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Monday, 12 September 2011

Hutchins Thomas Williams

Hutchins Thomas Williams (1790 - 1839):
NB: I keep returning to this post to edit the details as I discover more information about members of this Williams family!
Thomas Hutchins Williams was born to John Jeffery Williams and Sarah Dignan in Holborn, London, and was baptised on February 20th 1790 in the Church of St. George the Martyr - his older brother, John Dignan Williams, ended up in Dublin and also had close association with the CDSPCo. which had been founded by the sons of Thomas Williams of the Bank of Ireland, who were the cousins of Hutchins' father John Jeffery Williams.
Thomas Hutchins Williams later called himself Hutchins Thomas Williams.  As well as an older brother, the merchant of London and Dublin, John Dignan Williams, he had a sister, Sarah Williams who married a Rev. Archibald.  When Hutchins was living at 39 Dame Street, in the 1820s, he had a sick sister living there with him and this was possibly Sarah.  A sister, Harriet, may also have survived childhood, but she wasn't mentioned in her father's will of 1815 - if she survived, then I haven't come across her.
Following his mother's death, Hutchins father married Mary Oliver of Alresford, Essex, and had a further three children with her - Richard, who may possibly be our great-great grandfather,  Henry who married Eliza Richer in 1840 but who disappears from the records at that stage, and Mary who married Rev.Samuel Farman in 1835.

 In 1818, Hutchins Thomas Williams, public notary, petitioned the Lord Lieutenant, Lord Talbot, of Dublin Castle, requesting the grant of a licence to operate as a stockbroker. The petition stated that he was a partner in the firm of Gibbons and Williams, and he included the names Arthur Hume and Nathaniel Callwell to act as joint sureties:
   'To His Excellency Charles Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant General and General Governor of Ireland,  The Memorial of Hutchins Thomas Williams of the City of Dublin, Public Notary, Sheweth That your Memorialist is a Public Notary and co-partner in the firm of Messrs Gibbons and Williams, Practising Public Notaries and Stock Brokers in said city of Dublin.    That your Memorialist is desirous of a License to act as a Stock Broker and proposes Arthur Hume and Nathaniel Callwell Esqrs. both of the City of Dublin aforesaid as Sureties jointly with the said Hutchins Thomas Williams to the amount and for the purposes required by Act of Parliament for licensing Stock Brokers.
   We the undersigned do hereby certify that we know Hutchins Thomas Williams above named and think him a fit and proper person to be licensed as a Stock Broker.'
     Of the list of signatures, I could only make out several of them with any great certainty - G. La Touche (of the Dublin banking family), Newcomen (also of a family of Dublin bankers), Joshua and Joseph Pim (merchants and bankers), and Joseph Goff (an early director of the Bank of Ireland).  Given what Hutchins got up to a few years later, they all probably lived to regret giving their names as a reference!

Pigot's Directory of 1824 shows Hutchins Thomas Williams living at 4 Belvedere Place; he appears there under the entries for 'Nobility and Gentry' and for 'Notaries'. Earlier in 1815, The Treble Almanack showed the family of Thomas Williams of the Bank of Ireland living at 2 Belvedere Place.
In 1827, it was noted that Hutchins Thomas Williams held £4400 worth of stock in the City of Dublin Steam Packet Company. An earlier list of proprietors of 1824 gives his address at the time as 4 Belvedere Place - the family of Thomas Williams (of the Bank of Ireland) earlier lived at 2 Belvedere Place.

In 1829,  H.Thomas Williams, a merchant, was admitted by Grace Especial to the Freemen of Dublin.

A deed of 1833 (1833-6-103) details the transfer of a property on Ellis Quay, and involved Richard Williams and Hutchins Thomas Williams of Dame Street;  also mentioned was the gentleman and solicitor of College Green, who may be the brother of Hutchins Thomas Williams.  This same William Williams witnessed an earlier deed (886-120-586622) of 1832, whereby land in Friarsland, Queen's Co., owned by a James Lafarelle, was being transferred to Hutchins Thomas Williams.    That same year, 1832, yet another deed (886-120-586623) details the transferral of a house on Baggot Street, and once again the parties involved included Richard and Hutchins Thomas Williams of Dame St., and William Williams of College Green.

