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Saturday, 30 July 2011

Reid Wilson and Agnes Levelet/Lavalade of Donaghcloney

Our paternal grandmother was Agnes Keating Wilson of Belfast, Co. Down, who was the great-granddaughter of Reid Wilson and Agnes Levelet/Lavalade of Ballygunaghan townland near Donaghcloney, Co. Down.

On 28th January 1801, Agnes Lavelet was baptised;  she was the daughter of Peter and Mary Lavelet of Donacloney.

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2013/03/lavalade-records-in-donaghcloney-parish.html

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.com/2012/01/leveletlavalade.html


Reid Wilson,  the husband of Agnes Lavelet/Lavalade, was born about 1797 and died in mid-1881.

He appeared on the Tithe Applotments Lists of 1834 farming 4 acres in Ballygunaghan - the tithe books for the Donaghcloney area show up no other members of the Wilson family.  Reid Wilson and Agnes Levelet would already have married by that point.

You can also see Reid Wilson on Griffiths Valuation of 1864 - he was leasing 15 acres from the Marquis of Downshire and subletting a house to a Richard Brown.  (The Brown family repeat, which can signify intermarriage - the son of Reid and Agnes, Edward Wilson, was leasing a house in Banoge, Donaghcloney, from a John Brown, who might be the same John Brown who witnessed the marriage of Reid and Agnes' daughter, Sarah, to William John Moore in 1850.)
Reid Wilson was also leasing a a second farm of 10 acres (three fields) from the landlord John Morrison in Moygannon south of Ballygunaghan.  This may very well be Reid Wilson Junior, of course.

(Of possible interest - only three fields away in 1864, a George Wilson was renting a house from William Skelton who was, in turn, leasing land from the Marquis of Downshire.   George Wilson, the son of  Thomas Wilson,  later married Sarah Jane Whiteside but died young in 1868, leaving a will which stated he was a grocer and pawnbroker of Ballygunaghan, but previously of Banbridge  - the profession of grocer seemed to run in the Wilson family, but it's unlcear whether this George Wilson was a relation of ours.  I think he is.....Proni have recently published the Griffiths Valuation revision books online, which allow you to study the change in land ownership throughout the years.   The 1866 - 1875 Donaghcloney records show that Reid Wilson's 10-acre holding in Moygannon was subsequently farmed by a John Thompson.
The records for Ballygunaghan are more telling.  Reid Wilson's holding of five acres in Ballygunaghan was taken over by his son-in-law, Samuel Finlay, for a time, but, by 1875 - 1885, he had disappeared and had been replaced by a Samuel McCreanon.   The 1866 - 1875 revision book shows that a house on this property, previously leased by Reid Wilson in 1863, to a Richard Brown, was now being held by James Wilson.   The 1875 - 1885 book shows that this same James was now farming the 5-acre farm.
I had believed this James Wilson of Ballygunaghan to be one of the sons of Reid Wilson of Ballygunaghan, but the wonderful release of many of the Irish civil registration records onto the internet in September 2016 set me straight.   James George Wilson was born on 9th December 1868 in Ballygunaghan to the grocer, George Wilson, and to Sarah Jane Whiteside.   George Wilson, as already stated above, was the son of a Thomas Wilson.

An older James Wilson of Ballygunaghan later married Olivia Symington on 9th November 1882 in Gilnahirk Presbyterian Church. He was a merchant of Donacloney, and was named as the son of a farmer George Wilson. The witnesses were Marian Symmington and William Smith.
From the Belfast Telegraph:  'Wilson - Symmington - November 9th, in the Gilnahirk Presbyterian Church by the Rev. T.Y. Killen, Moderator of the General Assembly, assisted by the Rev. James Wilson, Ballydown,  James Wilson, Blackscull House, Dromore, to Olivia Symmington, daughter of Samuel Symmington, Ballyoran House, Dundonald.'

In both 1901 and 1911, James Wilson and his wife, Olivia, were living in Ballygunaghan.  James had been born in Down in about 1840, and was a farmer's merchant.   The name 'Whiteside' keeps on creeping into the Wilson history - staying with James and Olivia in 1901 was a boarder from Antrim, the shop assistant, Sarah Jane Whiteside, aged 21.  There was also a visitor, James Thompson, aged 21, a college student and Methodist from Tyrone.  Later, James and Olivia gave their religion as Methodist. This time, the couple had a visitor, William Johnstone Hunter, a young Methodist theological student from Belfast, staying with them.  They gave their profession as farmers, rather than weavers, in 1911.)

Reid Wilson and Agnes Lavelet/Lavalade's children were baptised in Donacloney First Presbyterian Church:

1)  Mary Anne Wilson, baptised 30th September 1827.  On March 24th 1845, she married Samuel Finlay in Donacloney 1st Presbyterian;  the witnesses were a John McDowell and her father or brother, Reid Wilson.  The couple had two registered children - Moses Finlay was born in Donacloney to the land steward Samuel Finlay and to Mary Anne Wilson on 16th October 1864, and Eliza Jane Finlay was born in Banbridge on 21st March 1868.  Samuel Finlay farmed his father-in-law's small farm in Ballygunaghan for a while prior to 1875.

2) Sarah Wilson baptised by Reid Wilson and Agnes Lavalade on August 15th 1830.  She married, firstly William John Moore whose father was a weaver of Kilsorrell, William Moore. The marriage took place in Donaghcloney 1st Presbyterian on 24th April 1850, and the witnesses were John Browne and Nicholas Boyle of Balloonigan, Moira.

Sarah Wilson married, secondly, John Whiteside, the son of Samuel Whiteside of Loughans, just south of Gilford,  on 24th May 1862.

(The Whiteside family of Loughans were good at making wills.  Moses Whiteside, who was farming immediatley next door to Samuel Whiteside in Loughans in the 1860's, made his will in 1877 and left everything to his two children, Moses and Mary Jane Whiteside.  He ends the document sweetly...'And now my dear children, I have disposed of my lands and chattels among you to the best of my judgement, and I have made it as plain as possible so there need be no mistake, and it is my most earnest wishes that you live in peace and harmony together...remembering that the fashion of this world passeth away...'
Moses Whiteside's daughter, Mary Jane, died and left her own will in 1888, in which she mentioned her cousin, James Wilson, a merchant of Belfast, along with a second cousin, the minister William Waddell of Knappagh, and a deceased uncle, James McClelland.   The witness was William Whiteside. Her brother, Moses, was also named. He died in 1916, and his will was probated by the gospel preacher, Robert Whiteside
It is worth mentioning that there was a healthy cluster of Wilsons living in the townland of Loughans alongside the Whiteside family, but, again, it's not clear if these were related to our Ballygunaghan family.
The James Wilson, who was a cousin of Mary Jane Whiteside, seems to have been born in 1869 in Waringstown to Esther Whiteside, the daughter of David Whiteside, and to her husband, John Wilson, the son of William Wilson.  Griffiths Valuation of 1864 shows a William Wilson Junior and a William Wilson Senior in Loughans, so it would seem logical to assume that this is the Wilson family involved here, rather than our own.   In 1901 and 1911,  this John Wilson and Essie Whiteside, were living in Ballydugan, Gilford, which is next to Loughans, just south of Donaghcloney.

Sarah Wilson and John Whiteside had a daughter, Agnes Whiteside, in Ballygunaghan on 14th November 1865.

John Whiteside and Sarah Wilson had a son, Joseph Whiteside, also in Ballygunaghan on 24th April 1869.  On 14th October 1892 in Dromore Parish Church, Joseph Whiteside, son of the Ballygunaghan weaver, John Whiteside, married Diana Beattie/Beatty of Drumskee, Dromore. The witnesses were what seems to be Derek Gamble and Lizzie Gibson. Diana Beatty was the daughter of William Beatty and Margaret Anne Gibson, and had been born in nearby Dromore town on 17th June 1872.
Joseph and Diana Whiteside were living in Ballygunaghan, Donaghcloney in both 1901 and 1911 with their family.  Joseph was a damask-weaver.
Joseph Whiteside, the grandson of Reid Wilson and Agnes Lavalade, died in Ballygunaghan on 25th April 1935;  probate of his will was granted to his widow, Diana, and to his son, the weaver Samuel Whiteside.

The children of Joseph Whiteside and Diana Beattie were:
a) Margaret Sarah Whiteside, born in Ballygunaghan on 17th July 1894.  On 28th November 1919 in Waringstown, she married a bleacher, James Adair, the son of John Adair.  Joseph Whiteside and Clara Adair witnessed this wedding.
b) Joseph Whiteside was born in Ballygunaghan on 24th  February 1897.
c) William Whiteside was born in Ballygunaghan on 15th February 1899.  A weaver of Blackskull, Ballygunaghan, on 5th September 1919 in Donaghcloney, he married Mary Jane Finlay of Moygannon, the daughter of a blacksmith William John Finlay.  There were four witnesses - Hugh and Elizabeth Scott, Thomas W. Moore and Aggie/Agnes Whiteside.
d) Agnes Whiteside was born in Ballygunaghan on 21st April 1901. She married a weaver, Thomas William Moore of Tullynacross, the son of Alexander Moore.  They married in Waringstown on 25th June 1920;  the wedidng witnesses were Lizzie Moore and William Wilson.
e) Diana Whiteside was born in Ballygunaghan on 19th May 1903 - she died of pnuemonia on 8th March 1905.
f) Samuel Whiteside was born in Ballygunaghan on 2nd April 1906.
g) Isabella Whiteside was born in Ballygunaghan on 18th August 1911.

3) William Wilson, baptised March 31st 1833, married Elizabeth Matchet, the daughter of Samuel Matchet,  in Tullylish on 5th August 1859.

This couple had seven children, born in the Dromore area, although, by 1911 only four were living:
Elizabeth/Lizzie Wilson, born circa 1865 - alive in 1911.
Samuel Reid Wilson, born 7th September 1866 Kinallen; his father was a merchant at this time.
Margaret Wilson, born 24th August 1877 in Kinallen to linen manufacturer and merchant, William Wilson.
William Wilson born in Kinallen on 14th December 1880.
Hugh George Wilson, born Kinallen on 1st September 1881.

Elizabeth Matchett's father, Samuel Matchet (or Matchett), appeared on Griffiths Valuation of 1863, living in Drumaran townland near Gilford, south of Donaghcloney.   Also in this Tullylish area were members of the Cloughley family, ie. Robert and James Cloughley -  a Susanna Cloaghley witnessed the marriage of Edward Wilson and Elizabeth Hynds in Dromore in 1865.
Samuel Matchett was still living in Drumaran townland, Tullylish, in 1901, a farmer aged 88 who had been born in Co. Armagh.  With him was an unmarried daughter, Margaret Matchett, aged 51, and a 13-yr-old granddaughter, Florence Calder.  (10 years later, Florence Mabel Calder was living at home with her widowed mother, Sarah Jane Calder, née Matchet, at 237 Roden St, Belfast, along with a sister, Sarah Isabella Calder, and a visitor, her aunt, Margaret Matchett. Sarah Jane Calder, in her 37 years of marriage, had had 18 children, although only 6 survived.)  There was also a visitor to Samuel Matchett's house in Drumaran, Tullylish in 1901 - Lizzie Wilson, aged 35, the daughter of William Wilson and Elizabeth Matchett of Kinallen.

From The Belfast Telegraph - Samuel J. Matchett, youngest son of the late Samuel Matchett of Drummarin, Gilford, Co. Down, died at Sandown, Isle of Wight, on 25th February 1903.

I traced the younger Lizzie/Elizabeth Wilson ten years later on the 1911 Census, living with her mother, Elizabeth Wilson, aged 71 (née Matchett), who was the widow of William Wilson and who was living in Kinallen, a few miles east of Dromore.  The return mentions that she had 4 living children somewhere, the younger Lizzie Wilson being one of them.  Her son, Hugh Wilson, aged 28, was also present.
 Earlier, in 1901, the head of the household, William Wilson, was still alive in Kinallen, and working as a grocer and general merchant; he had been born in Kinallen, Co. Down, not Ballygunaghan. However, he most likely filled out the return incorrectly, filling in his current address rather than place of birth.  In 1901, the other two children of William Wilson and Elizabeth Matchett were also present in the house - Margaret, aged 23, and William Wilson, aged 21.

William Wilson, (son of Reid Wilson and Agnes Lavalade) of Kinallen, died there on 27th January 1908; he was a grocer and spirit merchant, and the will was granted to his widow, Elizabeth Wilson, née Matchett, who died later in Kinallen on 10th December 1912.  Her will was granted to her son the grocer Hugh George Wilson.  Present at Elizabeth Wilson's death in Kinallen in 1912 was a neighbour, Maggie Creighton of Kinallen.

The Griffiths Valuation Revision books show William Wilson leasing about ten acres of land in Kinallen from the Bell family in the 1870's;  the books for 1912 to 1929 show his widow, Elizabeth Wilson, crossed out and replaced by a Jack Jones.  Also present there in Kinallen in the 1920s were Joseph and Robert Wilson - this Robert Wilson had replaced a Robert McGregor who, in his turn, had replaced a William Bell.

4) John Wilson was baptised on June 11th 1837.

5) Joseph Wilson, mentioned later in his brother Reid's will, was baptised in Donacloney on September 8th 1839.
 A commercial traveller, he married Frances MacCartney, the daughter of Andrew MacCartney, in Moira Presbyterian Church on 30th July 1866.  Joseph died at some stage prior to his brother Reid Wilson Junior's will,  which was made in 1890. (A registration of death exists for a Joseph Wilson of Belfast, which points to Joseph's date of death as 1883, with a date of birth of 1841. No other registration in the index matches as closely.)
Joseph was present at his brother Edward Wilson's death in 1878 at 121 Hilland Street, Belfast.

Joseph and Frances MacCartney had a son, William Reid Wilson, born 16th November 1874. At the time of this child's birth, Joseph Wilson was a salesman with an address at Church Street, Dromore, Co. Down, while the mother, Frances Wilson, née M'Cartney, was living at 91 Vernon Street, Belfast. In December 1874, Joseph Wilson of 91 Vernon Street, Belfast, placed an advertisement in the Belfast Newsletter, seeking an assistant to the tea, wine and spirit trade 'for a country town', possibly Dromore.

In his brother Reid Wilson's will of 1890, Reid only mentions Joseph's son, John Wilson.  John Wilson had been born somewhere in England in about 1868 - this according to the census returns of 1901 and 1911.
On 30th January 1892 in Great Victoria Street Church in Belfast, John Wilson of Moira, Co. Down, son of commercial traveller Joseph Wilson, married Jane Patterson of Belfast, the daughter of publican Samuel W. Patterson. This wedding was witnessed by Thomas Agnew and Elizabeth Bertha Hogg.
Jane Patterson was the daughter of Samuel Warnock Patterson, son of James Patterson,  and of Elizabeth Dornan, daughter of William Dornan, who had married in Belfast on 4th October 1861. Samuel Warnock Patterson was a publican at 71 May Street in Belfast, but he died young on 31st May 1874.  His wife, Elizabeth , was pregnant when he died, and a son, Samuel Warnock Patterson, was born a few months later on 18th October 1874 at 71 May Street.  As well as Samuel Warnock and Jane Lemon, Samuel Warnock Patterson and Elizabeth Dornan also had a daughter, Sarah Patterson, who was living with her sister Jane Lemon Wilson, in 1911 at 40 Beechfield Street.

