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Thursday, 17 November 2011

The Carleton Family of Eustace Street, Dublin

The Williams family, who founded the City of Dublin Steam Packet Company in the 1820s, had connections with the Carleton family. Francis Carleton was the secretary of the City of Dublin Steam Packet Company, and lived in the 1830s at 15 Eden Quay, one of three buildings owned by the company, the others being No. 16 and No. 17 where our great-great grandfather, Richard Williams, lived for the best part of a decade.
George Carleton was noted as a shareholder (£300) in the company in 1828.
Susannah Carleton married Hutchins Thomas Williams, son of John Jeffery Williams, in the 1820s and emigrated to Simcoe, Canada, with him.
In April 1834 in St. Andrew's, Dublin, Mary Williams, the eldest daughter of Thomas Williams of the Bank of Ireland and of Hampton Lodge, Drumcondra, married George Simpson Carleton.

It seems that both families were parishioners of St.Andrew's Church of Ireland Church, whose records for the first half of the nineteenth century were destroyed in the fire in the Four Courts during the Civil War, so it's difficult to pin down the exact relationships between the various members. Most of them, however, lived at some stage in Eustace Street, the street where John Dignan Williams, brother of Hutchins Thomas Williams, lived  (or perhaps worked) from 1817.

The Carletons were an old, merchant family of Dublin who had migrated from Cambridgeshire after 1693 before settling at Darlinghill (which they would later sell on to the Pennefathers) in Tipperary; they intermarried with the Huguenot Cossart family.

John Carleton of Darling Hill, Tipperary, was noted as the Sheriff of Tipperary in 1717;  he married Jane Stratford of Baltinglass, Wicklow, and amongst other children, had George Carleton who may have been the first member of the family to come to Dublin where he settled in Eustace Street - he had been born in 1715 and married Margaret Cossart, who was the daughter of Pierre Cossart and Elizabeth Perdriau of Cork.

Pierre Cossart and Elizabeth Perdriau married in St. Mary's, Cork, in April 1720, shortly after arriving in Ireland. Their children were:

  • John Cossart, born 1721. A John Cossart of Cork married Margaret Cavendish, the daughter of Sir Henry Cavendish, in November 1755.
  • Margaret, born 1722, who married George Carleton of Dublin.
  • Elizabeth Cossart, born 30th July 1725, who married a Mr. Baker.
  • Pierre Cossart, 1728 - 1784.
  • Susanne Cordelia Cossart, born 1730, who married a Mr. Lapp.
  • Isaac Cossaart, 1732 - 1792, of London.

The children of George Carleton, of Eustace St., and Margaret Cossart were:
  •     John (born 1750)  Lord-Mayor of Dublin who married Mary Chambers in 1798.
  •     George-Frederick (born circa 1770 - 10th Januaray 1831) of Eustace Street who married Elizabeth Cossart  on 17th October 1784.  He left no children. A nephew was named in his will as Francis Carleton, who was the son of John Carleton, Lord Mayor. This Francis left his uncle's will unadministered and the will was subsequently granted to George Simpson Carleton of Seapoint who was the son of the Peter who follows.
  •     Rev. Peter Carleton (1756 - 1825) who married, in 1784, Mary Griffin. 
  •     Susannah (born 1747) of Brunswick St, who married Charles Ward of Queen's County.

Susanna Carleton, daughter of George and Margaret Carleton

John Carleton, son of George and Margaret Carleton

The above images were kindly sent to me by Judy Tweedale - she is currently offering these for sale to any descendant of the Carleton family who might be interested.  Please email me for Judy's contact details if you are interested.

George Carleton (senior)  gave evidence to a committee of the House of Commons which was looking into the decline of the Irish linen industry since 1770. The report stated that George Carleton had been a linen merchant in Dublin for thirty years before becoming involved in the manufacture of damask.

