged 2 and Sarah aged 1.  13 year old Catherine Elphinstone was also present.
Kate Matilda Elphinstone, the daughter of the late Captain John George Elphinstone,  married John Monteeth Howard, the son of Richard Howard, in Limerick City on 22nd January 1859.   They appeared on the 1901 census - John Howard was a Limerick-born civil engineer, while Catherine called herself 'Catalina'.
John must have died sometime after, and the widowed Katherine Matilda Elphinstone Howard married Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore in Cork in 1908.  On the 1911 census, she stated her age to be 45, although in reality she was 73!  Her husband, Thomas O'Connor Moore, was 66.

The 'Yorkshire Evening Post' of 27th January 1926 noted the death of Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore, aged 80, thus bringing an end to a title dating from 1681.   There is much confusion and speculation about the Moore descendants.  Online sources, unverified by me, state that Sir Thomas O'Connor Moore had a son,  John Moore, who was a soldier and who was killed in the Zulu wars in South Africa. This John Moore had been engaged to marry Eleanor Whelan when he was posted to South Africa. Eleanor was pregnant - following John’s death, she raised her son in Liverpool and then Manchester.

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