John Wilson and Jane Lemon Patterson had a daughter, Edith Jane Wilson, at 88 Bryson Street on 24th May 1895.

In December 1895,  19-year-old William Reid Wilson of 92 Bryson Street, got into trouble - he was charged with assaulting Rev.C.K. Pooler of Newtownards and wrecking his bicycle during a daytrip with friends to Donaghadee.  The paper noted that the young men were all employed on Queen's Island (ie, the shipyards), and had had too much to drink in the course of their day out.  William Reid Wilson escaped jail but had to pay compensation to the clergyman for the loss of his bike.

The widowed Frances, spelt  'Francess', Wilson was living at 51 Gertrude Street in Belfast in 1911, aged 76 (ie: born Co. Down in 1835) along with her son, a fireman, William Reid Wilson who had been born in 1874. Although the census states that William Reid Wilson was single, the handwritten return shows that he had been married five years with two children, who were also present at 51 Gertrude Street, 14-yr-old Joseph John Wilson, and 4-yr-old Garner Wilson.  This makes no real sense! None of this family group are anywhere to be found on the earlier 1901 Census; I presume they had been working abroad for a while?

William Reid Wilson, son of Frances MacCartney and Joseph Wilson, died aged 38 of tuberculosis at 51 Central Street on 19th October 1911. His brother, John Wilson of 40 Beechfield Street, was present when he died.
William Reid Wilson's widowed mother, Frances Wilson of 40 Beechfield Street, died at 51 Lisburn Road on 28th February 1919. Her daughter-in-law, Jane Wilson, the wife of John Wilson, was present.

Garner McCartney Wilson was born in Belfast, Co. Antrim, on 17th March 1907 to William Reid Wilson and Minnie Wilson, née McMahon.  The address was what seems to be 26 Whitestar Court, Belfast, Co. Down, which I presume was close to the shipyards.  Garner Wilson later joined the Merchant Navy.  He died on 8th September 1944 aboard the steam tanker 'Empire Heritage' when it was hit by the German U-boat 'U-482'.    49 crew, 8 gunner, 1 army storekeeper and 53 passengers died as a result of the attack.  His last address had been 73 Mark Street, Newtownards.

6) Our great-great grandfather, Edward Wilson, was born to Reid Wilson and Agnes Levelet/Lavalade in Ballygunaghan on July 5th 1846 and was baptised in Donaghcloney Presbyterian Church. 

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.com/2011/09/edward-wilson-and-elizabeth-hynds.html

7) Reid Wilson Junior, born  circa 1838.  I didn't spot him in the register of the Donacloney First Presbyterian Church, so I wonder was he the son who was christened as 'John' in 1839?  They frequently had a change of mind about the child's name following the baptism.
 Reid Wilson Junior married Eliza Anne Atkinson on 29th August 1867. Eliza Anne's father was Joshua Atkinson.
Joshua Atkinson farmed and lived in the Magheralin neighbouring townlands of Feney and Ballymagaraghan which are close to Ballygunaghan where Reid Wilson and his family were living.  He was married to Mary Ann Stanfield - there were three known children of this marriage.  Eliza Anne, who married Reid Wilson Junior, was born to Joshua Atkinson and Mary Ann in February 1840.  Two years later, George Atkinson was born in June 1842, to Joshua Atkinson and ANN.  I'm not sure when their daughter, Sarah Jane Atkinson, was born, but she left a will when she died.
(Note: the LDS site records a Joshua Atkinson of Magheralin, who was earlier married to a different woman, Anne Crossy.  This couple had Anne Jane in August 1827; this may be the same Joshua Atkinson, but with an earlier wife.   There was also a Joshua Atkinson who had children in the same Magheralin area, namely,Mary Ann born 1788,  Sarah Atkinson born 1790,  and Margaret born 1793.)
The County Down Land Deeds of 1876 show that Reid Wilson owned one acre of land in the townland of Feney;  he was also noted as farming in the neighbouring townland of Ballymagaraghan.  Since the Atkinson family had their origins in these two places, it it safe to assume that he moved here from Donaghcloney following his marriage to Eliza Anne Atkinson.

Eliza Anne's father, Joshua Atkinson, died in Ballymagaraghan, on 31st January 1861.  The will was granted to his widow, Mary Ann Stanfield.    Eliza Ann's younger brother, George Atkinson of Ballymagaraghan/Ballymegarihan died 5th November 1868, leaving the following will which mentions his two sisters:

This is the last will and testament of me George Atkinson of Ballymegarihan in the County of Down farmer. I leave devise and bequeath to my sister Sarah Jane Atkinson her executors and administrators absolutely all and singular my lands messuages and tenements in Ballymegarihan aforesaid.  And also my tenements in Magheralin in said County which I hold under a renewable lease together with all my household goods and chattels and other my estate and effects, real freehold and personal and whosesoever situate subject only to my just debts and funeral and testamentary expenses and to the sum of fifty pounds sterling to be paid and payable and I hereby bequeath the said sum of fifty pounds to my sister Eliza Ann Wilson in ten yearly instalments of five pounds each provided my said sister Eliza Ann Wilson shall so long live, the first of such instalments to be paid to her on the expiration of three months after my decease and each succeeding installment on the expiration of every twelve calendar months thereafter until the entire shall be paid in full - and if my said sister Eliza Ann Wilson shall die before being paid the entire of said instalments, then I direct that the instalments, then unpaid, shall thenceforth be paid to the children of my said sister Eliza Ann Wilson equally, if of age, and if underage, to be applied annually by my executors hereinafter named towards their maintenance so long as it lasts. 
And I declare that the reason why I only leave the said sum of fifty pounds to my said sister Eliza Ann Wilson is that my late Mother agreed to give her one hundred pounds on her marriage, which sum of one hundred pounds was charged on my property, and I direct that previous to the payment of any sum on foot of said sum of fifty pounds, my said sister Eliza Ann Wilson shall execute a release of any rights which she may have to my late Father or Mother’s property, the said sums of one hundred pounds and fifty pounds being a full share for her thereof, and I hereby appoint Hugh Martin of Feney and Robert Stirling of Aghandrumvarran in said County executors of this my will - In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this thirtieth day of October, one thousand six hundred and sixty eight - George Atkinson (his mark), signed published and declared by the Testator as and for his last will and testament in our presence, who in his presence and at his request and in presence of each other, all being present at the same time, have hereunto subscribed our names as witnesses hereto - Richard Hammond - James Bateman.’

Following George Atkinson’s death, the will was proved and granted to Hugh Martin of Feney and Robert Stirling of Aghandrumvarran on 7th December 1868.

Reid Wilson Junior and his wife, Eliza Anne Atkinson, proved the will of Eliza Anne's sister, Sarah Jane Atkinson, who died on 20th April 1870, in Ballymagaraghan townland. She left effects to the value of £300.

Eliza Ann Atkinson, wife of Reid Wilson Junior, died at some stage, and Reid Wilson Junior married again, this time to a Mary Ann Hamilton.  They married in Belfast in 1877.

Reid Wilson and Mary Ann Hamilton had a son, William Reid Wilson, who was born in Gregorlough, Co. Down, a townland about a mile north of Donaghcloney, on 8th June 1877.  The baby died the same year, however.

The 1901 and 1911 censuses show that Reid's widow was named Mary JANE Wilson and that she had been born in Co. Down in about 1856.  Mary Jane was, indeed, Reid Wilson Junior's third wife. She was born Mary Jane Spence, her brother being the late Charles Spence, and her niece, Mary Jane Spence. (See Reid's will below.)  Mary Jane Wilson, was named as the executor of her own brother's will in 1902.  Her brother was a retired farmer of Ballymagaraghan, Thomas Spence - he left £100 to a niece, Isabella Spence, the daughter of his late brother, John Spence, and the rest of his estate went to Mary Jane Wilson.

Mary Jane Spence was the daughter of a Magheralin farmer, Thomas Spence, and his wife Isabella Murphy, whose children were all born in Magheralin as follows:
Rachel Spence, born 22nd October 1840.
Anna Spence, baptised 30th April 1847.
Margaret Spence, baptised 23rd December 1849.
Charles Spence.
John Spence, baptised 29th February 1852.
Mary Jane Spence, born 1854.
Robert Spence, born 25th April 1856.
Sarah Isabella Spence, born 19th July 1858.
Catherine Spence, born 2nd February 1863.
Thomas Spence, born 17th March 1865.

Reid Wilson and his third wife, Mary Jane Spence, had a daughter, Eliza Ann, in Ballymagaraghan on 9th April 1889.

Reid Wilson Junior died on 17th December 1890 in Ballymagaraghan and his will appears on the excellent PRONI website. I'll transcribe it here:

" In the name of God amen. I Reid Wilson of Ballymagaraghan, parish of Moira and County of Down, so make this my last will and testament in the following manner, viz, I leave and bequeath to my wife, as long as she remains unmarried and conducts herself properly, the farm on which I now live, together with the stock crop farming implements furniture and all the other goods and chattels of which I may die possessed with the following exceptions reservations and liabilities, Viz: I allow and order our child Eliza Ann to be maintained and educated out of the profits of said farm.  I allow and order my wife to pay to my nephew John Wilson the son of my brother the late Joseph Wilson the sum of fifty pounds when he arrives at the age of twenty five years.  Also I allow and order my wife to pay to our niece Mary Jane Spence daughter of the late Charles Spence of Maralin the sum of fifty pounds when she arrives at the age of twenty one years , should my wife marry or act improperly I order and allow the farm to be sold together with the stock crop farming implements furniture and all other goods and chattles and my wife to be paid the sum of fifty pounds out of the proceeds, the other two legacies of fifty pounds to be paid as described and the remainder of the proceeds of the sale of the farm to be devoted to the support and education of our child Eliza Ann, I leave and bequeath to our child Eliza Ann all my property in the town of Maralin held under lease renewable forever, also my farm in Ballynadrone held in fee farm grant so soon as she arrives at the age of twenty one years, any profits that may arise out of these two properties in the meantime after paying the expenses connected with them,  I order and allow for the benefit of my wife and child on the conditions stated above, I nominate and appoint as Executors to this my last will and testament Edward Weir of Ballymacateer, Henry Bateman of Feney, James N. Hammond of Ballymagaraghan - Reid Wilson - made and subscribed by the said Reid Wilson as his last will in our presence, we signing it in his presence and in presence of each other at his request and at the same time as witnesses this 8th day of December 1890 - Samuel Graham - Thomas Spence."

Following Reid Wilson Junior's death in 1890, his widow, Mary Jane Wilson, née Spence, and their unmarried daughter, Eliza Ann or Elizabeth Anna, lived together on the family farm in Ballymagaraghan.

By 1911,  daughter Elizabeth Anna Wilson has married William Jeffers, a linen manufacturer from nearby Armagh, and they have a young son, Reid Wilson Jeffers, who had been born in Ballymagaraghan on 1st November 1909.
William Jeffers had been born in about 1885 to William Jeffers of Armagh, who worked as both a farmer and a linen manufacturer. William Jeffers Senior had married Drusilla Reid (named Elizabeth D.Jeffers on the census) in Armagh in 1881.  In 1901 and 1911 they were living with their large family in Taughran, near Lurgan, Co. Down, which is about 12 kilometers away from Donaghcloney.  Also living there in 1901 with the Jeffers family was Mary Ann Reid, the family's 83-yr-old grandmother, who would have been born in Armagh circa 1818.
William Jeffers, who was married to Elizabeth Anna Wilson, proved the will of Henry Bateman of Feney who died in 1927;  a Henry Bateman of Feney had earlier proved his own father-in-law's will in 1890, while George Atkinson's 1868 will had been witnessed by a James Bateman.


Friday, 29 July 2011

The Wilsons' Huguenot Ancestry



My paternal grandmother was Agnes Keating Wilson of Belfast, Co. Down, (see above) who married my grandfather Cuthbert Stewart in the 1930s.

Agnes' father was a grocer named Edward Leviolett Wilson.  Family tradition had it that the name 'Leviolett' alluded to an early Huguenot ancestor.  I presumed to begin with that the name was really 'Laviolette' which is quite common in France and Canada, but when I searched the lists of Irish Huguenot names I discovered that no Laviolette Huguenots ended up here in Ireland.

The one name that seemed to make any sense was the name 'De La Valade' which was associated with the Lisburn area of Northern Ireland.  The Wilson family originated in the Donaghcloney area of Co. Down which is 15 miles away from Lisburn.

I ordered the birth certificate of Edward Wilson, the grandfather of Agnes Keating Wilson and the father of Edward Leviolett Wilson, who had been born on July 5th 1846 and baptised in Donaghcloney Presbyterian Church.  Edward Wilson's parents were Reid Wilson and Agnes Levelet.   It was evident that the names 'Levelet' and 'Leviolett' were one and the same albeit spelt differently and are phonetic variations of 'LaValade'.

It was during an online search of the Freeholders' Records on the PRONI website that I came across a Peter Lavalade who was farming in the Lurgantamry townland of Donaghcloney, Co. Down in 1780.  Agnes Levelet and her husband, Reid Wilson, spent their lives in Ballygunaghan which is a mere two miles away from Lurgantamry.  I have found no reference to any other individual named Lavalade or Levelet or Leviolett anywhere in the country following the baptism of Edward Wilson in 1846 which seems to suggest that the name died out around that time.  I would also presume that, given the lack of Lavalades anywhere, that Peter Lavalade and Agnes Levelet were related.  Peter Lavalade must have been either the father or grandfather of Agnes Levelet.  The name was passed on phonetically through the family as a middle name.

It seems that Peter Lavalade of Lurgantamry was married to Catherine Durry - their names appear in the Down and Connor and Dromore marriage bonds for 1793.  A will of Peter Levalad/Leavlade exists that document his date of death as 1805 and his address is once again confirmed as Lurgantamry.

(It appears that the name 'Durry' is another extinct family name. A search of the 1901 Census shows two Catholic Durry families, one in Belfast and the second in Dublin, but by 1911 there were no Durry families left in the country.  Before 1901, most references to the name 'Durry' appear in Dromore close to Donaghcloney.)

So where did the Lavalade family originate from?   The Huguenots were French Calvinist Protestants who had been tolerated in Catholic France for centuries by the monarchy under the terms of the Edict of Nantes. On October 18th 1685, however, Louis XIV revoked the Edict.  The Huguenots were then subjected to a brutal regime of religious persecution and at least 200,000 of them left France for the Netherlands, Germany, Scandinavia, Switzerland and Britain.
Among the refugees were Louis Crommelin and his brother, Alexander Crommelin, who became so well established in the Dutch linen trade that William of Orange, when he bacame King of England, invited him to set up shop in Ireland in 1697.   This he did in 1698, moving to Lisburn - then called Lisnagarvey, and bringing with him looms and about 70 people. 
Louis' brother had married Madeleine de La Valade, the daughter of a French noble, the Comte de la Valade who held lands in Languedoc.  Her brother, Charles de la Valade, and another unnamed brother, were Protestant pastors who had had to flee France at the Revocation.  In 1704 Charles de la Valade was appointed pastor of the French Church in Lisburn, a position he held for 40 years. He made his will in 1755 and died the following year. 
The Rev. Charles de la Valade eventually dropped the prefix 'De' because, on a lease of a house on the east side of the Market Place in Lisburn, his signature is Charles La Valade.  His wife, Madam Charles De La Valade, signed her will in 1759 - their daughter Anne married George Russell of Lisburn and is thought to have had descendants.
Rev. Charles De La Valade was succeeded by his brother who was possibly the Alan La Valade who was named as a godfather in 1733 - it is known that he had a family and carried on the name. A nephew of the La Valade brothers, Rev. Saumarez Dubourdieu, was the final pastor of the French Church. By the 1800s the Huguenots of Lisburn had been assimilated into the local community and there was no longer any need for a separate congregation.