George Carleton of Eustace Street  (this was most likely George-Frederick Carleton, son of George senior) was a member of the Trinity Guild (the guild of merchants) and was mentioned in the Almanack for 1815:
'Common-Council for Three Years next ensuing the 24th December 1813 in Trinity Guild - George Carleton, Eustace Street.'
This George Carleton cannot possibly be the George Carleton who bought into the CDSPCo in 1828 - he would have been 113 years old. George Frederick Carleton was born circa 1770 to George Carleton and Margaret Cossart; he married a relation, Elizabeth Cossart, on 17th October 1799 in St. Thomas's Church; it is believed they had no children.  The wife of George Frederick Carleton died aged 71 on 20th November 1821, and was buried in St. Andrew's.
In the 1815 Almanack, George Frederick Carleton was named as a director of 'The Commercial Insurance Company.' He was also one of the Common Councilmen of the Guild of Merchants in Dublin from 1824 till 1830, as was George Simpson Carleton who was the nephew of George Frederick Carleton - he too lived on Eustace Street.

Susan/Susannah Carleton was born to George Carleton and Margaret Cossart in 1747.

Her brother, John Carleton, was born in 1750. In 1783 he was mentioned in 'Wilson's Dublin Directory' as High Sheriff of 8 Eustace Street; this was also his business address, but he also had a residence, High Park, Co. Dublin. John Carleton was later an Alderman on the city council.
'Walker's Hibernian Magazine' of 1787: 'This day a Post Assembly was held at the Tholsel, for the purpose of electing an Alderman of this city, in the room of Sir Anthony King, Knt., deceased, when the following Sheriff's Peers were returned by the board of Aldermen as fit and proper persons to fill that important station....John Carleton, merchant, Eustace Street, out of which return the Commons elected John Carleton Esq., who was accordingly introduced to the Board and sworn, after which the corporation were elegantly entertained at dinner by the newly elected Aldermen, at the King's Arms, in Smock-Alley.'
John Carleton was the Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1792; he was mentioned in the 1815 Almanack as John Carleton & Co., 12 Eustace Street, and was also named, along with George Carleton, as a Trustee of the Royal Exchange. This was John's brother, George Carleton, also of Eustace Street, who was in the Trinity Guild in 1815. Alderman John Carleton was named as one of the vice-presidents of St. George's Dispensary and Fever Hospital.

John Carleton's eldest son, also John Carleton, who was of 6 Mountjoy Square, was admitted to the Freemen of Dublin in 1813:
'Beseech your Honors, John Carleton Junior of Mountjoy Square, Merchant, to be birth, being the son of Alderman John Carleton who came in at Michaelmas 1772 by birth.'

Alderman/Lord Mayor John Carleton and Margaret or Mary Chambers also had  George, Henry, Hugh, Charles, Frederick, William, Margaret, Eliza, Mary and Ellen.  Burke's Genealogy names a son of Lord Mayor John Carleton as Francis Carleton who married Sarah North - however, the Francis who married Sarah North was the Francis Carleton who worked for the Dublin Steam Packet Company, and who lived from 1800 to 1848.

 'Carleton, Francis (ed. by Rev. John Cutler, Sherborne) May 31 1798, aged 18;  son of John, dead; born Dublin.'   (This from the Trinity, Dublin, admission records. )

The 1831 will of the childless George Frederick Carleton of Eustace Street, brother of Lord Mayor John Carleton, named his nephew as Francis Carleton.

The younger Francis Carleton's obituary was published in 'The Minutes of Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers' in 1849:

'Mr Francis Carleton, a native of the city of Dublin, began his career in the service of the Bank of Ireland, where he soon distinguished himself as possessing superior business habits, with a peculiar aptitude for official correspondance and financial details, combined with remarkable steadiness and attention. These qualifications induced his being intrusted, at an early age, with the management of the Branch Banks department of that establishment....A natural delicacy of constitution, combined with the decease of some of his family from consumption, warned Mr. Carleton, that his frame was not likely long to resist that close attention to official hours , which the important position he held so unremittingly demanded. Under these circumstances he abandoned the flattering prospects before him, and retired from duties, which his state of health rendered at once irksome and dangerous.