In 1832, Hutchins Williams of 38 Dame Street was noted as a churchwarden of St.Andrews Church.
On 26th April 1833, Dympna Elis of Woodville, North Liberties, Cork, leased a house on the northside of Merrion Square, Dublin, for the remainder of 92 years to Hutchins Williams of Dame Street. The rent was £100 per annum.  This was No. 9, Merrion Square, later owned by Michael O'Leary of Ryanair.

From Hazel Smyth's 'Some Notes on Charles Wye Williams, His Family, Their Life and Times' (published by the Dublin Historical Record), we read the following:
'The Skeleton in the Cupboard Williams - Hutchins Thomas lived at 4, Belvedere Place where his wife gave birth to twin daughters; thence moved to Dame Street; 9 Merrion Square; "Bloomfield", Bird Avenue; was declared an "Outlaw"....'

From "The Bankers' Magazine, Volume 3", I discovered that, on January 21st 1835, Hutchins Thomas Williams of Dame Street, banker, stockbroker and public notary, trading under the firm of Gibbons & Williams, had been declared bankrupt.

An 1835 edition of 'The Law Recorder, Volumes 3 - 4' gives some details.
'In the matter of Hutchins Thomas Williams, a Bankrupt. The petition stated that H.T.Williams had been duly found and declared a bankrupt....that Elizabeth Oliver attended a meeting...for the purpose of proving a debt...and thereupon deposed that the said H.T.Williams, trading in partnership with Richard Williams, was, together with his said partner....indebted to her in the sum of £250, being the balance due to her on foot of an account for and for the use of the said Elizabeth Oliver, and in the further sum of £1845, being the value...of forty-five shares of and in the Provincial Banking Company, charged to her on the said account, as having been purchased for her by the said co-partners...but which shares had not been transferred to her or entered in her name in the books of the said Provincial Bank....That the said Richard Williams was still in solvent circumstances.....
....The grounds on which Elizabeth Oliver rests her claim are, that she entrusted the said co-partners with several sums of money, from time to time, with directions to invest the same for her in the purchase of shares in the Provincial Bank; that they furnished her with an account, charging her with the purchase of several shares purchased from time to time for her: that previous to the bankruptcy of the said H.T.Williams, the said ex-partners had dissolved their partnership, without notice to her of the intended dissolution; that she had never heard of the same until after the said bankruptcy and that she has since discovered that, though in the said account she had been charged with the purchase of such shares, that in fact no such shares had been entered in her name in the books of the said Provincial Bank. '

Following the bankruptcy, Gibbons and Williams had debts of £70,736 11s, although a separate report stated that the debts were in the region of £200,000, while the firm's assets were a paltry £45,000.  Gibbons and Williams had dealings with several prominent London businesses at the time of the company's collapse in 1835.   I wonder who the aggrieved Elizabeth Oliver was?  Could she be a relation of Hutchins' step-mother, Sarah Oliver, who was the second wife of his father, John Jeffery Williams?

From The Evening Post of 1835: 'Extract of a letter from Dublin, dated January 21: "The utmost consternation prevailed through Dublin, today, owing to the unlooked for failure of the well-known house of Gibbons and Williams, of Damestreet. In addition to the banking business, they carried on that of stock-brokers and notaries public." '

From 'The Times' of 26th January 1835:   'Failure of Messrs. Gibbons and Williams.  A confidential messenger belonging to the establishment proved the act of bankruptcy, which was, that a Mr. Duffy, one of the creditors, had called to demand some money due to him, and that Mr.Hutchins T. Williams was at his own special desire denied to Mr. Duffy....we are requested to state that James Gibbons, Esq., of Ballinagall, county of Westmeath, was not in any manner whatever, connected with the firm trading under the name of "Gibbons and Williams" in this city, whose failure was announced yesterday...Today at three o' clock, I attended the opening of the commission at the Royal Exchange, to see Hutchins Thomas Williams declared a bankrupt.  The docket was struck against him alone....The business was a very quiet manner. Two clerks and the porter of 39 Dame-street, proved the trading and closing of the doors at half past ten in the morning of yesterday, and the denial of Mr. those who came with notes to be exchanged.  It was remarked that Mr. Creighton (barrister to the commission and a friend of Mr. Williams) examined the witnesses in almost a whisper and that their depositions were brought already written out....'