A second Charles La Valade, 1755 - 1827, was noted in the Index of Wills. 
There are records - apparently - of La Valades living in the Moira district south of Lisburn and north of Donaghcloney where the Wilson family were farming.

It appears that the La Valade family had intermarried with the DuBourdieu family of Bergerac. A quick search of the area on Google Maps shows up the small town of Lavalade about ten miles south of Bergerac and I wonder did our LaValade family originate here?

Friday, 22 July 2011

Joseph Edwards Dickson of Tyrone and Dublin

Joseph Edwards Dickson and Tennie Dickson

Joseph Dickson and Emily Eveline/Eveleen Jones were our maternal great-grandparents. Emily Eveleen was the daughter of Charles Jones and Isabella Pennefather of 56 Blessington Street.

Emily Eveleen, known as Tennie, married Joseph Edwards Dickson, a coal merchant of 15 Northumberland Road, on 18th August 1897 in the Jones' parish church of St.Marys. Their witnesses were Tennie's older brother, Robert Oscar Jones who worked in the family business Charles Jones & Sons, and William James Hardy who was a friend of Joseph Dickson from Tyrone.  There was a 13 year age difference between the bride and groom - on the 1901 Census you can see that Joseph was 36 and Tennie was only 23.

I found two deeds relating to Joseph Edwards Dickson.  The first (1894-2-293)  was between John Arthur Maconchy and Alexander Knox McEntire of the Four Courts, Final Assigners of the Court of Bankruptcy, and Joseph Edwards Dickson of Grand Canal Wharf and Great Brunswick St, trustees for the creditors in the matter of a petition for arrangement by John Little, formerly of the Hibernian Glass Bottle Works, Ringsend and John Gardinner Nutling of Gortmore, Dundrum.
The second deed (1897-77-143) referred to Joseph's own bankruptcy that year. It was dated 7th December 1897.  'In the matter of Joseph E. Dickson of 110 Great Brunswick Street, coal merchant, trading as J.E.Dickson & Co. - a bankrupt. His effects vested in the Court.'
The Irish Times of November 6th 1897 noted that the Court of Justice was to have a meeting, on 19th November, to deal with the J.E. Dickson bankruptcy.
Despite the bankruptcy of 1897, the business seems to have survived for another few years.

In early April 1903, one of the floodgates at the Grand Canal Basin, Ringsend Docks, broke free and was carried away, emptying, at tremendous speed, 30 acres of water into the Liffey.  At 11.30pm, the steamship 'Gertrude' from Liverpool, laden with coal consigned to J.E. Dickson, was carried away by the torrents of water which carried both the shattered gate and the ship towards the sea.  For the first time in decades, the muddy bed of the Canal Basin could be seen exposed from the Grand Canal Bridge;  there were, thankfully, no injuries.



The Children of Joseph Edwards Dickson and Tennie Jones were as follows:

1) Cecil Robert Dickson was born at 3 Nelson Street, near Dorset Street, on 12th May 1899 and died  in 1965.  Cecil Robert Dickson later married Eva Maguire ( 15th December 1902 - 26th February 1995) on 31st August 1927.  At the time the Dickson family were living in Granite House, 124 Pembroke Road, Ballsbridge, and the wedding was witnessed by Cecil's cousin, Percival Mottershed, and by his younger sister - our grandmother - Vera Antoinette Dickson.

Eva Constance Maguire had been born on 15th December 1902 to Frederick William Maguire and Fannie Earls of  Harolds Cross; Frederick William Maguire was the son of a civil servant of Garville Avenue, Rathgar, Henry Maguire, and of Emily Jones.  This Emily Jones was the daughter of a William Jones, but I doubt they were related in any way to the family of Tennie Jones, Cecil Dickson's mother.

Eva Maguire's mother was Fannie Teresa Earls, the daughter of a short-lived Dublin tailor, Henry Cadden Earls (1839 - 1875), and of Harriet Sherlock.  Henry Cadden Earls, the son of tailor John Earls, married Harriet Sherlock, daughter of Robert Sherlock, on 1st April 1861.

   Eva Maguire, daughter of Frederick William Maguire and of Fannie Earls,  and Cecil Dickson had two sons;
         a) Ivan Dickson, born 14th Dec. 1929, married Sallie Hudson, born 3rd May 1928.
         b) Freddie Dickson, born 4th Aug. 1940, married Flo Schmutz, born 28th April 1930.

2) Violet Alexandra Dickson - she was born to Joseph Edward (sic) Dickson and Emily Eveleen Dickson on 29th April 1900;  the family were living at 3 Nelson Street in Dublin city, just around the corner from Blessington Street where Emily Eveleen/Tennie's family were living at the time.

 Violet died of polio tragically young in Montebello, Howth, on 7th January 1917, aged only 16.
Violet Alexander Dickson
3) Emily Eveline Dickson, who we knew as Auntie Ebbie, was born on 14th September 1901, and died 21st November 1977.  At the time of Ebbies's birth, Joseph and Tennie were living at 2 Como Terrace in Clontarf.  Present at the birth was Adelina Maude Jones (née Pelissier) who had married Tennie's brother, Robert Oscar Jones, in 1897 in St.Mary's. Auntie Ebbie never married and spoilt us terribly.


Auntie Ebbie Dickson
4) Adelaide Victoria Dickson, aka Eda, was born 10th November 1902 in Ashbourne, Howth,  and was named after her aunt, Adelaide Victoria Jones Dunbar. She died 9th February 1982.

In December 1911, the governors of the Masonic Girls' School in Ballsbridge met to elect 9 new pupils.  Adelaide V. Dickson, daughter of the late Brother Joseph E.Dickson, coal merchant, of Lodge 126, Dublin, received 3,629 votes, coming second in the vote. It was noted that her father had been a life governor of the school.

She was married to Joseph McClean Wallace, aka Dinky Wallace, (he died 27th Jan. 1959).  They married in South Dublin in 1925 and had three children:
       a)  Cynthia Wallace, born 18th Dec.1925, died 1st October 1988. She married, in Switzerland, Kurt Steinmann.
       b)  Ronald Gordon Wallace, born 4th August 1927, died 10th March 1986. He married, in Dublin, Sylvia Joan Cullen.
       c) Stephanie Joan Wallace, born 4th September 1929. She married, in Bristol, Peter Edward Galton, born 15th July 1930.

Eda's husband, Dinky or Joseph Wallace, had been born in Tobermore, Co. Derry, on 12th May 1896, to the farmer Robert John Wallace and Margaret McLean.

Eda Dickson
5) A daughter, Josephine, was born in 19 Leahy's Terrace in Sandymount on 25th November 1903 but died three days later.  She was buried in Mount Jerome alongside her parents and her older sister Violet.

6)  Vera Antoinette Dickson, our maternal grandmother,was born in Belmont, Howth, on 6th November 1905 - seven months after the death of her father, Joseph Dickson;  she died on 24th August 1982.

Our grandmother, Vera Dickson, with her uncle, Robert Oscar Jones - his brother, Charles Jones, sent the postcard.
As can be seen from the address,  following Joseph Dickson's death, the family moved out to Howth


Vera Dickson married Richard Williams (30th May 1889 - 9th March 1977) on 28th September 1927 in Merrion Hall, Dublin.

The children of our maternal grandparents, Richard Williams and Vera Antoinette Dickson were:
  a)  Maurice Willis Creighton Williams, born Dublin 14th September 1928. Maurice, an engineer, married Marguerite (Daisy) Henderson in 1952 and the couple moved permanently to Edinburgh, Scotland.
b)  Raymond Dickson Williams, born in Dublin on 28th March 1930.  He married in 1964 Ruth Musgrave Harris - both were doctors and spent their entire working lives running a teaching hospital in Zaire, before retiring to England.
c)  Trevor Willis Williams, born in Dublin on 19th March 1932.  A doctor, he emigrated in 1957 to Canada where he married Elizabeth Rose Drover (Betty) in 1960.  Trevor settled first in St. John's, Newfoundland, where he worked with the Department of Public Health, before practising as a pediatrician in Winnipeg, then moving into research, working in the Cadham Provincial Lab as Assistant Director of Microbiology and Virology. He was the Director of Lab and X-Ray Services for over 20 years and was Director of Cadham Lab for the final 5 years of his career, retiring in 2000.
d)  Alan O'Moore Williams, an engineer, born on 1st May 1934. He stayed here in Ireland and never married.
e)  Ruth Dickson Williams, my mother, a teacher, born on 4th May 1937.  She married our dad,  Paul Cuthbert Stewart, in Dublin on 31st March 1960.
f)  Edward Dickson Williams, an engineer, born 23rd April 1942;  in 1970, he married Mary Elizabeth Percy (known as Elizabeth), a teacher who worked with my mother Ruth in Rathgar Junior School. They moved to England.

It was believed by the family that Joseph Edwards Dickson had died young at work following a fall onboard a ship on 10th April 1905;  however his civil registration of death reveals that he had died, aged only 40, of septic peritonitis following eleven years of renal disease; his brother-in-law, Charles Robert Dunbar was the informant when he died.  Perhaps he'd suffered a fall at work at some stage prior to this, and his family passed the story down through the generations?  Joseph Edwards Dickson left a young family - his wife, Tennie, and her children would remain living with her widowed mother, Isabella Pennefather Jones, first in Howth, then later in Carisbrooke House in Ballsbridge.

'Joseph Edwards Dickson of 19 Leahys-Terrace, Sandymount county Dublin died 10th April 1905. Probate Dublin to Eveleen Dickson and Isabella Jones, widows, sealed LONDON 13 November. Effects £65 8s. 2d. in England.'

The business continued without Joseph and can be seen in the Dublin Telephone Directory for 1913:
Dickson J.E. & Co., Coal Importers, 110 Great Brunswick Street and Custom House Dock.
Earlier the business address had been the Grand Canal Wharf and Great Brunswick Street.  The business had most likely continued under the management of Joseph's mother-in-law, Isabella Jones, who was known to be a formidable businesswoman.  An ad. for the business in the Irish Times of 1914 gave, not only the Gt. Brunswick address, but an additional one at 5 d'Olier St, and noted also that the business had been established in 1824.

Following his death, Joseph's widow, Tennie, moved back home to her mother's home with her children and spent the remainder of her life there, first at Howth, then in Ballsbridge.  Her mother, Isabella Anna Jones, née Pennefather, died aged 94 on 31st May 1942, and Tennie died four years later from starvation as a result of oesophageal cancer on 7th March 1946. Her unmarried daughter, Eveleen Dickson/Ebbie had lived with her for a number of years at the end of her life. Tennie is remembered fondly by her grandchildren as a sweet-natured woman who was a wonderful cook;  she was an enthusiastic member of the baptist Plymouth Brethren community and ran a Bible class for the girls, both at Merrion Hall and at home in Granite House.

Emily Eveleen/Tennie Dickson, of Granite House, Pembroke Road, died on 7th March 1946.

The Dickson Family of Clonfeacle Parish, near Dungannon, Co. Tyrone:
Joseph Edwards Dickson was born circa 1865 in Benburb, Clonfeacle, Co. Tyrone (just south of Dungannon) to a farmer Henry Dickson (1812 - 1906) and his wife Eliza/Elizabeth Edwards.
His parents had married in the Moy, Drummond area of Clonfeacle in 1848: Henry's father was a second Henry Dickson and Elizabeth's father was James Edwards.  James Edwards was farming 29 acres in Leckpatrick, Desert, Co. Tyrone in 1858.

The Dickson/Dixon family was associated with the Clonfeacle area of Tyrone which included the neighbouring townlands of Benburb, Carrowcolman, Mullycar and Moy.

From the 1910 edition of 'The Journal of the Irish Memorials Association, 1910':   "Here lyeth the body of David Dickson late of Mullicar who departed this life October 3rd 1747 aged 61 years."

The PRONI website lists five Dicksons as 40-shilling freeholders in Mullicar, Tyrone, noted there on 25th February 1796: Thomas Dickson, Joseph Dickson, George Dickson, John Dickson and James Dickson.  A Thomas Dickson of Mullycar married a woman named Letitia and had Margaret Jane on 22/10/1839, Thomas on 22/3/1842 and Elizabeth on 9/4/1844.

The Tithe Applotment Books of the 1830s show up no Dicksons/Dixons in Clonfeacle, Benburb;  in Carrowcolman, however, Henry Dixon was farming 26 arable acres, and Richard Dixon was farming 9 acres.

Griffiths Valuation was carried out in Tyrone in 1860 and the survey shows a plethora of Dicksons/Dixons in the immediate vicinity leasing land from Viscount Powerscourt:
George Dickson,  Carrowcolman,  10 acres.
John Dickson,  Carrowcolman,  38 acres.
Thomas Dickson, Carrowcolman, 4 acres.
Joseph Dickson, Mullycar, 9 acres. (Leasing from Joseph Goff.)
William Dickson, Mullycar, 9 acres. (Leasing from Joseph Goff.)
Ann Dickson, Moy, leasing a house only from Marg. Johnston.
HENRY DIXON,  31 acres, Moy, Drummond. (This was either Joseph Edward Dickson's father or his grandfather.)
(The above John Dickson might be the John Dickson of Mullycar, who married Mary A. Leeman there and had the following children - William born 6/61875;  Violet Jane born 28/11/1877; John born 18/7/1879;  Barbara Ann born 18/4/1882.  Our own Joseph Edwards Dickson would later name a daughter as Violet.)

Henry Dickson Senior, grandfather of Joseph Edwards Dickson:
Joseph Edwards Dickson was the son of Henry Dickson whose father was also named Henry. The wife of the earlier Henry (our great-great-great grandmother) is unknown, but she might be the Naamah Dickson who had been born circa 1773 and whose death was registered in Dungannon in 1870 when she died aged 97.  A granddaughter was later named as Sarah Maria McCollough Dickson, so perhaps McCollough was the family name of Henry Dickson Sr.'s wife?  The name of Henry Dickson Sr's wife may never be known, but what is certain is that the unusual name 'Naamah' entered the family at this time and reverberated down through the subsequent generations of the Dickson family.

The known children of Henry Dickson Senior were:

1) Maria Dickson who married George Kirkland, the brother of Sarah Kirkland, in 1850 in Clonfeacle. William Kirkland was the father of George and Sarah - in 1860, he was farming in Terryscollop, Clonfeacle.

2 ) Naamah Dickson who married Joseph Machesney, the son of James Machesney in Clonfeacle Church of Ireland on 21st May 1852.  Joseph Machesney was a publican/grocer of Market Street, Keady, Co. Armagh.

Griffiths Valuation of 1860 shows up a James McChesney farming in Mullyneil, Aghaloo, as was William Leslie, who was possibly the father of Agnes Leslie who married Naamah Dickson's brother, David Dickson.

The only trace of the Machesney family are a family on the 1901 Belfast census living at 16 Lawnbrook Avenue, who have re-used the odd 'Naamah' name and might therefore be the children of Naamah and Joseph. All were born in Co. Armagh - George Machesney, an oiler in a linen factory, was born in 1860;  Naamah Machesney, a dressmaker, was born in 1865;  Sarah Maria, another dressmaker, was born in 1866;  Joseph Machesney, a colour maker, was born in 1869.