Mr. Carleton's peculiar habits of business then recommended him to Mr. C. Wye Williams (Assoc. Inst. C.E.), the Founder and Managing Director of the Dublin Steam Packet Company, to which enterprise he was appointed Secretary in the year 1826.

Thus introduced to the business of steam navigation, he soon became conversant with the peculiarities of that branch of what, from its importance, may be called the public service. He was in time elected one of the Directors of the Company, on its being incorporated by Act of Parliament, was shortly after appointed Assistant Managing Director, and continued one of its Directors to the period of his lamented death.

On the Transatlantic Steam-Ship Company being established, under the auspices of the Dublin Steam Packet Company, Mr. Carleton took an active part in its formation and management, while it continued to maintain an intercourse between Liverpool and New York. The experience of three years, having satisfied its Directors, that the expense of equipping and maintaining a transatlantic intercourse by steam vessels, without the aid of a Government contract, was incompatible with a successful persuit of their object, and a prospect of a more profitable employment for their vessels presenting itself, in consequence of a proposal from the proprietors of the Peninsular Steam Packet Company to join that enterprise, their two vessels, the Great Liverpool and the Orient, were transferred to the latter Company, which was then under contact for the conveyance of the mails to Lisbon, Cadiz, and Gibraltar, preparatory to the formation of the existing Peninsular and Oriental Steam-navigation Company, of which new company Mr. Carleton became one of the three Managing Directors.

In the subsequent negociations with Her Majesty's Government, for a royal charter, and obtaining a contract for the conveyance of the Mediterranean mails, Mr. Carleton took an active part, in conjunction with other Managers, Mr. Wilcox and Mr. Anderson, and the successful prosecution of that enterprise, is the best test of the efficiency of its management.

Mr. Carleton became an Associate of the Institution in 1845. His decease, at the early age of forty-eight years, deprives the Peninsular and Oriental Company of a most efficient Director, and causes a feeling of regret among a large circle of friends.'

It's unclear who the parents of Francis Carleton of the Dublin Steam Packet were. His Dublin address of Clifton Terrace, Seapoint, Monkstown, tallies with the family of George Simpson Carleton and Mary Williams, Mary being the sister of the founder of the shipping company.  However, George Simpson Carleton married his first wife, Sophie Andouin, in 1823 and Francis had  been born in 1800.

Francis Carleton took a lease in 1832 from Archibald Ferguson for 6 Clifton Terrace, Monkstown.

In the Deeds of Agreement between the City of Dublin Steam Packet Company and The Dublin and Liverpool Steam Ship Building Company' of the 1820s, Francis Carleton was noted as being of Liverpool.
In 1856, the representatives of Francis Carleton were leasing a house at 6 Clifton Terrace, Monkstown, which is at Seapoint where the family of George Simpson Carleton lived.

The British papers widely reported the death of Francis Carleton on 22nd October 1848 and noted that at the time of his death he was living at Sydenham Hill, Kent, and that he had for many years been a director of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.   His widow was Sarah Carleton, ie, Sarah North, the daughter of Ford North of Ambleside, Keswick, who Francis Carleton had married in March 1836.
Sarah North had been baptised by Ford North and Sarah Ashworth on 6th December 1808 at Grasmere, Westmoreland, in the English lake district.  Her sister was Althea North who was baptised there on 19th October 1813, and a brother was James North, baptised in Liverpool on 21st June 1802.

On the 15th February 1839, at the Monkstown residence of her brother-in-law, F. Carleton, the death occurred of Althea, the youngest daughter of Ford North of Ambleside.

In 1837, a son and heir was born at Clifton Terrace, Monkstown, to the wife of Francis Carleton.
This was most likely  Major Frederick William Carleton of the 60th Regiment, son of Francis Carleton, who married, on 6th August 1867, Mary Louisa Campbell, the daughter of Sir Guy Campbell - children born to them were Guy Francis Carleton in 1871 and Margaret Theodora in 1874 and Louisa Carleton who married Francis Logan.