From 'The Belfast Telegraph', 27th January 1835:  'Failure of Messrs. Gibbons and Williams' Bank of Dublin - A complete panic pervaded the mercantile interests of this city on Thursday at the closing of this house, so long deemed of the highest character, credit and respectability.  There are various rumours as to the amount to which the firm are liable, some say £300,000 - others only £40,000.  The paper of the bank is said to have obtained a large circulation in the county Westmeath, where the estate of one of the firm is situate.  It is thought that all the liabilities of the bank will be met to the satisfaction of the creditors,  as there is a large amount of available debits due to the firm.'

From 'The Spectator' of 24 January 1835 : 'Gibbons & Williams : The banking-house of Gibbons and Williams of Dublin stopped payment on Wednesday. The amount of their out-tending engage- ments is stated at 800,1a10/. The Dublin correspondent of the 'Linnet says—" Gibbon and Williams had a good many of their notes pushed into circulation amongst the farmers, particularly in the county of West- meath, where an estate of theirs lies, and also amongst the shipping interests. I hear that one Dublin house is in for 60,0001., and a house in Liverpool for 23,000/. '

NB: The above two reports seem to confirm that the James Gibbons, who was in business with the Williams family at their premises in Dame Street was, indeed, James Gibbons of Ballynagall, Westmeath, although the younger James Gibbons had left the partnership prior to the collapse of Hutchins' business.

It seems that James Gibbons had been in partnership with Richard Williams earlier in the century (the business of Gibbons and Williams first appeared in the street directories in 1799), but at 38 Dame Street, rather than Hutchins' address of 39 Dame Street next door. In the Almanac of 1815, it was noted that James Gibbons and Richard Williams, of 38 Dame Street, were public notaries. At the same address, also in 1815, James Gibbons and Richard Williams operated a separate business together as stockbrokers.

It is known that, two years prior to Hutchins' bankruptcy of 1835, that Hutchins and Richard Williams had been in business together, trading under the name of 'Gibbons and Williams', but that Richard and Hutchins had dissolved the partnership in about 1833.  James Gibbons had already left the business by 1833.  Following the split in partnership in 1833, Richard Williams resumed operations, trading under the new name of Richard Williams & Son, while Hutchins Thomas Williams continued to use the older name of Gibbons and Williams.  He had an apprentice named Gibbons, and two business partners, C. Copeland and R.M. Powell.

UPDATE:  I accessed a useful deed which clarifies things - I didn't note the reference code from the index book, but the deed itself was dated 23rd May 1821, and concerned the dissolution of the partnership between James Gibbons, Richard Williams, Thomas Gibbons and Hutchins Thomas Williams. The four men had carried on the business of notaries public, stockbrokers, British Exchange brokers and general agents, as co-partners, under the name of 'Gibbons and Williams'.  In 1821, they agreed to dissolve the business - a new one was being founded by Richard Williams, Thomas Gibbons and Hutchins Thomas Williams.  James Gibbons was, therefore, leaving the business in 1821.

By 1846, Slater's Commercial Directory notes Richard Williams & Sons, Notaries for the Bank of Ireland; Richard Williams & Sons, Stockbrokers of 38 Dame Street; also Richard's son, Richard Palmer Williams, notary of 38 Dame Street.  (Richard Williams was also the owner of the neighbouring No. 39.)

Ralph's Stock and Share Brokers' Directory of 1853 lists Richard Williams & Sons of 38 Dame Street, the sons being Charles Watkin Williams, Thomas Williams and Richard Palmer Williams.

Hutchins Thomas Williams was married to Francis Susanna Carleton. (Francis Susanna's parents, Peter Carleton and Margaret Griffin married in St. Andrew's Church in 1784 and subsequently had 10 children.) In Dublin Hutchins Thomas Williams and Francis Susanna had - according to the LDS website - nine children: the twins, Charlotte and Sarah, John, Margaret, Hutchins, James, Eliza, Frederick and Anne.