The very useful Belfast City burial records are now free to search and view online.  Several members of this Machesney family were buried in grave C2 120, including the father, Joseph Machesney (1818 - 1887) who had died, aged 69, on 3rd June 1887 at 90 Cupar Street.  
Two of his children were buried alongside him - George Machesney (1859 or 1861 - 1912) who died at 40 Lawnbrook Avenue on 29th February 1912, and Sarah Maria Machesney (1863 - 1903) who died aged 40 at 40 Lawnbrook Avenue on 14th October 1903.
The civil records back these deaths up - Sarah Machesney died aged 37 at 40 Lawnbrook Avenue on 14th October 1903, and the informant was her brother Joseph of 40 Lawnbrook Avenue.  Her brother, George Machesney died there a bachelor on 27th February 1912, aged 53;  his brother was present - James Machesney of 6 Birkin Street.

On 30th June 1882 in Ballysillan, Belfast, yarndresser James Machesney, son of Joseph Machesney and Naamah Dickson, married Maggie McLean, daughter of tenter Robert McClean of Belfast, The witnesses were Robert Douglas and Ellen McClean.  They had Robert Joseph McChesney on 25th May 1883, daughter, Naamah Machesney at 5 Carnan Street on 3rd October 1885, Sarah Ann who was born on 11th April 1889 but who died the following year, and James McChesney born 28th October 1890.    Robert Joseph McChesney, the son of James Machesney and Margaret McLean, married Elizabeth Cowan in Belfast and had a son, George, in December 1912.

3) Henry Dickson 1812 - 1906, our great-great grandfather who married Elizabeth Edwards in Clonfeacle Church of Ireland on 27th October 1848.  Their son was Joseph Edwards Dickson.

4) John Dickson 1823 - 1892  - he married Sarah Kirkland, the daughter of William Kirkland, in Clonfeacle Church of Ireland on 5th December 1850.  The widowed Sarah can be seen on the 1901 Census living in Carrowcolman, Tyrone.
Their children were Thomas Dickson 1861 - 1942, Sarah Maria Dickson who was born on 27th May 1866 at Carrowcolman, an unnamed son born at Carrowcolman on 15th October 1868 and Margaret Dickson was born there on 4th November 1869 - 1938.  Eliza Dickson was present for the birth of Sarah Maria in 1866  - this was possibly Eliza Edwards, wife of Henry Dickson.  A Mary Millar of Terryglassey (?) was present for the birth of the son born in 1868.

5) David Dickson, born circa 1826.  David Dickson of Benburb married Agnes Leslie in Minterburn First Presbyterian Church on 1st October 1852.  (From 'Belfast Newsletter', 18th October 1852.) This couple possibly emigrated to New Jersey shortly after their marriage.   Agnes Leslie's father was William Leslie of Minterburn, and Griffiths Valuation notes a William Leslie farming 35 acres in Mullyneill townland, Aghaloo, 2.5 miles north of Minterburn Church, as was James McChesney, possibly the father of Joseph McChesney who married Naamah Dickson, David Dickson's sister.

The children of Henry Dickson (1812 - 1906) and Elizabeth Edwards (1815 - 1905) were:

The three known children of Henry Dickson Jr. and Elizabeth Edwards were Sarah Maria Dickson who was born in Drummond on 20th April 1864, our great-grandfather Joseph Edwards Dickson born  circa 1865, and David Dickson.

On the 1901 Census in Moy, Drummond, we can see Joseph's parents, Henry aged 86 and Elizabeth aged 85, still alive and living with their son, David and his young wife Anne Marie.
Immediately next door to Henry and Elizabeth, was a Thomas Js. Dickson, aged 28, a farmer who 'can read and wright'.  By 1911 this same man has aged and gives his age as 55.

Elizabeth  Dickson, née Edwards, died at Drummond aged 90 on 29th April 1905; the informant was her son David.
Henry Dickson of Drummond, father of Sarah Maria, Joseph and David, and husband of Elizabeth Edwards, died a widower aged 94 on 15th August 1906.  I hope I've inherited their genes.

In 1911 Henry's son David Dickson and his wife were still living at Moy.   David's wife was Anna Maria Atkinson.  David Dickson, son of Henry Dickson and Elizabeth Edwards, had married Anna Maria Atkinson, the daughter of John Atkinson of Coolhill, in Drumglass on 2nd August 1898 - this was witnessed by Thomas J. Dickson and Lizzie Atkinson.

The children of David Dickson and Anna Maria Atkinson were:

  • Margaret born 28th November 1900 - 2nd September 1915.
  • Ruth Emma or Anna Dickson born 18th June 1902 - 6th March 1907.
  • Annie Maria born 21st August 1904 - 1996.
  • Henry born 1st October 1906 - 1990, died in Belfast.
  • Naamah Dickson born at Drummond on 28th May 1908 - 1997, she died in Portadown, Co. Armagh, and had married Robert George McClelland on 11th June 1928.
  • Joseph Edwards Dickson 1911 - 1970;  he was named after David's late brother, our great-granddfather, who had died six years earlier.
  • Thomas James born 15th May 1913 - 1948.

David Dickson's wife, Anna Maria Atkinson, died aged 42 of tuberculosis in Drummond on 17th February 1914.
On 3rd May 1916 in Moy, Clonfeakle, widower David Dickson, son of Henry Dickson and Elizabeth Edwards, married Eliza Jane, daughter of Robert Lucas of Ballymackleduff. The witnesses were Robert and Mary Lucas.

Joseph Dickson's sister, Sarah Maria McCollough/McCullagh Dickson, was born in Drummond on 20th April 1864  to Henry Dickson and Elizabeth Edwards.  On 27th December 1895 in Moy, Clonfeacle, she married James Millar or Miller, a farmer of Mullaghboy, the son of John Millar.  The wedding was witnessed by our great-grandfather, Joseph Edwards Dickson, and by an M.E.Hillock, who I believe to be Margaret Elizabeth Hillock, the wife of an Armagh coal and timber merchant Henry Hillock.

James Millar and Sarah Maria McCollough Dickson of Mullaghboy, Co. Tyrone, had:

Elizabeth Millar on 12th August 1897.
Lydia Millar on 11th August 1898.
John Millar born circa 1900.
Naamah Maria on 1st October 1901.
Annie Evelyn Millar on 9th October 1903,
Margaret Millar on 21st October 1904 and
James Millar on 8th August 1906.

A fourth child of Henry Dickson Junior and Elizabeth Edwards might be the Rose Anne Dickson (1853 - 1891) who married Samuel Fulton of Lisduff, Benburb, in about 1878.  They had children - Martha Jane Fulton was born in Lisduff on 15th October 1879, Sarah Maria Fulton was born on 21st June 1881,  Joseph Henderson Fulton was born on 5th February 1883, Joseph Henry Fulton was born on 21st October 1885, Naamah Fulton was born on 24th October 1887 but died in 1890, and Maria was born on 3rd August 1890.   The childrens' mother, Rose Ann, née Dickson, died aged 38 in Lisduff, Benburb, on 26th July 1891.  There is no sign of this family on either census.

(The Ruth Dickson who married Andrew Ferguson, son of William Ferguson, on 1st March 1875, was the daughter of an unrelated Henry Dickson who was farming at Donaghmore, Co. Tyrone, ten miles north of Drummond, the home of the Dickson family discussed in this post. )

Wednesday, 20 July 2011

A Tithe Proctor Murdered, 1815, Tipperary

The following newspaper extract illustrates the unpopularity of the tithe system in early 19th century Ireland. The Tithes were a tax imposed on the Irish population, regardless of their religion, by the Church of Ireland which was the established church of the state. 
The tithes were collected by proctors - in this case, Mr. Hartnett was the proctor for the Rev. John Pennefather of Glebe House, Newport, Tipperary.

This newspaper extract comes from an 1815 edition of 'The Examiner' which was, I believe, an American publication.

‘Cashel, Dec. 23rd - This day, at noon, one Hartnett (the Tithe Proctor of Rev. John Pennefather, Rector of Newport in this county) was murdered by two men at the gate of Monagee, about one mile from this city on the Camas road. As far as we can collect the facts, they are as follows: It has been a general complaint, that notwithstanding the fall of corn, and the distress of the Farmer, the Clergy have been this year rather more greedy in their exactions as ever. Tithes of an enormous amount are at this moment levied; and, where the wretched Cottier is indigent or contamacious, he is summoned to that dread Tribunal ‘The Bishop’s Court’ and there decreed and condemned to pay. The Tithes of Mr. Penefather’s parish (about 30 miles distant) have exceeded the means of some of his Parishioners, and his Proctor, Hartnett (not the most merciful of his tribe) summoned a number of them to the Metropolitan Court in this city, where a Surrogate constantly sit to do ‘justice’. Hartnett, and these poor creatures, had been in attendance here for some days past, several altercations, and much bitterness appeared on both sides. Finally, the Proctor had the good fortune to succeed in all his complaints, and obtained heavy decrees in all his cases. The wretched defendants cried out that they must leave their homes, their wives and children, that they were hardly used, that they must go to America. Hartnett left Cashel, on his return to Newport, accompanied by two other Proctors, who had been upon similar errands. They were met by two men, supposed to be from Newport, who produced blunderbusses, ordered the two other Proctors to return to Cashel, and detained Hartnett as the most obnoxious. They then fired three shots at Hartnett and left him for dead. The surgeon and other persons came out from Cashel and afforded every aid but the Proctor died in three hours. We understand, however, that he had sufficient strength to relate the particulars, and to name the murderers who were well known to him. Persuit was made but, for the present, they have contrived to escape. The weather was dreadful at the time, blowing a dreadful storm, and accompanied by cold heavy rain. The country people were all in their cabins, and no person visible on the road or in the fields, save the parties we have named. Though this outrage hasw occurred in Middlethird Barony, or in a corner of it, yet it is plain that the inhabitants are free from imputation. No precaution on their part could have prevented it. The Tithe System and the ravenous practices employed by the Clergy, are the causes of this and many other calamities. In truth, as Judge Fletcher has briefly expressed it, ‘The Tithe System is not fit for Ireland. The deliberation and effectual care with which this murder was perpetrated are peculiarly calculated to awaken the most serious reflections and to shew, that when the laws become severe in the extreme, they either fail to be effective, or they excite a horrible re-action. These murderers must have been, for some days past, in Cashel, or in its immediate vicinity, watching their victim and waiting their opportunity.’

Thomas Williams, First Secretary to the Bank of Ireland

Thomas Williams, 1747- 1832, the first secretary of the Bank of Ireland. I have managed to patch together bits and pieces of information about Thomas from the internet, and also from the Dublin street directories available in Pearse Street Library.

Thomas Williams was born on 30th December 1747 to the tailor, Richard Williams, and his wife, Mary Williams, of Leighton Buzzard.

The children of Richard and Mary Williams of Leighton Buzzard were as follows:
Hutchins Williams born 26th December 1740 in Leighton Buzzard.
John Williams born 29th September 1742 in Leighton Buzzard.
William Williams born 31st March 1746 in Leighton Buzzard.
Thomas Williams born 30th December 1747 in Leighton Buzzard.
Richard Williams born 29th December 1749 in Leighton Buzzard.
Mary Williams born 12th September 1751 in Leighton Buzzard.
Watkin William Williams born 28th December 1753 in Leighton Buzzard.
Watkin Win Williams born 1761 in Leighton Buzzard.

On the day that the Bank of Ireland opened for business, 25th June 1783, Robert Watson Wade resigned as Accountant General and Thomas Williams was appointed in his stead. In the year 1788, Hill Wilson died and Thomas Williams was promoted to the post of Secretary, a post which he held for almost forty years.
In the 1780s, James Gibbons (the father of James Gibbons of Ballynegall, Westmeath?),  was appointed as notary to the bank, since Hill Wilson and Thomas Williams could not obtain the necessary legal qualifications due to the opposition of certain notaries of the city. At this time, you needed recommendations from merchants or stockbrokers to be appointed to the post.
 James Gibbons would go into business with Richard Williams, Thomas Williams' son, and would operate as notaries to the Bank of Ireland, with premises at 38 Dame Street.

It seems that the Williams family arrived in Dublin prior to Thomas William's marriage in 1777 - a deed exists in the Registry of Deeds which records a property deal in Dublin, dated 25th February 1782.  (Ref:248/143/232624)
The deed was executed by Thomas Williams on belhalf of himself and of Henry Lyons and Clifford Boldock of the City of Dublin and concerned the sale of their property of 5 Dame Street to William Shannon, public notary.  No. 5 Dame Street was described as a new dwelling-house with yard and offices, bordered on the east by Peter Wilson's holding and on the west by Daly's Chocolate House and by Mr. Keating's holding.  The deed was witnessed Watkin Wynne Williams, gentleman of Dublin, and by Edward Hamerton of Dublin and Frederick Kane, also of Dublin.
   Watkin Wynne Williams was the brother of Thomas Williams and both had been born in Leighton Buzzard to the merchant tailor, Richard Williams and his wife Mary.  Henry Lyons, Clifford Boldock and William Shannon were all associated with the Bank of Ireland.
Although Clifford Boldock originated in York, England, he was apprenticed in 1770 to the linen-draper, William Ward of Hanover Square, London;  Clifford married a Miss Drury in Ireland in 1777 and died in Dublin in 1790.
Edward Hamerton lived at 11 Castle Street and was the Clerk of Ship Entries for the Port of Dublin.
   It appears from the street directories that the above Thomas Williams started out as a haberdasher in Dublin, in business with Clifford Boldock and with Henry Lyons.  This Thomas Williams continued in business alone until 1787, four years after Thomas Williams was appointed as accountant general to the Bank of Ireland in 1783.  Could this be possibly be the same man?  Could he have run a business and worked for the bank at the same time?   Here are the entries in the Dublin street directories:
   1776 - Williams and Lyons, Haberdashers, 18 Castle Street.
   1777 -  Williams, Lyons and Boldock, Wholesale Haberdashers, 5, Dame Street.
   1778 - Williams & Boldock, Wholesale Haberdashers, 5, Dame Street.
   1778 - Williams & Boldock, Wholesale Haberdashers, 5 Dame Street.
   1779 - Williams &  Boldock, Wholesale Haberdashers, 5 Dame Street.
   1780 -  As above.
   1781 - As above.
(From 'Saunders Newsletter of 2nd August 1782 we learn that Clifford Boldock, formerly in partnership with Mr. Thomas Williams had moved from Dame Street to 25, Stafford Street.)
   1782 - Thomas Williams & Co., Merchants, 5 Dame Street.
(From 'Saunders Newsletter' of 2nd July 1782, we learn that Thomas Williams & Co, have moved from Dame Street to 17 Eustace Street;  all persons indebted to Williams, Boldash [sic] & Co, should make payment of the same to Thomas Williams & Co in Eustace Street.)
   1783 - Thomas Williams & Co., Merchants, 17 Eustace Street.
   1784 - Thomas Williams & Co., Merchants, 17 Eustace Street.
   1785 - Thomas Williams & Co., Merchants, 17 Eustace Street.
   1786 - As above.
   1787 - As above.
    There were no further entries for Thomas Williams & Co., Merchants after 1787.  (NB: The father of Thomas Williams of the Bank of Ireland was a tailor of Leighton Buzzard, and this trade seemed to have passed down through the Williams family since Roger Williams of Penrhyn and Merchant Taylors, London. )

   In 1857 some of the properties of Richard Williams, the son of Thomas, were put up for sale through the Encumbered Estates Court.  Among these properties were the neighbouring houses of 15 and 16 Gardiner Place, both of which had been leased by Thomas Williams in the year 1792.
   Gardiner Place is off Mountjoy Square, as is Belvedere Place where the family of Thomas Williams later lived.  The first mention in the Dublin directories of a member of the Williams family at 2 Belvedere Place occurs in 1814, when Charles Wye Williams, Thomas' son, was noted here as a barrister.