A daughter of Francis Carleton and Sarah North was Louisa Carleton who married Francis Dobinson, son of Joseph Dobinson of Chertsey, Surrey, in July 1858.   Their son was born in Surrey in April 1864 and was baptised as Francis Carleton Logan Dobinson.

A son of Francis Carleton and Sarah North was Francis who was born on 19th November 1839, at Edge Hill, Liverpool - the papers the following day anonounced that Francis Carleton, the infant son of Francis Carleton of Monkstown had died.

Rev. Peter Carleton, born 1755, was the second son of George Carleton and Margaret Cossart. In 1800 he was named as a subscriber to 'Life's Painter of Variegated Characters in Public and Private Life' - once again, the address was Eustace Street. Peter Carleton was a cleric - by 1806, he was living in Coolock, North Dublin, but was also the Dean of St. Patricks and Killaloe.

The Rev. Peter Carleton married Margaret Griffin in St. Andrews, Dublin in 1784.  Margaret Griffin had an aunt, Catherine Simpson, who, as a widow, made her will on 20th December 1787;  this will named Catherine Simpson as, the wife pf George Simpson, a wealthy merchant of Jervis Street and the founder of Simpson's Hospital.  Margaret Griffin and Rev. Peter Carleton named their eldest son as George Simpson Carleton.  Catherine Simpson's will named a brother as Joseph Griffin and a nephew as Michael Griffin, and nieces were Margaret Carleton, Catherine Benson and a Mary Carleton.

Margaret Griffin and Rev. Peter Carleton had ten children, two of whom married their Cossart cousins.   Peter Carleton later worked in Killyleagh, Co. Down, where two of his daughters married.

One of Peter Carleton's daughters was Francis Susannah Carleton who married Hutchins Thomas Williams in Dublin, before emigrating to Simcoe, Ontario.

Margaret Carleton, née Griffin, died in November 1843 in Eustace Street.

The children of Rev. Peter Carleton and Margaret Griffin:
  • George Simpson Carleton, Eustace St, born 1786 who married Mary Williams in 1834.
  • Henry Peter Carleton (1787 - 1844) married Elizabeth Cossart in St. Andrew's, Dublin on 17th May 1826.  Was of the Bengal Army. Henry Peter Carleton died in 1844 at Albany Place, Monkstown.  Elizabeth Cossart was the second daughter of John Cossart of Dublin.
  • Lieutenant Charles William Carleton who died in August 1834 in Monghe, East Indies.
  • Frederick died in India.
  • William Cossart Carleton (1790 - 1842), who was of the 36th Regt.Bengal, married Louisa Tritton.
  • John Hugh Carleton of Liverpool.
  • Fanny  Susannah Carleton who married Hutchins Thomas Williams.
  • Charlotte Carleton, married James Bailie of Ringdufferin, Co. Down.
  • Eliza Carleton married James Wilson of Killeague, Co. Down.
  • Margaret Carleton (1783 - 15th March 1869) married her cousin, William Cossart, of Harcourt Street, in April 1831. Her obituary appeared in the Limerick Chronicle in 15th March 1869:  'At Harcourt-street, Dublin, Margaret, widow of the late William Cossart Esq., and eldest daughter of the later Very Rev. P. Carleton, Dean of Killaloe, &c., and rector of Killyleagh, co. Down.'   William Cossart had been born on 12th July 1777, operated as a merchant in Lisbon and Madeira, and died in Dublin on 28th January 1837,  leaving no children.
William Cossart Carleton of the 36th Regiment (1790 - 12th January 1842), who was the son of Rev. Peter Carleton and Margaret Cossart,  married on 22nd June 1830 in India, Catherine Louisa Tritton, the daughter of Captain Tritton.    Their children were born in India - Charlotte Jemima Carleton on 27th March 1831, Louisa Jane Smith Carleton on 28th September 1832, Margaret Elizabeth Carleton on 4th July 1834, and Frederick Hone Carleton on 12th October 1840.