Hutchins Thomas Williams and his wife emigrated to Simcoe, Ontario, via New York. There are two separate  records for them, arriving in New York City in 1835. The first merely mentions that Hutchins Thomas Williams arrived there in 1835; the second document is the manifest of the 'Silas Williams' which shows Hutchins' family arriving in the city on May 25th 1835:
    'Mrs. Williams and servant
     Master John Williams
     Miss Fanny Williams
     Master James Williams
     Miss Charlotte Williams 
     Miss Sarah Williams
     Master Hutchins Williams
     Miss Nanny Williams
     Miss Harriet Williams
     Master Frederick Williams.'

Their farm in Canada was named Brookeville. In 1875, the widowed Eliza Loundes, the daughter of Hutchins and Francis Susannah Williams married the barrister John Henry Ansley, in Simcoe. Eliza had been born in Dublin in 1825.  Neither Eliza nor her father, Hutchins Thomas, appear on the manifest of the 'Silas Williams' above - I wonder was one of the pages missing?

Hutchins' son, James Gibbons Williams, a yeoman of Townsend, Simcoe, married Annabella Caroline Lowndes of Woodhouse, on 1st February 1849.  The witnesses were John G. Williams (James' brother?) and Charles William Covernton.

Dr. Charles William Covernton married Frances Elizabeth Williams, the daughter of Hutchins Thomas Williams, in 1841 in Woodhouse, Longpoint, Canada, while Frances' sister, Sara Williams, married Dr. Charles Williams Covernton's brother, James Covernton, on 6th December 1851.

The photo below shows Dr. Charles William Covernton and was kindly donated by Les Underwood, whose wife, Penny Underwood, is the great-great granddaughter of Charles William Covernton.  The second photo shows William Hutchins Covernton, the son of Dr. Charles William Covernton and Frances Elizabeth/Fanny Williams.  William followed his father into the medical profession, and served with the Union army during the American Civil War before emigrating to Argentina and starting his own branch of the Coverntons there

Dr. Charles William Covernton

William Hutchins Covernton

On 5th January 1875, in Simcoe, James Gibbons Williams witnessed the marriage of David Thomas Dunscombe to Catherine Eliza Loundes, daughter of George and Eliza Loundes - James was most probably the son of Hutchins Thomas Williams - he was named, therefore, after James Gibbons who had been in business at 38 Dame Street, Dublin, with the Williams family.
James Gibbons Williams died in Simcoe on 27th January 1882; he had been born in Dublin in 1821.

On 3rd September 1857 in Simcoe, Mary Williams, the youngest daughter of the late Hutchins Thomas Williams of Dublin, married Charles West of Toledo.

From St. John's Anglican Church Cemetery, Woodhouse Township, Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada:
'In memory of / Frances Susannah / relict of the late Hutchins T.WILLIAMS / a native of Dublin, Ireland / who departed this life September14, 1844 / aged 50 years and 5 months
Sacred to the memory of / Hutchins T. WILLIAMS / who departed this life/ 16 February 1839 / aged 47 years.'

From Deed 1840-8-74:   On 15th April 1840, Richard Williams of Dame Street made 38 Dame Street over to George Simpson Carleton at a yearly rent of £100 for the life of Frances Susanna Carleton, then of Simcoe, Canada, the widow of the deceased Hutchins Thomas Williams.

On 26th July 1866, at the parish church of Snettisham, Norfolk, England, Hutchins Williams, MRCSE, LRCP.ed etc., surgeon of the Peninsular and Oriental Company's service, son of the late Hutchins Thomas Williams, Esq., of Dublin, married Ellen Harriet, the daughter of the Rev.John Coldham, the vicar of Snettisham.   Two of his sisters also married two of his wife's brothers - Charlotte Williams married Henry Coldham while Annie/Nanny Williams married Dr.James Coldham.

Hutchins Williams Junior appears on the 1881 England and Wales Census. He had been born in 1845 in Dublin. In 1881 he was living with his wife, Ellen, and his son Egerton H.J.Williams (born 1871) , at 'Bloomfield' (named after his childhood home in Dublin?), Lee, Kent, England. He gave his occupation as a general practitioner and physical surgeon.
By 1911, he was living at Charleton and Kidbrooke, Blackheath, London and was aged 83.

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