It appears that No. 39 Dame Street was also owned by Thomas Williams - his relation, Hutchins Thomas Williams, was operating here at this address as a banker/stockbroker when his business, Gibbons and Williams, went bankrupt in 1835.  39 Dame Street was put up for sale in 1857 as part of the estate of Thomas' son, Richard Williams.

For Sale in 1857: 39 Dame Street - Indenture of demise, dated 13th December 1786, from James Williams to Henry Wilme for 999 years.  The interest of James Williams became vested in Thomas Williams, and the interest of Henry Wilme became vested in Benjamin Poyntz....23rd December 1824, an indenture of lease was executed between Thomas Williams of the first part, John Weldon, silk mercer of the second part, and Benjamin Poyntz of the third part.   This property was offered up for sale in 1857 as part of Richard Williams’ estate.  The tenants using the premises in 1857 were the West of England Insurance Company.
(39 Dame Street - Lease: Indenture of lease dated the 13th December 1786 from James Williams to Henry Wilme for 999 years , from 1st January 1787, at the yearly rent of £100....an indenture of lease dated 23rd December 1823, was made and executed between Thomas Williams Esq., of the 1st part, John Weldon, silk mercer, of the 2nd part, and Benjamin Poyntz, hosier, of the 3rd part, whereby the said Thomas Williams (in whom the interest of said James Williams, in said premises, was then vested) demised said premises to Benjamin Poyntz (in whom the interest of said Henry Wilme therein was also vested) for the term of 961 years...with liberty of carts, cars, horses, carriages, labourers and servants to pass and repass from and through the passage then and now called Dame-lane, at the rear of said house and premises, at all hours and times, and liberty was thereby reserved to the said Benjamin Poyntz...at the expiration of every seven years of said term, to surrender said premises on giving six months previous notice in writing.
And by deed of 14th June 1842, William Hodges and others (in whom the lessee’s interest in said indentures of 13th December 1786 and 23rd December 1823 was then vested)  assigned their interest to Samuel Page, who executed a declaration of trust  that he held in trust, and for and on behalf of The West of England Insurance Company.)
   Benjamin Poyntz, named above, started out as a hosier and glover at 62 Dame Street, before being listed at  39 Dame Street on the Valuation of Dublin in 1830, and finally settled at 106 Grafton Street.


   An R.Williams, which might be Richard Williams, the second son of Thomas Williams, was noted as an attorney of 2 Summerhill in 1807 and 1808.  (Summerhill being in the same North Dublin area as Mountjoy Square.)
   The firm of notaries to the Bank of Ireland, 'Gibbons and Williams', appears in the directories from 1799 under the heading for the Bank.

Thomas's father, Richard Williams, who had been born on July 17th 1719 at Carnarvon,  claimed descent from Griffith Williams the first Baronet Penrhyn (1661) whose family seat is close to Anglesey in Wales.
 The eldest son of Richard and Mary was Hutchins Williams who was born in Leighton Buzzard, Bedford, in 1740. We possibly descend directly from this Hutchins Williams who was, of course, the brother to Thomas Williams of the Bank of Ireland.


Thomas Williams was married to Mary Ann Quin/Quine who was a descendant of the second Lord Mayor of Dublin from 1667 to 1668, Mark Quine.
http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2011/11/collection-of-quins.html

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2013/01/mary-anne-quin-wife-of-thomas-williams.html
The couple married in St. Thomas's, Dublin, on 26th March 1777 - they were married by Rev. Mr. Wye, who must have been close to the Williams family since Thomas named one of his sons after him.

I think Rev. Wye was most likely Rev. Charles Wye of Dunleer, Co. Louth, born 1694 to Rev. Mossom Wye of County Antrim.  The Rev. Charles Wye was later the rector of Kilmeen and Ballymoney, Co. Cork in 1784.  Charles Wye had a son, Francis Wye, who had two daughters, Mary Quin and Elizabeth Wye.
I have no idea how Thomas Williams and Mary Ann Quin knew Rev. Charles Wye, but I can find no other reference to a Rev. Wye at this time and there are no other mentions of him in the Register of St. Thomas, other than the two marriages he performed there on the same day in 1777.
(Rev.Mr.Wye, who married Thomas and Mary Ann in St.Thomas's, also married a second couple on the same day - Arthur Ormsby and Ann Ashe.)
Thomas and Mary Ann Williams had three known sons - Charles Wye Williams 1779 - 1866, shipping magnate of Dublin and Liverpool;  Walker Williams who didn't survive childhood, dates unknown;  Richard Williams 1778 - 1868, a notary of Dame Street and Drumcondra Castle, who was married to Anne Palmer.


Thomas Williams and Mary Ann Quin had a daughter, Mary Williams, who married George Simpson Carleton in April 1834. The papers of the day noted her as the eldest daughter of Thomas Williams of Hampton Lodge, which of course means that there must be either one, or more, daughters floating about somewhere.
  Deed 1857-27-21, dated 14th September 1857, records that, on the occasion of the marriage between Mary Williams and Carleton, Mary Williams granted to Richard Williams and Francis Carleton a sum of £2000.  A sum of £1000 was also lent to George Simpson Carleton by Richard Williams for a house in Eustace Street.  Mary Carleton, née Williams, died without children;   the deed of 1857 records that Richard Williams of Dame Street was the surviving trustee of the earlier marriage settlement of April 9th 1834.
http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2011/11/carleton-family-of-eustace-street.html

From 'The Treble Almanac' of 1815: 
Williams (Thos. Esq.) 2 Belvedere Place.  


Thomas and Mary Ann Williams later moved north to Hampton Lodge in Drumcondra  - their son, Richard Williams,  lived nearby in Drumcondra Castle.
Drumcondra Castle had been built in 1555 by a Meath man, James Bathe, on land which had originally belonged to the Priory of the Holy Trinity.  In 1591, the Earl of Tyrone, Hugh O'Neill, married Mabel Bagenal there. In 1677, James II granted the Drumcondra lands to a Giles Martin. The castle had several owners over the centuries including Captain Chichester Phillips and Edward Newenham. It was sold to its current owners, St. Josephs School for the Blind, in 1859.

Following her husband's death in 1832 or 1833, Mary Ann Williams continued to live in  Hampton Lodge in Drumcondra and can be seen there on Griffiths Valuation of 1852.

Thomas's son, Richard, was one the executors of his will, the other being the widowed Mary Anne Williams.  In 1836, a deed was drawn up (1836-3-67) by which Richard and Mary Anne transferred the mortgage on a house in North Sackville Stree  to Elizabeth Burgh of Clogrennan, Carlow. This property had been sold in 1818 to Thomas Williams by Nathaniel Sneyd.

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/p/index-to-williams-posts.html

(An interesting aside:  The Williams family of Cochwillan, the Williams of Meillionydd, the Williams-Bulkeley family of Penrhyn  and the Griffiths family of Penrhyn (amongst other North Wales families) descend directly from  a Welsh nobleman named Sir Tudor ap Ednyfed Vychan who was married to Adlais, the granddaughter of Griffith ap Cynan, the King of North Wales.
This Ednyfed Vychan later married a second woman, Gwenllian, the daughter of Rhys ap Griffith, a Lord of South Wales.  Their grandson was Tudor ap Grono of Penmynedd, who built the priory at Bangor and did homage for his lands to Edward I at Chester.
 Tudor's great-great- grandson, Sir Owen Tudor, married Catherine de Valois, the youngest daughter of Charles VI, the King of France. Catherine was the widow of Henry V of England, and the mother of Henry VI.
Catherine and Sir Owen Tudor, who was beheaded in 1461 for his role in the Wars of the Roses, had a son, Edmund Tudor, who was created the Earl of Richmond in 1452 by Henry VI.  Edmund married Lady Margaret Beaufort, the daughter and heir of John, Duke of Somerset and died in 1456, leaving an only son, Henry VII who was the King of England and the founder of the royal house of Tudor. )

The Rev. Thomas Palmer of Kenmare

Thomas Williams (1748 - 1833) who was the first Secretary of the Bank of Ireland.  Our great-great grandfather, Richard Williams, may have been a member of this family, but I'm still researching this.
Richard Williams was a son of Thomas Williams, and he married Anne Palmer, the granddaughter of the Rev. Thomas Palmer of Kenmare.
I discovered the following information about Thomas Palmer on the Internet Archive site and I'm including it here because of its interesting historical content and to illustrate the political state of the country in the mid 17th Century.

From 'Miscellanea, Genealogica et Heraldica' , published in 1873:

  'Genealogy of the family of Palmer, of Kenmare, Co. Kerry, Ireland...Rev. Thomas Palmer: Concerning the Rev'd Thomas Palmer, founder of the Palmer family of Kenmare, the following are the chief particulars recorded or known.  He was (it is stated) for some time in early youth in some way connected with or attached to Anne Hyde,  wife of James II. At a subsequent period...he was admitted to holy orders and...came over to Ireland and cast in his lot with the English settlers in that country.  His name appears in the Visitation Book of Diocese of Cloyne Oct. 27th 1669, as Vicar of Clonfert and Tullilease and Rector of Knocktemple. In 1670, as appears from a document in Rolls Office Court of Chancery, Dublin, he was appointed through Royal favour to the Crown livings of Kilmare (now Kenmare), Kilgarvan, Templenoe, Kilcroghan and Cahirciveen...He was appointed to the commission of the peace for the County Kerry on 15th of May 1679. He was also judge of the Admiralty Court of Munster and of the Consistorial Court of Ardfert and Aghadoe.
The most prominent event of his life was the defence of the Fort of Killowen...by the Protestant colony of Kenmare under his command, united with Richard Orpen Esq. against some thousands of the Irish forces of James II.  Harrassed by repeated raids of the native Irish on their cattle, farms and homesteads,  the whole Protestant population of the district...resolved to bring their families to a common place of safety and associated themselves as a garrison of the fort with its outworks under the leadership of their Rector and his son-in-law Mr. Orpen.  they expected an English army to land immediately in Munster for the rescue of the various colonies of Protestants scattered throughout the province, but the desired relief never came;  and abandoned to their fate in a remote corner of the island...they capitulated on honourable terms. These terms were however shamefully broken by the enemy, and the brave, but unhappy, garrison plundered,  deceived and crowded....into two small vessels, only succeeded at last in making their way to Bristol ...after much hardship and in sorry plight, Mr.Palmer...came back to his old home and work at Kilmare with his little band of settlers and spent the remaining ten years of his life and ministry among them.
...Rev. Thomas Palmer married twice. First, in 1669, to Jane Mary, d. of Sir William (or Richard) Aldworth of Duhallow or Newmarket, Co. Cork.  Secondly to Julia (Shelah), d. of The MacCarthy Mor....

...Much interesting information is contained in another rare pamphlet, also by Richard Orpen...it gives an account of the fraudulent and wilful shipwreck of a ship called 'The Laurel' in the River Kenmare - and contains a solemn statement by the Rev'd Thomas Palmer...- giving his opinion on the matter - relating also a grievous calamity which the shelter and lodging he gave to the shipwrecked sailors with their good brought on himself, viz. the burning and robbing of his own house at "The Sound", Kenmare, at midnight, January 29th 1693 by "The Tories"....His life was saved on that occasion, by the influence which his wife Julia, a native Chieftain's daughter, possessed with the Irish Robbers, but documents with the greatest value and interest were burned and lost...'

From 'The Clerical and Parochial Records of Cork, Cloyne and Ross':   '...Thomas Palmer, a lineal descendant of Thomas Palmer of Rockingham (A.D.1402), county Northampton, had been Page of Honour to Anne Hyde, wife of James II.  He was Judge of the Admiralty Court of Munster, and of the Consistorial Court of Ardfert and Aghadoe, and was the first Protestant rector of the crown livings of Kenmare, Kilgarvan, Templenoe, Kilcroghan, and Cahirciveen.  He was appointed to the commission of the peace for the county Kerry on 15th May 1679...'

George Palmer, the Rector of Castlemaine, Co. Kerry,  was the son of Rev.Thomas Palmer; he married Margaret White of Bantry and his granddaughter Anne married Richard Williams of Drumcondra Castle, the son of Thomas Williams.  Their children were as follows:

  • Thomas Williams,born 1810, who married Marion, daughter of Sir Matthew Barrington of Glenstal Castle,    Limerick.
  • George Gibbons Williams, born 1811, married Emma Highfield, emigrated to New York.
  • Richard Palmer Williams, born 1814, lived at Glaslinn, Clontarf, Dublin.
  • Charles Watkin Williams married Anne Highfield of Liverpool.
  • Anne Williams married Daniel Barrington, second son of Sir Joseph Barrington of Limerick.

Tuesday, 19 July 2011

Sir John Lysaght Pennefather



Sir John Lysaght Pennefather was the third son of the Rev. John Pennefather and Elizabeth Percival. We descend directly from his half-brother, Edward Pennefather, who had been born earlier to the Rev. John Pennefather and his first unnamed wife.

Sir John Lysaght Pennefather (1789 - 1872), was a soldier who was famed for two very remarkable military victories.  He entered the army in 1818 but saw no active service until 1843 when, at the Battle of Meanee in India, his regiment of 500 Irishmen helped to defeat an army of 35,000.  He survived being seriously wounded, was made a C.B. and received the thanks of parliament.
(The Battle of Meanee was part of Sir Charles Napier's plan to expand the British Raj in India.)

Sir John Lysaght Pennefather later distinguished himself a second time in 1854 at the Battle of Inkermann, one of the engagements of the Crimean War against the Russians. On the day of the battle, Pennefather had only 3000 Irishmen under his command as opposed to the Russians' 35,000.

'Always undaunted, always kindling with warlike animation, he was a very power in himself. Even when his radiant countenance could not be seen, there was comfort in the sound of his voice...and the grand old boy's favourite oaths roaring cheerily down through the smoke.'

The battle lasted about six hours from daybreak till about 1pm, then the Russians began their retreat, having lost nearly 12,000 men.  Pennefather's 'admirable behaviour' was mentioned by Lord Raglan's dispatch.

Sir John Pennefather was nicknamed 'The Swearing General' because of his penchant for colourful language.

Following his military career, Sir John Lysaght Pennefather was made Governor of the Royal Hospital in Chelsea from 1870 till his death in 1872.  He was buried in Brompton Cemetery.

In 1834, he had married Katherine, daughter of John Carr Esq., of Mountrath, Queen's County.