George Simpson Carleton, the eldest son of Rev. Peter Carleton and Margaret Griffin, was a wine merchant and agent to the Sun Fire and Life Assurance Company of London. He lived at 23 Eustace Street. He appears prominently in the 1832 Almanack as agent to the Sun Assurance Company - there were perks associated with this job:
'Persons Assured in this Society are allowed to cross St. George's Channel between Great Britain and Ireland, in regular passage vessels or Steam Boats, without any extra charge.'
By 1846, George Simpson Carleton, wine merchant and life assurance agent, had moved from 23 Eustace Street to 18 Eustace Street. They must have loved Eustace Street!

George Simpson Carleton married twice, first to Sophia Audouin, the daughter of George Lamb Andouin, in 1824,  by whom he had Colonel George Carleton  (1827 - 1913) of  the Madras Horse Artillery, who married Elizabeth Mary Susan Hughes (1826 - 1907), daughter of the late Captain William Hughes, in Monkstown Church on 16th June 1854.  Their children were born in Madras, and the family were noted in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, UK, on the 1891 census.    Lieutenant George Carleton named one of his sons as Guy Audouin Carleton when he was born in India on 23rd November 1859, and this confirms that George was the son of George Simpson Carleton and his first wife, Sophie Audouin, the daughter of George Lamb Audeoin of Newtownmountkennedy. Co. Wicklow. Other children born in India to Lieutenant George Carleton and Elizabeth/Bessie Hughes were George Dudley Carleton on 24th May 1858 (who married Hilda Maude McMullen in 1909 in Cheltenham) and Lancelot Richard Carleton on 15th September 1861.

Sophie Carleton, née Audouin, died 12th February 1832 aged 41 and was buried in St.Andrew's, Dublin.
George Simpson Carleton married, secondly, Mary Williams in April 1834, she being the eldest daughter of Thomas Williams and Mary Ann Quin of Hampton Lodge, and the sister of Charles Wye Williams, the founder of the Dublin Steam Packet Company.
George Simpson Carleton had Mary Williams had Rev. William Carleton of Callan, Kilkenny, who married Mildred Beresfort, Henry Carleton of Seapoint, Monkstown, and Elizabeth Carleton.  The Dublin address of Rev. William Carleton was 3 Seapoint Terrace, Monkstown.
Henry Carleton of 3 Seapoint Terrace, Monkstown, was admitted as a Freeman of Dublin in 1859 by birth, being the son of George Carleton who had himself been admitted in 1807.

Mary Carleton, née Williams, late of Eustace Street, died on 6th November 1856, and the will was granted to her son, Rev. William Carleton of Pilltown, Co. Kilkenny.
Her husband George Simpson Carleton died on 1st September 1863, aged 78, at Seapoint Terrace, Monkstown, after a long illness.

I found a deed relating to George Simpson Carleton and Mary Williams - 1857-27-21, dated 14th September 1857, between Richard Williams of Dame Street, the surviving trustee of the earlier marriage settlement - on April 9th 1834 -  of George Simpson Carleton and Mary Williams,  and George Simpson Carleton of Eustace Street.  At the time of the marriage in 1834, a sum of £1000 was granted in trust to Francis Carleton and Richard Williams, probably on behalf of Mary Williams, and a further £1000 was lent as a mortgage to George Simpson Carleton for a house on Eustace Street.  Francis Carleton, the other trustee, had died in 1849.   

The Richard Williams named in the deed was the brother of Mary Williams, both being the children of Thomas Williams and Mary Ann Quin.

The son of George Simpson Carleton and Sophie Audouin was Henry Carleton who was living at Seapoint, Monkstown, when he administered his uncle's will, ie. Rev. George Audouin who was named as the brother of James Lamb Audouin.

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