John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay

Our maternal great-great-great grandparents were John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay of Dublin.
http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2012/03/the-courtenay-family-of-dublin-and.html

John Pennefather, sometimes noted as John Lysaght Pennefather, was the son of Edward Pennefather and Eliza White.  He was born on the 13th of January 1823 and was baptised by his parents, Edward Pennefather and Eliza White, in St.Mary's Church, Dublin.  John's parents later lived both at Crumlin in Dublin, and close to Maynooth in Kildare; they finally settled in Fairview, North Dublin.
John Pennefather's middle-name, 'Lysaght', refers to his great-grandmother, Mary Lysaght, the daughter of Lord Lisle of Mountnorth, Co. Cork.  Mary Lysaght and her husband, Kingsmill Pennefather, baptised their son, Kingsmill, in the same church of St.Mary's in Dublin on 2nd November 1758.
http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2011/09/children-of-edward-pennefather-of.html

(I had originally thought that our John Pennefather had married twice.  A John Pennefather married a  Susan Darlington of St. Marks Parish - the Pearse Street area - in St. Marks on 20th July 1843; the witnesses were R. Darlington, James F. Harricks, Richard Harricks and a third member of the Harricks family.  Both the Darlington and the Harricks families had their origins in the Enniskerry/Powerscourt area of Co. Wicklow although many of them had moved to work in Dublin by the 1840s.

The newspaper announcement for the wedding noted  this other John Pennefather as being of St. Vincent in the West Indies;  Susan Darlington was named as the daughter of the late John Darlington of Monastry, Wicklow.

John gave his address on the marriage cert. as St. Mary's Parish, the area north of Parnell Square, then called Rutland Square. I presumed, because our John Pennefather spent most of his life living and working in this area of Dublin, that the John, who married Susan Darlington in 1843,  was our maternal great-great-great grandfather who would later, in 1848, marry Emily Courtenay. However, I discovered that the first couple had a son, William Darlington Pennefather, in 1856 in Islington, London and, in 1856, our John and Emily were already happily married in Dublin!   This birth in 1856 proves conclusively that there were two John Pennefathers of Dublin and not the one as I had previously thought.
This other John Pennefather, born in Ireland at about the same time as our John Pennefather, was a merchant who spent much of his time in the UK - his children were Susan Darlington Pennefather, Frederick Pennefather  (twins, born in Enniskerry, Wicklow), William Darlington Pennefather and Robert Forbes Pennefather.   A son was born on 4th June 1849 in St. Vincent, West Indies.
I have no idea who this other John Pennefather was.  I had previously wondered was this John Pennefather the son of Kingsmill Pennefather of Golden, but Kingsmill's son actually married a woman named Selina Power in New York in 1851 and died somewhere unknown in Western Canada at a date unknown prior to 1858.)

Our John Penefather (sic), of Grafton Street, was admitted to the Freemen of Dublin on 6th September 1845, by birth, being the son of Edward Pennefather who had previously been admitted in 1810.

Our John (Lysaght) Pennefather married  Emily Courtenay in the Black Church of St. Marys on January 2nd 1848. Both of them gave their address as 27 Wellington Street, the family home of the Courtenays where John and Emily would live for the next few years.  John gave his father's profession as a farmer but gave no address for him; Emily's father, Frederick Courtenay, was a gentleman, who worked, first, as a clerk to a vet., then as a veterinary surgeon. The witnesses were Alexander Johnston and Joseph Cuthbert.  This Joseph Cuthbert was a Tipperary-born member of the Royal Irish Constabulary who was based in Dublin at the time of this marriage and later in Cashel, the home of the Pennefathers. Alexander Johnston was born in 1827 to the veterinary surgeon, Richard Johnston, and his wife Mary, who lived at 157 Great Britain Street - Emily's father, Frederick Courtenay, worked as a clerk to a vet;  when Emily's brother, William Courtenay, was born on 20th March 1829, the Courtenay family had been living at 157 Great Britain Street, the home of Richard Johnston the vet.  Later the Courtenay family moved to 47 Moore Street, before ending up at 27 Wellington Street;  I see that on Griffiths Valuation, Richard Johnston owned several of the houses on Wellington Street.

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2012/03/the-courtenay-family-of-dublin-and.html

John Pennefather, and his father Edward Pennefather, were recruited as canvassers on behalf of Guinness in the 1860's city elections.

 John and Emily Pennefather's children were as follows:
1) Isabella Anne Pennefather (aka Mama, our great-great grandmother who would later marry Charles Jones) was born at 27 Wellington Street on 26th Oct 1848 - her father's profession was noted as a clerk in a mercantile house.  Two years earlier at the same address, Isabella's young aunt, Isabella Courtney, died at 27 Wellington Street, aged only 12 years old. I wonder was our great-great grandmother named after her?
http://alison-stewart.blogspot.com/2011/07/jones-family-of-dublin.html

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2012/01/isabella-jones-nee-pennefather.html

On 1st June 1865 in St. Mary's Church, Isabella Anne Pennefather, aged only 17, the daughter of John and Emily Pennefather,  married our great-great grandfather, the painter-decorator, Charles Jones of 2 Lower Pembroke Street.  Isabella was his second wife - the first, Emily Sharpe, had died, leaving Charles with one son, Charles Wycliffe Creighton Jones. The witnesses to the second marriage were Isabella's father, John Pennefather, and his sister, Maria Bonis.

2) Emily Pennefather was born to John and Emily Pennefather of 27 Wellington Street on 29th Jan 1850 - John Pennefather was then a writing clerk.

Emily Pennefather married Joseph Dowling on 21st July 1874 - his address was 10 Mark Street, (and this was where Emily's widowed mother, Emily Pennefather, was living when she married Robert Owens the previous year, 1873)  - Joseph Dowling had been born circa 1852 to a gentleman/butcher by the name of Patrick Dowling.  The witnesses to the registry office wedding were Anna Pennefather, who was Emily's younger sister, and someone with a surname of 'Roddie'.  By this time - 1874 - Emily's father, John Pennefather, had been dead for five years. Her mother, Emily, had remarried Robert Owens in 1873, but was widowed a second time when Robert Owens died in 1876.
Emily's sister, Eliza Pennefather, married Joseph Dowling's brother later in 1880.

Emily Dowling, née Pennefather, and her husband, Joseph Dowling, had several children, all Catholic which confirms that Emily had converted in order to marry Joseph;   the sponsors at Catholic baptisms had to be Catholic:

Edward Patrick Dowling was born to Emily and Joseph Dowling at 80 Talbot Street on 12th May 1875 and was baptised on  6th September 1875 by Father Bernard Farrell in the nearby Pro-Cathedral. The baby's sponsor was Margaret Carroll.  Mary Courtenay, Emily Dowling's mother, of 3 Wellington Street was present for the birth. 
On 22nd June 1925, Edward Dowling, dental mechanic and son of the late exporter, Joseph Dowling, married the shop assistant Annie Staunton, the daughter of farmer Michael Staunton.  Both bride and groom were living at the Dowling family home of 34 Hollybrook Road in Clontarf.  The witnesses were Edward Dowling's unmarried sister, Anna Maria Dowling, and a James Mooney.
Although he gave his profession as a dental mechanic in 1925, when he died on 8th June 1964 at 3 Marino Green, he was listed as a widowed butcher.  His death was registered by a daughter-in-law, Patricia (?) Dooling.

Helena or Ellen Dowling was born at 80 Talbot Street on 27th February 1877 and was baptised by Bernard Farrell and sponsored by Margaret Dowling.  Mary Courtney of 3 Wellington Street was present.
Anna Dowling was born on 10th November 1878. (Her mother was named as Emily Owens rather than Pennefather, Owens being the name of her late stepfather, Robert Owens.)  In 1878 when Anna Dowling was born, the family were living at South Lotts Road.

Joseph Dowling was born 27th October 1879;  the family address in 1879 was 8 South Lotts Road, Ringsend.

Patrick Joseph Dowling was born at 6 Bridge Street, Ringsend, Dublin, on 19th December 1880.  He was sponsored by Patrick and Anna Dowling (his paternal grandparents perhaps?) and was baptised at St.Mary's, Haddington Road, by Father Daniel Downing.

Isabella Dowling was born at 25 Upper Gloucester Street on 2nd May 1883 and was sponsored at the baptism by Mary Anne McGinn and Charles Maher.

James Dowling was born to Emily and Joseph Dowling at 25 Upper Gloucester Street on 19th June 1884, was baptised at the Pro-Cathedral by Nicholas Healy and was sponsored by Margaret Dowling.

Charles Dowling was born at 10 Grand Canal Street and baptised in 1886 in St.Andrews;  the sponsors were Patrick and Ellen Dowling.  The notes in the margin of the parish register record that Charles Dowling, son of Joseph Dowling and Emily Pennefather, married Mary Curley in Clontuskert Church.   This wedding occurred on 2nd July 1918, Clontuskert being near Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, where Charles Dowling's younger brother would also settle, working as a dental mechanic.   In 1918, Charles Dowling was also a dentist, and the marriage registration details name him as the son of the dentist Joseph Dowling - this might well be an error, since Joseph Dowling was known to be a butcher.  Mary Curley, the bride, was the daughter of Clontuskert farmer, James Curley.   Alfred and Clare Curley witnessed the wedding in 1918.
Charles Dowling died in Ballinasloe on 8th March 1951 and was survived by his wife Mary.

Richard Dowling was born at 10 Grand Canal Street in 1887 and baptised in St. Andrews; the sponsors were Patrick Dowling and Ellen Coleman.

Emily Dowling was born at 48 Upper Dorset Street on 18th July 1888 and was baptised at the Pro-Cathedral by Charles Maher;  her sponsor was Ellen Dowling.

Thomas Dowling was born at 48 Upper Dorset Street on 22nd June 1890, was baptised at the Pro-Cathedral by Daniel Downing, and was sponsored by Ellen Dowling.  Later a dentist of Ballinasloe, on 11th March 1917 in Portumna, he married Mary Bridget Clarke, the daughter of shopkeeper John Clarke of Portumna.   The groom's siblings, Charles Michael Dowling and Anna Maria Dowling acted as witnesses.
By 4th January 1933 Thomas Dowlingm dentist of Loughrea, had been widowed, and he married again, this time to a nurse, Evelyn Mary Halliday who was the daughter of William J. Halliday.  The witnesses were Charles Holly and Ina Donohue.

Louis Gerald Dowling was born at 48 Upper Dorset Street on 25th September 1892 and was baptised by Daniel Downing in the Pro-Cathedral;  he was sponsored by Ellen Dowling. 
Louis Gerald Dowling was a dental mechanic who practised in Ballinasloe, Galway.  On 21st November 1917, he married Catherine Angela Beirne of Ballinasloe, the daughter of John Beirne - the official marriage registration names her father as a victualler, while Louis's father was noted as a dentist.  This might have been a simple error on the part of the registry office, Louis's father being the victualler and Catherine's being the dentist.   The witnesses were Clare Beirne and Eugene Curley who was a possible relation of Louis's future sister-in-law, Mary Curley, who would marry Louis's brother, Charles in Ballinasloe the following year.

Louis Gerald Dowling died of cancer at the Dowling family home of 34 Hollybrook Road in Clontarf, Co. Dublin, on 3rd January 1943;  his sister, Anna Maria Dowling was present when he died there.


48 Upper Dorset Street, where some of the children of Joseph Dowling and Emily Pennefather had been born,  had been the address of Joseph Dowling's father, Patrick Dowling, from about 1879 - Joseph's brother, James Patrick Dowling, was living here in 1880 when he married Emily Pennefather's sister, Eliza Pennefather.

In 1901, the family of Joseph and Emily Dowling were living at 91 Lower Mount Street. Joseph was a victualler, while three of his sons - Edward aged 24, Patrick aged 18 and John aged 17 - were butchers. There was also Nellie aged 21, Annie aged 19, Charles aged 14, Thomas aged 9 and Louis aged 8.

Joseph Dowling, a butcher whose premises were at 91 Lower Mount Street, and who lived at 96 Donore Avenue, South Circular Rd.,  died on 2nd April 1906; his will was administered by Edward Dowling, a butcher, most likely his eldest son.
 By 1911 the widowed Emily Dowling was living with her unmarried children at 96 South Circular Road. Edward, Patrick and John were still working as butchers, while the three younger boys - Charles, Thomas and Louis - were dentists. Given that Louis was only 17 at the time, perhaps they were dental students?

Emily Dowling, née Pennefather, died aged 71 at 34 Hollybrook Road, Clontarf, on 30th September 1930; the informant was her daughter, Annie Dowling, also of 34 Hollybrook Road.


3) Eveline Laura Pennefather/Pennefeather was born to John and Emily Pennefather of 27 Wellington Street on 8th February 1854;  John was a writing clerk.  Eveline's older sister, Isabella, would later name a daughter after Eveline.  I can find no further information about her. I wonder did she died young before civil registration came in, ie, before 1864?

4) A son, Frederick Lysaght Pennefather was born to John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay on 12th March 1856.  Frederick's great-granddaughter, Lindsay, has recently made contact with me and has plenty of information about Frederick.  He left Dublin when he was 21 in 1877 - presumably there was some problem at home, but nobody now knows what that could be.
He emigrated to Bhagalpur, India, where he joined the East India Railway Company on 2nd August 1877, and worked his way up from fireman to shunter to railway driver. He was tragically killed by a passing goods train on 16th September 1894 or 1898.

Frederick Lysaght Pennefather married Jane Amelia Jones, the daughter of Joseph and Maria Jones, on 4th February 1880 in the Roman Catholic Bhangulpore Church. His residence at the time was Howrah, while Emilia Jones, the bride, was living in Bhangulpore.  The witness was F.A. Jones.

Frederick and Jane Amelia had four living children - Kathleen Marie (Lindsay's grandmother), born 11th December 1880, Frederick Alfred born 17th October 1882,  Patrick and Estelle Mary, born 1st November 1891.

Kathleen Marie Pennefather trained to be a doctor at Eden Hospital, Calcutta, and married Christmas Alfred Green, the son of a landowner and teaplanter, William Green who had joined the East India Company when very young and settled in Darjeeling where he prospered.

The will of Jane Amelia Pennefather, née Jones, was lodged in the High Court of Judicature, Fort William, Bengal, when she died aged 69 of fever and dysentery in May 1927, with probate granted to her daughter Kathleen Mary Green.
The will had been written on 20th March 1920 and was witnessed by C.E.Jones and J.A.Jones.
'...in accordance with the will of my llate husband Frederic Pennefather, I leave all the money I have been left in trust and with which I have bought coal shares and war bonds, to my children...'

Jane Amelia Pennefather was buried in the Lower Circular Road Cemetery in Calcutta.

5) Eliza Pennefather was born to John and Emily Pennefather of 27 Wellington Street in 1858 - her father, John Pennefather, was noted as a car-owner at the time.   The 'Freemans Journal' of 13th October 1851 reported that the visiting US Ambassador to England, Abbot Lawrence of Boston, along with his family, was driven to visit Co. Wicklow  by John Pennefather in his drag, which was an elegant coach drawn by four horses.  A few days before this, Abbot Lawrence had visited Baron Pennefather of Knockevan, Co. Tipperary.

Eliza Pennefather married James Patrick Dowling, the brother of her own brother-in-law Joseph Dowling,  on 5th April 1880.  At the time of the marriage, she was living at 3(?) Wellington Street, the street where she had been born.  Her father was named on the certificate as a commercial traveller, but this made no mention of the fact that he'd been dead for 11 years.
James Patrick Dowling was a butcher of 48 Upper Dorset Street in the parish of St. George.  48 Upper Dorset Street was the family home of the Dowling family.
The witnesses to the wedding were Mary Courtenay, Eliza's maternal grandmother, and her brother-in-law, Joseph Dowling who was married to her sister, Emily.

James Patrick Dowling, sometimes called the simpler Patrick, and his wife, Eliza Pennefather, appeared on the UK Census for 1881, the year immediately following their marriage. They were living at 22 Roman Road in London with their infant daughter Emily Dowling who was 9 months old.  Emily Evelina Dowling had been baptised on June 20th 1880 in St. Barnabas Church, Bethnal Green, London.

A son, Joseph Dowling, was born in the UK in about 1881.

For a while in the mid-1880s, they were living with their in-laws, Walter Emanuel Moore and Annie Pennefather. Both related couples baptised four of their children together in Holy Trinity, Westminster, on 19th October 1884 - the register states that both families were living together at 3 Upper Dorset Street.    The children  who were christened were Annie Phyllis Dowling, born 5th December 1882, Elizabeth Eleanor Dowling born 13th May 1884, Charles Herbert Moore born 26th August 1881 and Beatrice Moore born 10th November 1883.

When they returned to Dublin, James Patrick and Eliza/Elizabeth Dowling were living back at Wellington Street, this time at No. 33.
They baptised two of their children in St. Marys on 10th November 1886 - Joseph, who had been born in July 1881, was christened, along with his newborn sister, Laura Eugenie Dowling, who had been born on 24th September 1886.

Christina Mabel Dowling, later known as Mabel, was born 27th December 1891 at the Chapel of the Dublin Female Penitentiary, North Circular Road. By this time, the family were living at 62 Dalymount, North Circular Road.
On 29th June 1921 in St. Mark's, Dublin, Mabel Christina Dowling of 5 St. Lawrence Road, Clontarf, daughter of the master butcher Patrick Dowling, married William Story of the Canadian civil service, son of manager William Story of 146 Great Brunswick Street, Dublin.  This was witnessed by Esther Stuart and what looks like Thomas J. Early, but the writing has faded badly on the marriage registration certificate.
The groom, William Story, had been born in 1891 in Wexford town to the Dublin-born iron moulder, William Story, and to Wexford native Catherine Cullen.

Ellen Virginia Dowling was born here on 15th August 1893, and was likewise christened in the Chapel of the Female Penitentiary.  She was later known as Nellie or Eleanor.

Finally Margaret Victoria Dowling was born at 62 Dalymount Terrace, Phibsboro, on 3rd August 1894.   On 6th September 1918 in St. George's, Margaret Victoria Dowling of 6 Prospect Road, daughter of butcher Patrick Dowling, married Robert Alexander Eakin, a private with the 1st Division of the Australian Forces, with an address at 17 Blessington Street, son of insurance agent James Eakin. The wedding was witnessed by Annie Dowling and Robert Gilbert.
Robert Alexander Eakin had been born in Dublin on 5th July 1893 to the Monaghan-born couple John James Eakin and Isabella Black.
Robert Alexander Eakin and Margaret Victoria Dowling emigrated to Victoria, Australia, where they ran a grocery.  In the 1930s the street directories note them at 81 Little Page Street, Albert Park, Melbourne Port.   He died in 1965, while Margaret Victoria Eakin died a widow in Kew on 7th June 1979.


All seven of Eliza Pennefather and James Patrick Dowling's children survived infancy and appeared on the 1901 census at 62.1 Dalymount, North Circular Road, Dublin, where James Patrick Dowling was working as a victualler, with his son, Joseph, as an apprentice.  All of the family were Church of England Protestant, except for James Patrick Dowling who remained Catholic.

On 6th February 1907 in St. George's, Dublin, Emily Eveline Dowling, eldest daughter of victualler Patrick Dowling of 16 Prospect Road, Glasnevin, married civil servant and customs clerk, William Prescott of 102 Donore Avenue, son of the dyer John Prescott.  The wedding was witnessed by Joseph Dowling, Emily's brother, and Elizabeth Prescott.
The young couple had a son, John Patrick Prescott, at 128 Botanic Road, Glasnevin, on 10th November 1907, before they moved to Old Trafford in Manchester, where the census of 1911 captured them, along with a second son, William, who had been born in Crofton Park in about 1909.

By 1911 the family of Patrick Dowling and Elizabeth Pennefather had moved to 6 Prospect Road in Glasnevin, North Dublin, and James Patrick was noted on the census as an invalid.  His place of worship was the Hillsborough Roman Catholic Chapel, while the rest of the family attended St. George's.

James Patrick aka Patrick Dowling, butcher, died on 27th May 1912 at 96 Donore Terrace; daughter Annie Dowling of Donore Terrace was present.

On 23rd June 1913 in the Dublin Registry Office, butcher Joseph Dowling of 6 Prospect Terrace, Glasnevin, son of the late butcher Patrick Dowling, married Mary Foley of Bessborough Avenue, North Strand, daughter of the late John Foley.  The witnesses were James Foley, Peter Sheridan and Annie Dowling.

6) Anna Maria Pennefather - I can find no reference to her birth, but Anna Maria Pennefather married Emmanuel Walter More in 1880, and, given that she was of full age, then she would have been born circa 1859.  Anna Maria - known as the simpler Anna - witnessed the marriage of her older sister, Emily, to Joseph Dowling, in 1874.

On 20th August 1880,  Emanuel Walter Moore, the son of Herbert Gillman Moore and Mary Courtenay, married his cousin, Anna Maria Pennefather, in St. Mary's.  Anna Maria's mother was Emily Courtenay who had married John Lysaght Pennefather, while Emanuel Walter's mother was Emily's sister, Mary Courtenay.   In 1880, Emanuel Walter was a commercial clerk of 9 Middle Mountjoy Street, and Cable St, London, while his father, Herbert Moore, was still working as a convict officer.

Deed 1880-43-270, dated 17th August 1880,  records the marriage agreement made between Emanuel Walter Moore of Cable St, London, commercial traveller, and Anna Maria Pennefather of Middle Mountjoy St, spinster. The third party to the agreement was Anna Maria's brother-in-law, Charles Jones of Middle Mountjoy St, decorator, who was married to Anna Maria's sister Isabella Anna Pennefather.  By the terms of the agreement, Anna Maria, with the consent of her intended husband, Emanuel Walter Moore, granted and made over £700 to Charles Jones.

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2011/11/moore-family-of-rosscarbery.html

http://alison-stewart.blogspot.ie/2012/10/the-moore-family-of-rosscarbery-part-two.html

Emanuel Walter called himself by the name Walter Moore, while his wife called herself the simpler Annie Moore.
In 1881, the UK Census captures the family living at 22, Sumner Street, Southwark, London, where Walter Moore was running a coffee-house. Living with them was Walter's widowed sister, Adelaide A. Sharpe, a governess. There were no children; two men were notes as visitors to the household - a stickmaker of Shoreditch, Thomas Bloxam, aged 60, and a 26-yr-old medical student from Chester named something Mathias.  The family were also earning extra income by keeping five boarders.

A son, Charles Herbert Moore, was born in London in about 1883, although I can find no record of the birth.

On 19th October 1884, Charles Herbert Moore, now aged 3, was baptised in Holy Trinity, Westminster.  His parents, the clerk Walter Emanuel and Annie Moore, were living at 3 Upper Dorset Street (Dublin or London??), which they were sharing with James Patrick and Elizabeth Dowling. Elizabeth Dowling, née Pennefather, was the sister of Annie Moore.   This was a group baptism - also baptised that day was Charles Herbert Moore's younger sister, Beatrice Moore, who had been born on 10th November 1883.   James Patrick and Elizabeth Dowling also baptised two of their young children - Annie Phyllis Dowling, born 5th December 1882, and her sister, Elizabeth Eleanor Dowling, born 13th May 1884.

By 1888, Walter and Annie Moore had returned to Dublin where their daughter, Eveline Moore, was born on 9th July 1888, at the Rotunda Hospital.  The family's home address was 131 North Strand, and Walter was working once again as a clerk.

The family were not living in Dublin at the time of the 1901 census, and, at some stage Walter Emanuel Moore died - the Index of Registered Deaths for Ireland don't show this up, however, so the family must have been living in England still.

The son of Walter and Anna Maria Moore, Charles H. Moore, (as his first wife?) married Annie May Ward on 31st October 1909 in St. Leonard's, Bromley, London. The  marriage record stated that his father, Walter Moore, had died (I can find no record of his death), and that he had been a carpenter;  Charles was living at 2 Grace Street, and was a carman.  His bride, Annie May Ward, was 29, and the daughter of George Ward, a railway fitter, of 4 Norris Road.  The witnesses to the wedding were Alfred c. Hughes and Minnie Ward.

By 1911, the Moore family was living at 54 South Circular Road, Dublin....Charley H. Moore, born London in 1881, was a motor mechanic and was noted as a boarder in the household. His wife, Anny Moore, née Brien, was only 18 years old and had been born in Dublin City.  Anny was Charley's second wife....Charles Herbert Moore had married  Annie Brien, in Co. Meath on 2nd May 1910. I have the marriage certificate - the couple married in the Catholic Church of Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath. Charles Herbert Moore was a bachelor, not a widower, and was a mechanic resident in Dublin, the son of a mechanic Walter Moore.  Annie Brien was only 17, the daughter of a farmer John Brien. The witnesses were Richard Mangan and Mary O'Brien.
(In 1901, the 7-year-old Annie Brien was living with her parents, John and Bridget Brien, in Roestown, Dunshaughlin, Co. Meath.   Her parents, John Brien and Bridget Mangan, had married in Dunshaughlin in 1889.)

Also at 54 South Circular Road in 1911 was Charley's mother, the widowed Anna Maria Moore, born in Dublin in about 1857.   Anna Maria was earning a living through rental properties, in common with her older sister, our great-great-grandmother, Isabella Jones.  She had been thirty years married, and three of her four children were alive.  I wonder who and where the third survivor was?
Her daughter, Eveline, aged 22 now, was a scholar, and was resident with them.

To complicate things further, the Irish National School Registers, viewable via Find My Past, show up Evelyn Moore and Beatrice Moore at Harmony Row National School in Ennis.  Both girls were the Protestant daughters of a warder at Ennis Jail and had been admitted together on 7th March 1898. The dates of birth don't quite tally, but then they rarely do in this era.  Evelyn Moore was aged 12, while Beatrice was aged 7.  The 1911 Irish census states that Anna Maria Pennefather and Walter Moore had had four children and that only three had survived.  I wonder, therefore, had Beatrice Moore, born in London in 1883, died, and was this Beatrice Moore a younger sister named for the first?
A Beatrice Moore, possible daughter of Anna Maria Pennefather and Emanuel Walter Moore, married John Lord in 1910 in Dublin.  John Lord had been born to Richard Lord and Alicia Pratt in Ballyfin, Queen's County, on 20th November 1875.   In 1901 John Lord was living with his brother and sister in St. James Terrace, immediately adjacent to the South Circular Road where the Moore family suddenly appear in 1911.
In 1911,  Beatrice and John Lord were living at 11 Royse Road in Dublin and the census confirms that Beatrice had been born in London in 1886.

By 1911,  the widowed Anna M. Moore, born in Dublin in about 1857, was home again in Dublin with her two children.  They were living at 54 South Circular Road, and Anna Maria earned a living through rental properties, in common with her older sister, our great-great-grandmother, Isabella Jones.  She had been thirty years married, and three of her four children were alive.  I wonder where the third survivor was?
Her daughter, Eveline, aged 22 now, was a scholar.

Anna Maria (Pennefather) Moore died on 29th November at 26 Avoca Road, South Circular Rd., Dublin, and her will was granted on 7th January 1918 to her sister, Elizabeth Dowling, and to Alexander J. Taylor who was a solicitor of Kingstown, Co. Dublin.  Her death was registered by her son, Charles Herbert Moore of 60 St. Albans Road.

7) John Pennefather Junior was born to John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay in about 1860, as was his older sister Anna Maria Pennefather - evidently the childrens' birth dates are not absolutely accurate.
This younger John Pennefather can be seen later on the 1911 Census living with his wife, Maria Emily and his 6 children, at Addison Avenue, Clontarf. He was working as a painting manager and it is  reasonable to assume that he was working in his sister's painter-decorators, Charles Jones & Sons of Stephens Green, although earlier in 1887 he had been the superintendant of works with James Gibson & Co. of Mary Street, and had given evidence at the inquest of a painter, Patrick Reid, who had fallen to his death when a rope snapped while painting the rear of the Shelbourne Hotel in Stephens Green.  At the time, John Pennefather was living at 131 North Strand, the address where his sister, Anna Maria, was living with her husband, Emanuel Walter Moore, in 1888.

An 1893 land deed records John Pennefather as a building contractor of 3 Astons Quay - he was selling 51 and 53 Clarendon Street to a John Healy, gentleman of 123 Gt. Brunswick St. Also involved was a Samuel Gourley, agent, of 96 Talbot Street.  Later, 3 Aston Quay was the business address of Charles Creighton Wycliffe Jones, who was the son of Charles Jones and Emily Sharp - John Pennefather's eldest sister, Isabella Anna, was the second wife of Charles Jones.

In 1918, when their son, John Edward Lysaght Pennefather, joined the R.A.F., the address of the Pennefather family was given as 10 Herbert Place.

In Burke's Peerage of the 1930s, John Pennefather (Junior) is named as the 'present representative' of this Pennefather family and his address is given as Lawford, Florence Road, Bray, Co. Wicklow.

John's wife was Maria Emily Baskin - they married on September 12th 1888.  At the time of the wedding, John was living at 132 North Strand Road and was working as a clerk.  His father, John Pennefather, was dead by this time.  Maria Emily Baskin was living at 219 Clonliffe Road - her father was Robert Baskin, a gentleman. The witnesses were R.R. Baskin (her brother - Richard Ringwood Baskin?) and Laura Owens. Laura Owens was John Pennefather's sister, who had been born at 31 Dorset Street to John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay on 1st January 1869 - she had assumed the name 'Owens' following her mother's remarriage to Robert Owens in 1873.

Maria Emily had been born May 20th 1861 to Robert Baskin (born 1828) and Kate Ringwood in Dublin.  Robert Baskin was the son of William Houghton Baskin  (1798 - 18th November 1877) , the superintendant of Long's Carriage factory - in 1854 he was living on the North Circular Road, Dublin; his wife was Maria Deaker, 1799 - 25th April 1880) - this couple had married in Dublin on 15th May 1826; the groom lived in Paradise Row, while the bride was of Abbey Street.  The Baskin family were members of the Lower Abbey Street Methodist church.  As well as son Robert Baskin, William and Maria had William Houghton Baskin Junior (1831 - 1907), Stewart Baskin (1838 - 1882), Charles Baskin (1840 - 1901), Eliza Baskin (born 1844) who married Rev. William Nicholas of Skibbereen on 7th June 1866 in Lower Abbey Street Wesleyan Church, and James Benjamin Gillman Baskin (born 1847).

Maria Emily Baskin's mother, Kate Ringwood, was the daughter of a Kilkenny farmer, Richard Ringwood; Kate Ringwood and Robert Baskin, son of William Houghton Baskin and Maria Deaker, married at Erke, Kilkenny on 22nd October 1856, before settling in Dublin.
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John Pennefather Junior and Maria Emily Baskin had children:

John and Maria's daughter, Emmeline Ida Pennefather was born on 16th June 1889 in 3 Aston Quay. She married Joseph H. Percival, an insurance inspector of 18 St. Lawrence Road, Clontarf, son of a contractor, William George Percival.  The marriage took place in Abbey Street Methodist Church on 16th October 1918 and was witnessed by Edith Maude Pennefather and by S.C. Percival.

John and Maria Emily's son, John Edward Lysaght Pennefather, who had been born in Dublin on 18th October 1896, joined the R.A.F. in 1918.  At the time he was working as an electrician and named his next of kin as his father, John Pennefather, of 10 Herbert Place. He was discharged from the Air Force on 20th February 1920 and subsequently married Kathleen Irene O'Driscoll, the daughter of an accountant, Robert O'Driscoll on 19th July 1924 in St. James's, Bray, Co. Wicklow, just south of Dublin.  At the time of their marriage, he was an accountant and she was a bank clerk.  John Edward's sister, Isabel Pennefather, acted as bridesmaid, and was also one of the witnesses, along with Alfred Stanley Craig. In 1939/1940 the couple were living at 32 Wilfield Road.  At some stage the young couple moved to live in England - Kathleen Pennefather was living in the Heathlands Hotel in Bournemouth at the time of her death in 1952, although she actually died while on holidays in Switzerland.  John E.L.Pennefather married again the same year to an Edith Ramsbottom in Manchester.

John and Maria Pennefather's daughter, Edith Maude Pennefather, was born on 4th December 1891 while the family were living at 3 Astons Quay. She married William Desmond Guthrie of 5 Rosemount Road on 23rd April 1924 in Abbey Street Methodist Church - he was the son of a GPO clerk, Samuel Smith Guthrie and of Anna Guthrie, but he died young;  the widowed Edith Maude married for a second time.  Husband No. 2 was Joseph Speidel (1886 - 1956) originally of Lancashire but now of Bellevue, Merrion Road, Dublin - apparently the couple met while they were each visiting their late partners' graves and married on 7th September 1932 in the Methodist Church in Abbey Street; this was witnessed by Frank and Renée Speidel.  In 1932, the widowed Edith Maude Guthrie was living at 14 Victoria Avenue.
Joseph Speidel was the son of a German pork butcher, John Gottlieb Speidel, who had emigrated to Lancashire, where he married Joseph's mother, Mary Jane Dowthwaite. The family moved to Dublin where they ran a butchers in Talbot Street.  Their son, Joseph, married, firstly, Jennie Townley of Lancashire, but she died in 1931.
 The Dublin City archives record Joseph Speidel and Edith Maude Pennefather in the 1940s at 48 Merlyn Park with business addresses at 21 North Strand Road and 197a Clontarf Road.  They moved to 5 Howth Road, with a business at 12 Marino Mart, before retiring to 145 Stiles Road, Clontarf, where Joseph Speidel died in the late 1950's.  Edith Maude was still living there in 1964.

John Pennefather and Maria Baskin's daughter, Kate Ringwood Pennefather, was born on 21st September 1893 at 7 Llandaff Terrace and died young on 11th September 1919 in the Adelaide Hospital of tubercular memingitis.  Her brother, John Edward Lysaght Pennefather of 10 Herbert Place was present at her death.  She was buried in the same plot in Mount Jerome as her paternal grandmother, Emily Owens, née Courtenay, and her mother, Maria Emily Pennefather, née Baskin, who died on 8th May 1921.

John and Maria's daughter, Annie Elizabeth Pennefather was born on 23rd December 1898 at 36 Chelmsford Road, and married a commercial traveller, Richard Turnstell Grimston of 19 Mayfield Road, on 16th September 1929.  His father, Percy H. Grimston, also a commercial traveller, was dead. Annie Elizabeth Pennefather's address at this time was 4 Meath Villas, Bray, Co. Wicklow, and the witnesses were John Pennefather and A. Grimston.

Isabel Pennefather was born at Addison Road on 16th June 1903.

John Pennefather's wife, Maria Emily Baskin died in St. Patrick Dunn's Hospital on 9th May 1921. The account for the funeral was settled by J. Pennefather of 10 Herbert Place.

Following her death, John Pennefather, son of John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay, married a second time.  His second wife was Maria Louise Davis, who he married in Holyhead, Wales, in 1926. John Pennefather was living with Maria Louise Davis and her sisters at 52 Ulverton Road in Dalkey when he died on 8th September 1939.  He was buried in the Davis family plot in Deansgrange Cemetery.


8) Laura Pennefather was born to John Pennefather and Emily Courtenay on 1st January 1869; her father was now a commercial clerk and the family had moved to 31 Dorset Street.  From the Dublin Electoral List of 1865, we see that the family had been living at 31 Seville Place close to Amiens Street.  Laura's father, John Pennefather, died two months after the birth of his youngest daughter.
Laura's mother, Emily, remarried following the death of her husband John Pennefather in 1869; the second marriage occurred on 24th September 1873, the groom being Robert Owens, game dealer of Ballybough Road, the son of Simon Owens.
Laura Pennefather assumed the name of her stepfather.  When he died on 8th March 1876, he mentioned Emily's daughters, Laura, Beatrice, Eliza and Annie, in his will.

On 17th June 1891 in the Registrar's Office in Dublin, Laura Owens or Pennefather, of 14 Ashbrook Street, South Circular Road, who was named on the certificate as the daughter of the late game merchant Robert Owens, instead of John Pennefather, married Henry Jack of 23 Carlisle Street, a shipping agent and son of agent George Jack.  The witnesses were a William Baird and Laura's sister Beatrice Owens, the daughter of Emily Courtenay and her second husband Robert Owens.

They had plentiful children although only three daughters survived - Elizabeth, Laura and Ethel.
Elizabeth Jack, or Lizzie, was born on 29th September 1890 at 14 South Circular Road the year before her parents' marriage. However, her baptism records from St. Kevin's give a date of birth as 29th September 1891 which doesn't tally with her civil registration of birth.
Laura Agnes Jack was born on 13th January 1892 at 4 Ovoca Road - this from her civil birth registration;  her baptism records in St. Kevin's note her birth as being on 30th January 1892.
George Henry Jack was born at 4 Ovoca Road on 19th November 1893, but he died aged 6 months on 14th May 1894.
Alice Essie Jack was born at 4 Ovoca Road on 25th April 1895.
Ethel Maude Jack was born at 4 Ovoca Road on 26th March 1897.
Edward Albert jack died aged 6 months at 86 Donore Avenue on 14th January 1903.
An Olive Essie Jack was born at 4 Ovoca Road on 25th April 1895;  the death of a child by this name was registered as having taken place on 19th June 1906 at 4 Ovoca Road but aged only 14 months.

On 14th August 1894, Henry Jack, along with a John Ross, had been the witnesses at the Registrar Office wedding of his brother, Robert Jack of 58 Ballybough Road, the son of a bacon curer George Jack.   Robert Jack's bride was Fanny Cosgrove of 107 Phibsboro Road, the daughter of the deceased carpenter John Cosgrove.
The second witness, restaurant manager John Ross, had married Agnes Jack, a daughter of George Jack, in 1892.
The father, bacon curer, George Jack of 10 Annesley Place, Dublin, died of exhaustion and malignant disease of the mouth, on 23rd December 1899; son-in-law John Ross, was present.

Henry Jack, shipping agent, died aged 42 of intestinal hepatitis on 8th April 1906. The informant was E.J.Balmer who was present at the death in 86 Donore Avenue.  Edward John Balmer was the husband of Henry Jack's sister, Annie Christina Jack.

In 1901, Henry Jack, who had been born in Co. Louth in about 1865, was living at 86 Donore Avenue with his wife, Laura, and their three daughters, Lizzie, Laura and Ethel. While his wife and children were named on the census as being Church of Ireland, Henry Jack noted that he was Presbyterian of the Church of Scotland who worshipped at Donore Church. The widowed Laura and her three daughters was here in 86 Donore Avenue still in 1911.

Laura Agnes Jack, of Francis Street, Dundalk, daughter of shipbroker Henry Jack, married Charles Morrow, commercial traveller of 3 Oakley Road, Dublin, the son of office manager Richard Morrow. They married in St. Nicholas's in Dundalk on 24th March 1912;  the witnesses were P. Morrow and W. P. Barber.

On 22nd April 1919, Laura Jack's sister, Ethel Jack of 48 Seville Place, also a daughter of shipbroker Henry Jack, married a Dublin cattle dealer, John Cuddy, son of Michael Cuddy.  John Cuddy was also living at 48 Seville Place.  The wedding took place in Barndarrig Church, Dunganstown, Co. Wicklow, and was witnessed by James P. MacAvin and Maria Eileen Cuddy.

Henry Jack, ship broker, died young on 8th April 1906 at 86 Donore Terrace;  the widowed Laura Jack, née Pennefather, of 38 Heytesbury Street, died on 4th September 1916.  The informant was her daughter, Laura Morrow of 10 Church Avenue, Drumcondra.

The Death of John Lysaght Pennefather (13th Jan 1823 - 29th March 1869):
John Pennefather, son of Edward Pennefather and Eliza White,  died young of tuberculosis (phthisis) in the Adelaide Hospital in March, 1869. His address was given as 31, Lower Dorset Street, but the certificate of death states that he was a bachelor - no member of his family was present at death.   The street directories of 1868 and 1873 note the occupier of 31 Lower Dorset Street as Mrs. Courtney, possibly John Pennefather's mother-in-law, Mary Courtenay/Courtney, although perhaps this was what Emily Pennefather, née Courtenay, was calling herself?

John Pennefather's will, which no longer exists, was noted in the Calendar of Wills:  'John Penefather, (Admininstration 13 April), late of Lower Dorset Street, Gentleman, died 29 March 1869 at Adelaide Hospital. Granted to Emily Penefather of 31 Dorset Street.'

The Re-marriage of Emily Pennefather, née Courtenay:
John's wife, Emily Pennefather, formerly Courtenay, remarried on 24th September 1873. The groom was Robert Owens, a dealer in game and fish, who lived at 2 Ballybough Road. His father was Simon Owens, a gentleman, who was possibly Simon Owens of Nobber, Co. Meath.  Emily's father was Frederick Courtenay, a veterinary surgeon.
The couple chose to marry in a registry office and the witnesses to the ceremony were Emily's own daughter, Emily Pennefather, and her son-in-law, Charles Jones, who was married to her daughter Isabella Anna Pennefather.  The bride gave her address as 10 Mark Street, which is off Pearse Street in the Parish of St. Marks - oddly, the street directories of 1873 note that 10 Mark Street was an unnoccupied tenement which makes no sense at all. The following year, Emily's daughter, Emily Pennefather Junior, married Joseph Dowling who gave 10 Mark Street as his home address.

A daughter, Beatrice Owens, was born to Robert and Emily Owens of 2 Ballybough Road on 28th February 1872.

Game dealer, Robert Owens, son of Simon Owens, died aged 42, on 8th March 1876. A copy of his will has survived in the 'Will Registers 1858 - 1900' which are now free to view online courtesy of the Irish National Archives.  (The 'Will Registers' comprise copies of wills pertaining mostly to deaths outside of Dublin;  luckily Robert Owens' will has been included here.)

"....This is the last will and testament of me, Robert Owens of Ballybough Road in the City of Dublin, merchant....I devise that my remains be interred in Maylera within a mile of Dunleer in the County of Louth....I give unto Eliza Pennefather and Annie Pennefather three pounds each as a token of my regard and as to all my worldly goods and chattels including cash which I may die possessed of, I give...to my dear wife absolutely confiding (or confident?) in her strong affection for her children Laura and Beatrice, and knowing that she will do all that can be done for their advancement in life....I appoint my said wife Emily Owens my sole executor and residuary legatee - in witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed by hand this twenty-eighth day of April one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five - Robert Owens...."
The will was witnessed by solicitors George Stanley Murray and Sidney Hastings Murray of 4 Bachelor's Walk, Dublin.  Robert Owens of 2 Ballybough Road died on or about the 8th of March 1876 at 22 Middle Mountjoy Street.  Administration of his estate was granted to the widowed Emily Owens of 9 Middle Mountjoy Street which was the home of her daughter, Isabella Anna, and her son-in-law, Charles Jones.

Beatrice Owens, the daughter of Emily Pennefather and Robert Owens, married the Galway-born accountant Thomas Cornwall Johnston of 1 Beechwood Avenue, the son of journalist William Cornwall Johnston, in St. Kevin's on 2nd August 1893.  Beatrice's address at the time of the wedding was 21 Ovoca Road; the witnesses were Robert J. Clarke and Lizzie Glavin.

 In 1901 Beatrice and Thomas Cornwall Johnston were living at 633 Ormond Road, Rathmines, and were members of Sandford C. of I. Church.
Their children were Isabella, born at 21 Ovoca Road on 11th August 1894, Frederick William Johnston born 29th January 1896 at 1 Raymond Street, and Arthur Christopher Johnston born at 41 Ormond Road, Rathmines, on 25th December 1897.  A son, Henry Allen Johnston was born on 10th November 1899 at 5 Carnot Terrace, Dolphins Barn, but he died shortly afterwards.
An infant, Beatrice Johnston, was born at 37 Ormond Road on 1st December 1901 but died 17 days later, and was buried alongside her grandmother, Emily Owens, née Pennefather, in Mount Jerome.

Thomas Cornwall Johnston (or Johnson) had been born in Galway on 9th May 1872 to William Cornwall Johnston and to Annie Dowling, who may be another member of the Dowling family discussed above.   William Cornwall Johnston, a clerical short-hand writer, had been born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Other children born to William C. Johnston and Annie/Nannie Dowling were William Johnson, born 1st March 1881 in Dublin, and a possible two further sons, Alan, born 1884 in Dublin and John/Jack Johnston born 1885 also in Dublin.   The father of Thomas Cornwall Johnston, William Cornwall Johnston, died in Dublin in 1888, aged only 40 - his widow, Annie Johnston, appeared on the 1901 census at North William Street, along with her two teenage sons Alan and Jack.  The sons were members of Sandford Anglican Church while she remained Catholic, practicing at North William Street Church.

On 16th May 1895, Beatrice Johnston, the daughter of Emily Owens, née Courtenay, and of Robert Owens, was a party to a deed of assignment, ie, 1895-29-156, whereby Beatrice Johnston, otherwise Owens, of 21 Ovoca Road, wife of Thomas Johnston, the beneficial owner of 21 and 22 Ovoca/Avoca Road, did assign, with the consent of Emily Owens, the aforementioned premises along with a plot of ground on the Portobello Estate, part of lands of St. Sepulchre adjoining Ovoca Road, to Anna Maria Moore, née Pennefather, who was Beatrice's half-sister, both women being the daughters of Emily Courtenay.  The deed was witnessed by the solicitor Alexander J. Taylor of 16 Lower Ormond Quay.

Beatrice Johnston died of hepatitis  on 31st May 1904 at the Cork Street Fever Hospital - her home address had been 45 Upper Rutland Street.   Following this, I could find no further reference to her husband or children.

Emily Owens, née Courtenay, the widow of both John Pennefather and Robert Owens, died at 54 Greenville Place, South Circular Road, Dublin, on 14th December 1901, with probate granted to solicitor Alexander J. Taylor, and to her doctor Patrick Merrin.   She was buried in Mount Jerome in the same grave as her infant granddaughter, Beatrice Johnston.

The same solicitor proved the will of Emily's daughter, Anna Maria Moore, when she died at 26 Avoca Rd., South Circular Rd., on 7th January 1918, the second executor being her niece, Elizabeth Dowling.